Svaha, aka: Svāhā, Svāha; 10 Definition(s)


Svaha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Svāhā (स्वाहा):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ह्रीं ओं स्वाहायै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ svāhāyai namaḥ

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Svāhā (स्वाहा):—The consort of Paśupati (aspect of Śiva, as in, one of the eight names of Rudra) according to the Pādma-purāṇa. (according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa she is called Vikesī)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Svāhā (स्वाहा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Svāhā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Svāhā (स्वाहा).—A daughter of Bṛhaspati. This Svāhā who was always angry had a son named Kāma. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 219, Verse 22).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Svāhā (स्वाहा) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“Dakṣa begot twenty-four daughters. The eleven younger daughters were [... Svāhā,...]. The great aspirants [Vahni] and others took the hands of these famous daughters (eg., Svāhā married the fire-god/Vahni). Thereupon the entire universe consisting of three worlds, mobile and immobile was filled (with progeny). Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous Brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.

Source: Siva Purana - English Translation

1) Svāha (स्वाह).—A son of Vṛjinīvān.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 16.

2a) Svāhā (स्वाहा).—A daughter of Dakṣa and the mother of Pāvaka, Pavamāna and Śucī through Paśupati-Agni; from these three have sprung up forty-five agnis. All of them form a group of 49 agnis.1 Mode of offering in invoking devas while svadhā for invoking Pitṛs.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 60-61; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 62; II. 9. 52, 56; 10. 81. 12. 3; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 76; 10. 28, 32; 27. 53; 29. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 25, 27; 8. 8; 10. 14-15.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 25; 11. 18 and 116.

2b) A god of one of the ten branches of the Harita gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 85; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 89.

2c) The goddess enshrined at Māheśvarapura.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 42.

2d) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 20.

2e) For karmas associated with Devas and yajñas like svadhā for Pitṛs.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 75. 77.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Svāhā (स्वाहा, “invocation-at-offering”):—She is the wife of Agni, one of the most important Vedic gods representing divine illumination. Together they have three sons:

  1. Pāvaka,
  2. Pāvamāna
  3. and Śuci.
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

1) In Hinduism and Buddhism, svāhā is an interjection, approximately "hail!" in mantras indicating the end of the mantra. In the Tibetan language, "svaha" is translated as "so be it" and is often pronounced and orthographically represented as "soha". Whenever fire sacrifices are made, svāhā is chanted. Etymologically, the term is probably from su "well" and the root ah "to call".

etymology: svāhā (Romanized Sanskrit transcription; Devanagari: स्वाहा, chi. 薩婆訶 sà pó hē, jp. sowaka, tib. སྭཱཧཱ་ soha)

2) As a feminine noun, svāhā in the Rigveda may also mean "oblation" (to Agni or Indra).

3) As oblation personified, Svāhā is a minor goddess, and the wife of Agni. She was originally a nymph but became immortal after marrying Agni. In some versions, she is one of the many divine mothers of Kartikeya. She is also the mother of Aagneya (Aagneya) - the daughter of Agni. She is considered to be a daughter of Daksha. She is thought to preside over burnt offerings. Her body is said to consist of the four Vedas and her six limbs are the six Angas of the Vedas.It is said that the gods to whom offerings are being made through yagna refuse the offerings unless the word 'svaha' is uttered during the sacrifice.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svāhā (स्वाहा).—

1) An oblation or offering made to all gods indiscriminately.

2) Name of the wife of Agni; स्वाहा चैव विभावसोः (svāhā caiva vibhāvasoḥ) (patidevatā) Mb.13.146.5. -ind.An exclamation used in offering oblation to the gods (with dat.); इन्द्राय स्वाहा (indrāya svāhā); अग्नये स्वाहा (agnaye svāhā) &c.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 59 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Svāhābhuj (स्वाहाभुज्).—m. (-bhuk) A deity. E. svāhā the oblation, and bhuj who eats.
Svāhākāra (स्वाहाकार).—utterance of the exclamation Svāhā; स्वाहास्वधाकारविवर्जितानि श्मशानतु- ...
Svāhāpriya (स्वाहाप्रिय).—m. (-yaḥ) Agni or fire. E. svāhā the goddess, and priya beloved.
Svaha Karanem
svāhā karaṇēṃ (स्वाहा करणें).—(svāhā S Flame or fire.) To swallow or devour greedily or excessi...
svāhā-karaṇēṃ (स्वाहा-करणें).—Swallow greedily. Embezzle.
Svāhāpati (स्वाहापति).—Agni or fire. Derivable forms: svāhāpatiḥ (स्वाहापतिः).Svāhāpati is a Sa...
Agni (अग्नि).—m. (-gniḥ) 1. Fire, always associated with the idea of the deity presiding over i...
Śuci (शुचि).—mfn. (-ciḥ-ciḥ-ci) 1. White. 2. Clean, cleansed, purified. 3. Pure, pious, exempt ...
Naivedya (नैवेद्य) refers to the “offering of food”, representing one of the various services (...
Amṛtā (अमृता) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrī-amṛtakuṇḍalin-u...
Bīja (बीज).—n. (-jaṃ) See vīja .
Pavākā (पवाका).—f. (-kā) A whirlwind. E. pū to purify, āka Unadi aff.--- OR --- Pāvaka (पावक).—...
Paśupati (पशुपति) refers to one of the eight names of Śiva (śivanāma) and is mentioned in the Ś...
Agnihotra (अग्निहोत्र) refers to one of the seven Haviḥsaṃsthās or Haviryajñas (groups of seven...
Pavamāna (पवमान).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Purifying. m. (-naḥ) 1. Air, wind. 2. Household fire or th...

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