Divakara, Divākara, Diva-kara: 16 definitions



Divakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Divakara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Divākara (दिवाकर).—A synonym of Sūrya (Sun).

2) Divākara (दिवाकर).—A son of Garuḍa. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101).

3) Divākara (दिवाकर).—See under Niśākara II.

4) Divākara (दिवाकर).—A king. During the reign of this king the Matsya Purāṇa was composed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Divākara (दिवाकर).—The Sun god, king of the planets;1 is Agni;2 different positions of, in the sky in different lands;3 struck by Svabhānu, fell on the earth;4 addressed by Kārttikeya to whom he went as a Brahmana;5 at a distance of 1000×100 yojanas from the earth.6

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 150. 151; 265. 38 and 41. 266. 38. 281. 12. Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 32.
  • 2) Ib. 53. 29, 30.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 37-43.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 22. 12; III. 3. 110; 8. 76.
  • 5) Ib. III. 70. 4.
  • 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 129.

1b) A son of Prativyoma (Prativyūha vā. p.); his capital Ayodhyā; (vā. p.).1 Father of Sahadeva.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 271. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 282.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 3.

1c) Divided the earth into ten political divisions and distributed them among Iksvāku and other cognates. Sudyumna in woman's disguise did not get any share; Vasiṣṭha got him Pratiṣṭā and he in turn offered it to Pururavas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 20-23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Divākara (दिवाकर).—Karṇāṭabhaṭṭa Divākara of the Deccan was deffeated by Śrī Vriddhavādisūri in course of an intricate debate. He was made his disciple known by the name of Siddhasena Divākara who was taught the entire course of āgamas. Once Divākara said that he would translate all the āgamas into Sanskrit. This statement was taken to be a great offence, for which he was asked to make adequate expiation by observing in silence the vow of pārāñcita for twelve years. Accordingly he wandered about for twelve years in towns and villages. He visited the temple of Kuduṅgeśvara in Ujjain.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Divākara (fl. 1053 A.D.) is mentioned in the “Dive Agar plate of Mummuṇirāja”. Accordingly, “The illustrious King Mummuṇideva lays down the settlement for the learned Brāhmaṇas endowed with wisdom, who are prominent among the sixteen representatives (mahattarakas) residing at Āgara-dīpaka, in the presence of principal royal officers such as... the Purohita (family-priest), the astrologer, the illustrious Divākara...”.

This copper plate (mentioning Divākara) was discovered at Dīve Āgar in the Śrīvardhana-tālukā of the Kolābā District in North Koṅkaṇ. It is dated on the fifth tithi of the dark fortnight of Āṣāḍha in the Śaka year 975, the cyclic year being Vijaya. Its object is to record a vyavasthā (settlement) in respect of the village Dīpakāgara together with its three hamlets, viz. Voritalī, Katila and Kalaija.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Divākara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘twelve’. Note: divākara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Divakara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

divākara : (m.) the sun.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Divākara refers to: (=divaṃ kara) the day-maker, the sun ThA.70 (=Ap. V.16); PvA.155;

Note: divākara is a Pali compound consisting of the words divā and kara.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर).—

1) the sun; Ku.1.12;5.48.

2) a crow.

3) the sun-flower.

Derivable forms: divākaraḥ (दिवाकरः).

Divākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms divā and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The sun. 2. A crow. 3. A flower, the sun-flower. E. divā the day, and kara who makes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर).—m. the sun, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 65. Duṣkara, i. e.

Divākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms divā and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर).—[masculine] the sun (day-maker).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Divākara (दिवाकर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Dinakara, Siddhasenadivākara.

2) Divākara (दिवाकर):—inhabitant of Jambūsaronagara, father of Govardhana, grandfather of Gaṅgādhara (Gaṇitāmṛtasāgarī). L. 1254.

3) Divākara (दिवाकर):—father of Bhāskara (Śivasūtravārttika). Report. Clxviii.

4) Divākara (दिवाकर):—father of Lolimbarāja.

5) Divākara (दिवाकर):—poet. Padyāvalī. Compare Gotithīyadivākara, Mataṅgadivākara, Yuvarājadivākara.

6) Divākara (दिवाकर):—Vṛttaratnākaraṭīkā. Quoted by Mallinātha on Śiśupālavadha 1, 2.

7) Divākara (दिवाकर):—son of Dinakara (?): Dānadinakara. K. 180.

8) Divākara (दिवाकर):—son of Nṛsiṃha, grandson of Kṛṣṇa Daivajña: Gaṇitatattva, Gaṇitatattvacintāmaṇi, Tattvacintāmaṇi jy. Janmapaddhati or Jātakapaddhati. Jātakapaddhatiprakāśa. Padmajātaka. Prauḍhamanoramā Keśavapaddhatiṭīkā. Makarandavivaraṇa. Varṣagaṇitapaddhati Rathoddhatā. Varṣatantra. Varṣaphalapaddhati. Śrīpatiprakāśa. Divākarī. Oudh. Viii, 14.
—[commentary] Mañjubhāṣiṇī. Oudh. Vii, 4.

Divākara has the following synonyms: Dinakara.

9) Divākara (दिवाकर):—son of Mahādeva: Dharmaśāstrasudhānidhi. read Dānahīrāvalī. Saptapākasaṃsthāvidhi.

10) Divākara (दिवाकर):—son of Nṛsiṃha, grandson of Kṛṣṇa Daivajña, great grandson of Divākara, nephew of Śiva: Gaṇitāmṛtasāraṇī. Gopālapaddhati (?). Gopirājamatakhaṇḍana jy., composed in 1627. Jātakapaddhatyudāharaṇa. Makarandavivaraṇa and udāharaṇa. Rāmavinodaprakāśapaddhati jy.

Divākara has the following synonyms: Dinakara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Divākara (दिवाकर):—[=divā-kara] [from divā > div] m. ‘day-maker’, the sun, [Atharva-veda; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (with niśāamong the sons of Garuḍa, [Mahābhārata v, 3599])

2) [v.s. ...] a crow (cf. divāṭana, below), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Calotropis Gigantea (cf. arka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of an Āditya, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Rakṣas, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] (= divārka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa])

7) [v.s. ...] of the founder of the Sūrya-bhakta sect

8) [v.s. ...] of other men (also -bhaṭṭa)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर):—[divā+kara] (raḥ) 1. m. The sun; a crow; a flower; a sun-flower.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Divākara (दिवाकर):—(divā + 1. kara) m. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 21.]

1) der Tagmacher, die Sonne [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 29. 3, 4, 18, 107.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 97.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 10, 5.] di.ā.a.o ti dyu.naistamāṃsi viśvātārīt [?13, 2, 34. Sāvitryupākhyāna 5, 73. Arjunasamāgama 1, 10. Rāmāyaṇa 1, 24, 21. 33, 20. 2, 30, 4. Suśruta 1, 176, 12. Bhartṛhari 2, 87. Kumārasaṃbhava 1, 12. 5, 48. Pañcatantra V, 78.] Neben niśākara unter den Söhnen des Garuḍa [Mahābhārata 5, 3599.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 34, 18.] —

2) Krähe (vgl. divāṭana) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) eine best. Blume ebend. Calotropis gigantea (s. arka) [Śabdakalpadruma] nach [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 61.] —

4) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten (divārka [Bhāgavatapurāṇa]) [Viṣṇupurāṇa 463.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, Anhang XIII.] verschiedener Männer (divākara und divākarabhaṭṭa) [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 864. 871. 874. 976. 1027.] [Oxforder Handschriften 113,a. 124,a. No. 462.] [Colebrooke] [?I,202. II,65. 132. 450. 453.]

--- OR ---

Divākara (दिवाकर):—

1) ein Āditya [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 313.] Nomen proprium eines best. Āditya [304.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Divākara (दिवाकर):——

1) m. — a) die Sonne. — b) ein Āditya. — c) Krähe. — d) *eine best. Blume und *Calotropis gigantea. — e) Nomen proprium — α) eines Āditya. — β) eines Rakṣas [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa 2,293.] — γ) verschiedener Männer. Auch bhaṭṭa. —

2) f. ī Titel eines Werkes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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