Giri: 19 definitions



Giri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Giri (गिरि) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Giri], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Giri (गिरि).—A son of Śvaphalka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 16.

1b) A son of Balarāma.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 167.

1c) Worship of: Instituted by Kṛṣṇa as a substitute for Indra worship among the Gopas.1 ety. of; precious stones and herbs in.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 24. 25-32.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 11; 19. 137; Matsya-purāṇa 10. 25-6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Giri (गिरि, ‘mountain’ or ‘height’), is a word that occurs repeatedly in the Ṛgveda. Thus reference is made to the trees on the hills, hence called ‘tree-haired ’ (vṛkṣa-keśāḥ), and to the streams proceeding from the hills to the sea (samudra). The term is frequently coupled with the adjectival parvata. The Ṛgveda mentions the waters from the hills, and the Atharvaveda refers to the snowy mountains.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Giri - A Nigantha who occupied the Nigantharama, later destroyed by Vattagamani to make room for the construction of Abhayagiri Vihara, The Niganthas name was included in that of the new Vihara. Mhv.xxxiii.43f, 83; Dpv.xix.14.

2. Giri - See Giridipa.

3. Giri - One of the palaces occupied by Sikhi Buddha in his last lay life (Bu.xxi.16). The Commentary (BuA., p.201) calls it Giriyasa.

4. Giri - A district in South Ceylon. Its capital was Mahagama. It included the villages of Nitthulavitthika, birthplace of Gothaimbara (Mhv.xxiii.49), and Kutumbiyangama, birthplace of Velusumana (Mhv.xxiii.68). The district was also evidently called Girimandala. The chieftain of Giri was Giribhojaka (Mhv.xxiii.69, 70, 75; MT.454), sometimes called Girimandalika (MT.452).

5. Giri - A Nigantha who lived at Anuradhapura during the time of Pandukabhaya. See also Giri (1). Mhv.x.98.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Giri (गिरि) is the name of a Nāga-king (nāgarāja) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “there were two Nāga-kings (nāgarāja) at Mo k’ie t’o (Magadha): the first was called Ki li (Giri) and the second A k’ie lo (Agra). They brought the rain at the proper time and the country did not experience the years of famine. The people were grateful to them and regularly, in the second month of spring (caitra), they went in a crowd to the nāgas to hold a great festival (mahāsamāja): they played music (vādya) and palavered the whole day. From early times up until today, this assembly was never missed and to this reunion was given the same name as that of the Nāgas [namely, giryagrasamāja]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Giri.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. Note: giri is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

giri : (m.) mountain.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Giri, (Vedic giri, Obulg. gora mountain) a mountain; as a rule only in cpds, by itself (poetical) only at Vism.206 (in enumeration of the 7 large mountains).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

giri (गिरि).—m S A hill. 2 An order or an individual of it among Gosavis.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

girī (गिरी).—m A hill, a mountain.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Giri (गिरि).—a. [gṝ-i kicca Uṇ.4.142] Venerable, respectable, worshipful.

-riḥ 1 A hill, mountain, an elevation; पश्याधः खनने मूढ गिरयो न पतन्ति किम् (paśyādhaḥ khanane mūḍha girayo na patanti kim) Subhāṣ.; ननु प्रवातेऽपि निष्कम्पा गिरयः (nanu pravāte'pi niṣkampā girayaḥ) Ś.6.

2) a huge rock.

3) *** A disease of the eyes.

4) An honorific title given to Saṃnyāsins; e. g. आनन्दगिरिः (ānandagiriḥ)

5) (In math.) The number 'eight'.

6) A ball with which children play (genduka).

7) A cloud.

8) A peculiar defect in quicksilver.

-riḥ f.

1) Swallowing.

2) A rat; mouse (written also girī in this sense).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Giri (गिरि).—name of a nāga-king (compare next): Mahā-Māyūrī 246.32. In Lalitavistara 393.3 (verse) I am doubtful of -giri-, which seems to stand for a form of gir(ā), speech, words, and suggest em. to -gira-, m.c. for -girā, see prec. Text apagata-giri-vākpatho hy alipto, said of the Buddha: unstained, because beyond the range of speech in words; in Sanskrit (atīta-)vākpatha (not well defined in [Boehtlingk and Roth]) means (beyond) the range of words, inexpressi- ble, indescribable; some such meaning must be involved here. Mss. vākyatho, but Tibetan, otherwise not clear, confirms a form of -path(a): tshig bral dag gi lam (= way) gyis (inst.; does this point to a reading -pathā?) mi gos pa, which seems to mean not stained by the way of those deprived of speech. But Calcutta (see LV.) and Foucaux understand apagatagiri as a separate word (loc. absolute), which may be right.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Giri (गिरि).— (for original gara; cf. Slav. gora, probably from gur for gar), m. 1. A mountain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 2, 29. 2. A name of the numeral eight, Śrutab. 38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Giri (गिरि).—[masculine] mountain, hill.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Giri (गिरि):—[from gir] 1. giri [locative case] of 1. gir.

2) [from gir] 2. giri f. idem [gana] kṛṣy-ādi.

3) [from gir] 3. giri m. (for gari, [Zend] gairi cf. guru, garīyas; ifc. [Pāṇini 6-2, 94]) a mountain, hill, rock, elevation, rising-ground (often connected with parvata, ‘a mountain having many parts’ cf. parvan [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]), [Ṛg-veda] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] the number ‘eight’ (there being 8 mountains which surround mount Meru), [Śrutabodha]

5) [v.s. ...] a cloud, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 10; Nirukta, by Yāska; Sāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a particular disease of the eyes, [Pāṇini 6-2, 2 [Scholiast or Commentator]] (kiri, [Kāśikā-vṛtti]), [Uṇādi-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] = -guḍa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a peculiar defect in mercury, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] = gairīyaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a honorific Name given to one of the ten orders of the Daś-nāmī Gosains (founded by ten pupils of Śaṃkarācārya; the word giri is added to the name of each member; cf. gairika)

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Śvaphalka, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] f. (= girikā) a mouse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

13) [v.s. ...] mfn. coming from the mountains, [Ṛg-veda vi, 66, 11]

14) [v.s. ...] f. venerable, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([Rāmāyaṇa iv, 37, 2 [Scholiast or Commentator]]);

15) [v.s. ...] cf. [Slavonic or Slavonian] gora; Afghan. ghur.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Giri (गिरि):—(riḥ) 2. m. A mountain. f. Swallowing; a rat. a. Venerable.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Giri (गिरि):—

--- OR ---

Giri (गिरि):—

1) a) als Bild der Geduld [Spr. 3924.] — g) Name einer der zehn auf Schüler Śaṃkarācārya’s zurückgeführten Bettelorden, dessen Mitglieder das Wort giri ihrem Namen beifügen, [Oxforder Handschriften 227,b,16.] [WILSON, Sel. Works 1,202. fg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Giri (गिरि):——

1) m. — a) Berg , Gebirge , Höhe. — b) Bez. der Zahl acht. — c) *Wolke. — d) *eine best. Augenkrankheit. kiri [Kāśikā 4.] — e) *Spielball. — f) *eine best. schlechte Eigenschaft des Quecksilbers. — g) * = gairīyaka. — h) Name eines auf einen Schüler Śaṃkarācārya’s zurückgeführten Bettelordens , dessen Mitglieder ihrem Namen das Wort giri hinten anfügen. — i) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Śvaphalka. —

2) *f. — a) das Verschlingen. — b) Maus.

3) Adj. — a) von Bergen kommend [Ṛgveda (roth). 6,66,11] (wenn die Lesart richtig ist). — b) *ehrwürdig.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Giri (गिरि):—(nm) a mountain, hill; ~[rāja] the Himalayas.

2) Girī (गिरी):—(nf) kernel.

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