Marici, aka: Mārīci, Marīci, Mārīcī; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Marici means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Marichi.

In Hinduism

Purana

1) Marīci (मरीचि).—A Maharṣi (sage) born from Brahmā’s mind. Birth and Genealogy. The six great sages born from Brahmā’s mind were:—Marīci, Aṅgiras, Atri, Pulastya, Pulaha and Kratu, according to Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva. (See full article at Story of Marīci from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Marīci (मरीचि).—A celestial woman. In Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 62 we find that she attended a dance at the celebrations at the time of Arjuna’s birth.

3) Marīci (मरीचि).—An author of Dharmaśāstra. His statements are quoted in Aparārkā, Smṛticandrikā, Mitākṣarā and other works.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Marīci (मरीचि).—A mind-born son of Brahmā born with Nārada at the beginning of creation;1 married Kalā a daughter of Kardama;2 father of Kaśyapa;3 came with Brahmā to see Kapila born to Kardama;4 was present in Dakṣa's yajña;5 directed the aśvamedha of Indra;6 came to see the Trivikrama avatār of the Lord;7 did not comprehend Hari's māya.8 The chief sage of Vena's reign responsible for punishing him. A sage in Dāruvana;9 one of the seven sages of Svāyambhuva epoch: instructed by Brahmā on the eighteen purāṇas; praised Śiva, out to destroy Tripuram;10 had a daughter Surūpā, whom Angiras got married.11

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 6. 31; III. 12. 22; IX. 1. 10; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 96; III. 1. 21, 43-4; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 6; 4. 26; 195. 9.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 22; IV. 1. 13.
  • 3) Ib. III. 14. 7; 20. 10.
  • 4) Ib. III. 24. 9.
  • 5) Ib. IV. 7. 43; 29. 43.
  • 6) Ib. VI. 13. 21.
  • 7) Ib. VIII. 21. 1.
  • 8) Ib. IX. 4. 58.
  • 9) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 115; 27. 104; 36. 133; III. 10. 52; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 90; 154. 352; 171. 27.
  • 10) Ib. 9. 4; 53. 12; 102. 19; 127. 24; 133. 67.
  • 11) Ib. 196. 1; 245. 86; 250. 4.

1b) A son of Samrāṭ and Utkalā. Father of Bindumatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15.

1c) His wife was Ūrṇā; had six sons in the first antara; then Gods laughed at Brahmā seeking connection with his daughter; these were born of Hiraṇyakaśipu as Asuras, but were taken away by Yogamāyā; then they were born of Devakī and killed by Kaṃsa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 85. 47-49.

1d) Created from the eyes; one of the Nine Brāhmaṇas alluded to in the purāṇas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 5; II. 9. 18 and 22; 11. 10; 13. 54.

1e) A sage of the Svāyambhuva epoch;1 son-inlaw of Dakṣa;2 married Sambhūtī;3 advised Dhruva to pray to Viṣṇu.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 3. 2; 31. 16; 62. 113; 65. 44.
  • 2) Ib. 30. 48.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 55; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 6; 11. 43.
  • 4) Ib. I. 12. 6.

1f) A son of Brahmā married Dharmavratā, the daughter of Dharma whom he cursed for dereliction of duty, to become a stone; got one hundred sons through her; in turn cursed by her for the unjust curse.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 107. 7, 26; 112. 36.

1g) A mind-born son of Brahmā; married Sannatī.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 5, 7, 37.

2) Mārīci (मारीचि).—A son of Danu; father of many sons numbering 6000, Paulomas and Kālakeyas, all residents of Hiraṇyapura and could not be killed even by the Devas, because of a special boon from Brahmā; Arjuna slew them;1 his wives, Pulomā and Kālakā, the daughters of Vaiśvānara.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 5; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 18, 23-35.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 8-9.

3a) Mārīcī (मारीची).—The wife of Parjanya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 16.

3b) An Apsarasa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 5.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Marīci (मरीचि) is mentioned as one of the seven mind-born sons of Brahmā, also known as the seven prajāpatis, or the seven brahmās, according to the first chapter of the Brahma-purāṇa (on the origin of Devas and Asuras). Accordingly, “Desirous of evolving creation befitting these, he created Prajāpatis (Lords of subjects) viz. Marīci, Atri, Aṅgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasiṣṭha. Thus the lord of great refulgence created seven mental sons. In the Purāṇas these are known as the seven Brahmās”.

The Brahmapurāṇa (mentioning Atri) is one the eighteen mahāpurāṇas originally composed of over 10,000 verses. The first three books of the extant edition contains a diverse amount of topics such as creation theory, cosmology, mythology, philosophy and genealogy. The fourth and last part represents pilgrimage’s travel guide (māhātmya) and narrates the legends surrounding numerous holy spots (tīrtha) around the Godāvarī region in India.

(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Brahma Purana
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Marīchi (मरीछि):—One of the mind-born sons of Brahmā, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (chapter on the Devī-yajña). They were created by the sheer power of mind. Marīchi had a son named Kaśyapa.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Itihasa (narrative history)

Marīci (मरीचि) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.10, I.65, I.60.4). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Marīci) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Marīci (मरीचि) took birth from the mind of Brahmā. From the semen of Marīci, Kaśyapa appeared from the womb of one of the daughters of Dakṣa. (Bhāgavata-pūraṇa 9.1.10)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Marichi is the son of Brahma, the cosmic creator, and also one of the Saptarshi (Seven Great Sages Rishi), in the First Manvantara, with others being Atri, Angiras, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha.

Before the creation started, Lord Brahma needed a few people who can be held responsible for the creation of the remaining Universe. Therefore he created 10 Prajapatis (Ruler of the people) from his Manas (Mind) and 9 from his body. Marichi is one of the manasaputras of Lord brahma. The 10 Prajapatis are as follows:

  1. Marichi
  2. Atri
  3. Angirasa
  4. Pulaha
  5. Pulasthya
  6. Krathu
  7. Vasishta
  8. Prachethasa
  9. Bhrigu
  10. Narada

Marichi is then married to Kala and gave birth to Kashyap (Kashyap is also sometimes acknowledged as a Prajapati, who has inherited the right of creation from his father).

etymology: Rishi Marichi or Mareechi or Marishi (ṛṣi Marīci, ऋषि मरीचि) (meaning a ray of light)

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Eight samhitās are attributed to marīci:

  1. jaya saṃhitā,
  2. ānanda saṃhitā,
  3. saṃjnāna saṃhitā,
  4. vīra saṃhitā,
  5. vijaya saṃhitā,
  6. vijita saṃhitā,
  7. vimala saṃhitā,
  8. jnāna saṃhitā.

The list of saṃhitās attributed to marīci is provided differently in ānanda saṃhitā -

  1. jaya saṃhitā,
  2. ānanda saṃhitā,
  3. saṃjnāna saṃhitā,
  4. vīra saṃhitā,
  5. vijaya saṃhitā,
  6. vijita saṃhitā,
  7. vimala saṃhitā,
  8. kalpa saṃhitā.
(Source): Sri Kamakoti Mandali: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Marīci (मरीचि, “mirage”) refers to one of the ten comparisons (upamāna) according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 11. These upamānas represent a quality of the Bodhisattvas, accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata. They accepted that dharmas are like a mirage (marīci). When the light of the sun (sūryāloka) and the wind (vāyu) stir up the dust (rajas), there is a mirage (marīci); in the desert (kāntāra), it appears as if there were gazelles (ghoṭakamṛga) and, on seeing them, not knowing, we assume the presence of water (vāri). It is the same for the characteristics of male and female (strīpuruṣa): when the sun of the fetters (saṃyojana) and the afflictions (kleśa) has heated up the dust of the formations (saṃskāra) and the wind of bad thoughts (mithyā-manasikāra) swirls in the desert of transmigration (saṃsāra), the person without wisdom asserts the characteristics of male and female (strīpuruṣa). This is a mirage.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Mārīcī (मारीची, “moonlight”) refers to one of the “five protectors” (pañcarakṣā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 5). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pañcarakṣā and Mārīcī). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Mārīcī (मारीची) refers to the sixth of “seven days” (saptavāra) classified as a dhāraṇī according to a 17th-century Sanskrit manuscript from Nepal .—This collection associates each dhāraṇī with a specific day of the week, a tradition going back to at least the sixteenth century in Nepal.

(Source): Cambridge Digital Library: Pañcarakṣā, Saptavāra

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

marīci : (f.) a ray of light; mirage.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Marīci, (f.) (Vedic marīci; cp. Gr. marmaiρw to shimmer, glitter, maίra dog star, a)maruζsw sparkle; Lat. merus clear, pure; perhaps also mariyādā to be taken here) 1. a ray of light VvA. 166.—2. a mirage J. VI, 209; Vism. 496; VbhA. 34, 85; often combd with māyā (q. v.), e.g. Nd2 680 AII; J. II, 330.

—kammaṭṭhāna the “mirage” station of exercise DhA. III, 165. —dhamma like a mirage, unsubstantial J. VI, 206; Dh. 46; DhA. I, 337. (Page 524)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Marīci (मरीचि).—(Rarely marīcī also) m. f. [mṛ-īci Uṇ.4.7]

1) A ray of light; न चन्द्रमरीचयः (na candramarīcayaḥ) V.3.1; सवितुर्मरीचिभिः (saviturmarīcibhiḥ) Ṛs.1.16; R.9.13;13.4.

2) A particle of light.

3) Light.

4) Mirage.

5) A spark of fire; मरीच्य इव निष्पेतु- रग्नेर्धूमाकुलार्चिषः (marīcya iva niṣpetu- ragnerdhūmākulārciṣaḥ) Rām.1.56.18.

-ciḥ 1 Name of a Prajāpati, one of the ten patriarchs created by the first Manu, or one of the ten mindborn sons of Brahman; he was father of Kaśyapa.

2) Name of a lawgiver.

3) Name of Kṛṣṇa.

4) A miser.

Derivable forms: marīciḥ (मरीचिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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