Kamadeva, Kama-deva, Kāmadeva: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kamadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kamadeva in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Kāmadeva (कामदेव) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—One of the eighteen disciple of Kāvya-puruṣa. According to Rājaśekhara he was composed the gratification-śāstra (Binod śāstra). However it is not confirmed that he was the Kāmadeva or the any other Ācārya.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kamadeva in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kāmadeva (कामदेव).—See under Kāma.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kāmadeva (कामदेव).—The form in which Hari reveals himself to Lakṣmī in the continent of Ketumāla.1 Fought with Durmarṣa in a Devāsura war.2 Overlord of all Apsaras and ṛtus3 (see kāma); as part of the gift of kalpapādapa.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 18. 15.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 10. 33.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 15.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 277. 6. Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 14.

1b) The son of Yaśodharā (Yaśodhāri, Vāyu-purāṇa.).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 35; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 30.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kāmadeva (कामदेव) is the father of Hemādri: the author of the Āyurvedarasāyana: a commentary on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā: one of the three great works of Vāgbhaṭa.—Hemādri was the son of Kāmadeva, grandson of Vāsudeva, and great-grandson of Vāmana. Besides the Caturvargacintāmaṇi and Āyurvedarasāyana, he wrote several other works (Śrāddhapaddhati, Hemādriprayoga, Nānāśāntayaḥ, Tristhalīvidhi) and commentaries (on Vopadeva’s Muktāphala and Śaunaka’s Pravaṇakalpa); but he is different from Bhaṭṭa Hemādri, the son of Īśvarasūri and author of the Raghuvaṃśadarpaṇa.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kamadeva is the Hindu god of human love or desire. He is the son of the Hindu goddess Sri.

Puranas: In some Kamadeva arises from the mind of the creator god, Brahma: in others he is the son of Sri. Kamadeva is sometimes portrayed as being at the service of Indra: one of his names is "obedient to Indra".

One of the principal myths regarding Kama is that of his incineration by Shiva. It occurs in its most developed form in the Matsya Purana (verses 227-255) but is also repeated with variants in the Shaiva Purana and other Puranas.

According to the text Shiva Purana, Kamadeva is a son or a creation of Brahma, while according to other sources including the Skanda Purana, Kamadeva is a brother of Prasuti; they are both the children of Shatarupa, a creation of Brahma. Later interpolations consider him the son of Vishnu Kamadeva is wed to Ratī, the daughter of Daksha, created from his sweat.

Iconography: Kāmadeva is represented as a young, handsome winged man with green skin who wields a bow and arrows. His bow is made of sugarcane with a string of honeybees, and his arrows are decorated with five kinds of fragrant flowers.

Etymology: Kāmadeva (Sanskrit in Devanagari: कामदेव), (Bengali: কামদেব), also called Māra. The name Kama-deva (IAST kāma-deva) can be translated as 'god of love'. Deva means heavenly or divine. Kama (IAST kāma) meaning "desire" or "longing", especially as in sensual or sexual love.

Other names for him include;

  • Manmathudu (Telugu: మన్మథుడు)
  • Atanu (Telugu: అతను) (one without a body),
  • Ragavrinta (stalk of passion),
  • Ananga (incorporeal),
  • Kandarpa (inflamer even of a god),
  • Madan "Manmatha" मन्मथ
  • Manmadha (churner of hearts),
  • Manasija {he who is born of mind}, a contraction of the Sanskrit phrase Sah Manasah jāta),
  • Madana (intoxicating),
  • Ratikānta (lord of Rati),
  • Pushpavān,
  • Pushpadhanva,
  • Kusumashara कुसुमशर (one with arrow of flowers)
  • or just Kāma (longing).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Kāmadeva (कामदेव) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Kāmadeva is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Kāmadeva (कामदेव) or the Cupid was an object of worship and temples of Kāmadevas existed in ancient India. The Jainas, too evolved a list of Kāmadevas, but their role was different. Behind the Jaina concept of a Kāmadeva, it is his extremely beautiful person that was emphasised and he had not the powers of shooting arrows on young men and women. Bāhubali, the great sage, was the first Kāmadeva.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāmadeva (कामदेव).—

1) the god of love.

2) Name of Śiva.

3) Name of Viṣṇu.

Kāmadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāma and deva (देव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kāmadeva (कामदेव).—name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu i.140.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmadeva (कामदेव).—m. the god of love, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 270. Kāvya-devī, f. a proper name.

Kāmadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāma and deva (देव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmadeva (कामदेव).—[masculine] the god of love.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Kāmadeva (कामदेव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—king of Jayantīpurī, patron of Kavirāja (Rāghavapāṇḍavīya). Oxf. 121^a.

2) Kāmadeva (कामदेव):—king, patron of Raghunātha (Satkṛtyamuktāvalī). L. 1664.

3) Kāmadeva (कामदेव):—son of Vāsudeva, grandson of Vāmana, father of Hemādri (Caturvargacintāmaṇi).

4) Kāmadeva (कामदेव):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] Mentioned in Bhojaprabandha Oxf. 150^b.

5) Kāmadeva (कामदेव):—astronomer. Rice. 28.

6) Kāmadeva (कामदेव):—son of Gopāla: Karmapradīpikā Pāraskarasūtrapaddhati. W. p. 65. Pāraskaragṛhyapariśiṣṭapaddhati. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 137.

7) Kāmadeva (कामदेव):—Dāyabhāganirṇaya.

8) Kāmadeva (कामदेव):—(?): Kāmasāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāmadeva (कामदेव):—[=kāma-deva] [from kāma] m. the god of love (See kāma above; according to some, son of Sahiṣṇu and Yaśo-dharā, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu (as the god who creates, preserves, or destroys at will), [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra xcviii, 10] (cf. [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 18, 15])

3) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a poet

5) [v.s. ...] of a king of Jayantī-purī

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the author of the Prāyaścitta-paddhati

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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