Yashodhara, aka: Yaśodharā, Yashas-dhara, Yaśodhara; 12 Definition(s)
Yashodhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Yaśodharā and Yaśodhara can be transliterated into English as Yasodhara or Yashodhara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
1a) Yaśodharā (यशोधरा).—The wife Kanakapīṭha.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 35.
1b) A daughter of Virocana and wife of Tvaṣṭā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 187.
1c) A daughter of Devaka and one of the seven wives of Vasudeva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 73.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Yaśodharā (यशोधरा) is the wife of Priyadarśana and mother of Kanakavarṣa according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 55. Accordingly, “... in that city [Kanakapura] there dwelt in old time a glorious king, named Kanakavarṣa, who was born to Priyadarśana, the son of Vāsuki, king of the snakes, by the Princess Yaśodharā. Though he bore the weight of the whole earth, he was adorned with innumerable virtues; he longed for glory, not for wealth; he feared sin, not his enemy”.
2) Yaśodhara (यशोधर) is one of the two twin-sons of Śrīdhara: a Brāhman from Mālava, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 63. Accordingly, “... there was a famous Brāhman in Mālava, named Śrīdhara, and twin sons, of like feature, were born to him. The elder was named Yaśodhara, and his younger brother was Lakṣmīdhara. And when they grew up, the two brothers set out together for a foreign country to study, with the approval of their father...”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Yaśodharā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Yaśodharā (यशोधरा) is one of the two wifes of the Buddha according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “the Bodhisattva Śākyamuni had two wives: the first was called K’iu p’i ye (Gopiya or Gopā), the second Ye chou t’o lo (Yaśodharā) or Ye chou t’o lo heou lo mou (Yaśodharā Rāhulamātā). Gopā, being sterile (bandhya), had no children. Yaśodharā knew she was pregnant (garbhiṇī) the same night that the Bodhisattva left home (pravrajita). After his departure, the Bodhisattva practiced asceticism (duṣkaracaryā) for six years; Yaśodharā was pregnant also for six years without giving birth”.
Note: The wife of the Buddha, mother of Rāhula, is called called in the Pāli sources Rāhulamātā, Bhaddakaccā (Bhaddakaccānā) (Buddhavaṃsa XXVI.15; Mahāvaṃsa II.24), Yasodharā (Buddhavaṃsa Comm., p. 245), Bimbādevī (Jātaka II, p. 392; Sumaṅgala II, p. 422) and Bimbāsundarī (Jātaka VI, p. 478). She was born on the same day as the Buddha (Jātaka I, p. 54) and married him at the age of sixteen (Jātaka I, p. 58).(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Yasodhara. A king of fifty five kappas ago; a previous birth of Ukkhepakatavaccha (Ekatthambhika) Thera. ThagA.i.148; Ap.i.56.
2. Yasodhara. There were once seventy seven kings of this name, all previous births of Sona Kolivisa. ThagA.i.546; Ap.i.94.
3. Yasodhara. A brahmin, father of Subhadda, who became one of the chief disciples of Kondanna Buddha. BuA.110.
4. Yasodhara. A preacher in the time of Kassapa Buddha (SA.i.148). See Andhavana.
-- or --
1. Yasodhara. See Rahulamata.
2. Yasodhara. The daughter of the Treasurer of Sunandagama; she offered a meal of milk rice to Kondanna Buddha. BuA.108.
3. Yasodhara. Wife of the khattiya Yasava and mother of Anomadussi Buddha. J.i.36; DhA.i.105; Bu.viii.17; AA.i.85.
4. Yasodhara. Daughter of King Jayasena. She married Anjana the Sakiyan, and their children were Maya and Pajapati and Dandapani and Suppabuddha (Mhv.ii.16ff).
Yasodhara was the sister of Sihahanu. MT. 35; see also Mtu.i.355.
5. Yasodhara. Daughter of Vijayabahu I. and Lilavati. She married Viravamma and had two daughters, Lilavati and Sugala (Cv.lix.26). She was later raised to the rank of rajini (? queen) by Vijayabahu, and erected a massive building, called Pasadapada, in the Kappuramulayatana. Cv.lx.83.
6. Yasodhara. One of the chief women supporters of Sumedha Buddha. Bu.xii.25.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary
General definition (in Jainism)
Yaśodharā (यशोधरा) is the wife of Sīmandhara, who is a kulakara (law-giver) according to Digambara sources. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.
These law-givers and their wifes (eg., Yaśodharā) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Yaśodhara (यशोधर) is one of the nine graiveyakas: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.
The nava-graiveyakas (eg., Yaśodhara) are the three layered residences above the sixteenth heaven (kalpa) where Ahamindra deities reside. Which thought-colourations are there in Graivaiyaka, Anudiśa and Anuttara gods? They have pure white thought-colouration.(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Yaśodhara (यशोधर) is the father of Ramāpati Upādhyāya (before 1704 C.E.): author of the Vṛttasāra and an auto commentary called Āloka on it. Ramāpati was the disciple and the son of Yaśodhara and grandson of Śrīharīśa. He tells the magnanimity of his father and grandfather that his grandfather was a famous scholar in Kāśī and he was entrusted with the title Pājjikāmbhoja. His father, Yaśodhara, was described as the crest of gem of scholars (paṇḍitaśekhara) on the earth and also was adorned with the title of pāñjikārāja. He mentions in the beginning of the text that he was the disciple of Yaśodhara and at the end introduces himself as the son of Yaśodhara. Therefore Yaśodhara was his preceptor as well as father. He beautifully presents the nobility of his family.(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
yasodhara : (adj.) famous.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Yaśodhara (यशोधर).—a. (yaśodhara) keeping up or preserving glory.
Yaśodhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms yaśas and dhara (धर).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Yaśodā (यशोदा).—Foster-mother of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. How she became Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s fostermother, is explain...
Payodhara (पयोधर).—1) a cloud; पयोधरघनीभावस्तावदम्बरमध्यगः । आश्लेषोप- गमस्तत्र यावन्नेव प्रवर्...
Tulādhāra (तुलाधार).—A charitable and righteous Vaiśya who lived in Kāśī. He gave the sage Jāja...
Jaladhāra (जलधार).—A mountain in Śākadvīpa (The island of Śāka). (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Cha...
Sūtradhara (सूत्रधर) or Sūtradhāra (सूत्रधार).—1) 'the threadholder', a stage-manager, the prin...
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Haladhara (हलधर).—A synonym of Balarāma. (See under Balabhadrarāma).
Search found 26 books and stories containing Yashodhara, Yaśodharā, Yashas-dhara or Yaśodhara. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The story of Yaśodharā < [Part 2 - Means of acquiring meditation]
II. Being the assistant of the Buddha < [Part 3 - Acquiring precedence, etc.]
Appendix 7 - The Buddha’s assistants (upasthāyaka) < [Chapter XLI - The Eighteen Special Attributes of the Buddha]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Gospel of Buddha (by Paul Carus)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter VII - Yaśodharā as a tigress (vyāghrī) < [Volume II]
Chapter VI - The gift of a necklace to Yaśodharā < [Volume II]
Chapter XVIII - Jātaka of Campaka (the Nāga king) < [Volume II]
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)