Surabhi, Surabhī, Surabhin: 46 definitions

Introduction:

Surabhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Surbhi.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

The Brahma-saṃhitā informs us that the spiritual world, and especially the planet Goloka Vṛndāvana, where Kṛṣṇa lives, is full of surabhi cows (surabhīr abhipālayantam [Bs. 5.29]). The surabhi cow is also called kāmadhenu.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Surabhi (सुरभि) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristolochia indica (Indian birthwort or duck flower) from the Aristolochiaceae or “birthwort family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.79-81 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Surabhi and Rudrajaṭā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Surabhi (सुरभि) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

2) Surabhi (सुरभि) is another name (synonym) for Kadamba, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Neolamarckia cadamba (burflower-tree). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.97), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Kūṣmāṇḍa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to “possessed of sweet smell”, mentioned in verse 3.47 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] as the (humours and the gastric fire) irritate one another this way, one shall turn to all (substances) that (are) applicable to all humours and promotive of the (gastric) fire: [...] in very bad weather, however, food (that is) perceptibly provided with sour matter, salt, and oil, completely dry, furnished [viz., surabhi] with honey, (and) light”.

Note: Surabhi, prop. “possessed of sweet smell”, has been paraphrased by dri-źim byugs (“anointed with perfume”). The perfect byug given in NP is not attested so far and may be corrupt.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Surabhi (सुरभि) is a synonym of Rāsnā, which refers to a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—Synonyms of Rāsnā: Rosanā, Vāyasuraī, Atirasā (?)[sic], Elāparṇī, Muktā (Yuktā), Surabhi; Pluchea lanceolata Oliver and Hiern.—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 337-338, Singh and Chunekar, 1999).—Pluchea lanceolata (DC.) C.B.Clarke.—(Cf. The Plant List, A Working List of All Plant Species, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Surabhī (सुरभी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Surabhī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Surabhi (सुरभि).—The cow of the Devas. (For details see under Kāmadhenu and Saurabhī).

2) Surabhi (सुरभि).—A cow born from the 'Huṃkāra' (the sound 'hum') of Brahmā. As the cow grew up, milk began dripping down on earth from its udder and gradually it formed into the Kṣīrasāgara (ocean of milk). Four daughters, Surūpā, Haṃsikā, Subhadrā and Sarvakāmadhuk were born to Surabhi and they are considered to be protectors of the four regions. Surabhi lives in the seventh world beneath the earth i.e. Rasātala. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 100).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to “fragrant (earth)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to you, O lord, having the splendour of innumerable suns. Obeisance to you, the Bhava, the lord in the form of flavour and fluid. Obeisance to you who are every thing, who are in the form of fragrant earth (i.e., surabhi). Obeisance to Him of great splendour, Him in the form of fire”.

2) Surabhin (सुरभिन्) refers to “one equipped with emotions of love”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.17 (“The dialogue between Indra and Kāmadeva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] Profiting by that opportune moment, Kāma, by means of his arrow Harṣaṇa delighted the moon-crest god Śiva who was nearby. O sage, in assistance to Kāma, Pārvatī reached the place near Śiva with emotions of love [i.e., surabhin] and accompanied by Spring. In order to make the trident-bearing lord take interest in her, Kāma drew his bow very carefully and discharged his flowery arrow on Him. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Surabhi (सुरभि).—The mythical cow: a daughter of Dakṣa and one of Kaśyapa's wives; gave birth to cattle and those with cloven hoofs;1 came with Indra to see Kṛṣṇa. Pleased with his good will for the cattle kingdom, she told him that he was chosen Indra of goloka. Then she bathed him in her milk while Indra bathed him with Ganges water and called him Govinda, to the singing and dancing of celestials; a mother goddess; mother of eleven Rudras2 and two daughters, Rohiṇī and Gāndhārī also was born Vṛṣodakṣa, the latter presented as the banner of Maheśvara;3 blessed Dīrgatamas who heckled her son for eating sacrificial grass to get rid of all sins and to become the renowned Gautama.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 17. 9; VI. 6. 26-27; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 32; 62, 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 55; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125; 21. 24.
  • 2) Ib. X. 27. 1-24.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56, 69, 78. 7: 466; 74. 49 and 90; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 43-84; 146. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 70-76.

1b) A son of Arkāgni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 40.

1c) A forest garden on the banks of the Vamśaukasārā;1 a garden of gods.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 61.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 101.

1d) Wife of Dharma; longed for union with Brahmā; their children were Rudras, cattle, medicinal plants and so on.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 35-42; 277. 8.

1e) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 12; 251. 2.

1f) A forest on the bank of Śailodā. R. in the Aruṇa hill;1 fit for tapas.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 22.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 94.

1g) Hariśṛṅga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 60-1.

1h) A Gandharva with the sun in the Śarat season.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 13.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Surabhi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to one of thirteen of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Kaśyapa in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa]. Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are Aditi, Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Svadhā, Surabhi, Vinatā, Tamrā, Krodhavasā, Irā and Muni.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Surabhī (सुरभी) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Surabhi) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Surabhi (सुरभि) or Surabhimudrā or Kāmadhenu is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 44-46.—Accordingly, “the two hands are to be closely knit and kept facing downwards, the two little fingers and thumbs are to be well pressed together, the pairs of the middle fingers are to be placed each on the back of the opposite palm. The pair of ring fingers and index fingers are to be apart. This is named kāmadhenumudrā which fulfills all desires”. Mūdra (eg., Surabhi-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Surabhi (सुरभि) or Surabhimudrā refers to one of the fifty-three Mudrās (ritual hand gestures) described in chapter 22 (Caryāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [mudrālakṣaṇa-vidhi]: Brahmā asks the meaning, uses and varieties of mudrā-gestures. Bhagavān says these finger movements are ways to fend off evil and to prevent those taking pleasure in harming others. Furthermore, they please the Lord-so long as they are demonstrated in private (1-5a). He then names and describes 53 mudrā-gestures: [e.g., surabhi (38-40a)] [...]

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Surabhī (सुरभी) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Surabhī] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Surabhi]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to “that which is perfumed”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] I will now speak of the rules of the arghya (offering) to be presented to Agastya as stated by the Ṛṣis. [...] When the darkness of the night should just begin to be broken by streaks of red light from the eastern horizon, princes, previously prepared for the purpose, ought to offer their arghya to Agastya by pouring it on the Earth in the direction of the star Canopus rising in the south-east as will be pointed out by the astronomer. The offering to be made by princes in honor of Agastya shall consist of the fragrant flowers of the season, of fruits, of precious stones, of gold cloths, of cows, of bulls, of well-cooked rice, of sweet-meats, of curdled milk, of colored rice, of perfumed smoke [i.e., surabhi-dhūpa] and fragrant paste”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaiva philosophy

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to “pleasant smells”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 1.93.—Accordingly, “[...] It is also this [set of six elements] that is manifest in cognitions that arise from hypothetical inferences or scripture [and not only in perceptions; and] anything else is nothing but a mere combination [of these elements]. For example, [the property of] consisting in the subtle sensory object of smell lies in the [element (dhātu) of earth]—that same earth that may possess various smells, some pleasant (surabhi), others unpleasant (asurabhi), etc.—insofar as [earth] is devoid of particularities and subtle”.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Surabhi in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Surabhī (सुरभी) refers to the “fragrant (blows)” (of the exudation of the pine-trees), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “In summer, [...] when birds cry out piteously, then the season, like the forest fire, becomes intolerable to these birds [i.e., hawks], who are accustomed to the valleys of the Himalayas, on which fine slabs of stone lie scattered, cleanly washed by the waterfalls and overgrown with young shoots of emerald-green grass, and where the breezes blow fragrant (surabhī) with the exudation of the pine-trees. Therefore cooling processes should be now resorted to”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Proper name for Kamadhenu (the mother of all cows); Surabhi is also used as a synonym for an ordinary cow.

2) Surabhi (सुरभि): The wish-bestowing cow that came first from the sea in the process of churning of the Ocean by gods and daityas.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Pacceka Buddha whom the Bodhisatta (in his birth as Munali) insulted. Ap.i.299; UdA.264.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Surabhi (सुरभि) [?] (in Chinese: Sieou-lo-p'i) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Revatī or Revatīnakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Revatī] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Surabhi] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to “fragrant (sandal)” (suitable for an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “[...] Four Nāga kings should be prepared in the middle of the ditch. [...] Retinues of seven should be made for each. They should be three-, two- or five-headed and their bodies should be smeared with various fragrances. Having ground sandal, red sandal, fragrant sandal (surabhi-candana), padmaka wood and saffron, it should be scattered along with fumigation. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Surabhi.—see surahī. Note: surabhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Surabhi [ಸುರಭಿ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr. from the Burseraceae (Torchwood) family having the following synonyms: Boswellia glabra, Boswellia thurifera, Bursera thurifera. For the possible medicinal usage of surabhi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Surabhi [सुरभी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Pluchea lanceolata (DC.) C.B.Clarke from the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family having the following synonyms: Berthelotia lanceolata.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Surabhi in India is the name of a plant defined with Boswellia serrata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Boswellia glabra Roxb. ex Colebr. (among others).

2) Surabhi is also identified with Casearia esculenta It has the synonym Casearia zeylanica Thwaites (etc.).

3) Surabhi is also identified with Michelia champaca It has the synonym Sampacca suaveolens Kuntze (etc.).

4) Surabhi is also identified with Ocimum basilicum It has the synonym Plectranthus barrelieri Spreng. (etc.).

5) Surabhi is also identified with Pluchea lanceolata It has the synonym Berthelotia lanceolata DC. (etc.).

6) Surabhi is also identified with Prosopis cineraria It has the synonym Adenanthera aculeata Roxb. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Taxon (1979)
· Tabl. École Bot. (1804)
· Compositae Indicae (1876)
· Flora de Filipinas, ed. 2 (1845)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Flora of Tropical Africa (1877)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Surabhi, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Surabhi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

surabhi : (adj.) fragrant.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

surabhi (सुरभि).—a S Sweet-smelling. 2 Pleasing or agreeable.

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surabhī (सुरभी).—f S A fabulous cow, the cow of plenty granting every wish. Ex. su0 cintāmaṇi sācāra || kalpavṛkṣa mhaṇāvā udāra ||; also nitya su0 dubhē sadanīṃ ||. See fully under kāmadhēnu.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

surabhi (सुरभि).—a Sweet-smelling. Pleasing.

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surabhī (सुरभी).—f A fabulous cow, the cow of plenty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Surabhi (सुरभि).—a.

1) Sweet-smelling, fragrant, odorous; पाटलसंसर्गसुरभिवनवाताः (pāṭalasaṃsargasurabhivanavātāḥ) Ś.1.3; Meghadūta 16,21,34.

2) Pleasing, agreeable.

3) Shining handsome; तां सौरभेयीं सुरभिर्यशोभिः (tāṃ saurabheyīṃ surabhiryaśobhiḥ) R.2.3; Mv.6.63.

4) Beloved, friendly,

5) Celebrated, famous.

6) Wise, learned.

7) Good, virtuous.

-bhiḥ 1 Fragrance, odour, perfume; यः पुरीष- सुरभिसौगन्ध्यवायुस्तं देशं दशयोजनं समन्तात् सुरभिं चकार (yaḥ purīṣa- surabhisaugandhyavāyustaṃ deśaṃ daśayojanaṃ samantāt surabhiṃ cakāra) Bhāg. 5.5.33.

2) Nutmeg.

3) Resin of Sāla, or resin in general.

4) The Champaka tree.

5) The Śamī tree.

6) The Kadamba tree.

7) A kind of fragrant grass.

8) The season of spring; वासार्थं हर संभृतं सुरभिणा पौष्पं रजो वीरुधाम् (vāsārthaṃ hara saṃbhṛtaṃ surabhiṇā pauṣpaṃ rajo vīrudhām) V.2.2.

9) The month of Chaitra.

1) The Bakula tree. -f.

1) The gum olibanum tree.

2) The sacred basil.

3) Jasmine.

4) A sort of perfume or fragrant plant.

5) Spirituous liquor.

6) The earth.

7) A cow; ऊर्जस्वलेन सुरभीरनु निःसपत्नं जग्मे जयोद्धुरविशाल- विषाणमुक्ष्णा (ūrjasvalena surabhīranu niḥsapatnaṃ jagme jayoddhuraviśāla- viṣāṇamukṣṇā) Śiśupālavadha 5.64.

8) Name of the fabulous cow of plenty; सुतां तदीयां सुरभेः कृत्वा प्रतिनिधिम् (sutāṃ tadīyāṃ surabheḥ kṛtvā pratinidhim) R.1.81,75; व्यालम्बेथाः सुरभितनयालम्भजां मानयिष्यन् (vyālambethāḥ surabhitanayālambhajāṃ mānayiṣyan) Meghadūta 47.

9) Name of one of the Mātṛs.

1) The east. -n.

1) A fragrant smell, perfume, fragrance.

2) Sulphur.

3) Gold.

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Surabhī (सुरभी).—

1) Gum olibanum.

2) Name of the cow of plenty See. सुरभिः (surabhiḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surabhi (सुरभि).—mfn. (-bhiḥ-bhiḥ or -bhī-bhi) 1. Fragrant, sweet-smelling. 2. Pleasing, beloved. 3. Friendly, a friend. 4. Celebrated, famous. 5. Wise, learned. 6. Handsome. 7. Good, virtuous. m.

(-bhiḥ) 1. A fragrance, a perfume, a sweet-smelling substance. 2. The Michelia Champaca. 3. Nutmeg. 4. The month Chaitra, (March-April.) 5. Resin. 6. The Sami-tree. 7. The Kadamba-tree. 8. A kind of fragrant grass. f. (-bhiḥ or bhī) 1. The gum Olibanum tree, (Boswellia thurifera.) 2. Mura, a sort of drug and perfume. 3. One of the divine Matris. 4. A cow. 5. A fabulous cow, the cow of plenty, granting every wish. 6. Spirituous liquor. 7. The earth. 8. The holy basil. 9. Jasmine, of several sorts. n. (-bhi) 1. Gold. 2. Sulphur. 3. Fragrance. E. su well, excellently, rabh to begin, in aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surabhi (सुरभि).—[su-rabh + i], I. adj. 1. Fragrant, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 105; sweet-smelling. 2. Pleasing. 3. Handsome. 4. Friendly. 5. Good. 6. Wise. 7. Celebrated. Ii. m. 1. A fragrance, a perfume. 2. Spring, [Kirātārjunīya] 10, 30. 3. The month Caitra (March

— April). 4. Resin. 5. The Michelia Champaca. 6. Nutmeg. Iii. f. bhī. 1. The earth. 2. The cow of plenty, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 89, 36 (ĭ); [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 46. 3. A cow. 4. Spirituous liquor. 5. The name of several plants. Iv. n. 1. Gold. 2. Sulphur.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surabhi (सुरभि).—([feminine] i or ī) sweet-smelling, fragrant, lovely, charming, [masculine] the spring; [feminine] bhi or bhī [Name] of a myth. cow, cow i.[grammar]; [neuter] any sweet-smelling substance, perfume.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surabhin (सुरभिन्).—([comparative] bhintara) & surabhimant [adjective] the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Surabhi (सुरभि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Surabhi (सुरभि):—[=su-rabhi] [from su > su-yaj] a See sub voce

2) Surabhī (सुरभी):—[=sura-bhī] [from sura > sur] a f. (for surabhī See p. 1235, col. 3) fear of the g°, [Vāsavadattā]

3) Surabhi (सुरभि):—[=su-rabhi] b mf(is, or ī)n. ([probably] [from] 5. su + √rabh, = ‘affecting pleasantly’) sweet-smelling, fragrant, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] charming, pleasing, lovely, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] famous, celebrated, [Kāvyādarśa ii, 176]

6) [v.s. ...] best, excellent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] good, virtuous, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] friendly, a friend, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] m. fragrance, perfume, any sweet-smelling substance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of various fragrant plants and substances ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ‘Michelia Champaka; Nauclea Cadamba; a kind of jasmine; nutmeg’ etc. etc.), [Suśruta]

11) [v.s. ...] the season of spring, [Kāvya literature]

12) [v.s. ...] the month Caitra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a fire lighted at the fixing of the sacrificial post, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] f(i also ī). Name of various plants (Boswellia, Thurifera; Prosopis Spicigera or Mimosa Suma etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] spirituous liquor (cf. surā; [varia lectio] murā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] Name of a fabulous cow (daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Kaśyapa, mother of cattle and of the Rudras, sometimes considered as one of the Mātṛs or as the cow of plenty; surabheḥ sutāḥ, ‘the children of Surabhi’ id est. ‘cattle’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 519])

17) [v.s. ...] any cow ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ‘a brown cow’), [Vāsavadattā]

18) [v.s. ...] the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] n. a fragrant smell or substance, perfume, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Rāmāyaṇa]

20) [v.s. ...] m. sulphur, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] gold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) Surabhī (सुरभी):—[from su-rabhi] b f. (= bhi), in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surabhin (सुरभिन्):—[from su-rabhi] mfn. perfumed, scented, fragrant ([Comparative degree] bhin-tara), [Ṛg-veda; Kauśika-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surabhi (सुरभि):—(bhiḥ) 2. m. A fragrance, a perfume, Michelia Champaca; nutmeg; resin; spring; month Chaitra. f. (i-ī) Gum olibanum tree; a drug; spirituous liquor; earth; jasmine, &c., cow; cow Kāmadhenu. n. Gold; sulphur. a. Fragrant; friendly; wise; good; famous; handsome.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Surabhi (सुरभि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Subbhi, Surabhi, Surahi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Surabhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Surabhi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Surabhi (सुरभि) [Also spelled surbhi]:—(nf) fragrance, aroma; perfume, scent; ~[ta] fragrant, aromatic; perfumed, scented.

2) Surabhī (सुरभी):—(nf) see [surabhi] a cow.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Surabhi (सुरभि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Surabhi.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Surabhi (ಸುರಭಿ):—

1) [adjective] having a pleasant odour; sweet-smelling; fragrant.

2) [adjective] agreeable; acceptable.

3) [adjective] pleasing to the senses; pleasant; beautiful.

4) [adjective] friendly; kindly.

5) [adjective] famous; renowned; favourably known over a wide area.

6) [adjective] known; understood.

7) [adjective] good; better.

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Surabhi (ಸುರಭಿ):—

1) [noun] a sweet smell; a pleasant odour.

2) [noun] Kāmadhēnu, the wish-yielding cow of the heaven.

3) [noun] a cow, in gen.

4) [noun] the charming quality; beauty.

5) [noun] a knowledgeable man; a wise-man.

6) [noun] Sarasvati, the Goddess of Learning.

7) [noun] a man of good quality; a virtuous man.

8) [noun] the spring season.

9) [noun] Manmatha, the Love-God.

10) [noun] the blosom of a plant; a flower.

11) [noun] a vast tract of land with natural and thick growth of trees and undershrubs; a forest.

12) [noun] any substance eaten to keep oneself alive, that enables the growth; food.

13) [noun] an alcoholic liquor made by fermenting the sap of vrious palms.

14) [noun] the plant Mentha arvensis of Lamiaceae family, with fragrant leaves.

15) [noun] the tree Boswellia serrata ( = B. thurifera) of Burseraceae family; Indian olibanum tree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Surabhi (सुरभि):—adj. 1. sweet-smelling; fragrant; 2. pleasing; agreeable; 3. virtuous; good;

2) Surabhi (सुरभि):—n. 1. fragrance; perfume; 2. the earth; 3. the heavenly cow; kamadhenu (कामधेनु [kāmadhenu] ); 4. the basil or tulasi; 5. wine; 6. the spring season;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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