Marici, Mārīci, Marīci, Mārīcī: 25 definitions

Introduction

Marici means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Marichi.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Marīci (मरीचि).—A Maharṣi (sage) born from Brahmā’s mind. Birth and Genealogy. The six great sages born from Brahmā’s mind were:—Marīci, Aṅgiras, Atri, Pulastya, Pulaha and Kratu, according to Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva. (See full article at Story of Marīci from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Marīci (मरीचि).—A celestial woman. In Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 62 we find that she attended a dance at the celebrations at the time of Arjuna’s birth.

3) Marīci (मरीचि).—An author of Dharmaśāstra. His statements are quoted in Aparārkā, Smṛticandrikā, Mitākṣarā and other works.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Marīci (मरीचि) refers to “pepper”, which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“a cow (go) along with necessary adjuncts shall be given in charity and a bull shall also be given. Worship with pepper (marīci) is also conducive to the destruction of enemies. The Śivaliṅga shall be decorated with the leaves of Āḍhakī flowers and worshipped. This worship is conducive to different kinds of happiness and benefits”.

2) Marīci (मरीचि) was created as a Sādhaka (aspirant) by Brahmā out of his eyes (netra), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] I [viz., Brahmā] created many other things as well, but O sage, I was not satisfied. Then O sage, I meditated on Śiva and his consort Ambā and created aspirants (sādhakas). I created Marīci from my eyes (netra), [...] O foremost among sages, creating thus, thanks to the favour of Mahādeva, these excellent Sādhakas (eg., Marīci) I became contented. Then, O dear one, Dharma, born out of my conception assumed the form of Manu at my bidding and was engaged in activity by the aspirants”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Marīci (मरीचि).—A mind-born son of Brahmā born with Nārada at the beginning of creation;1 married Kalā a daughter of Kardama;2 father of Kaśyapa;3 came with Brahmā to see Kapila born to Kardama;4 was present in Dakṣa's yajña;5 directed the aśvamedha of Indra;6 came to see the Trivikrama avatār of the Lord;7 did not comprehend Hari's māya.8 The chief sage of Vena's reign responsible for punishing him. A sage in Dāruvana;9 one of the seven sages of Svāyambhuva epoch: instructed by Brahmā on the eighteen purāṇas; praised Śiva, out to destroy Tripuram;10 had a daughter Surūpā, whom Angiras got married.11

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 6. 31; III. 12. 22; IX. 1. 10; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 96; III. 1. 21, 43-4; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 6; 4. 26; 195. 9.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 22; IV. 1. 13.
  • 3) Ib. III. 14. 7; 20. 10.
  • 4) Ib. III. 24. 9.
  • 5) Ib. IV. 7. 43; 29. 43.
  • 6) Ib. VI. 13. 21.
  • 7) Ib. VIII. 21. 1.
  • 8) Ib. IX. 4. 58.
  • 9) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 115; 27. 104; 36. 133; III. 10. 52; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 90; 154. 352; 171. 27.
  • 10) Ib. 9. 4; 53. 12; 102. 19; 127. 24; 133. 67.
  • 11) Ib. 196. 1; 245. 86; 250. 4.

1b) A son of Samrāṭ and Utkalā. Father of Bindumatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15.

1c) His wife was Ūrṇā; had six sons in the first antara; then Gods laughed at Brahmā seeking connection with his daughter; these were born of Hiraṇyakaśipu as Asuras, but were taken away by Yogamāyā; then they were born of Devakī and killed by Kaṃsa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 85. 47-49.

1d) Created from the eyes; one of the Nine Brāhmaṇas alluded to in the purāṇas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 5; II. 9. 18 and 22; 11. 10; 13. 54.

1e) A sage of the Svāyambhuva epoch;1 son-inlaw of Dakṣa;2 married Sambhūtī;3 advised Dhruva to pray to Viṣṇu.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 3. 2; 31. 16; 62. 113; 65. 44.
  • 2) Ib. 30. 48.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 55; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 6; 11. 43.
  • 4) Ib. I. 12. 6.

1f) A son of Brahmā married Dharmavratā, the daughter of Dharma whom he cursed for dereliction of duty, to become a stone; got one hundred sons through her; in turn cursed by her for the unjust curse.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 107. 7, 26; 112. 36.

1g) A mind-born son of Brahmā; married Sannatī.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 5, 7, 37.

2) Mārīci (मारीचि).—A son of Danu; father of many sons numbering 6000, Paulomas and Kālakeyas, all residents of Hiraṇyapura and could not be killed even by the Devas, because of a special boon from Brahmā; Arjuna slew them;1 his wives, Pulomā and Kālakā, the daughters of Vaiśvānara.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 5; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 18, 23-35.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 8-9.

3a) Mārīcī (मारीची).—The wife of Parjanya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 16.

3b) An Apsarasa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 5.
Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Brahma Purana

Marīci (मरीचि) is mentioned as one of the seven mind-born sons of Brahmā, also known as the seven prajāpatis, or the seven brahmās, according to the first chapter of the Brahma-purāṇa (on the origin of Devas and Asuras). Accordingly, “Desirous of evolving creation befitting these, he created Prajāpatis (Lords of subjects) viz. Marīci, Atri, Aṅgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasiṣṭha. Thus the lord of great refulgence created seven mental sons. In the Purāṇas these are known as the seven Brahmās”.

The Brahmapurāṇa (mentioning Atri) is one the eighteen mahāpurāṇas originally composed of over 10,000 verses. The first three books of the extant edition contains a diverse amount of topics such as creation theory, cosmology, mythology, philosophy and genealogy. The fourth and last part represents pilgrimage’s travel guide (māhātmya) and narrates the legends surrounding numerous holy spots (tīrtha) around the Godāvarī region in India.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Marīci (मरीचि) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.10, I.65, I.60.4). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Marīci) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Marīchi (मरीछि):—One of the mind-born sons of Brahmā, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (chapter on the Devī-yajña). They were created by the sheer power of mind. Marīchi had a son named Kaśyapa.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Marīci (मरीचि) refers to “controlling deity of the fifty kinds of winds in the universe”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Marīci (मरीचि) took birth from the mind of Brahmā. From the semen of Marīci, Kaśyapa appeared from the womb of one of the daughters of Dakṣa. (Bhāgavata-pūraṇa 9.1.10)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Marichi is the son of Brahma, the cosmic creator, and also one of the Saptarshi (Seven Great Sages Rishi), in the First Manvantara, with others being Atri, Angiras, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha.

Before the creation started, Lord Brahma needed a few people who can be held responsible for the creation of the remaining Universe. Therefore he created 10 Prajapatis (Ruler of the people) from his Manas (Mind) and 9 from his body. Marichi is one of the manasaputras of Lord brahma. The 10 Prajapatis are as follows:

  1. Marichi
  2. Atri
  3. Angirasa
  4. Pulaha
  5. Pulasthya
  6. Krathu
  7. Vasishta
  8. Prachethasa
  9. Bhrigu
  10. Narada

Marichi is then married to Kala and gave birth to Kashyap (Kashyap is also sometimes acknowledged as a Prajapati, who has inherited the right of creation from his father).

etymology: Rishi Marichi or Mareechi or Marishi (ṛṣi Marīci, ऋषि मरीचि) (meaning a ray of light)

Source: Sri Kamakoti Mandali: Hinduism

Eight samhitās are attributed to marīci:

  1. jaya saṃhitā,
  2. ānanda saṃhitā,
  3. saṃjnāna saṃhitā,
  4. vīra saṃhitā,
  5. vijaya saṃhitā,
  6. vijita saṃhitā,
  7. vimala saṃhitā,
  8. jnāna saṃhitā.

The list of saṃhitās attributed to marīci is provided differently in ānanda saṃhitā -

  1. jaya saṃhitā,
  2. ānanda saṃhitā,
  3. saṃjnāna saṃhitā,
  4. vīra saṃhitā,
  5. vijaya saṃhitā,
  6. vijita saṃhitā,
  7. vimala saṃhitā,
  8. kalpa saṃhitā.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Marīci (मरीचि, “mirage”) refers to one of the ten comparisons (upamāna) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 11. These upamānas represent a quality of the Bodhisattvas, accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata. They accepted that dharmas are like a mirage (marīci). When the light of the sun (sūryāloka) and the wind (vāyu) stir up the dust (rajas), there is a mirage (marīci); in the desert (kāntāra), it appears as if there were gazelles (ghoṭakamṛga) and, on seeing them, not knowing, we assume the presence of water (vāri). It is the same for the characteristics of male and female (strīpuruṣa): when the sun of the fetters (saṃyojana) and the afflictions (kleśa) has heated up the dust of the formations (saṃskāra) and the wind of bad thoughts (mithyā-manasikāra) swirls in the desert of transmigration (saṃsāra), the person without wisdom asserts the characteristics of male and female (strīpuruṣa). This is a mirage.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Mārīcī (मारीची) refers to one of the emanations of Vairocana, as commonly depicted in Buddhist iconography of.—Mārīcī is invoked by the Lamas of Tibet about the time of sun-rise, which shows her connection with the sun. She too, like the Hindu Sun-god, has a chariot. Her chariot is drawn by seven pigs, while that of the sun is drawn by seven horses. Again, the charioteer of the sun is Aruṇa, who has no legs, but that of Mārīcī is either a goddess with no legs, or Rāhu—only the head without a body.

Various forms of Mārīcī are mentioned in the texts dealing with Buddhist iconography:—Aśokakāntā (two arms, one face), Āryamārīcī, Mārīcīpicuvā or Aṣṭabhujapīta-Mārīcī (three faces, eight arms), Ubhayavarāhānana (three faces, twelve arms), Daśabhujasita-Mārīcī (five faces, ten arms), Vajradhātvīśvarī-Mārīcī (six faces, twelve arms).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Mārīcī (मारीची, “moonlight”) refers to one of the “five protectors” (pañcarakṣā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 5). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pañcarakṣā and Mārīcī). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Cambridge Digital Library: Pañcarakṣā, Saptavāra

Mārīcī (मारीची) refers to the sixth of “seven days” (saptavāra) classified as a dhāraṇī according to a 17th-century Sanskrit manuscript from Nepal .—This collection associates each dhāraṇī with a specific day of the week, a tradition going back to at least the sixteenth century in Nepal.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Mārīci (मारीचि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Mārīci] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Marīci.—a minute unit of measurement. Note: marīci is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

marīci : (f.) a ray of light; mirage.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Marīci, (f.) (Vedic marīci; cp. Gr. marmaiρw to shimmer, glitter, maίra dog star, a)maruζsw sparkle; Lat. merus clear, pure; perhaps also mariyādā to be taken here) 1. a ray of light VvA. 166.—2. a mirage J. VI, 209; Vism. 496; VbhA. 34, 85; often combined with māyā (q. v.), e.g. Nd2 680 AII; J. II, 330.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Marīci (मरीचि).—(Rarely marīcī also) m. f. [mṛ-īci Uṇ.4.7]

1) A ray of light; न चन्द्रमरीचयः (na candramarīcayaḥ) V.3.1; सवितुर्मरीचिभिः (saviturmarīcibhiḥ) Ṛs.1.16; R.9.13;13.4.

2) A particle of light.

3) Light.

4) Mirage.

5) A spark of fire; मरीच्य इव निष्पेतु- रग्नेर्धूमाकुलार्चिषः (marīcya iva niṣpetu- ragnerdhūmākulārciṣaḥ) Rām.1.56.18.

-ciḥ 1 Name of a Prajāpati, one of the ten patriarchs created by the first Manu, or one of the ten mindborn sons of Brahman; he was father of Kaśyapa.

2) Name of a lawgiver.

3) Name of Kṛṣṇa.

4) A miser.

Derivable forms: marīciḥ (मरीचिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mārīci (मारीचि).—name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 83.

--- OR ---

Mārīcī (मारीची).—(1) name of a rakṣā, q.v.: Dharmasaṃgraha 5; surely to be identified with the personification of a charm Śiks 142.5, 9; and probably Sādhanamālā 215.8 etc.; compare (Mahā)māyūrī, which sometimes seems to replace this; (2) name of an ogress: Mahā-Māyūrī 243.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marīci (मरीचि).—m.

(-ciḥ) 1. A saint, the son of Brahma, and one of the Prajapatis, and Brahmadikas, or first created beings, and sovereigns of the world. 2. A niggard, a miser. mf.

(-ciḥ) A ray of light. E. mṛ to perish, (darkness,) Unadi aff. īci .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marīci (मरीचि).— (also ºcī, f., [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 56, 18). I. m. and f. A ray of light, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 47. Ii. m. 1. One of the Prajāpatis, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 58; first of the Pitṛs, 3, 194. 2. A proper name, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 179, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marīci (मरीचि).—[feminine] mote in the air, beam of light (also marīcī); [masculine] [Name] of a Prajapati, the father of Kacyapa.

--- OR ---

Mārīci (मारीचि).—[masculine] patron. from marīci.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Marīci (मरीचि):—mf. (m. only in [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]; [probably] connected with marut q.v.) a particle of light, shining mote or speck in the air, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

2) ray of light (of the sun or moon), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) (also ; f. with somasya = moonlight, [Harivaṃśa])

4) a mirage (= marīcikā), [Kathāsaritsāgara] (cf. marīci-toya)

5) m. Name of a Prajā-pati or ‘lord of created beings’ (variously regarded as a son of Svayam-bhū, as a son of Brahmā, as a son of Manu Hairaṇyagarbha, as one of the 7 sages and father of Kaśyapa, or [according to] to [Manu-smṛti i, 35] as the first of the ten Prajā-patis [q.v.] engendered by Manu Svāyambhuva), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) of the star η in the great Bear, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

7) of Kṛṣṇa (as a Marut), [Bhagavad-gītā x, 21]

8) of a Daitya, [Harivaṃśa]

9) of a Maharṣi, [Daśakumāra-carita]

10) of the father of Paurṇamāsa, [Purāṇa]

11) of a king (son of Samrāj and father of Bindu-mat), [ib.]

12) of a son of Tīrthaṃ-kara Ṛṣabha, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) of a son of Śaṃkarācārya and various other teachers and authors, [Catalogue(s)]

14) a miser, niggard (= kṛpaṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) f. Name of an Apsaras, [Mahābhārata]

16) of a [commentator or commentary] on [Siddhāntaśiromaṇi]

17) Marīcī (मरीची):—[from marīci] f. a ray, [Jaiminīya-upaniṣad]

18) Mārīcī (मारीची):—[from mārīca] f. Name of a Buddhist goddess, [Dharmasaṃgraha 4]

19) [v.s. ...] of the mother of Gautama Buddha (= māyā-devī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] of an Apsaras, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] f. of the wife of Parjanya, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

22) Mārīci (मारीचि):—[from mārīca] m. [patronymic] [from] marīci, [Catalogue(s)]

23) [v.s. ...] [metronymic] [from] marīcī [gana] bāhv-ādi

24) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for marīci.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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