Satyavrata, aka: Satya-vrata; 13 Definition(s)
Satyavrata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
The son of Tribandhana was Satyavrata, who is celebrated by the name Triśaṅku. Because he kidnapped the daughter of a brāhmaṇa when she was being married, his father cursed him to become a caṇḍāla, lower than a śūdra. Thereafter, by the influence of Viśvāmitra, he went to the higher planetary system, the heavenly planets, in his material body, but because of the prowess of the demigods he fell back downward. Nonetheless, by the power of Viśvāmitra, he did not fall all the way down; even today he can still be seen hanging in the sky, head downward.(Source): VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 9.7.5-6
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत):—Son of Tribandhana (son of Prāruṇa). He is also known by the name Triśaṅku. He had a son named Hariścandra. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.7.5-6)(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—Another name of Triśaṅku. (See under Triśaṅku).
2) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—The Brahmin boy Satyatapas. (See under Satyatapas).
3) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. It is seen that he was known by other names also such as Satyasena, Satyasandha, Sandha etc. (See under Satyasandha).
4) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—Brother of Suśarmā, the King of Trigarta. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 17, that this cursed warrior took in vain a vow in the battle of Bhārata that he would kill Arjuna.(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—A Rājaṛṣi of Draviḍadeśa, born as the son of Vivasvat, the future Vaivasvata Manu; once when he was performing his ablutions a fish fell into his hands. He reared it in a jar and as it grew big it was left in a pond. It grew bigger and was taken to a number of lakes and rivers and finally to the sea. Addressed by the king the fish revealed his true form and warned him against the forthcoming deluge. During the floods Satyavrata, as directed by Matsya Hari, got with the sages, into the ark, creepers and plants and seeds and tied the ship to the horn of the fish. His praise of Hari; heard the matsya purāṇa saṃhitā from Hari and after the deluge became Vaivasvata Manu, (s.v.);1 a mahātmā.2
1b) A son of Tribandhana, celebrated as Triśanku (s.v.).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 7. 5.
1c) A son of Trayyāruṇi (Trayyāmuṇa, Matsya-purāṇa) who took to wife Vidarbha's queen; for this unrighteousness he was banished by his father to live with Śvāpakas; when his father went to the forest there was no shower for 12 years when Satyavrata performed austerities and helped the sons and wives of Viśvāmitra in their livelihood; Vasiṣṭha was in charge of the kingdom and did not invite him; enraged at this he killed his cow and fed Viśvāmitra's family; Viśvāmitra noticed three departures from dharma and called him Triśaṅku; Viśvāmitra was pleased with his aid and took him to heaven with his earthly body to the wonder of even Vasiṣṭha; his wife was Satyavratā and son Hariścandra.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63, 77-113: Matsya-purāṇa 12. 37: Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 78-117. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 21-4.
1d) A class of people in Śākadvīpa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 27.
1e) Sons of Dharma.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 25.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.18.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Satyavrata) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) was a Niṣāda king from the island of Utsthala according to the “story of the golden city”, in the to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 25. Accordingly, Dīrghatapas said: “there is in the midst of the ocean an island named Utsthala, and in it there is a rich king of the Niṣādas named Satyavrata. He goes to and fro among all the other islands, and he may have seen or heard of that city. Therefore go first to the city named Viṭaṅkapura, situated on the border of the sea. And from that place go with some merchant in a ship to the island where that Niṣāda dwells, in order that you may attain your object”.
2) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) is the name of a Brāhman from the Mālava country, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Yaśasvatī said to Śrīdarśana: “... I am the well-born wife of a Brāhman here, named Satyavrata, who was a servant of the king’s, and my name is Yaśasvatī. And after my husband died, the compassionate king gave me the fourth part of his salary to live upon, as I had not a son to support me”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Satyavrata, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Hinduism)
One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "The Truth Dedicated Lord"(Source): humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna
1) Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत): Warrior on the Kaurava side.
2) Original name of Vaivasvata Manu (seventh ruling Manu of the current time period). Because Manu was believed to be absolutely honest, he was initially known as Satyavrata ("One with the oath of truth").(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—Another brother of King Suśarma, the King of the Trigartas.(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary
General definition (in Jainism)
Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) refers to “vow of truth” and represents an observance (vrata) laid down for Jain laymen, classified within the aṇuvrata group. The term satya has been given such a wide connotation here that it is scarcely possible to render it merely as “truth”. Its specifically Jaina interpretation was already apparent to Pūjyapāda as his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra (the Sarvārtha-siddhi 14) shows. In fact the amplitude of this vrata has been concisely expressed by Vasunandin (in his Śrāvakācāra 209) as the abstention from untruth (asatya) spoken out of passion or hate, and from truth (satya), too if it provokes the destruction of a living being.
For the five aticāras the older Śvetāmbara authorities maintain unchanged the list of the Upāsaka-daśāḥ:
- sudden calumniating (sahasābhyākhyāna);
- secret calumniating (rahobhyākhyāna);
- divulging the confidences of one’s wife (svadāra-mantrabheda);
- spreading of false information (mṛśopadeśa);
- false statements expressed in writing (kūṭa-lekha-karaṇa).
However, even here, there are some divergencies in interpretation. The oldest Digambara list, that of the Tattvārtha-sūtra (verse 7.25), varies sva-dāra-mantra-bheda to sākāra-mantra-bheda (at its origin probably no more, than a textual corruption), omits sahasābhyākhyāna, and from the primitive categories of asatya borrows nyāsāpahāra, assigning to it the vacant space in the aticāra pentad.(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) refers to the “vow of truthfulness” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.5.—Which are the five contemplations of the vow of truthfulness (satyavrata)? The five contemplations of the vow of truthfulness are to give-up anger (krodha), greed (lobha), cowardice or fearfulness (bhīrutva), jest (hāsya) and speaking harmless words (anuvīcī).
How are anger, greed and fear related to the vow of truthfulness (satya-vrata)? Generally people speak lies under the influence of either anger, greed, fear or for fun. Therefore these contemplations are associated with the vow of truthfulness.(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
satyavrata (सत्यव्रत).—a (S) That practises or adheres to the truth; veracious, true, honest, sincere.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) true or faithful to an agreement, promise or word, adhering to truth veracious; Bhāg.1.2.26; see सत्यः (satyaḥ) (4).
2) honest, sincere.
Satyavrata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms satya and vrata (व्रत). See also (synonyms): satyasaṃgara, satyasaṃdha.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 19 books and stories containing Satyavrata or Satya-vrata. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 10 - On the story of Satyavrata < [Book 7]
Chapter 11 - On the story of Triśaṅku < [Book 7]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 24 - Matsya, the Lord’s Fish Incarnation < [Canto VIII - Withdrawal of the Cosmic Creations]
Chapter 7 - The Descendants of King Mandhata < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 1 - King Sudyumna Becomes a Woman < [Canto IX - Liberation]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 38 - From Satyavrata to Sagara < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 37 - The race of Manu < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)