Dhanu, Dhanū: 23 definitions
Dhanu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Dhanu (धनु).—Arc. Note: Dhanu is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Dhanu (धनु).—A son of Sṛnjaya, brother of Vasudeva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 193.
1b) A son of Śamīka.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 27.
1c) A pole from the term dhanurdaṇḍa, 96 angulas in measurement. Two of them measure one nāli, and 8000 one yojana.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 7. 96, 100; IV. 2. 124-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 124.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam
Dhanu (धनु) refers to the month corresponding to December-January, during which time snakes are born with “strong and energetic” characteristics, according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—According to the month in which they hatch, their characters differ. In that, the snakes born in caitra month (March- April) will have evil habits, those in dhanu (Dec- Jan) month will be strong and energetic, the ones in makara (Jan- Feb) month will be more poisonous than others. Snakes open their eyes on the 7th day after hatching and take further five days more to gain consciousness and to teeth. In another 30 days, they become poisonous.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Dhanu; ancient Hindu unit of measurement of distance. 4 Hastas make 1 Dhanu, and 8000 Dhanus make up for a single Yojana.
If we consider a single Yojana to be 8 miles (~12.87km), one Dhanu would correspond to roughly 5.28 feet (~1.61m)
If we consider a single Yojana to be 5 miles (~8.04km), one Dhanu would correspond to roughly 3.31 feet (~1.01m)
Another conversion: 300 Dhanus is one Nalva.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Dhanu (धनु, ‘sandbank’) (fem.) occurs several times in the Rigveda, but only metaphorically of the clouds in the atmosphere. Dhanū is found in the Atharvaveda, where it seems to denote a sandbag used to prevent bleeding.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi
Dhanu (धनु) refers to a “bow”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “By the form of a skull cup, and by the letter Māṃ, Vāruṇī, Eighteen arms, one face, red color, and three eyes, A sword, arrow and hook, on the right, a skull cup, ax and banner, Thus a mace, thus a bell, and in the ninth, granting wishes, A two-headed drum, a bow (dhanu) and noose, a staff and a water pot, A trident, hammer and lute, and thus a number, in the upper hand, A young adolescent beauty, a great beauty, a beautiful goddess”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Dhanu (धनु).— The dhanus are a group of celestial beings living in the lower regions of adholoka (lower world) according to Jaina cosmology. Adholoka is made up of seven regions and offers residence to the infernal beings existing within these lands.Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I
Dhanu (धनु) refers to one of the fifteen Paramādhārmīs causing suffering in the hells (naraka), according to Rājasoma’s “Naraka ko coḍhālyo”, which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—No name of any source is given in the text but the three stages followed in the exposition correspond closely to those found in a handbook such as Nemicandrasūri’s Pravacanasāroddhāra, [e.g.,] 3) sufferings inflicted by the fifteen Paramādhārmīs [e.g., Dhanu]. [...] These gods (here Sūra or Deva) form a sub-class of the Asurakumāras and perform their tasks in the first, second and third hells.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Dhanu, (nt.) (Sk. dhanus, to Ohg. tanna fir-tree, also oak, orig tree in general, cp. dāru) a bow M.I, 429; J.I, 50, 150; II, 88; IV, 327; PvA.285.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
dhanu (धनु).—m (S) A bow. 2 The sign Sagittarius. 3 The bow for cleaning cotton. 4 A segment of a circle, an arc.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
dhanu (धनु).—m A bow. f The sign Sagittarius. An arc.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A bow (perhaps for dhanus q. v.).
2) Name of the प्रियङ्गु (priyaṅgu) tree.
3) A measure of four hastas.
4) The sign Sagittarius of the zodiac.
5) An archer. -f. A sandy shore.
Derivable forms: dhanuḥ (धनुः).
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Dhanū (धनू).—f. A bow. -m. A store of grain.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-nuḥ) 1. A bow. 2. The sign Sagittarius. 3. A tree: see piyāla. 4. A measure of four cubits. E. dhana here meaning to cast as an arrow, Unadi affix un also dhanus.
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(-nūḥ) A bow: see the last.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhanu (धनु).— (a curtailed form of dhanus), m. 1. A bow, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 22. 2. A measure of length, Mahābhārata 8, 4224.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhanu (धनु).—1. [masculine] bow.
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Dhanu (धनु).—2. & dhanū [feminine] sandbank, sandy shore, island ([figuratively] of a cloud).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Dhanū (धनू):—[from dhan] 1. dhanū m. a store of grain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (for 2. See dhanu).
2) Dhanu (धनु):—m. or ([Uṇādi-sūtra i, 82]) 2. dhanū f. ([from] √2. dhan?) a bow, [Hitopadeśa; Śāntiśataka]
3) a measure of 4 Hastas or cubits, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. dhanv-antara below)
4) the sign of the zodiac Sagittarius, [Priyadarśikā i, 5]
5) Buchanania Latifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) Semecarpus Anacardium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [according to] to some also, ‘water, juice etc.’; cf. √dhanv, dhanutṛ.
8) f. (dhanu, or dhanū) a dry sandbank, a sandy shore (cf. [English] bight, [German] Bucht), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda i, 17] ([nominative case] nūs).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Dhanu (धनु):—(nuḥ) 2. m. A bow; Sagittarius; measure of four cubits; a tree.
2) Dhanū (धनू):—(nūḥ) 2. m. Idem.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Dhanu (धनु):—(nf) a bow.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Dhaṇu (धणु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dhanuṣ.
2) Dhaṇu (धणु) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhanus.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+143): Dhanu-baans, Dhanu-bans, Dhanu-vriksha, Dhanuabhedam, Dhanubana, Dhanudhara, Dhanudhari, Dhanudurga, Dhanuggaha, Dhanuggaha Sutta, Dhanuggaha Tissa, Dhanugriha, Dhanugupta, Dhanuh, Dhanuha, Dhanuhasta, Dhanuhi, Dhanuhkanda, Dhanuhkhanda, Dhanuhkhata.
Ends with (+1): Adhijyadhanu, Akhandaladhanu, Amaradhanu, Brihaddhanu, Dashavarnadhanu, Dridhadhanu, Grihitadhanu, Indadhanu, Indradhanu, Kamadhanu, Kodhanu, Manidhanu, Mayadhanu, Sadhanu, Shakradhanu, Shatadhanu, Singadhanu, Sudhanu, Udhanu, Varshajadhanu.
Full-text (+293): Dhanus, Dhanushka, Dhanushkara, Dhanushpani, Dhanushpata, Suradhanus, Dhanurmarga, Dhanurbhrit, Dhanurvriksha, Dhanuketaki, Dhanustambha, Dhanuraja, Manidhanu, Dhanurvidya, Dhanutkapala, Dhanurdharin, Dhanushya, Dhanushkrit, Dhanusha, Dhanuhkanda.
Search found 47 books and stories containing Dhanu, Dhanū, Dhaṇu; (plurals include: Dhanus, Dhanūs, Dhaṇus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.9.195 < [Chapter 9 - Nityānanda’s Childhood Pastimes and Travels to Holy Places]
Verse 1.9.47 < [Chapter 9 - Nityānanda’s Childhood Pastimes and Travels to Holy Places]
Verse 1.3.10 < [Chapter 3 - Calculation of the Lord’s Horoscope]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 2 - Brahmakuṇḍa and Sahasradhārā < [Section 8 - Ayodhyā-māhātmya]
Chapter 332 - Greatness of Rukmiṇī < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 227 - Special Injunctions regarding the Pilgrimage < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 23 - On the killing of Śaṅkhacūḍa < [Book 9]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)