Samsthita, Saṃsthita: 21 definitions


Samsthita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samsthita in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) means “to abide (somewhere)”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as Bhagavat (Viṣṇu) said to Śaṃkara: “O Śambhu! Supreme Void [i.e., paramākāśa]! (You) whose mind is centred on the goddess! The goddess in the form of Kumārī was born on Himavat’s mountain. She gave this Liṅga which is reality and the supreme cause (of all things). And I am the authority there. I, Kumārikā, am a limb of that (Liṅga). Thus, (I) abide [i.e., saṃsthita] as the bliss of my own experience of the Void. O Vyāsa whom do you contemplate having performed painful austerities?”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samsthita in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) refers to a “resident”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“[...] O great Goddess, please fulfil the desire of the God, O Śivā, so that the words of Sanatkumāra may be fruitful. O Goddess, incarnating again on the earth please be the wife of Rudra (Śiva) again. Carry on your sports in a fitting manner and let the Gods be happy. O Goddess, may Rudra too, the resident of Kailāsa [i.e., kailāsācala-saṃsthita] be happy. Let all become happy. Let misery perish entirely. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samsthita in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) refers to “(one) residing (in the Liṅga)”, according to the 9th-century Sarvajñānottaratantra chapter 18.—Accordingly, “Next, I shall teach the best observance among observances, which is known as the Śiva-vrata and which is revered by Asuras and Gods alike. [...] Next, I shall teach the characteristics of a temple of Śiva, as well as [how to perform] the installation of the liṅga, in which the universe is [itself] ‘installed’. All the gods, beginning with Brahmā, reside in the Liṅga (saṃsthitaliṅgam āśritya saṃsthitāḥ); therefore a Yogin who venerates his guru, God and the fire and who has performed his vidyāvrata should install the liṅga, following the procedure taught in scripture. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) refers to “(being) seated (in a particular posture)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 11.1-24ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Tumburu]—“[...] [He worships] Deva as Tumburu in the middle of an eight petaled lotus, in the maṇḍala, [starting] in the East, O Devī. [...] He [has] a half-moon in his topknot, sits in the blue lotus Āsana (rājīva-āsana-saṃsthita). [Tumburu is] white like a drop of frosty jasmine, similar to mountain snow. [He wears] a serpent as a sacred thread and is adorned with snake ornaments. [Tumburu is] adorned with all jewels, a tiger skin on the ground [below his] hips, a garment of elephant skin, mounted on a very strong bull, and wears a rhino hide. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samsthita in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) refers to “fixating (one’s mind and breath)”, according to the Kriyākramadyotikā pp. 139-40.—Accordingly: “[The Yogin] should fix (saṃsthita) his mind and breath on [a luminous Liṅga] situated in the middle of his eyebrows. Having dissolved in that [Liṅga] and become [one with] it, the Yogin gradually directs his mind to the void. When his mind has disappeared, the supreme bliss of [pure] consciousness naturally shines forth. Thus, Samādhi, which is the basis of the [supernatural] powers beginning with minimization, has been taught”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (p)

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) refers to “being seating (in a pure lotus”, and is mentioned in the meditation on Garuḍa in the Varuṇamaṇḍala, according to the second chapter of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā (Toxicology).—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā describes the different forms of Garuḍa in the five bhūta-maṇḍalas on which the aspirant has to meditate upon to cure the snake-bite victim from the poison which could have killed him. In the Varuṇa-maṇḍala, Garuḍa is contemplated upon as seated (saṃsthita) in a pure lotus, marching towards the streams of water (nectar) released from the nectarine pot in his hand, shining with conch and discus, adorned with a pearl necklace, crown, garland and with two huge teeth like the crescent moon, cooling the victim of snake bite like the Moon.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Samsthita in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) refers “abiding (in the gentleness of the dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (221) Even though we are very far away, we will go to quench the desire for the dharma. Having obtained pleasure and joy of the dharma, we will work for the benefit of living beings (dehin). (222) Despite seeing numerous errors of living beings directly, we will investigate ourselves, abiding in the gentleness of the dharma (dharma-sauratya-saṃsthita). [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) refers to “standing (in a particular pose)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Being in the heart with mud, a universal petaled lotus, Above the pericarp of the lotus, a moon and sun mandala, Above that, observe a Hūṃ, that changes into a two armed Saṃvara. Venerable, dark-blue color, one face, three eyes, standing in archer’s pose (āliḍha-āsana-saṃsthita). [...]”.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) refers to a particular Posture, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “[...]  [He (The Causal Vajra-holder)] stands in the ālīḍha posture [e.g., ālīḍhapada-saṃsthita] with the feet placed on both Hara and Gaurī [He holds] (1) a vajra and (2) a bell, (3)(4) an elephant’s skin, (5) a drum, (6) a knife, (7) an axe, (8) a trident, (9) a skull staff, (10) a pot, (11) a noose, and (12) a hairless head in the left and right [hands]. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Samsthita in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) refers to the “form (of the universe)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Virtuous meditation is of four kinds, examination of the instruction [of the Jina], [examination of] suffering, [examination of] the results of karma and [examination of] the form [of the universe] (saṃsthita) individually in that order”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samsthita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṃsthita (संस्थित).—p S Stopped, terminated, concluded, ended: (with implication of completeness or rightness.) 2 Standing or staying with, together, at, or in.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṃsthita (संस्थित).—p Stopped, Staying with.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samsthita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃsthita (संस्थित).—p. p.

1) Being or standing together.

2) Being, staying; नियोगसंस्थित (niyogasaṃsthita) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.92.

3) Adjacent, contiguous.

4) Resembling, like.

5) Collected, heaped.

6) Settled, fixed, established.

7) Placed in or on, being in.

8) Stationary.

9) Stopped, completed, ended, finished; क्व न खलु संस्थिते कर्मणि आत्मान विनोदयामि (kva na khalu saṃsthite karmaṇi ātmāna vinodayāmi) Ś.3.

1) Dead, deceased; प्रमदामनु संस्थितः शुचा (pramadāmanu saṃsthitaḥ śucā) R.1.72; Manusmṛti 3. 247.

11) Shaped, formed well; संस्थितदोर्विषाणः (saṃsthitadorviṣāṇaḥ) Rām.3. 31.46.

12) Frequented (as a place); तां श्वभिः खादयेद्राजा संस्थाने बहुसंस्थिते (tāṃ śvabhiḥ khādayedrājā saṃsthāne bahusaṃsthite) Manusmṛti 8.371.

-tam 1 State; एष योत्स्यति संग्रामे नाशयन् पूर्वसंस्थितम् (eṣa yotsyati saṃgrāme nāśayan pūrvasaṃsthitam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.171.2.

2) Form, shape; वराहसंस्थितं भूतं मत्समीपं समागतम् (varāhasaṃsthitaṃ bhūtaṃ matsamīpaṃ samāgatam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.167.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃsthita (संस्थित).—nt. (in Sanskrit as ppp., and cited once as n., form, in [Boehtlingk] from Mahābhārata but probably false reading; Crit ed. 5.168.2 pūrva-saṃsthitim, v.l. °tam; according to [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo], Prakrit saṃṭhia, form), condition, state of existence: sukhenti sarva- sattvānāṃ °tāni nareśvarāḥ Mahāvastu i.91.8 (verse), make the conditions (of life) of all creatures happy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsthita (संस्थित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Dead, deceased. 2. Ended, finished. 3. Established, fixed. 4. Staying, stationary. 5. Residing, being in or at. 6. Heaped, collected. 7. Placed in or on. 8. Near or contiguous to. 9. Like, resembling. E. sam before ṣṭhā to stay, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsthita (संस्थित).—[adjective] standing or having stood (in battle); being in or on ([locative], upari, or —°); abiding, staying, lasting; resting or depending on, familiar with ([locative]); perfect, finished; dead, deceased.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃsthita (संस्थित):—[=saṃ-sthita] [from saṃ-sthā] mfn. standing (as opp. to ‘lying’ or ‘sitting’), [Yājñavalkya]

2) [v.s. ...] one who has stood or held out (in fight), [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] placed, resting, lying, sitting, being in or on (upari [locative case], or [compound]), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] abiding, remaining, left standing (for a long time, as food; with tathaiva, ‘remaining in the same condition’), [Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Raghuvaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] lasting, enduring, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] imminent, future, [Harivaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] shaped, formed (cf. duḥand su-s), appearing in a [particular] shape or form, formed like, resembling (often ifc.; with navadhā, ‘ninefold’; with masī-rūpeṇa, ‘appearing in the form of black ink’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] being in a [particular] state or condition, addicted or given to, intent upon ([locative case] or [compound]), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) [v.s. ...] founded or based upon ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] directed to wards, fixed upon ([compound]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] relating to, concerning ([locative case] or [compound]), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] skilled in, acquainted or familiar with ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] started, set out for ([dative case] or abhimukham), [Rāmāyaṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] frequented (as a place), [Manu-smṛti viii, 371]

15) [v.s. ...] finished, concluded, completed, ready, [Brāhmaṇa; ???]

16) [v.s. ...] perished, died (n. [impersonal or used impersonally]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

17) [v.s. ...] near or contiguous to, [Horace H. Wilson]

18) [v.s. ...] heaped, collected, [ib.]

19) [v.s. ...] n. conduct, [Catalogue(s)]

20) [v.s. ...] form, shape, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsthita (संस्थित):—[saṃ-sthita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Dead; finished; fixed; staying; heaped; placed in or on or near; resembling.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃsthita (संस्थित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃṭhia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samsthita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samsthita in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃsthita (ಸಂಸ್ಥಿತ):—

1) [adjective] standing (as diff. from sitting or lying).

2) [adjective] being together; paired or paired with.

3) [adjective] situated or being very close to or being by the side (of).

4) [adjective] gathered; accumulated; collected.

5) [adjective] founded, built, established firmly.

6) [adjective] living (at, in etc.).

7) [adjective] kept; placed; deposited.

8) [adjective] ended or has come to an end; finished.

9) [adjective] not alive; dead.

10) [adjective] of or almost of the same shape, form; resembling; similar.

11) [adjective] formed; taken a particular shape or form.

--- OR ---

Saṃsthita (ಸಂಸ್ಥಿತ):—

1) [noun] a man who is dead; a deceased man.

2) [noun] external appearance of a clearly defined area, as distinguished from colour or material; form.

3) [noun] an elaborate religious sacrifice.

4) [noun] the final sacrificial formula and the oblation connected with it.

5) [noun] the feeling, attitude or expression of disdaining; overbearing, haughty behaviour.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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