Dhurya, Dhuriya, Dhurīya: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dhurya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dhurya (धुर्य).—A son of Pratiratha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 130.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Dhurya (धुर्य) is another name for Ṛṣabhaka, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Microstylis muscifera Ridley which is a synonym of Malaxis muscifera (Lindl.) or “fly bearing malaxis” from the Orchidaceae or “orchid” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.14-16 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Dhurya and Ṛṣabhaka, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhurya (धुर्य).—a S Used as dhurandhara but less commonly.

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dhuṛyā (धुऱ्या).—a See dhurēkarī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhurīya (धुरीय).—a. [dhuraṃ vahati, arhati vā, dhur kha cha vā]

1) Able to bear or carry a burden.

2) Fit to be harnessed.

3) Charged with important duties.

-ṇaḥ, -yaḥ 1 A beast of burden.

2) A man of business, or one charged with important duties.

3) A chief, head, leader.

See also (synonyms): dhurīṇa.

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Dhurya (धुर्य).—a. [dhuraṃ vahati, yat]

1) Fit for a burden, able to bear a burden &c.

2) Fit to be entrusted with important duties.

3) Standing at the head, chief, foremost; see below.

-ryaḥ 1 A beast of burden.

2) A horse or bullock yoked to the pole of a carriage; नाविनीतैर्व्रजेद् धुर्यैः (nāvinītairvrajed dhuryaiḥ) Ms.4.67; येनेदं ध्रियते विश्वं धुर्यैर्यानमिवाध्वनि (yenedaṃ dhriyate viśvaṃ dhuryairyānamivādhvani) Ku.6.76; धुर्यान् विश्रामयेति (dhuryān viśrāmayeti) R.1.54;6.78;17.19.

3) One who carries a burden (of responsibility); तस्या भवानपरधुर्यपदावलम्बी (tasyā bhavānaparadhuryapadāvalambī) R.5.66.

4) A chief, leader, head; न हि सति कुलधुर्ये सूर्यवंश्या गृहाय (na hi sati kuladhurye sūryavaṃśyā gṛhāya) R.7.71.

5) A minister, one charged with important duties; ततो युगंधराख्यस्य हस्ते धुर्यस्य मन्त्रिणः (tato yugaṃdharākhyasya haste dhuryasya mantriṇaḥ) Ks.9.14.

6) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

-ryam The forepart of a pole.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhurīya (धुरीय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. Fit for a load, suited to a burthen 2. Charged with important duties. m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A beast of burthen. 2. A man of business. E. dhur, and cha aff.

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Dhurya (धुर्य) or Dhuryya.—mfn.

(-ryaḥ-ryā-ryaṃ) Fit for a burthen, adopted to it, &c. m.

(-ryaḥ) 1. A beast of burthen. 2. minister, a charged affairs. 3. A house. E. dhur a burthen, yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhurya (धुर्य).—[dhur + ya] (sometimes written dhūrya dhūrya), I. adj. 1. Able to bear a burthen, Mahābhārata 13, 3518. 2. Being at the head, Mahābhārata 4, 1074. 3. Best, Mahābhārata 3, 13309. Ii. m. A beast of burthen, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 67. Iii. n. The fore-part of the pole, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 92, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhurya (धुर्य).—[adjective] fit to be yoked or harnessed, draught; being at the top of (—°); eminent, highest, best.

— [masculine] beast for draught; chief, foreman; [neuter] fore-part of the pole.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhurīya (धुरीय):—[from dhur] mfn. fit for a burden, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] charged with important duties, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a beast of burden, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a man of business or affairs, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) Dhurya (धुर्य):—[from dhur] mfn. ([wrong reading] dhūrya) fit o be harnessed, able to draw or bear ([Pāṇini 4-4, 77])

6) [v.s. ...] being at the head of, foremost, best, [Atharva-veda; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] eminently fit for or distinguished by ([compound]), [Bālarāmāyaṇa iii, 2/3]

8) [v.s. ...] m. beast of burden, horse, bullock etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] minister, charge d'affaires, [Horace H. Wilson] (with mantrin, [Kathāsaritsāgara ix, 14])

10) [v.s. ...] leader, chief (cf. kula-), [Mahābhārata] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] a kind of [medicine] plant (= ṛṣabha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] n. forepart of a pole, [Rāmāyaṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of all Stotras except the 3 Pavamānas, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

14) Dhūrya (धूर्य):—[from dhūr] [wrong reading] for dhurya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhurīya (धुरीय):—[(yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a.] Fit to bear; loaded. m. Man of business.

2) Dhurya (धुर्य):—(ryyaḥ) 1. m. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dhurīya (धुरीय):—(wie eben) adj. zum Anspannen geeignet; m. Zugthier [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Dhurya (धुर्य):—(wie eben) = dhuraṃ vahati [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 4, 77. 8, 2, 79.] häufig fälschlich dhūrya geschrieben.

1) adj. zum Anspannen geeignet, zum Ziehen abgerichtet (Gegens. damya); m. Zugthier [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 65.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1262.] anaḍvān [Mahābhārata 13, 3518. 3599. 4427.] nāvinītairvrajeddhuryaiḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 67.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 210.] vīryamāsthāya kauravya dhuramudvaha dhuryavat [Mahābhārata 3, 1320. 4, 1414. 5, 2307. 6, 33. 8, 375. 13, 2855. 2959.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 117, 15.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 121, 7.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 54. 6, 78.] dhuryāṇāṃ ca dhuro mokṣam [17, 19.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 76.] mahādhurya [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 11, 11.] ratha [Mahābhārata 13, 7429.] uneig.: so haṃ kathamimaṃ bhāraṃ mahādhuryasamudyatam . damyo dhuramivāsādya saheyaṃ kena vaujasā .. [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 73, 14.] tasyā (dhuro jagataḥ) bhavānaparadhuryapadāvalambī [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 66.] —

2) adj. subst. an der Spitze, obenan stehend, der vordere, der beste; Vordermann, Spitzführer [Mahābhārata 3, 13309. 4, 1074. 5, 5256.] dhuryānutsṛjya tu rathānbhūṣaṇaiścāpyalaṃkṛtān [7, 8916.] vāhān [8, 1762.] dhuryāsanamathāsādya niṣasāda mahānṛṣiḥ Ehrensitz [3, 8619.] dhuryasya mantriṇaḥ des ersten Ministers [Kathāsaritsāgara 9, 14.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 495. 1, 89.] dhīrāṇāṃ dhuryaṃyaugaṃdharāyaṇam [Kathāsaritsāgara 15, 61. 16, 117. 18, 109. 137.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 22, 49. 24, 33. 9, 11, 7.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 95] (wo wohl dhikāriṇām zu lesen ist). [Mahābhārata 7, 1061.] kula an der Spitze des Geschlechts stehend oder die Bürde der Familie tragend [3, 11826.] [Raghuvaṃśa 7, 68.] dharma [KĀM. NĪTIS. 5, 48.] —

3) m. (als Name für Zugthier, Stier) eine best. Heilpflanze, = ṛṣabha [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] —

4) n. Vordertheil der Deichsel: dhūryaṃ dhūryeṇa (sic) rathayorvaktrairvaktrāṇi vājinām . patākāśca patākābhiḥ samīyuḥ sthitayostayoḥ .. [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 92, 7.] dhūryāndhūryagatāṃsūtān [Mahābhārata 8, 617.]

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Dhūrya (धूर्य):—falsche Form für dhurya .

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Dhurya (धुर्य):—

1) dhuryau (= balīvardau [Scholiast]) [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 1, 10, 3] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 5, 354.] —

2) [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 5, 1, 4.] Alle Stotra mit Ausnahme der drei Pavamāna heissen dhurya nach dem [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 9, 14, 5.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dhurīya (धुरीय):—m. Zugthier.

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Dhurya (धुर्य):——

1) Adj. — a) zum Anspannen geeignet , zum Ziehen abgerichtet. — b) an der Spitze — , obenan stehend , der beste ; m. Vordermann ; mit Gen. oder am Ende eines Comp. pracaraṇakarma sich vorzüglich verstehend auf [Bālarāmāyaṇa 53,18.] dhuryāṇi heissen alle Stotra mit Ausnahme der drei Pavamāna. —

2) m. — a) Zugthier ; in übertr. Bed. so v.a. ein Mann , der eine grosse Last zu tragen vermag. — b) *eine best. Heilpflanze.

3) n. Vordertheil der Deichsel. Statt dhūryagata (sic) [Mahābhārata 8,617] liest ed. Bomb. dhuryetara.

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Dhūrya (धूर्य):—fehlerhaft für dhurya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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