Madhyastha, aka: Mādhyastha, Madhya-stha; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madhyastha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Madhyastha in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madhyastha (मध्यस्थ, “indifferent”) refers to an “indifferent mind”, and is one of the three aspects of the mind (manas), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “an indifferent attitude (madhyastha) should be represented by expressing not too much delight or to much abhorrence, and by keeping oneself in the middling state. The representation of words like ‘it is done by him,’ ‘it is his,’ or ‘he does this’ which relate to invisible acts is an example of indifferent attitude”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Madhyastha in Samkhya glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mādhyastha (माध्यस्थ, “neutrality”).—This characteristic follows from kaivalya (isolation). As puruṣa is totally opposite of the three guṇas, there is absence of the three guṇas in it. Because of the absence of the three guṇas, the absence of the three types of sorrow (duḥkha) is natural in case of puruṣa. Again, absence of the three guṇas (atraiguṇya) denotes absence of pleasure, pain and bewilderment (sukhaduḥkhamoharahittva). Therefore, the neutrality (mādhyastha) of puruṣa can be inferred, as it is free from the three guṇas (atraiguṇya).

For Yuktidīpikā, by the application of the term mādhyastha, the neutrality of puruṣa is meant; because puruṣa is indifferent to fulfill its own purpose. Having no attraction to fulfill its own purpose, puruṣa does neither have any attraction, nor have any repulsion to the contact (saṃyoga) with the three guṇas. Hence, because of the absence of any quantity of partiality to fulfill its own needs, puruṣa is neutral (mādhyastha).

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Mādhyastha (माध्यस्थ) refers to the “ill behaved” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.11.—What is meant by equanimity or tolerance towards the ill behaved (mādhyastha)? Tolerance or unconcern, for those who have perverted belief or sinful disposition or are without modesty, is called equanimity or tolerance towards the ill behaved. What is the subject of the contemplation on equanimity or tolerance towards the ill behaved? The subject of this observance is the insolent person. The person observing this develops a feeling of equanimity.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Madhyastha.—(EI 8, 25; SII 2; ASLV; SITI), a neutral person, generally the village headman; a mediator or arbitrator; secretary of the village assembly (SII 13). Note: madhyastha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Madhyastha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

madhyastha (मध्यस्थ).—a (S) Situate in the middle part. 2 That mediates; a mediator.

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mādhyastha (माध्यस्थ).—c S A mediator. 2 n The office or business of mediator.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

madhyastha (मध्यस्थ).—a Situated in the middle part. A mediator.

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madhyastha (मध्यस्थ).—m A mediator.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhyastha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mādhyastha (माध्यस्थ).—a. Indifferent, impartial, neutral.

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Mādhyastha (माध्यस्थ).—

1) Impartiality; निर्माध्यस्थ्याच्च हर्षाच्च बभाषे दुर्वचं वचः (nirmādhyasthyācca harṣācca babhāṣe durvacaṃ vacaḥ) Rām.2.11.11.

2) Indifference. unconcern; अभ्यर्थनाभङ्गभयेन साधुर्माध्यस्थ्यमिष्टेऽप्यवलम्बतेऽर्थे (abhyarthanābhaṅgabhayena sādhurmādhyasthyamiṣṭe'pyavalambate'rthe) Ku.1.52; कैवल्यं माध्यस्थ्यम् (kaivalyaṃ mādhyasthyam) Sāṅ. K.19.

3) Intercession, mediation.

Derivable forms: mādhyastham (माध्यस्थम्).

See also (synonyms): mādhyasthya.

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Madhyastha (मध्यस्थ).—a.

1) being or standing in the middle, central.

2) intermediate, intervening.

3) middling.

4) mediating, acting as umpire between two parties.

5) impartial, neutral; सुहृन्मित्रार्युदासीनमध्यस्थ- द्वेष्यबन्धुषु (suhṛnmitrāryudāsīnamadhyastha- dveṣyabandhuṣu) ... समबुद्धिर्विशिष्यते (samabuddhirviśiṣyate) Bg.6.9.

6) indifferent, unconcerned; अन्या मध्यस्थचिन्ता तु विमर्दाभ्यधिकोदया (anyā madhyasthacintā tu vimardābhyadhikodayā) Rām. 2.2.16; मध्यस्थो देशबन्धुषु (madhyastho deśabandhuṣu) Pt.4.6; वयमत्र मध्यस्थाः (vayamatra madhyasthāḥ) Ś.5. (-sthaḥ) 1 an umpire, arbitrator, a mediator.

2) an epithet of Śiva.

Madhyastha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhya and stha (स्थ).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhyastha (मध्यस्थ).—mfn.

(-sthaḥ-sthā-sthaṃ) 1. Centrical, middle. 2. Neutral. 3. Mediating. m.

(-sthaḥ) 1. A middle man, an umpire, an arbitrator, a mediator. 2. An epithet of Siva. E. madhya middle, and stha what or who stays.

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Mādhyastha (माध्यस्थ).—n.

(-sthaṃ) 1. Middle state or condition. 2. Indifference to earthly objects. E. madhyastha and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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