Satyavrata, Satya-vrata: 17 definitions

Introduction

Satyavrata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 9.7.5-6

The son of Tribandhana was Satyavrata, who is celebrated by the name Triśaṅku. Because he kidnapped the daughter of a brāhmaṇa when she was being married, his father cursed him to become a caṇḍāla, lower than a śūdra. Thereafter, by the influence of Viśvāmitra, he went to the higher planetary system, the heavenly planets, in his material body, but because of the prowess of the demigods he fell back downward. Nonetheless, by the power of Viśvāmitra, he did not fall all the way down; even today he can still be seen hanging in the sky, head downward.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—Another brother of King Suśarma, the King of the Trigartas.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satyavrata in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत):—Son of Tribandhana (son of Prāruṇa). He is also known by the name Triśaṅku. He had a son named Hariścandra. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.7.5-6)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—Another name of Triśaṅku. (See under Triśaṅku).

2) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—The Brahmin boy Satyatapas. (See under Satyatapas).

3) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. It is seen that he was known by other names also such as Satyasena, Satyasandha, Sandha etc. (See under Satyasandha).

4) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—Brother of Suśarmā, the King of Trigarta. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 17, that this cursed warrior took in vain a vow in the battle of Bhārata that he would kill Arjuna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—A Rājaṛṣi of Draviḍadeśa, born as the son of Vivasvat, the future Vaivasvata Manu; once when he was performing his ablutions a fish fell into his hands. He reared it in a jar and as it grew big it was left in a pond. It grew bigger and was taken to a number of lakes and rivers and finally to the sea. Addressed by the king the fish revealed his true form and warned him against the forthcoming deluge. During the floods Satyavrata, as directed by Matsya Hari, got with the sages, into the ark, creepers and plants and seeds and tied the ship to the horn of the fish. His praise of Hari; heard the matsya purāṇa saṃhitā from Hari and after the deluge became Vaivasvata Manu, (s.v.);1 a mahātmā.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. ch. 24 (whole): IX. 1. 2-3.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 11. 92.

1b) A son of Tribandhana, celebrated as Triśanku (s.v.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 7. 5.

1c) A son of Trayyāruṇi (Trayyāmuṇa, Matsya-purāṇa) who took to wife Vidarbha's queen; for this unrighteousness he was banished by his father to live with Śvāpakas; when his father went to the forest there was no shower for 12 years when Satyavrata performed austerities and helped the sons and wives of Viśvāmitra in their livelihood; Vasiṣṭha was in charge of the kingdom and did not invite him; enraged at this he killed his cow and fed Viśvāmitra's family; Viśvāmitra noticed three departures from dharma and called him Triśaṅku; Viśvāmitra was pleased with his aid and took him to heaven with his earthly body to the wonder of even Vasiṣṭha; his wife was Satyavratā and son Hariścandra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63, 77-113: Matsya-purāṇa 12. 37: Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 78-117. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 21-4.

1d) A class of people in Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 27.

1e) Sons of Dharma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 25.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.18.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Satyavrata) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satyavrata in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) was a Niṣāda king from the island of Utsthala according to the “story of the golden city”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 25. Accordingly, Dīrghatapas said: “there is in the midst of the ocean an island named Utsthala, and in it there is a rich king of the Niṣādas named Satyavrata. He goes to and fro among all the other islands, and he may have seen or heard of that city. Therefore go first to the city named Viṭaṅkapura, situated on the border of the sea. And from that place go with some merchant in a ship to the island where that Niṣāda dwells, in order that you may attain your object”.

2) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) is the name of a Brāhman from the Mālava country, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Yaśasvatī said to Śrīdarśana: “... I am the well-born wife of a Brāhman here, named Satyavrata, who was a servant of the king’s, and my name is Yaśasvatī. And after my husband died, the compassionate king gave me the fourth part of his salary to live upon, as I had not a son to support me”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Satyavrata, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satyavrata in Hinduism glossary
Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "The Truth Dedicated Lord"

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत): Warrior on the Kaurava side.

2) Original name of Vaivasvata Manu (seventh ruling Manu of the current time period). Because Manu was believed to be absolutely honest, he was initially known as Satyavrata ("One with the oath of truth").

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satyavrata in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) refers to “vow of truth” and represents an observance (vrata) laid down for Jain laymen, classified within the aṇuvrata group. The term satya has been given such a wide connotation here that it is scarcely possible to render it merely as “truth”. Its specifically Jaina interpretation was already apparent to Pūjyapāda as his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra (the Sarvārtha-siddhi 14) shows. In fact the amplitude of this vrata has been concisely expressed by Vasunandin (in his Śrāvakācāra 209) as the abstention from untruth (asatya) spoken out of passion or hate, and from truth (satya), too if it provokes the destruction of a living being.

For the five aticāras the older Śvetāmbara authorities maintain unchanged the list of the Upāsaka-daśāḥ:

  1. sudden calumniating (sahasābhyākhyāna);
  2. secret calumniating (rahobhyākhyāna);
  3. divulging the confidences of one’s wife (svadāra-mantrabheda);
  4. spreading of false information (mṛśopadeśa);
  5. false statements expressed in writing (kūṭa-lekha-karaṇa).

However, even here, there are some divergencies in interpretation. The oldest Digambara list, that of the Tattvārtha-sūtra (verse 7.25), varies sva-dāra-mantra-bheda to sākāra-mantra-bheda (at its origin probably no more, than a textual corruption), omits sahasābhyākhyāna, and from the primitive categories of asatya borrows nyāsāpahāra, assigning to it the vacant space in the aticāra pentad.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) refers to the “vow of truthfulness” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.5.—Which are the five contemplations of the vow of truthfulness (satyavrata)? The five contemplations of the vow of truthfulness are to give-up anger (krodha), greed (lobha), cowardice or fearfulness (bhīrutva), jest (hāsya) and speaking harmless words (anuvīcī).

How are anger, greed and fear related to the vow of truthfulness (satya-vrata)? Generally people speak lies under the influence of either anger, greed, fear or for fun. Therefore these contemplations are associated with the vow of truthfulness.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Satyavrata in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—a (S) That practises or adheres to the truth; veracious, true, honest, sincere.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Satyavrata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—a.

1) true or faithful to an agreement, promise or word, adhering to truth veracious; Bhāg.1.2.26; see सत्यः (satyaḥ) (4).

2) honest, sincere.

Satyavrata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms satya and vrata (व्रत). See also (synonyms): satyasaṃgara, satyasaṃdha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Practising or adhering to the truth, veracious, honest, sincere. m.

(-taḥ) A king, the 25th of the solar dynasty in the second age. E. satya the truth, vrata religious observance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—I. adj. veracious, honest, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 38. Ii. m. a proper name, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 270.

Satyavrata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms satya and vrata (व्रत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—1. [neuter] a vow of truthfulness.

--- OR ---

Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—2. [adjective] having i.e. keeping a vow of truthfulness.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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