Megha, Meghā: 37 definitions


Megha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Megha (मेघ) refers to the “clouds”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.49 (“The delusion of Brahmā”).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogised Śiva: “[...] The seven oceans are your clothes. The quarters are your long arms. The firmament is your head, O all-pervasive. The sky is your navel. The wind is your nose. O lord, the fire, the sun and the moon are your eyes. The clouds (megha) are your hair. The planets and the stars are your ornaments. O lord of gods, how shall I eulogise you? O supreme lord, you are beyond description. O Śiva, you are incomprehensible to the mind. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Megha (मेघ).—A Rākṣasa in Sutalam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 22.

1b) Formed out of the shell of Brahmā's egg, cosmology of clouds and rain; waters taken in by the rays of the sun and let out as showers; served by the wind.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 2. 33; 125. 16-35.

1c) A commander of Tāraka's force; his chariot drawn by elephants.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 148. 42, 51.

1d) A hill.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 163. 82.

1e) A group of gods to be worshipped in śrāddha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 110.

1f) Nine Naiṣadha Kings who ruled from*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 189; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 376.

1g) Ety. three origins: from fire, brahmajā and pakṣaja clouds.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 27-28.

2) Meghā (मेघा).—A river of the Bhadrā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 26.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Megha (मेघ) or Meghaśabda refers to the “sounds of a thundercloud” and represents one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to Jayaratha (author of the 13th century commentary Tantrālokaviveka on Abhinavagupta’s Tantrāloka), the Matsyendrasaṃhitā and the Haṃsa-upaniṣad. Jayaratha cites the Brahmayāmala passage giving this order of the ten sounds (e.g., Megha).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Megha (मेघ) refers to “clouds” and is mentioned in verse 3.6 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] the southern course (of the sun comprises) the seasons monsoon, etc. and (is named) ‘liberation’ as it liberates strength (in man) ; for the moon (is) strong then because of its being soma-like, (while) the sun declines, the surface of the earth showing heat tempered by cool clouds (megha), rains, and winds.”.

Note: Megha (“cloud”) has been left untranslated, whereas vṛṣṭi (“rain”) has been turned char ’bab-pa (“falling rain, rainfall”); cf. Mahāvyutpatti 4634 & 5311 sq.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Megha (मेघ) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Megha has 29 mātrās in each of their four lines. Megha is a pure varṇa-vṛtta having in its line 1 Ra, followed by 4 Ma Gaṇas. Like the Vibhrama it is generally employed by the Apabhraṃśa poets as Hemacandra tells us.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Megha (मेघ) refers to a “storm cloud”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, while describing Trikhaṇḍā: “[...] She has three sections, three faces, a divine form and large belly. [...] (The second face) is dark like a storm cloud [i.e., nīla-megha-samaprakhya] and the eyes red as blood. It has fierce fangs and is adorned with snakes for earrings. The expression is mildly fierce and a skull (adorns) the topknot on the head. The third face is on the left. It is yellow and red and shines with brilliant rays, its light (pure) divine radiant energy. It is beautiful with many gems and the ears are adorned with earrings. It bears a radiantly brilliant diadem and crown”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Megha (मेघ) refers to the “rain clouds”, according to Sāhib Kaul’s Śārikāstrotra.—Accordingly, “[...] My mind does not strive after the divine state, just as a woman giving birth never craves enjoyment. Having gained perfect devotion to you it sings like a peacock who has heard the sound of the rain clouds (megha-nāda). There is no place where you do not reside; there is no voice in which you are not expressed. There is no word in which you are not heard; there is no thing in which you do not shine. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Megha (मेघ) refers to one of the hundred types of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—It is quite difficult to say about a definite number of varieties of Hindu temples but in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa hundred varieties of temples have been enumerated. For example, Megha. These temples are classified according to the particular shape, amount of storeys and other common elements, such as the number of pavilions, doors and roofs.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Megha (मेघ) refers to the “clouds” (of autumn), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “The arrangements should be made thus: From the very first watch of the night until the morning clouds of autumn (śaran-megha) surround the sun, a large number of soldiers should be posted far and wide on all sides to guard against intrusion of other people, while: the king himself, surrrounded by a few distinguished and faithful champions, [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Megha (मेघ) is a Sanskrit word referring to a “cloud”.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Megha. A youth in the time of Dipankara Buddha. Hearing the Buddha prophesy the future of Sumedha, Megha entered the Order with him. He was a former birth of Dhammaruci Thera. Ap.ii.430.

2. Megha (v.l. Majjha). He was treasurer of Saketa and father of Anopma Theri. ThigA.138.

3. Megha. A king of long ago; a previous birth of Dhajadayaka Thera. Ap.i.109.

1. Megha Sutta. Just as a rain cloud makes all the dust in the air vanish, so does the practice of the Noble Eightfold Path destroy evil states. S.v.50.

2. Megha Sutta. Just as a strong wind disperses rain clouds, so does the Noble Eightfold Path disperse all Ill. S.v.50.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Megha (मेघ) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Megha).

Source: Bibliotheca Polyglotta: Ratnagotravibhāga (Uttaratantra)

Megha (मेघ) refers to a “cloud”, which is said to resemble the mind of Buddha, according to the 3rd-century Ratnagotravibhāga (Uttaratantra) verse 4.42-43.—“[...] it is said that [the mind of the Buddha in its activity] is like a cloud (megha). Just as, in the rainy season, the clouds discharge, without any effort, The multitudes of water on the earth, Causing abundance of harvest;  In a similar manner, the Buddha Discharges the rain of the Highest Doctrine From the clouds of Compassion (karuṇa-ambuda), with no searching thought, For [bringing] the crops of virtue among the living beings”.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Tibetan Buddhism)

Megha (मेघ) refers to “clouds”, according to verse 14.24bd-27 of the Laghuśaṃvara, an ancient Buddhist Yoginī Tantra.—Accordingly, [while describing the Siddhi of speech]: “The Sādhaka [who has] the Siddhi of speech can certainly attract a king or queen by [merely] thinking [it]. He quickly controls gods, demons and men. When angry, he can kill with his speech and drive away his adversary. The practitioner can thus effect a curse with his speech. And he can stop a river, a cart, a machine [like a water-wheel,] the ocean, elephants and horses, clouds (megha), a man or bird merely by means of his speech. He achieves everything which he desires by his speech”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Megha (मेघ) (Cf. Meghasvara) refers to “clouds”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, in order to clarify this point further, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘(56) Never responding to the words of abuse, and never getting angry like the thundercloud (megha-svara) in the sky. With a mind purified of self, seeing absolute emptiness, in this teaching I preach patience in order to purify living beings’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Megha (मेघ) is the father of Sumati according to Śvetāmbara (according to Digambara he is named Meghaprabha), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Sumati is the fifth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Megha is is Maṅgalā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Megha (मेघ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Megha] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Megha (मेघ) is the name of an ancient king from Vinītā, and father of Sumatinātha, according to chapter 3.3 [sumatinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In this city (i.e., Vinītā) there was a king, named Megha, the tilaka of the Ikṣvāku family, rejoicing all, like a great cloud. His superabundant wealth, though always rising to satisfy beggars, increased like the water in a canal. Kings bowed to him like a divinity, touching the ground with five members, and paid homage to him with clothing, ornaments, jewels, etc. [...] His wife was named Maṅgalā, the abode of auspicious things, the banner of virtues, like a household Lakṣmī personified”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Megha (मेघ) refers to “clouds”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Connections with pleasing sense objects, whose impressions are full of deceit like dreams, perish immediately. Families, armies, empires, decorations and wealth are asserted by the great seers as acting like a series of clouds [com.—like a series of clouds (megha-mālā-sadṛśāni), because of [their] inconstancy (cañcalatvāt)]”.

Synonyms: Ghana, Jalada, Parjanya.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

megha : (m.) rain; a cloud.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Megha, (Vedic megha; not to mih, mehati (see mīḷha), but to Idg. *meigh-, fog, rain; cp. Sk. miḥ mist; Av. maēga cloud; Gr. o)mi/xlh fog, Lith. mighá fog, Dutch miggelen to drizzle, also Ags. mist=Oicel mistr “mist”) a cloud Pv. II, 945; Vism. 126; esp. a thundercloud, storm, S. I, 100 (thaneti), 154; Th. I, 307 (as kāḷa); It. 66; J. I, 332 (pajjunna vuccati megha); DhA. I, 19; SnA 27 (°thanita-sadda). In this capacity often called mahā-megha, e.g. Sn. 30; DhA. I, 165; KhA 21; PvA. 132.—On megha in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 124, 125.

—nātha having clouds as protectors (said with ref. to grass-eating animals) J. IV, 253.—maṇḍala cloud-circle, a circle of clouds SnA 27.—vaṇṇa cloud-coloured J. V, 321 (C. for megha-sannibha); °pāsāṇa a sort of ornamental building stone Mhvs 30, 59 (v. l. , T. meda°; trsl. fat-coloured stones). See meda°. (Page 540)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mēgha (मेघ).—m (S) A cloud. 2 A certain edible substance said to be obtained (and prepared by fire in a suitable receptacle) from the air during the prevalence of a dense fog. 3 Applied to Hoarfrost.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mēgha (मेघ).—m A cloud.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Megha (मेघ).—[mehati varṣati jalam, mih-ghañ kutvam]

1) A cloud; कुर्वन्नञ्जनमेचका इव दिशो मेघः समुत्तिष्ठते (kurvannañjanamecakā iva diśo meghaḥ samuttiṣṭhate) Mṛcchakaṭika 5.23,2,3 &c.

2) A mass, multitude.

3) Name of one of the six Rāgas (in music).

4) A fragrant grass.

-ghamū Talc.

Derivable forms: meghaḥ (मेघः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Megha (मेघ).—(1) name of a previous incarnation of Śākya-muni under Dīpaṃkara, who predicted his enlighten- ment: Mahāvastu i.2.1; 232.1 ff. (corresponds to Divyāvadāna Sumati (4), q.v., and to Pali Sumedha, while Pali Megha corresp. to our Meghadatta, q.v.); (2) name of another Bodhisattva, a Dravidian (dramiḍa): Gaṇḍavyūha 2.7; 72.13 ff.; Śikṣāsamuccaya 36.14 (quotation from Gaṇḍavyūha 76.26); 95.6 (allusion to events of Gaṇḍavyūha 73.14 ff.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Megha (मेघ).—m.

(-ghaḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) 3. A demon, a goblin. 4. A mass, a multitude. n.

(-ghaṃ) Talc. E. mih to sprinkle, aff. ac, and the final changed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Megha (मेघ).—i. e. mih + a, m. 1. A cloud, [Pañcatantra] 169, 6. 2. A demon. 3. A fragrant grass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Megha (मेघ).—[masculine] cloud, [abstract] tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Megha (मेघ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—abridged from Bhagīrathamegha. L. 1951.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Megha (मेघ):—m. ([from] √migh = mih cf. meghamāna) ‘sprinkler’, a cloud, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (also = cloudy weather)

2) a mass, multitude (See gṛha-m) Cyperus Rotundus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) (in music) a [particular] Rāga, [Colebrooke]

4) a Rākṣasa (?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of a king ([plural] of a dynasty), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) of an author (= -bhagīratha), [Catalogue(s)]

7) of a poet, [ib.] ([varia lectio] meca)

8) of the father of the 5th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) of a mountain (cf. -giri and -parvata)

10) n. talc, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Megha (मेघ):—(ghaḥ) 1. m. A cloud; fragrant grass; a demon, a goblin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Megha (मेघ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Meha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Megha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Megha (मेघ) [Also spelled megh]:—(nm) a cloud; a typical musical mode associated with rains; -[garjana/garjanā/ghoṣa/nāda/nirghoṣa/rava] thunder; -[ghaṭā] dark black clouds; -[jāla] formation of clouds; -[dhanuṣa] a rainbow; ~[maṃḍala] the sky; ~[mālā] an accumulation of clouds; ~[rāja] an epithet of Lord Indra; ~[varṇa] cloud-coloured; also~[varṇī] (a).

2) Meghā (मेघा):—(nm) a cloud; frog.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mēgha (ಮೇಘ):—

1) [noun] a mass of visible vapour condensed into minute drops and floating in the upper regions of the atmosphere; a cloud.

2) [noun] a multitude; a group.

3) [noun] the grass Cyperus rotundus ( = C.hexastachyus) of Cyperaceae family; nut grass; sedge.

4) [noun] a kind of medicinal substance.

5) [noun] a silicate mineral found as glittering scales in granite etc. or in crystals separable into thin transparent plates; mica.

6) [noun] (mus.) name of a musical mode or scale.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Megha (मेघ):—n. 1. cloud; fog; mist; vapor; 2. group; heap; mass; 3. a particular raga in music;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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