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Hiranya, aka: Hiraṇya, Hiraṇyā; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hiranya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

1) Hiraṇyā (हिरण्या, “gold”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Yogeśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

2) Hiraṇyā (हिरण्या, “gold”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Hāṭakeśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Hiraṇya (हिरण्य) is the name of a daitya chief, presiding over Mahātala, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Mahātala refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Hiraṇya (हिरण्य) means gold. There are several references to hiraṇya. His (Rudra) body is shining as Shiva is always described as Prakāśa or Self-effulgent. Secondly, hiraṇya always refers to imperishable matter, which subtle conveys that is He is beyond time (kāla). Attributes of Rudra are being worshiped now.

Source: Manblunder: Sri Rudram 2.1-2Śaivism book cover
context information

Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Purāṇa

Hiraṇya (हिरण्य).—Cash in gold; the best gift.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 34. 11; 55. 19; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 10. 24.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Hiraṇya (हिरण्य) in the Rigveda and later denotes ‘gold’. It is hardly possible to exaggerate the value attached to gold by the Vedic Indians. The metal was, it is clear, won from the bed of rivers. Hence the Indus is called ‘golden’ and ‘of golden stream’. Apparently the extraction of gold from the earth was known, and washing for gold is also recorded.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Relevant definitions

Search found 9 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Hiranyapura
Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर) refers to Hiraṇyapura-bhoga, where bhoga refers to a division of a rājy...
Hiranyashringa
Hiraṇyaśṛṅga (हिरण्यशृङ्ग).—A powerful follower of Kubera, lives in Surabhi; forbidden to take ...
Hiranyanadi
Hiraṇyanadī (हिरण्यनदी) is the name of a river found in India.—It has been identified with Erai...
Nrisimha
Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह) is another name for Puruṣasiṃha: the fifth Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) accordi...
Tara
Tārā (तारा) is the presiding deity of the western lotus of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala, accordi...
Hari
Hari (हरि) refers to one of the seven regions (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa, accordin...
Suvarna
Suvarṇa (सुवर्ण) refers to “gold”: a metal that was typically mined, extracted and used (both d...
Hiranna
Hirañña, (nt.) (Vedic hiraṇya; see etym. under hari & cp. Av. ƶaranya gold) gold Vin.I, 245, 2...
Sukala
Sukāla (सुकाल).—The Pitṛs, sons of Vasiṣṭha—Hiraṇya garbha, propitiated by śūdras i...

Relevant text

Search found books containing Hiranya, Hiraṇya or Hiraṇyā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:

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