Shati, Śaṭi, Satī, Śaṭī, Sati, Śati, Sāti, Saṭi, Saṭī: 27 definitions


Shati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaṭi and Śaṭī and Śati can be transliterated into English as Sati or Shati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Satī (सती, “Your Ladyship”):—One of the female offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Satī is a name of Durgā, sometimes described as Truth personified. Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śaṭī (शटी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Hedychium spicatum (spiked ginger lily), from the Zingiberaceae family. It can also be spelled as Śaṭi (शटि). Certain plant parts of Śaṭī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. The plant is also known as Śaṭīśāka and Kapūrakacarī.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th-century Āyurvedic work), this plant (Śaṭi) is also as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Bṛhatyādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.226-227), Śaṭi (spiked ginger lily) has the following synonyms: Śaṭīpalāśa, Ṣaḍgranthā, Suvratā, Badhū, Sugandhamūla, Gandhālī, Śaṭikā, Palāśikā, Subhadrā, Tṛṇī, Dūrvā, Gandhā, Pṛthupalāśikā, Saumyā, Himodbhavā and Gandhabadhū. The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th-century Āurvedic encyclopedia

Properties according to the Carakasaṃhitā: The vegetables of Pāṭha alleviate three doṣas and are constipating.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu: Śaṭī is bitter, sour, light, hot, appetiser and febrifuge. It is indicated in the disorders of vitiated kapha and rakta and cures pruritis and wounds. It is specifically used to alleviate the diseases of mouth.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Satī (सती) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“Dakṣa begot twenty-four daughters. The eleven younger daughters were [... Satī,...]. The great aspirants [Bhava (Śiva)] and others took the hands of these famous daughters (eg., Satī married Bhava/Śiva). Thereupon the entire universe consisting of three worlds, mobile and immobile was filled (with progeny). Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous Brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.

Satī is the daughter of Dakṣa, the son of Brahmā, was married to Śiva. She abandoned her body in consequence of the quarrel between her husband and father. It is said in the Purāṇas that Dakṣa instituted a sacrifice but apportioned no share to Śiva. Thereupon Satī felt insulted and entered the sacrificial fire whereupon Śiva sent hundreds and thousands of powerful Gaṇas who destroyed the sacrifice and beheaded Dakṣa. The present section narrates the story of the birth of Satī, her marriage with Śiva, their lovely sports and her tragic end at the sacrifice of her father, Dakṣa.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Satī (सती).—A birth of Devī Pārvatī. (For more details see under Pārvatī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Satī (सती).—(Lalitā) a daughter of Dakṣa, and wife of Bhava or Śiva;1 see Pārvatī; expressed a desire to attend her father's sacrifice to which Śiva was not invited. Permitted to go, she went home but was not welcomed by her father. Seeing the insult offered to her husband who was denied the share due to him, she cast off her body by yoga. Born as daughter of Mena.2 Drank the saubhāgya which came in a blaze from Hari's chest3 became Umā, daughter of the King of the Himālayas and married Rudra (Bhava).4

  • 1) Bhā III. 14. 35 Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 70: Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 25-6:
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 65-66: 2. 1-3: 3. 5-25; 4 (whole): 7. 58 and 62: Matsya-purāṇa 13. 14-16: Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 27: 30. 41-75:
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 60. 10.
  • 4) Ib. 154. 60, 69: 156. 15: Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 52. 54, 69. 45-77. 71. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 12-14.

1b) A wife of Angiras, and mother of Atharvangiras; met by Citraketu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 19: 17. 16.

1c) Same as Sukumārī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 31.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Śati (शति).—tad. affix शति (śati) applied to the word द्वि (dvi) to form the word विंशति (viṃśati); cf. P. V. 1. 59.

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1) Sāti (साति).—tad. affix in the sense of entirety with respect to the occurrence of a thing where it was not before e. g. उदकसाद्भवति लवणम्, अग्निसाद् भवति (udakasādbhavati lavaṇam, agnisād bhavati) cf. P. V. 4.52, 53;

2) Sāti.—Tad.affix in the sense of 'handing over' or 'entrusting'; e.g.राजसाद् भवति, ब्राह्मणसात् करोति (rājasād bhavati, brāhmaṇasāt karoti), cf. P. V. 4.55.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Satī (सती) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Satī corresponds to Śikhā (according to Barata). Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Satī (सती) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., satī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Sati was one of the hundred daughters of Daksha and was hence also called Daakshayini. She married Lord Shiva against the will of her father. Much angered, Daksha conducted a great Yagna (sacrifice), where all the Gods but Lord Shiva were invited. Sati wanted to attend this Yagna, but Lord Shiva asked her not to go, as nothing but dishonor could result.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Satī (practice; Devanagari: सती) was a social funeral practice among some Indian communities in which a recently widowed woman would immolate herself on her husband’s funeral pyre. The practice had been banned several times, with the current ban dating to 1829 by the British.

The term is derived from the original name of the goddess Sati, also known as Dakshayani, who self-immolated because she was unable to bear her father Daksha's humiliation of her (living) husband Shiva. The term sati is now sometimes interpreted as "chaste woman". "Sati" appears in both Hindi and Sanskrit texts, where it is synonymous with "good wife"; the term "suttee" was commonly used by Anglo-Indian English writers.[

Etymology: Satī (Devanagari: सती, the feminine of sat "true"; also called suttee);

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsMindfulness, self collectedness, powers of reference and retention. In some contexts, the word sati when used alone covers alertness (sampajanna) as well.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Sati; He was a fishermans son and held the false view that, according to the Buddhas teaching, a mans consciousness runs on and continues without break of identity.

Satis colleagues did their best to change his way of thinking, but failing to do so, they reported the matter to the Buddha. He questioned Sati, who, however, sat silent and glum; then the Buddha preached to him and the assembled monks the Mahatanhasankhaya Sutta (M.i.256 ff).

Buddhaghosa explains (MA.i.477) that Sati was not a learned man. He knew only the Jatakas, and his views were due to the fact that in the Jatakas various characters were identified with the Buddha.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

(Attention). Mindfulness.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Sati makes citta watches thing actively and makes mindful. So citta remembers to do things in due course. In the presence of sati citta can work according to its will as sati reminds him to remember things to do. It serves as a reminder. Sati also helps other cetasikas to remember to do their jobs.

Part of the Sobhana Cetasikas.

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas

Sati is the cetasika which is mindfulness.

Sati, mindfulness, is a cetasika which is non forgetful of what is wholesome.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

attention, mindfulness; s. sati, satipatthāna.

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sati; s. satipatthāna. - Right m.: s. sacca, magga.

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'mindfulness', is

  • one of the 5 spiritual faculties and powers (s. bala),
  • one of the 7 factors of enlightenment (bojjhanga),
  • and the 7th link of the 8-fold Path (magga),
  • and is, in its widest sense, one of those mental factors inseparably associated with all karmically wholesome (kusala) and karma-produced lofty (sobhana) consciousness (Cf. Tab. II). -

For the 4 foundations of mindfulness s. satipatthāna.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas


1. Sati (awareness) is a cetasika arising because of its own conditions.

2. Mindfulness, sati, is one of the nineteen sobhana cetasikas which have to arise with each sobhana citta. Mindfulness is non-forgetful of what is kusala and it keeps us from akusala.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Satī.—(EI 6, 30; CII 3, 4; BL; CITD), literally, ‘a chaste woman’; really ‘a woman burning herself with her husband’. (EI 6, 30), self-immolation of a widow usually on the funeral pyre of her husband; usually spelt suttee in English. Note: satī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sati : (f.) memory; mindfulness. || satī (f.) a chaste woman.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sati, (f.) (Vedic smṛti: see etym. under sarati2) memory, recognition, consciousness, D. I, 180; II, 292; Miln. 77—80; intentness of mind, wakefulness of mind, mindfulness, alertness, lucidity of mind, self-possession, conscience, self-consciousness D. I, 19; III, 31, 49, 213, 230, 270 sq.; A. I, 95; Dhs. 14; Nd1 7; Tikp 61; VbhA. 91; DhsA. 121; Miln. 37; upaṭṭhitā sati presence of mind D. III, 252, 282, 287; S. II, 231; A. II, 6, 218; III, 199; IV, 232; It. 120; parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhāpetuṃ to surround oneself with watchfulness of mind M. III, 89; Vin. I, 24, satiṃ paccupaṭṭhāpetuṃ to preserve self-possession J. I, 112; IV, 215; kāyagatā sati intentness of mind on the body, realization of the impermanency of all things M. III, 89; A. I, 43; S. I, 188; Miln. 248; 336; muṭṭhasati forgetful, careless D. III, 252, 282; maraṇasati mindfulness as to death A. IV, 317 sq.; J. IV, 216; SnA 54; PvA. 61, 66. asati not thinking of, forgetfulness DhsA. 241; Instr. asatiyā through forgetfulness, without thinking of it, not intentionally Vin. II, 2892. sati (sammā°) is one of the constituents of the 8—fold Ariyan Path (e g. A. III, 141 sq.; VbhA. 120): see magga 2.

— or —

Satī, (f.) (fr. sant, ppr. of as) 1. being J. III, 251.—2. a good or chaste woman Abhp 237; asatī an unchaste woman Miln. 122=J. III, 350; J. V, 418; VI, 310. (Page 672)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śatī (शती).—f S An aggregate of a hundred, a century. The word requires a numeral prefix; as dviśatī, triśatī, catuḥśatī.

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śāṭī (शाटी).—f (S). A garment in general; but, popularly, understood of the red-ochre-colored clothes worn by Sanyasis.

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satī (सती).—f (S) A chaste and virtuous wife. Applied esp. to the wife who, on being widowed, burns herself with the corpse of her deceased husband. Pr. satīcē dārīṃ battī śidaḷīcē dārīṃ hattī The virtuous are destroyed whilst the wicked are exalted. Agreeing with the Hindustani patibaratā bhūkhī marē pēḍhē khāī chināla. satī jāgaviṇēṃ To keep watch over the embers of a burned satī. satī jāṇēṃ. To become a satī, i. e. to devote herself to the funeral pile with the corpse of her husband.

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sāṭī (साटी).—f The bottom of a gāḍā or load-cart. 2 Commonly sāṭa m A frame &c.

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sātī (साती).—m A companion, associate, fellow.

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sātī (साती).—ind (sāta Seven.) The term used in multiplying unity by seven. Ex. ēka sātī sāta.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śāṭī (शाटी).—f A garment in general.

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satī (सती).—f A chaste and virtuous wife. The wife who burns herself with the corpse of her deceased husband. satī jāgaviṇēṃ To keep watch over the embers of a burned satī. satī jāṇēṃ. To become a satī, i. e. to devote herself to the funeral pile with the corpse of her husband.

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sāṭī (साटी).—f A bamboo frame. The bottom of a load-cart.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaṭi (शटि) or Śaṭī (शटी).—f. The plant called Zedoary.

Derivable forms: śaṭiḥ (शटिः).

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Śāṭī (शाटी).—

1) A garment, cloth; यस्मिननोतमिदं प्रोतं विश्वं शाटीव तन्तुषु (yasminanotamidaṃ protaṃ viśvaṃ śāṭīva tantuṣu); Bhāg.9.9.7.

2) A petticoat.

3) A particular female garment; स्फुरत् काञ्ची शाटी पृथुकटितटे हाटक- मयी (sphurat kāñcī śāṭī pṛthukaṭitaṭe hāṭaka- mayī) Ā. L.3.

See also (synonyms): śāṭa.

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Saṭi (सटि) or Saṭī (सटी).—f., [saṭikā] Zedoary (Mar. kacorā, āṃbehaḷada).

Derivable forms: saṭiḥ (सटिः).

See also (synonyms): saṭikā.

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Satī (सती).—

1) A virtuous or good woman (or wife); सती सती योगविसृष्टदेहा (satī satī yogavisṛṣṭadehā) Ku.1.21; Ki.11.5; esp. applied to one who burns herself with her husband's corpse.

2) A female ascetic.

3) Name of the goddess Durgā or Pārvatī; पर्यस्तं नन्दया सत्या स्नानपुण्यतरोदया । विलोक्य भूतेशगिरिम् (paryastaṃ nandayā satyā snānapuṇyatarodayā | vilokya bhūteśagirim) Bhāg.4.6.22; Ku.1.21.

4) A kind of fragrant earth.

5) A wife or female (of an animal).

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Sati (सति).—f.

1) A gift, donation.

2) End, destruction.

Derivable forms: satiḥ (सतिः).

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Sāti (साति).—f.

1) Giving, a gift, donation.

2) Gaining, obtaining.

3) Help.

4) Destruction.

5) End, conclusion.

6) Sharp or acute pain.

7) Cessation.

8) Wealth.

Derivable forms: sātiḥ (सातिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śāṭi (शाटि).—(= Sanskrit śāṭī, śāṭa), (strip of) cloth (= next): śākaṃ ca śāṭiṃ (no v.l.; but WT śāṭīṃ with ms. Ḱ) ca punar dadāmi SP 114.8 (verse); śaṇa-śāṭiṃ (so read) Mv i.232.4 (prose), see s.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṭī (शटी).—f. (-ṭiḥ or ṭī) Zedoary, (Curcuma zerumoot,) otherwise considered as a synonym of the Ambahaldi, or Carcumt Amhaldi, the mangosmelling ginger, so termed because the fresh root possesses the smell of a green mango. E. śaṭ to divide, (remove disease,) aff. in and ṅīṣ optionally added.

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Śāṭī (शाटी).—mf. (-ṭaḥ-ṭī) A petticoat. E. śaṭ to praise or flatter, to go, &c. aff. ṇa, fem. aff ṅīṣ .

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Saṭi (सटि).—f. (-ṭiḥ or -ṭī) Zedoary, (Curcuma zerumbet,) but applied also to the Curcuma amda: see saṭi. E. ṣaṭ to be a part of, in aff. and ṅīṣ optionally added.

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Sati (सति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. End, destruction. 2. Gift, giving, donation. E. ṣaṇ to give or ṣo to destroy, ktin aff.; also sāti .

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Sāti (साति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. End, conclusion, cessation of action. 2. Destruction. 3. Gift, giving. 4. Sharp pain. 5. Gaining, acquisition. E. ṣo to destroy, or ṣaṇ to give, ktin or ktic aff.; also read sati and santi .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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