Surabhi, aka: Surabhī; 17 Definition(s)


Surabhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

The Brahma-saṃhitā informs us that the spiritual world, and especially the planet Goloka Vṛndāvana, where Kṛṣṇa lives, is full of surabhi cows (surabhīr abhipālayantam [Bs. 5.29]). The surabhi cow is also called kāmadhenu.

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Surabhi (सुरभि) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

2) Surabhi (सुरभि) is another name (synonym) for Kadamba, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Neolamarckia cadamba (burflower-tree). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.97), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Kūṣmāṇḍa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Surabhi (सुरभि) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristolochia indica (Indian birthwort or duck flower) from the Aristolochiaceae or “birthwort family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.79-81 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Surabhi and Rudrajaṭā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Surabhi in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Surabhī (सुरभी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Surabhī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Surabhi (सुरभि).—The cow of the Devas. (For details see under Kāmadhenu and Saurabhī).

2) Surabhi (सुरभि).—A cow born from the 'Huṃkāra' (the sound 'hum') of Brahmā. As the cow grew up, milk began dripping down on earth from its udder and gradually it formed into the Kṣīrasāgara (ocean of milk). Four daughters, Surūpā, Haṃsikā, Subhadrā and Sarvakāmadhuk were born to Surabhi and they are considered to be protectors of the four regions. Surabhi lives in the seventh world beneath the earth i.e. Rasātala. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 100).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Surabhi (सुरभि).—The mythical cow: a daughter of Dakṣa and one of Kaśyapa's wives; gave birth to cattle and those with cloven hoofs;1 came with Indra to see Kṛṣṇa. Pleased with his good will for the cattle kingdom, she told him that he was chosen Indra of goloka. Then she bathed him in her milk while Indra bathed him with Ganges water and called him Govinda, to the singing and dancing of celestials; a mother goddess; mother of eleven Rudras2 and two daughters, Rohiṇī and Gāndhārī also was born Vṛṣodakṣa, the latter presented as the banner of Maheśvara;3 blessed Dīrgatamas who heckled her son for eating sacrificial grass to get rid of all sins and to become the renowned Gautama.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 17. 9; VI. 6. 26-27; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 32; 62, 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 55; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125; 21. 24.
  • 2) Ib. X. 27. 1-24.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56, 69, 78. 7: 466; 74. 49 and 90; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 43-84; 146. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 70-76.

1b) A son of Arkāgni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 40.

1c) A forest garden on the banks of the Vamśaukasārā;1 a garden of gods.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 61.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 101.

1d) Wife of Dharma; longed for union with Brahmā; their children were Rudras, cattle, medicinal plants and so on.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 35-42; 277. 8.

1e) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 12; 251. 2.

1f) A forest on the bank of Śailodā. R. in the Aruṇa hill;1 fit for tapas.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 22.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 94.

1g) Hariśṛṅga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 60-1.

1h) A Gandharva with the sun in the Śarat season.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Surabhī (सुरभी) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Surabhi in Chandas glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Surabhi) in 20 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Surabhi in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Surabhi (सुरभि) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Surabhi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Surabhi (सुरभि) or Surabhimudrā or Kāmadhenu is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 44-46.—Accordingly, “the two hands are to be closely knit and kept facing downwards, the two little fingers and thumbs are to be well pressed together, the pairs of the middle fingers are to be placed each on the back of the opposite palm. The pair of ring fingers and index fingers are to be apart. This is named kāmadhenumudrā which fulfills all desires”. Mūdra (eg., Surabhi-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Proper name for Kamadhenu (the mother of all cows); Surabhi is also used as a synonym for an ordinary cow.

2) Surabhi (सुरभि): The wish-bestowing cow that came first from the sea in the process of churning of the Ocean by gods and daityas.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A Pacceka Buddha whom the Bodhisatta (in his birth as Munali) insulted. Ap.i.299; UdA.264.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Surabhi.—see surahī. Note: surabhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Surabhi in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

surabhi : (adj.) fragrant.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Surabhi in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

surabhi (सुरभि).—a S Sweet-smelling. 2 Pleasing or agreeable.

--- OR ---

surabhī (सुरभी).—f S A fabulous cow, the cow of plenty granting every wish. Ex. su0 cintāmaṇi sācāra || kalpavṛkṣa mhaṇāvā udāra ||; also nitya su0 dubhē sadanīṃ ||. See fully under kāmadhēnu.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

surabhi (सुरभि).—a Sweet-smelling. Pleasing.

--- OR ---

surabhī (सुरभी).—f A fabulous cow, the cow of plenty.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Surabhi (सुरभि).—a.

1) Sweet-smelling, fragrant, odorous; पाटलसंसर्गसुरभिवनवाताः (pāṭalasaṃsargasurabhivanavātāḥ) Ś.1.3; Me.16,21,34.

2) Pleasing, agreeable.

3) Shining handsome; तां सौरभेयीं सुरभिर्यशोभिः (tāṃ saurabheyīṃ surabhiryaśobhiḥ) R.2.3; Mv.6.63.

4) Beloved, friendly,

5) Celebrated, famous.

6) Wise, learned.

7) Good, virtuous.

-bhiḥ 1 Fragrance, odour, perfume; यः पुरीष- सुरभिसौगन्ध्यवायुस्तं देशं दशयोजनं समन्तात् सुरभिं चकार (yaḥ purīṣa- surabhisaugandhyavāyustaṃ deśaṃ daśayojanaṃ samantāt surabhiṃ cakāra) Bhāg. 5.5.33.

2) Nutmeg.

3) Resin of Sāla, or resin in general.

4) The Champaka tree.

5) The Śamī tree.

6) The Kadamba tree.

7) A kind of fragrant grass.

8) The season of spring; वासार्थं हर संभृतं सुरभिणा पौष्पं रजो वीरुधाम् (vāsārthaṃ hara saṃbhṛtaṃ surabhiṇā pauṣpaṃ rajo vīrudhām) V.2.2.

9) The month of Chaitra.

1) The Bakula tree. -f.

1) The gum olibanum tree.

2) The sacred basil.

3) Jasmine.

4) A sort of perfume or fragrant plant.

5) Spirituous liquor.

6) The earth.

7) A cow; ऊर्जस्वलेन सुरभीरनु निःसपत्नं जग्मे जयोद्धुरविशाल- विषाणमुक्ष्णा (ūrjasvalena surabhīranu niḥsapatnaṃ jagme jayoddhuraviśāla- viṣāṇamukṣṇā) Śi.5.64.

8) Name of the fabulous cow of plenty; सुतां तदीयां सुरभेः कृत्वा प्रतिनिधिम् (sutāṃ tadīyāṃ surabheḥ kṛtvā pratinidhim) R.1.81,75; व्यालम्बेथाः सुरभितनयालम्भजां मानयिष्यन् (vyālambethāḥ surabhitanayālambhajāṃ mānayiṣyan) Me.47.

9) Name of one of the Mātṛs.

1) The east. -n.

1) A fragrant smell, perfume, fragrance.

2) Sulphur.

3) Gold.

--- OR ---

Surabhī (सुरभी).—

1) Gum olibanum.

2) Name of the cow of plenty See. सुरभिः (surabhiḥ).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 98 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Surabhikeśa (सुरभिकेश) refers to “fragrant hair” and represents the seventy-ninth of the eighty...
Surabhigandha (सुरभिगन्ध).—see सुरभिवल्कल (surabhivalkala). Derivable forms: surabhigandham (सु...
Surabhi-māḍa.—probably, ‘māḍa bearing the figure of a cow’; see māḍa. Note: surabhi-māḍa is def...
Surabhighṛta (सुरभिघृत).—fragrant butter, well-seasoned ghee. Derivable forms: surabhighṛtam (स...
Surabhidāru (सुरभिदारु).—the Sarala tree. Derivable forms: surabhidāruḥ (सुरभिदारुः).Surabhidār...
Surabhikeśatā (सुरभिकेशता) or Surabhikeśa refers to “fragrant hair of the head” and represents ...
Surabhimukha (सुरभिमुख).—the commencement of spring. Derivable forms: surabhimukham (सुरभिमुखम्...
Surabhibāṇa (सुरभिबाण).—an epithet of Cupid. Derivable forms: surabhibāṇaḥ (सुरभिबाणः).Surabhib...
Surabhimudrā (सुरभिमुद्रा) or simply Surabhi or Kāmadhenumudrā is the name of a mudrā described...
Surabhigotra (सुरभिगोत्र).—oxen, cattle, kine. Derivable forms: surabhigotram (सुरभिगोत्रम्).Su...
Surabhivalkala (सुरभिवल्कल).—the bark of Laurus Cassia (Mar. dālacinī). Derivable forms: surabh...
Surabhimāsa (सुरभिमास).—the spring. Derivable forms: surabhimāsaḥ (सुरभिमासः).Surabhimāsa is a ...
Surabhitvac (सुरभित्वच्).—f. large cardamoms. Surabhitvac is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Surabhitriphalā (सुरभित्रिफला).—1) nutmeg. 2) cloves. 3) areca nut. Surabhitriphalā is a Sanskr...
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