Trivarga, Tri-varga: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Trivarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Trivarga in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—Three ends of human endeavour, Dharma, Artha and Kāma; was taught to Prahlāda by his tutors. This did not appeal to him. It should be a means to realise Hari, according to Prahlāda.1 Even the householder, it is said, should not exert himself too much for Trivarga. But it is generally observed by householders.2 A Bhikṣu is expected to discard it.3 To one devoid of Dharma, the other two, Kāma and Artha, are of one use.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 5. 52-53; 6. 26.
  • 2) Ib. VII. 14. 10; VIII. 16. 11. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 11. 6.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 15. 36; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 50. 52; 51. 15.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 29. 3; 53. 4, 45; 212. 3-9.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.59) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Trivarga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग) refers to the “three aims of life” [viz., Dharma, Artha and Kāma], and is mentioned in verse 2.29 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “One shall not strain one's senses, nor shall one pamper them too much. One shall not turn to an undertaking devoid of the three aims of life [viz., trivarga], not setting them at variance either”.

Note: Trivarga (Tibetan: thsoms gsum), prop, “the three sets”, refers to the three objectives of existence described in Hindu philosophy as virtue (dharma), profit (artha), and love (kāma).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Trivarga in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग) refers to the “three great objects of life”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] If hunting is to be altogether prohibited, how can meat, skin, horn and other articles prescribed for sacrifices be obtained? Similarly, by sleeping in the day time, the corporeal body, which is the means for attaining the three great objects of life (trivarga-sādhana), is preserved from such diseases as indigestion, and so on. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tri-varga.—(SII 1), the three objects of human life. Note: tri-varga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—m (S) Three classes or sets: three objects of human desire or pursuit, viz. money, woman or pleasure, virtue: three conditions of a king or state, viz. prosperity, evenness, decay; or loss, gain, equality: the three qualities of nature, viz. purity, blindness, depravity: the three myrobalans &c. 2 Three persons or individuals, as āmhī trivarga We three.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—m Three classes. Three persons.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—

1) the three objects of wordly existence, i. e. धर्म, अर्थ (dharma, artha), and काम (kāma); अनेन धर्मः सविशेषमद्य मे त्रिवर्गसारः प्रतिभाति भाविनि (anena dharmaḥ saviśeṣamadya me trivargasāraḥ pratibhāti bhāvini) Kumārasambhava 5.38; अन्योन्यानुबन्धम् (anyonyānubandham) (trivargam) Kau. A.1.7; प्राप त्रिवर्गं बुबुधेऽत्रिवर्गम् (prāpa trivargaṃ bubudhe'trivargam) (mokṣam) Bu. Ch.2.41.

2) the three states of loss, stability, and increase; क्षयः स्थानं च वृद्धिश्च त्रिवर्गो नीतिवेदिनाम् (kṣayaḥ sthānaṃ ca vṛddhiśca trivargo nītivedinām) Ak.

3) the three qualities of nature, i. e. सत्त्व, रजस् (sattva, rajas), and तमस् (tamas).

4) the three higher castes.

5) the three myrobalans.

6) propriety, decorum.

Derivable forms: trivargaḥ (त्रिवर्गः).

Trivarga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and varga (वर्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. Three human objects or pursuits as love, duty, and wealth. 2. Three conditions of a king or state; prosperity, evenness, and decay; or loss, gain, equality, &c. 3. The three qualities of nature, purity, blindness, and depravity. 4. The three myrobalans. 5. The three spices: see trikaṭu. 6. propriety, good behavior. E. tri three, and varga a class; a class or aggregate of three.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—m. any assemblage of three things, e. g. wealth, pleasure, and virtue, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 224; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 21; the three qualities of nature; viz. satya, truth; rajas, passion; and tamas, darkness; three conditions of a king, loss, gain, equality, Mahābhārata 12, 2664; the three myrobalans.

Trivarga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and varga (वर्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—[masculine] any group of three, [especially] the three aims (virtue, pleasure, & wealth, cf. caturvarga), the three qualities (cf. triguṇa), or the three higher castes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग):—[=tri-varga] [from tri] m. the three things, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Lāṭyāyana] etc. (= -gaṇa, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.; = -guṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; the 3 conditions, ‘progress, stationariness, and decline’, [xii, 2664]; the 3 higher castes, xiii; = -madhura, [Suśruta vi, 41]; = -kaṭu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; = -phalā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग):—[tri-varga] (rgaḥ) 1. m. Three human objects of pursuit, virtue, love, wealth; three conditions; three qualities.

[Sanskrit to German]

Trivarga in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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