Bhuti, Bhūti, Bhūtī: 12 definitions

Introduction

Bhuti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bhūti (भूति) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Maṇika, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Maṇika group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (eg. Bhūti) that are to be globular and oblong in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhūti (भूति).—A son of Yuyudhāna and father of Yugandhara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 101; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 100.

1b) The mother of Bhautya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 51.

1c) A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 74.

1d) A son of Bhautya; the future Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 35; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 55.

1e) A Sādhya; destroyer of all Asuras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 44.

1f) Gave birth to Bhūtas, followers of Rudra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 242.

1g) The wife of Pulastya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Bhūti (भूति) refers to a supernatural power, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 21.160.—The eight well-known Bhūtis of a Yogin are indirectly mentioned in the verse.

The Bhūtis are:

  1. aṇimā,
  2. mahimā,
  3. garimā,
  4. laghimā,
  5. īśatva,
  6. vaśitva,
  7. prākāmya,
  8. kāmāvasāyitā (kāmāvasāyitva).

In certain lists prāptī is substituted for garimā, and the bhūtis or siddhis, as they are called, are also somewhat differently explained. Cf. Mārkaṇḍeyapurāṇa 40.31-33. Sāṃkhyatattvakaumudī explains nine siddhis, both garimā and prāpti being included. It explains prākāmya as “icchanabhighāta[?]”. The eight siddhis are referred to in Prabodhacandrodaya 3.22 and explained in detail in the Candrikā commentary, which, however, omits kāmāvasāyitva and includes both garimā and prāpti.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

1) Bhūtī (भूती) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Bhūta forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Agnicakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the agnicakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Bhūtī] and Vīras are red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

2) Bhūtī (भूती) and Bhūta also form one of the 36 pairs situated in the Cittacakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the cittacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (‘emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Bhūtī] and Vīras are black in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhūti (भूति).—f S Superhuman power, as attributable to Shiva especially, and as attainable by the practice of austere and magical rites. 2 Greatness, grandeur, majesty. 3 Birth or production.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhūti (भूति).—f Superhuman power. Greatness. Birth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūti (भूति).—f. [bhū-ktin]

1) Being, existence.

2) Birth, production.

3) Well-being, welfare, happiness, prosperity; प्रजानामेव भूत्यर्थं स ताभ्यो बलिमग्रहीत् (prajānāmeva bhūtyarthaṃ sa tābhyo balimagrahīt) R.1.18; नरपतिकुलभूत्यै (narapatikulabhūtyai) 2.75; स वोऽस्तु भूत्यै भगवान् मुकुन्दः (sa vo'stu bhūtyai bhagavān mukundaḥ) Vikr.1.2.

4) Success, good fortune.

5) Wealth, riches, fortune; विपत्प्रतीकारपरेण मङ्गलं निषेव्यते भूतिसमुत्सुकेन वा (vipatpratīkārapareṇa maṅgalaṃ niṣevyate bhūtisamutsukena vā) Ku.5.76.

6) Grandeur, dignity, majesty.

7) Ashes; भृतभूतिरहीनभोगभाक् (bhṛtabhūtirahīnabhogabhāk) Śi.16.71 (where bhūti means 'riches' also); स्फुटोपमं भूतिसितेन शंभुना (sphuṭopamaṃ bhūtisitena śaṃbhunā) 1.4.

3) Decoration of elephants with coloured stripes; भक्तिच्छेदैरिव विरचितां भूतिमङ्गे गजस्य (bhakticchedairiva viracitāṃ bhūtimaṅge gajasya) Me.19.

9) The superhuman power attainable by the practice of penance or magical rites; सूक्ष्मात् सूक्ष्मतमोऽणीयान् शीघ्रत्वं लघिमागुणः । महिमाशेषपूज्यत्वात् प्राप्तिर्नाप्राप्यमस्य यत् ॥ प्राकाम्यस्य व्यापित्वादीशित्वं चेश्वरो यतः । वशित्वाद्वशिमा नाम योगिनः सप्तमो गुणः ॥ यत्रेच्छा स्थानमप्युक्तं यत्र कामावसायिता (sūkṣmāt sūkṣmatamo'ṇīyān śīghratvaṃ laghimāguṇaḥ | mahimāśeṣapūjyatvāt prāptirnāprāpyamasya yat || prākāmyasya vyāpitvādīśitvaṃ ceśvaro yataḥ | vaśitvādvaśimā nāma yoginaḥ saptamo guṇaḥ || yatrecchā sthānamapyuktaṃ yatra kāmāvasāyitā) || Mārk. P.4.31-33.

1) Fried meat.

11) The rutting of elephants.

-tiḥ m.

1) An epithet of Śiva.

2) Of Viṣṇu.

3) Of a class of Manes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhūti (भूति).—name of a brahman, father of Subhūti (2): Avadāna-śataka ii.127.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūti (भूति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Power, dignity. 2. Superhuman power, as attributable to Siva especially, and attainable by the practice of austere and magical rites. 3. Prosperity, success. 4. Production, birth. 5. Ashes. 6. Fried meat. 7. The rut of elephants. 8. State of being, &c. 9. Wealth, riches, fortune. 10. Welfare. 11. Decoration of elephant, with coloured stripes. E. bhū to be, aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūti (भूति).—[bhū + ti], f. 1. State of being. 2. Production, birth. 3. Prosperity, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 131; personified, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 27. 4. Wealth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 59. 5. Power, dignity. 6. Superhuman power, as attainable by the practice of austere and magical rites. 7. The rut of elephants. 8. A decoration of elephants, consisting in many-coloured stripes, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 19 (Sch.; read maṇḍanam and gajamaṇḍanam instead of maṇḍalam). 9. Ashes. 10. Fried meat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūti (भूति).—[feminine] being, [especially] well-being, welfare, wealth, fortune; ornament, decoration.

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Bhūti (भूति).—[feminine] being, [especially] well-being, welfare, wealth, fortune; ornament, decoration.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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