Yashodhara, aka: Yaśodharā, Yashas-dhara, Yaśodhara; 11 Definition(s)


Yashodhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Yaśodharā and Yaśodhara can be transliterated into English as Yasodhara or Yashodhara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


1a) Yaśodharā (यशोधरा).—The wife Kanakapīṭha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 35.

1b) A daughter of Virocana and wife of Tvaṣṭā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 187.

1c) A daughter of Devaka and one of the seven wives of Vasudeva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 73.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism


yasodhara : (adj.) famous.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Yasodhara. A king of fifty five kappas ago; a previous birth of Ukkhepakatavaccha (Ekatthambhika) Thera. ThagA.i.148; Ap.i.56.

2. Yasodhara. There were once seventy seven kings of this name, all previous births of Sona Kolivisa. ThagA.i.546; Ap.i.94.

3. Yasodhara. A brahmin, father of Subhadda, who became one of the chief disciples of Kondanna Buddha. BuA.110.

4. Yasodhara. A preacher in the time of Kassapa Buddha (SA.i.148). See Andhavana.

-- or --

1. Yasodhara. See Rahulamata.

2. Yasodhara. The daughter of the Treasurer of Sunandagama; she offered a meal of milk rice to Kondanna Buddha. BuA.108.

3. Yasodhara. Wife of the khattiya Yasava and mother of Anomadussi Buddha. J.i.36; DhA.i.105; Bu.viii.17; AA.i.85.

4. Yasodhara. Daughter of King Jayasena. She married Anjana the Sakiyan, and their children were Maya and Pajapati and Dandapani and Suppabuddha (Mhv.ii.16ff).

Yasodhara was the sister of Sihahanu. MT. 35; see also Mtu.i.355.

5. Yasodhara. Daughter of Vijayabahu I. and Lilavati. She married Viravamma and had two daughters, Lilavati and Sugala (Cv.lix.26). She was later raised to the rank of rajini (? queen) by Vijayabahu, and erected a massive building, called Pasadapada, in the Kappuramulayatana. Cv.lx.83.

6. Yasodhara. One of the chief women supporters of Sumedha Buddha. Bu.xii.25.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of yashodhara or yasodhara in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Yaśodharā (यशोधरा) is one of the two wifes of the Buddha according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “the Bodhisattva Śākyamuni had two wives: the first was called K’iu p’i ye (Gopiya or Gopā), the second Ye chou t’o lo (Yaśodharā) or Ye chou t’o lo heou lo mou (Yaśodharā Rāhulamātā). Gopā, being sterile (bandhya), had no children. Yaśodharā knew she was pregnant (garbhiṇī) the same night that the Bodhisattva left home (pravrajita). After his departure, the Bodhisattva practiced asceticism (duṣkaracaryā) for six years; Yaśodharā was pregnant also for six years without giving birth”.

Note: The wife of the Buddha, mother of Rāhula, is called called in the Pāli sources Rāhulamātā, Bhaddakaccā (Bhaddakaccānā) (Buddhavaṃsa XXVI.15; Mahāvaṃsa II.24), Yasodharā (Buddhavaṃsa Comm., p. 245), Bimbādevī (Jātaka II, p. 392; Sumaṅgala II, p. 422) and Bimbāsundarī (Jātaka VI, p. 478). She was born on the same day as the Buddha (Jātaka I, p. 54) and married him at the age of sixteen (Jātaka I, p. 58).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

the wife of Siddhartha Goutama. She later became a Bhikhuni.(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Yaśodharā (यशोधरा) is the wife of Sīmandhara, who is a kulakara (law-giver) according to Digambara sources. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers and their wifes (eg., Yaśodharā) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Yaśodhara (यशोधर) is one of the nine graiveyakas: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

The nava-graiveyakas (eg., Yaśodhara) are the three layered residences above the sixteenth heaven (kalpa) where Ahamindra deities reside. Which thought-colourations are there in Graivaiyaka, Anudiśa and Anuttara gods? They have pure white thought-colouration.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

India history and geogprahy

Yaśodhara (यशोधर) is the father of Ramāpati Upādhyāya (before 1704 C.E.): author of the Vṛttasāra and an auto commentary called Āloka on it. Ramāpati was the disciple and the son of Yaśodhara and grandson of Śrīharīśa. He tells the magnanimity of his father and grandfather that his grandfather was a famous scholar in Kāśī and he was entrusted with the title Pājjikāmbhoja. His father, Yaśodhara, was described as the crest of gem of scholars (paṇḍitaśekhara) on the earth and also was adorned with the title of pāñjikārāja. He mentions in the beginning of the text that he was the disciple of Yaśodhara and at the end introduces himself as the son of Yaśodhara. Therefore Yaśodhara was his preceptor as well as father. He beautifully presents the nobility of his family.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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