Valakhilya, aka: Vālakhilya; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Valakhilya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Vālakhilya (वालखिल्य).—The name of a saṃhitā imparted by Bāṣkali to Bālāyani and others.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 6. 59.

1b) A class of seers, 60,000 in number, born of Kratu:1 advised Citraratha, who fell to the ground to gather Kauśika's bones to throw them into the Sarasvatī and get redemption;2 They go in front of the Sun from his rise to his setting, singing his glory;3 live on air; sages by tapas; authors of certain saṃhitas; live in Brahmaloka;4 Ṛṣis by tapas.5 Of the category of Sāvarna;6 were born out of kuśa grass and endowed with all powers in vāruṇi yajña;7 Puṇyā and Sumatī are younger sisters of.8

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 43; IV. 1. 39; V. 21. 17; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 27; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 11; II. 10. 22.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 8. 40.
  • 3) Ib. XII. 11. 49; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 37; 21. 115; 23. 28 and 49, Matsya-purāṇa 126. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 27; 23. 159; 28. 31; 50. 168; 52. 26 and 49; 54. 8; 55. 41; 59. 91.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 4; 26. 43; 32. 99; 35. 71 and 94; III. 1. 55; 15. 16; IV. 2. 216.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 126. 45; 145. 93; 200. 8.
  • 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 62, 84.
  • 7) Ib. 65. 55; 101-213.
  • 8) Ib. 28. 33.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vālakhilya (वालखिल्य).—Sage Kaśyapa was engaged in performing a sacrifice with a desire to get a valorous child. The Vālakhilya group of sages, whose height was not more than a human thumb, were making herculean efforts to carry a twig of a fig tree to the sacrifice. Indra, the chief of gods, laughed at this comical scene. Enraged at this mockery of Indra, Vālakhilya sages started another sacrifice with the intention of producing another character equal to Indra. Afraid of their ambition, Indra went and begged Kaśyapa to sooth the anger of Vālakhilya ascetics. Accordingly, Kaśyapa pacified the sages. In return, they offered him the fruits of the sacrifice.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Valakhilyas are a group of divine sages, who are small of body, but great in their ascetic powers. Indeed, according to the Mahabharata, they are only as large as a thumb. Unlike the SaptaRishis, their names are not individually spelt out. When Kashyapa performed a sacrifice, all deities and sages were asked to contribute. Indra brought a whole mountain of trees for firewood, but the Valakhilyas were able to bring only a single twig amongst themselves. Indra made fun of them, and they cursed that his slayer would be born as the son of Kashyapa. However, when Indra apologized and Brahma intervened on his behalf, they modified the curse that the son shall be initially an enemy of Indra, but later will become his friend. This son born was Garuda. The incidents related to Garuda's birth are narrated here.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vālakhilya (वालखिल्य).—m (S) A divine personage of a particular class. They are enumerated at sixty thousand. They were produced from the hair of Brahma's body, and they are of the size of the thumb. Ex. tōṃ sāṭha sahastra bā0 dhāvinnalē ||. 2 n pl (i. e. vālakhilyēṃ) An assembly or a multitude of little urchins; a group of tom-thumbs.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vālakhilya (वालखिल्य).—m A divine personage of a particular class.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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