Divakara, Divākara, Diva-kara: 24 definitions


Divakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Divakara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Divākara (दिवाकर) refers to the “sun”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.10 (“Boasting of Tāraka”).—Accordingly, as Tāraka-Asura fought with Kārttikeya: “[...] The wind did not blow. The sun (divākara) became dim. The earth quaked along with mountains and forests. In the meantime Himālaya and other mountains anxious to see Kumāra out of affection came there. On seeing the mountains extremely terrified, Kumāra the son of Śiva and Pārvatī spoke enlightening them thereby. [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Divākara (दिवाकर).—A synonym of Sūrya (Sun).

2) Divākara (दिवाकर).—A son of Garuḍa. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101).

3) Divākara (दिवाकर).—See under Niśākara II.

4) Divākara (दिवाकर).—A king. During the reign of this king the Matsya Purāṇa was composed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Divākara (दिवाकर).—The Sun god, king of the planets;1 is Agni;2 different positions of, in the sky in different lands;3 struck by Svabhānu, fell on the earth;4 addressed by Kārttikeya to whom he went as a Brahmana;5 at a distance of 1000×100 yojanas from the earth.6

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 150. 151; 265. 38 and 41. 266. 38. 281. 12. Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 32.
  • 2) Ib. 53. 29, 30.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 37-43.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 22. 12; III. 3. 110; 8. 76.
  • 5) Ib. III. 70. 4.
  • 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 129.

1b) A son of Prativyoma (Prativyūha vā. p.); his capital Ayodhyā; (vā. p.).1 Father of Sahadeva.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 271. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 282.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 3.

1c) Divided the earth into ten political divisions and distributed them among Iksvāku and other cognates. Sudyumna in woman's disguise did not get any share; Vasiṣṭha got him Pratiṣṭā and he in turn offered it to Pururavas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 20-23.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Divākara (दिवाकर) (lit. “one who causes the day or who, the day maker”) is a synonym (another name) for Garuḍa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Divākara (दिवाकर) refers to the Sun, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] One who desires the (supreme) good should abandon everything. It is as useless as rotten meat. O god, there is nothing at all (of deity) in the navel, heart, mouth, and nose, nothing at all between the eyebrows, forehead, in the middle of the palate, or within the uvula, head and eyes. O Maheśvara, O lord of the gods, I am not in the sixty-four wheels or the fifty (letters), nor is there anything within them. There is no Śiva, Viṣṇu, Rudra, Sun [i.e., divākara], or Śakti. O Lord of Kula, Śiva (both) is and is not”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Divākara (दिवाकर) represents the number 12 (twelve) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 12—divākara] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Divākara (दिवाकर) refers to the “maker of day”, according to the Sūryārgha (sun offering) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “[...] [Make patron put a ṭīkā red mark on the ritual lamp.] To Śrī Sūrya, red sandalwood, homage. [Make patron offer a red flower to the ritual lamp.] To Śrī Sūrya, a red flower, homage. [Make patron put a sacred thread on the ritual lamp.] To Śrī Sūrya, a red sacred thread, homage. [Make patron hold rice and pray.] Oṃ homage to Śrī Sūrya the divine. Appearing as the Mantra flower, An ancient sage, whose great rays spread like a crown, Remover of all sins and obstacles, I bow to the maker of day (divākara)”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Divākara (दिवाकर).—Karṇāṭabhaṭṭa Divākara of the Deccan was deffeated by Śrī Vriddhavādisūri in course of an intricate debate. He was made his disciple known by the name of Siddhasena Divākara who was taught the entire course of āgamas. Once Divākara said that he would translate all the āgamas into Sanskrit. This statement was taken to be a great offence, for which he was asked to make adequate expiation by observing in silence the vow of pārāñcita for twelve years. Accordingly he wandered about for twelve years in towns and villages. He visited the temple of Kuduṅgeśvara in Ujjain.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Divākara (दिवाकर) is the name of a Vidyādhara, according , according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Muni Nārada said to Rāvaṇa: “[...] Then the people converted to Parvata’s opinions, trusting him, fearlessly made sacrifices consisting of injury to animals. I saw that and said to a Vidyādhara named Divākara, ‘All the animals at the sacrifice must be taken away by you’. He agreed with me; (but) when he took the animals in the sacrifice, a base god, a Paramādhārmika, knew it. Mahākāla set up a statue of Ṛṣabha to destroy his vidyā and the Khecara stopped (rescuing the animals). [...]’”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Divākara (fl. 1053 A.D.) is mentioned in the “Dive Agar plate of Mummuṇirāja”. Accordingly, “The illustrious King Mummuṇideva lays down the settlement for the learned Brāhmaṇas endowed with wisdom, who are prominent among the sixteen representatives (mahattarakas) residing at Āgara-dīpaka, in the presence of principal royal officers such as... the Purohita (family-priest), the astrologer, the illustrious Divākara...”.

This copper plate (mentioning Divākara) was discovered at Dīve Āgar in the Śrīvardhana-tālukā of the Kolābā District in North Koṅkaṇ. It is dated on the fifth tithi of the dark fortnight of Āṣāḍha in the Śaka year 975, the cyclic year being Vijaya. Its object is to record a vyavasthā (settlement) in respect of the village Dīpakāgara together with its three hamlets, viz. Voritalī, Katila and Kalaija.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Divākara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘twelve’. Note: divākara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Divakara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

divākara : (m.) the sun.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Divākara refers to: (=divaṃ kara) the day-maker, the sun ThA.70 (=Ap. V.16); PvA.155;

Note: divākara is a Pali compound consisting of the words divā and kara.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर).—

1) the sun; Kumārasambhava 1.12;5.48.

2) a crow.

3) the sun-flower.

Derivable forms: divākaraḥ (दिवाकरः).

Divākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms divā and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The sun. 2. A crow. 3. A flower, the sun-flower. E. divā the day, and kara who makes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर).—m. the sun, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 65. Duṣkara, i. e.

Divākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms divā and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर).—[masculine] the sun (day-maker).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Divākara (दिवाकर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Dinakara, Siddhasenadivākara.

2) Divākara (दिवाकर):—inhabitant of Jambūsaronagara, father of Govardhana, grandfather of Gaṅgādhara (Gaṇitāmṛtasāgarī). L. 1254.

3) Divākara (दिवाकर):—father of Bhāskara (Śivasūtravārttika). Report. Clxviii.

4) Divākara (दिवाकर):—father of Lolimbarāja.

5) Divākara (दिवाकर):—poet. Padyāvalī. Compare Gotithīyadivākara, Mataṅgadivākara, Yuvarājadivākara.

6) Divākara (दिवाकर):—Vṛttaratnākaraṭīkā. Quoted by Mallinātha on Śiśupālavadha 1, 2.

7) Divākara (दिवाकर):—son of Dinakara (?): Dānadinakara. K. 180.

8) Divākara (दिवाकर):—son of Nṛsiṃha, grandson of Kṛṣṇa Daivajña: Gaṇitatattva, Gaṇitatattvacintāmaṇi, Tattvacintāmaṇi jy. Janmapaddhati or Jātakapaddhati. Jātakapaddhatiprakāśa. Padmajātaka. Prauḍhamanoramā Keśavapaddhatiṭīkā. Makarandavivaraṇa. Varṣagaṇitapaddhati Rathoddhatā. Varṣatantra. Varṣaphalapaddhati. Śrīpatiprakāśa. Divākarī. Oudh. Viii, 14.
—[commentary] Mañjubhāṣiṇī. Oudh. Vii, 4.

Divākara has the following synonyms: Dinakara.

9) Divākara (दिवाकर):—son of Mahādeva: Dharmaśāstrasudhānidhi. read Dānahīrāvalī. Saptapākasaṃsthāvidhi.

10) Divākara (दिवाकर):—son of Nṛsiṃha, grandson of Kṛṣṇa Daivajña, great grandson of Divākara, nephew of Śiva: Gaṇitāmṛtasāraṇī. Gopālapaddhati (?). Gopirājamatakhaṇḍana jy., composed in 1627. Jātakapaddhatyudāharaṇa. Makarandavivaraṇa and udāharaṇa. Rāmavinodaprakāśapaddhati jy.

Divākara has the following synonyms: Dinakara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Divākara (दिवाकर):—[=divā-kara] [from divā > div] m. ‘day-maker’, the sun, [Atharva-veda; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (with niśāamong the sons of Garuḍa, [Mahābhārata v, 3599])

2) [v.s. ...] a crow (cf. divāṭana, below), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Calotropis Gigantea (cf. arka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of an Āditya, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Rakṣas, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] (= divārka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa])

7) [v.s. ...] of the founder of the Sūrya-bhakta sect

8) [v.s. ...] of other men (also -bhaṭṭa)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Divākara (दिवाकर):—[divā+kara] (raḥ) 1. m. The sun; a crow; a flower; a sun-flower.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Divākara (दिवाकर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Divāyara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Divakara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Divākara (ದಿವಾಕರ):—[noun] the sun.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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