Dream, Dreaming: 2 definitions


Dream means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Dream symbolism in the Svacchanda-tantra (chapter 4).—Brahmins have long been interpreters of dreams, often doing so for kings. They look to dreams to uncover individualized symbols and desires and use predetermined cultural markers to assess dreams as auspicious (śubha) or inauspicious (aśubha). Once categorized, rites are performed to counter the negative effects of inauspicious dreams. [...] Before interpreting dreams, the Mantrin himself undergoes purification rites. In order to bring another person into the secret Tantric fold, he himself must already be unified with the divine. The student too becomes purified during the night as he witnesses the Mantrin’s performance of rituals prior to sleep.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Advaita Vedanta)

Dreaming is denoted by the Sanskrit term Svapna, according to the Māṇḍūkyopaniṣatkārikā 3.29.—Accordingly, while discussing the dream and waking states: “Just as in the case of dreaming (svapna), the mind, which is a reflection of duality, is active because of Māyā, so the waking mind, which is [also] a reflection of duality, is active because of Māyā. [...] That very [mind, free of thought and restrained,] is fearless Brahma, [which is] the light of gnosis [pervading] everywhere. [It is] unborn, devoid of sleep and dreaming (asvapa), unnamed, formless, manifested [all] at once and omniscient. [This statement] is not figurative in any way”.

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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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