Trivarga, Tri-varga: 10 definitions

Introduction

Trivarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (T) next»] — Trivarga in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—Three ends of human endeavour, Dharma, Artha and Kāma; was taught to Prahlāda by his tutors. This did not appeal to him. It should be a means to realise Hari, according to Prahlāda.1 Even the householder, it is said, should not exert himself too much for Trivarga. But it is generally observed by householders.2 A Bhikṣu is expected to discard it.3 To one devoid of Dharma, the other two, Kāma and Artha, are of one use.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 5. 52-53; 6. 26.
  • 2) Ib. VII. 14. 10; VIII. 16. 11. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 11. 6.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 15. 36; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 50. 52; 51. 15.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 29. 3; 53. 4, 45; 212. 3-9.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.59) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Trivarga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of trivarga in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tri-varga.—(SII 1), the three objects of human life. Note: tri-varga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of trivarga in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—m (S) Three classes or sets: three objects of human desire or pursuit, viz. money, woman or pleasure, virtue: three conditions of a king or state, viz. prosperity, evenness, decay; or loss, gain, equality: the three qualities of nature, viz. purity, blindness, depravity: the three myrobalans &c. 2 Three persons or individuals, as āmhī trivarga We three.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—m Three classes. Three persons.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of trivarga in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—

1) the three objects of wordly existence, i. e. धर्म, अर्थ (dharma, artha), and काम (kāma); अनेन धर्मः सविशेषमद्य मे त्रिवर्गसारः प्रतिभाति भाविनि (anena dharmaḥ saviśeṣamadya me trivargasāraḥ pratibhāti bhāvini) Ku.5.38; अन्योन्यानुबन्धम् (anyonyānubandham) (trivargam) Kau. A.1.7; प्राप त्रिवर्गं बुबुधेऽत्रिवर्गम् (prāpa trivargaṃ bubudhe'trivargam) (mokṣam) Bu. Ch.2.41.

2) the three states of loss, stability, and increase; क्षयः स्थानं च वृद्धिश्च त्रिवर्गो नीतिवेदिनाम् (kṣayaḥ sthānaṃ ca vṛddhiśca trivargo nītivedinām) Ak.

3) the three qualities of nature, i. e. सत्त्व, रजस् (sattva, rajas), and तमस् (tamas).

4) the three higher castes.

5) the three myrobalans.

6) propriety, decorum.

Derivable forms: trivargaḥ (त्रिवर्गः).

Trivarga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and varga (वर्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trivarga (त्रिवर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. Three human objects or pursuits as love, duty, and wealth. 2. Three conditions of a king or state; prosperity, evenness, and decay; or loss, gain, equality, &c. 3. The three qualities of nature, purity, blindness, and depravity. 4. The three myrobalans. 5. The three spices: see trikaṭu. 6. propriety, good behavior. E. tri three, and varga a class; a class or aggregate of three.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of trivarga in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: