Jalandhara, Jālandhara, Jalamdhara: 23 definitions
Jalandhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Jālandhara (जालन्धर):—The name of one of the pīthas of the Mātṛcakra, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. The presiding goddess is Karālā (one of the four female attendant deities of Mitra, the central deity).Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Jalandhara (जलन्धर) is the disciple of Vīranātha: a teacher to whom the Kāpālika doctrine was revelead, mentioned in the Śābaratantra. The Śābara-tantra is an early tantra of the Kāpālika sect containing important information about the evolution of the Nātha sect. It also lists the twelve original Kāpālika teachers and their disciples (eg., Jalandhara). Several of these names appear in the Nātha lists of eighty-four Siddhas and nine Nāthas.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Jālandhara (जालन्धर) is the name of a Śāktapīṭha mentioned in the Kulārṇavatantra. The Kulārṇava-tantra is an important 11th century work for the Kaula school of Śāktism. It refers to eighteen such Śākta-pīṭhas (e.g. Jālandhara) which is defined as a sacred sanctuary of Devī located here on earth. According to legend, there are in total fifty-one such sanctuaries (pīṭha) on earth, created from the corresponding parts of Devī’s body,Source: Google Books: The Kubjikāmatatantra: Kulālikāmnāya Version
Jālandhara (जालन्धर) refers to one of the Mahāpīṭhas where Devī becomes incarnate, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra.—After her stay on the Kaumāraparvata, Devī visits several localities e.g., Mount Trikūṭa, Mount Kiṣkindha etc., untill she reaches the Western Himagahvara. This locality and the three following—Karāla, Sahya Mahāvana, Ucchuṣmā Nadī—are identified with the four Mahāpīṭhas: Oḍḍiyāna, Jālandhara, Pūrṇagiri and Kāmarūpa. In these four places, Devī becomes incarnate as a protective goddess and future mother of many sons and daughters; a number of servants also appears at each of the four localities. During her stay in the fourth Mahāpīṭha Devī explains the fifth which is called Mātaṅga. In contradistinction to the other Pīṭhas it has no fixed location on earth, but seems to be located above Kāmarūpa. As such it is the place of origin of the entire world. [...] After her visit to the fourth Mahāpīṭha, the goddess proceeds to various other places; [...]Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
1) Jālandhara (जालन्धर) (i.e. Jālaka , also: Karāla ) is the name of a sacred place, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(You) desire to hear (śrotukāmā) in (the place) called Oḍḍa. (You) desire to speak (vaktukāmā) in the one called Jālaka (i.e. Jālandhara). (You are in the place) called Pūrṇa (lit. ‘Full’) for (nourishing) fulfilment (puṣṭi) and (in the place) called Kāma (impelled) by the desire to see. The goddess abides (associated) with these places and (these) sacred seats burn splendidly with their own qualities. Without them living beings (would be) deaf, dumb, impotent and blind”.
Note: Jālandhara is derived from dhara that means to ‘endure’, ‘control’ or ‘possess’. Jālandhara is the seat which ‘possesses’ (dhara) this magical apparition, or according to the following lines in the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, where it is controlled: “As (the goddess’s) great heat (pratāpa) was endured (dhṛta) here, it is called 'Jāla'. As the net of Māyā is controlled (dhṛta) (here), that is the most excellent (place) for yogis. And so, the one who restrains the net of Māyā is called Jālandhara”.
2) Jālandhara (जालन्धर) is situated in the southern corner of Kailāśa”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “(Jālandhara) is in the southern corner of (Kailāśa). It shines (like) the moon and has the moon's radiant lustre. Its form is that of the city of the Half Moon. It has deep lakes and rivers full of waves. It contains the ocean of the six planes, and is fearsome (with the many great) waves that wash against its shores. [...] There the god is the lord of the (Water) principle and his form is sustained by the goddess. [...] It is the foundation of all creation and is on top of the great sacred seat. Full of many (divine) qualities, one should mark the sacred seat of Jālandhara there on Kailāśa’s southern peak”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Jālandhara is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.
The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Jālandhara) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (purana)
Jālandhara (जालन्धर) is the name of a country derived from the Daitya king called Jālandhara (Cf. Bakker 1983: 60 ff.).—According to the Padmapurāṇa, Jālandhara, the son of the Ocean and the Ganges, was given a part of India (jambudvīpa) for his residence. This country came to be known as Jālandhara. Mythology identifies this area with the vast body of the demon Jālandhara who was slain by Śiva in battle. The local tradition of the Kangra Valley, which is a part of this area, identifies Jālandhara’s mouth with the goddess Jvālāmukhī, whose shrine is located in the Valley. Examining the sources at his disposal, Bakker perceives a connection between the location of this goddess and Jālandhara even without referring to the Tantras where this connection is explicit.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Jalandhara (जलन्धर).—A mightly and valiant Asura. Khaḍgaromā was his charioteer and Vṛndā was his wife. Jalandhara was the grandson of the sea of Milk. Once he met with the headless Rāhu, who said to Jalandhara, the whole story beginning from the churning of the sea of Milk. Jalandhara, became furious at the gods who had churned his grandfather. So he collected a big army of asuras and went to war with the devas. Though a large number of Asuras were killed in the battle, Indra and Viṣṇu were defeated and Viṣṇu was taken captive and hidden under the sea. Finally Paramaśiva went to fight with the Asura. In the fight Jalandhara was killed and Viṣṇu was rescued. (Padma Purāṇa, Chapters 3 to 5). For further details see under Māyāśiva.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
The episode of the killing of Jalandhara by Śiva is narrated in the thirty seventh chapter of the Saurapurāṇa.—
“Jalandhara was fierce-looking demon-like Yama (kṛtānta-saṃkāśa) born of water and defeated the gods, Lokapālas, Sādhyas, Vasus, Maruts, Viśvedevās, Ādityas, Brahmā, Viṣṇu except Trilocana (Śiva). He cherished a desire to conquer Maheśvara. Then he with his demon-army went to fight with Śiva. There was a hot exchange of words between Śiva and Jalandhara, each boasting their prowess. Then Śiva made the lines of a disc on the water of the ocean by the fingers of his foot and asked him to lift it up if he possessed superior strength.
Śiva is said to have told Jalandhara that if the latter is able to lift the cakra figure he would admit defeat. Jalandhara accepted the challenge and tried to lift the disc applying all his strength and with a great difficulty placed it on his shoulder. But immediately the demon’s body became two fold and he fell down. The earth was filled with the blood of the demon. The flesh and blood of Jalandhara got accumulated in a kuṇḍa called raktakuṇḍa in hell”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Nirukta (Sanskrit etymology)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (etymology)
Jālandhara (जालन्धर) is the name of a sacred sites.—Tantric etymology derives the first part of this name from the word jvāla meaning ‘flame’ or jāla meaning ‘net’. Jālandhara is a place that is “brilliant with rows of mighty flames (mahājvāla)” where one can behold the goddess’s “countless marvellous creations like (those produced) by magic” (indrajāla—lit. ‘the net of Indra’) and it is here that the goddess has cast ‘the net (jāla) of Māyā’. Most Hindus know that in the Kangra Valley, close to the modern town of Jālandhara in the Jummu region, there is a cave where natural gas leaks from cracks in the rock. The small flames that this produces are worshipped as the manifest form of the goddess Jvālāmukhī whose name literally means “(the goddess) whose mouth is made of flames”.
Nirukta (निरुक्त) or “etymology” refers to the linguistic analysis of the Sanskrit language. This branch studies the interpretation of common and ancient words and explains them in their proper context. Nirukta is one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7
Jalandhara (जलन्धर) is the name of a country classified as Hādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Jalandhara] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
See Jutindhara (3).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (tantric buddhism)
Jālandhara (जालन्धर) refers to a sacred sites and corresponds to “Himachal Pradesh”, according to the Abhyākaragupta’s commentary Āmnāyamañjarī on the Sampuṭatantra.—Abhyākaragupta lived from the 11th to the first quarter of the 12th century. He was probably born in Magadha and received his Tantric training in Bengal (ibid. 136). Chapter seventeen of the Sampuṭatantra refers to six sacred sites, namely, Koṅkaṇa (Western Ghats), Candradvīpa (southeast Bengal?), Aṭṭahāsa (Bengal), Devīkoṭṭa (north Bengal), Haridvāra (modern Hardvar), and Jālandhara (Himachal Pradesh). Apart from Koṅkaṇa, an important place for the Kubjikā tradition also, these places are in the north of India. As Bengal is especially favoured, this Tantra may have been composed there. Abhyākaragupta adds another eighteen places to make twenty-four.Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Jālandhara (जालन्धर) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Caṇḍākṣī, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Caṇḍākṣī is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the eastern lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Māmakī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.
Jālandhara is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Jālandhara is to be contemplated as situated on the crown of the head. Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitionersSource: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana
Jālandhara is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the ḍākinī’s chosen one”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.
These mahāsiddhas (e.g., Jālandhara) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Jālandhara (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
1) Jālandhara (जालन्धर) is one of the four Pīṭhas (‘sacred spot’) present within the Cittacakra (‘circle of mid’) which is associated with the Ḍākinī named Khecarī (‘a woman going in the sky’), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra. Cittacakra is one of three Cakras within the Tricakra system which embodies twenty-four sacred spots or districts (viz., Jālandhara) resided over by twenty-four ‘sacred girls’ (ḍākinīs) whose husbands abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body.
Jālandhara has the presiding Ḍākinī named Caṇḍākṣī whose husband, or hero (vīra) is named Mahākaṅkāla. The associated internal location is ‘top of the head’ and the bodily ingredients (dhātu) are ‘hair on head’ and ‘body’. According to the Vajraḍākavivṛti, the districts Sindhu, Nagara, Pūrṇagiri and Jālandhara are associated with the family deity of Yāminī; while in the Abhidhānottarottaratantra there is the Ḍāka deity named Vajrasattva standing in the center of the districts named Pullīramalaya (Pūrṇagiri), Jālandhara, Oḍyāna (Oḍyāyana) and Arbuda.
2) Jālandhara (जालन्धर) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). These districts are not divided into subgroups, nor are explained their internal locations. They [viz., Jālandhara] are external holy places, where the Tantric meting is held with native women who are identified as a native goddess. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.
Jālandhara is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Caṇḍālinī accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Janeta. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the mudrā and kaṭṭārikā and their abode (residence) is mentioned as being a kanaka-tree. Jālandhara is mentioned in the Saṃpuṭatantra as being associated with the kanaka-tree.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geographySource: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
Jālandhara (जालन्धर) is mentioned in Māḍhā Praśasti of Lakha Mandal. It is identical with Jullundur, the headquarters of a district of the same name in Punjab. According to Padmapurāṇa (Uttara-khaṇḍa),it was the capital of the great daitya king, Jālandhara. During the first half of the seventh century A.D., when the Chinese pilgrim Hiuen-tsang reached the country called She-lan-ta-lo (Jālandhara), the city of Jālandhara was twelve or thirteen li incircuit.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jālandhara (जालन्धर).—Name of a country in the north-west of India, the territory between the rivers Beas and Sutlej.
Derivable forms: jālandharaḥ (जालन्धरः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) An Asura sprung from Siva, and adopted by the ocean. E. jala, and dhara who has. jalaṃ dharati vā kha mum.
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(-raḥ) The name of a country situatated in the northwest of India, apparently part of Lahore, and perhaps the modern Jullund'har. m. plu.
(-rāḥ) The inhabitants of Jalland'hara.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jalandhara (जलन्धर):—[jala-ndhara] (raḥ) 1. m. An Asura.
2) Jālandhara (जालन्धर):—[jāla-ndhara] (raḥ) 1. m. The country Jallindhar, part of Lahore.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Jālandhara (जालन्धर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jālaṃdhara.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Jālaṃdhara (जालंधर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Jālandhara.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] = ಜಾಲಂಧ್ರ [jalamdhra].
2) [noun] 2.an erstwhile province in the north-western India (now in Punjab).
3) [noun] its capital city; Jalundhar city.
4) [noun] that which belongs to, coming from originated or made in, this province.
5) [noun] a particular posture in Haṭha yōga.
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1) [noun] an openwork structure of crossed strips or bars of wood, metal, etc. used as a screen, support, etc.; lattice.
2) [noun] an opening in the wall of a house for ventilation; a ventilator.
3) [noun] the quality or condition of having holes, pores, openings, etc. at regular distance.
4) [noun] an erstwhile province in the north-western India (now in Punjab).
5) [noun] its capital city; Jalundhar city.
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Jāḷāṃdhara (ಜಾಳಾಂಧರ):—[noun] = ಜಾಳಂದರ [jalamdara].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Jala.
Full-text (+286): Jalandharabandha, Vishvamukhi, Jalamdhari, Khadgaroman, Jalamdhara, Jalamdharayana, Sindhusunu, Karala, Jalamdharayanaka, Smaraduti, Vrinda, Bandha, Jalahrada, Durvarana, Jaladhara, Purvamnaya, Mlecchadik, Mayashiva, Kilanjadayaka, Svarna.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Jalandhara, Jālandhara, Jala-ndhara, Jāla-ndhara, Jalamdhara, Jālaṃdhara, Jāḷaṃdhara, Jāḷandhara, Jāḷāṃdhara, Jāḷāndhara; (plurals include: Jalandharas, Jālandharas, ndharas, Jalamdharas, Jālaṃdharas, Jāḷaṃdharas, Jāḷandharas, Jāḷāṃdharas, Jāḷāndharas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 17 - The fight between Viṣṇu and Jalandhara < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 22 - Description of Jalandhara’s Battle < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 18 - The conversation between Nārada and Jalandhara < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 97 - The Conquest of Amarāvatī by Jālandhara < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 16 - Jālandhara Gives up His Disguise < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 17 - Śukra is Confined by Kṛtyā inside Her Vulva < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 20 - Fight between Śiva and Jalandhara < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 16 - Nārada Visits Jalandhara < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 22 - Jalandhara Attains Salvation < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Chapter 3.5 - Jalandharasura-murti (the conquest of Jalandhara Asura) < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Chapter 21 - Thirukalayanallur or Tirukkalaya Nallur (Hymn 16) < [Volume 3.2 - Pilgrim’s progress: to Chola]
Chapter 13 - Thirunannilam or Tirunannilam (Hymn 98) < [Volume 3.2 - Pilgrim’s progress: to Chola]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)