Shrikantha, aka: Śrīkaṇṭha, Shri-kantha; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shrikantha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrīkaṇṭha can be transliterated into English as Srikantha or Shrikantha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

1) Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ):—Eighth of the twelve emanations of Rudra, according to the Rūpamaṇḍana. He should be clad in embroidered clothes (chitravastra), and ornamented with all ornaments including an yajñopavīta of superior workmanship (chitra-yajñopavīta) and must be very good looking. He has four arms and only one face. In his hands he should be carrying the khaḍga, the dhanus, the bāṇa and kheṭaka.

2) According to the Aṃśumadbhedāgama, Śrīkaṇṭha (7th class Vidyeśvara) has also four arms in two of which he carries the śūla and the ṭaṅka and holds the others in the varada and abhaya poses (just like Sūkṣma). And he is standing upon a padmapīṭha and is draped in red garments.

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Shrikantha in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ), one of the fifty Rudras according to the Caryāpāda section of the Makuṭāgama (one of the 28 Saiva Siddhanta Agamas).

2) Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ) refers to one of the “eight embodiments” (mūrtyaṣṭaka) of Śiva according to the Svacchandatantra 10.1161–1162 where they are identical with the eight vidyeśvaras (lords of knowledge). The eight embodiments are also mentioned in a copper-plate inscription found in Malhar, Chhattisgarh, written around 650 CE.

All these manifestations of Śiva (eg., Śrīkaṇṭha) appear at the borders of various divisions of the universe according to the Lākula system.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Vimaleśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Śrīkaṇṭha) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ) is the name of a teacher to whom the Kāpālika doctrine was revelead, mentioned in the Śābaratantra. The disciple of Śrīkaṇṭha is mentioned as being Malayārjuna. The Śābara-tantra is an early tantra of the Kāpālika sect containing important information about the evolution of the Nātha sect. It also lists the twelve original Kāpālika teachers (eg., Śrīkaṇṭha). Several of these names appear in the Nātha lists of eighty-four Siddhas and nine Nāthas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ) refers to one of the eighteen teachers of Āgama digests (paddhati) according to a theory where the sacred knowledge emanated from Śiva is said to have taught by Nandin to Sanaka, Sanātana, Sanandana and Sanatkumāra. Out of the four mutts established by them on the slopes of Himalayas, other eighteen mutts are established by Āgamic seers (eg., Śrīkaṇṭha), who authored the manuals named after their respective founders. The śaivāgama digests are termed as paddhati: manuals compiled by the teachers who have condensed the subject matter from the śloka-based Mūlāgamasand and presented them in the form of prayoga.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ) is a manifestation of Śiva who appeared on mount Kailāsa in order to spread the Śaivśāstras, according to a commentary on the Tantrāloka.—Of these sixty-four Śaiva-śāstras most disappeared with the growing influence of the Kali age and with the gradual disappearance of the Ṛṣis who, having learnt the Śāstras, were the repositories of their knowledge. As, thus, with the disappearance of the Śāstras the world became engrossed in spiritual darkness, Śiva,—as the Deity is called,—took pity on men and, appearing on the Kailāsa mountain in the form of Śrīkaṇṭha, commanded the Sage Durvāsas to spread in the world the knowledge of these Śāstras again.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Shrikantha in Vastushastra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Agnipurāṇa, featuring a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Triviṣṭapa, featuring octagonal-shaped temples. This list represents the classification of temples in North-India.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

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Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ).—See Śiva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 24. 63; 25. 19; IV. 30. 40.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

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1) Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ) is the name of a kingdom whose king is mentioned as being Ādityaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 20. His story was told by Yaugandharāyaṇa to king Udayana in order to demonstrate that a sensible man will not injure one who treats him well, for whoever does, will find that it turns out unfortunately for himself.

2) Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ) is the name of a Brāhman from Vārāṇasī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 74. Accordingly, as a Nīlakaṇṭha said to Bhīmabhaṭa: “... I am Nīlakaṇṭha, the son of a Brāhman named Śrīkaṇṭha, who lived at Vārāṇasī; and after all the ceremonies had been performed for me, and I had learnt knowledge in the family of my spiritual preceptor, I returned home and found all my relations dead...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śrīkaṇṭha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Kavya (poetry)

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Śrikaṇṭha (श्रिकण्ठ) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Another name of Lord Śiva. Who first time instructed Vaikuṇṭha and sixty-four disciples in the discipline of Kāvyavidyā.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Shrikantha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ).—an epithet of Śiva; श्रीकण्ठपदलाञ्छनः (śrīkaṇṭhapadalāñchanaḥ) (bhavabhūtiḥ) Mv.1.4/5.

2) of the poet Bhavabhūti; श्रीकण्ठपदलाञ्छनः (śrīkaṇṭhapadalāñchanaḥ) U.1. °सखः (sakhaḥ) an epithet of Kubera.

Derivable forms: śrīkaṇṭhaḥ (श्रीकण्ठः).

Śrīkaṇṭha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śrī and kaṇṭha (कण्ठ).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ).—(1) n. of some tree or woody plant: (homaṃ cāṣṭasahasraṃ tu khadirendhanavahninā,) pālāśaṃ cāpi śrīkaṇṭhaṃ bilvodumbara cākṣakaṃ Mmk 136.2 (verse); (2) n. of a nāga king: Megh 306.8; Māy 246.21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ).—m.

(-ṇṭhaḥ) 1. Siva. 2. A country N. W. of Delhi, or about Thaneshwar. 3. Bhavabhuti, the author of the Malati-Madhava, a celebrated drama. E. śrī prosperity or eloquence, kaṇṭha the throat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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