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Shati, aka: Śaṭi, Satī, Śaṭī, Sati; 14 Definition(s)


Shati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaṭi and Śaṭī can be transliterated into English as Sati or Shati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


1a) Satī (सती).—(Lalitā) a daughter of Dakṣa, and wife of Bhava or Śiva;1 see Pārvatī; expressed a desire to attend her father's sacrifice to which Śiva was not invited. Permitted to go, she went home but was not welcomed by her father. Seeing the insult offered to her husband who was denied the share due to him, she cast off her body by yoga. Born as daughter of Mena.2 Drank the saubhāgya which came in a blaze from Hari's chest3 became Umā, daughter of the King of the Himālayas and married Rudra (Bhava).4

  • 1) Bhā III. 14. 35 Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 70: Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 25-6:
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 65-66: 2. 1-3: 3. 5-25; 4 (whole): 7. 58 and 62: Matsya-purāṇa 13. 14-16: Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 27: 30. 41-75:
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 60. 10.
  • 4) Ib. 154. 60, 69: 156. 15: Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 52. 54, 69. 45-77. 71. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 12-14.

1b) A wife of Angiras, and mother of Atharvangiras; met by Citraketu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 19: 17. 16.

1c) Same as Sukumārī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 31.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Śaṭī (शटी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Hedychium spicatum (spiked ginger lily), from the Zingiberaceae family. It can also be spelled as Śaṭi (शटि). Certain plant parts of Śaṭī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. The plant is also known as Śaṭīśāka and Kapūrakacarī.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th-century Āyurvedic work), this plant (Śaṭi) is also as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Bṛhatyādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.226-227), Śaṭi (spiked ginger lily) has the following synonyms: Śaṭīpalāśa, Ṣaḍgranthā, Suvratā, Badhū, Sugandhamūla, Gandhālī, Śaṭikā, Palāśikā, Subhadrā, Tṛṇī, Dūrvā, Gandhā, Pṛthupalāśikā, Saumyā, Himodbhavā and Gandhabadhū. The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th-century Āurvedic encyclopedia

Properties according to the Carakasaṃhitā: The vegetables of Pāṭha alleviate three doṣas and are constipating.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu: Śaṭī is bitter, sour, light, hot, appetiser and febrifuge. It is indicated in the disorders of vitiated kapha and rakta and cures pruritis and wounds. It is specifically used to alleviate the diseases of mouth.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Satī (सती, “Your Ladyship”):—One of the female offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Satī is a name of Durgā, sometimes described as Truth personified. Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

about this context:

Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śāka literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Satī (practice; Devanagari: सती) was a social funeral practice among some Indian communities in which a recently widowed woman would immolate herself on her husband’s funeral pyre. The practice had been banned several times, with the current ban dating to 1829 by the British.

The term is derived from the original name of the goddess Sati, also known as Dakshayani, who self-immolated because she was unable to bear her father Daksha's humiliation of her (living) husband Shiva. The term sati is now sometimes interpreted as "chaste woman". "Sati" appears in both Hindi and Sanskrit texts, where it is synonymous with "good wife"; the term "suttee" was commonly used by Anglo-Indian English writers.[

Etymology: Satī (Devanagari: सती, the feminine of sat "true"; also called suttee);

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sati was one of the hundred daughters of Daksha and was hence also called Daakshayini. She married Lord Shiva against the will of her father. Much angered, Daksha conducted a great Yagna (sacrifice), where all the Gods but Lord Shiva were invited. Sati wanted to attend this Yagna, but Lord Shiva asked her not to go, as nothing but dishonor could result.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism


Sati, (f.) (Vedic smṛti: see etym. under sarati2) memory, recognition, consciousness, D. I, 180; II, 292; Miln. 77—80; intentness of mind, wakefulness of mind, mindfulness, alertness, lucidity of mind, self-possession, conscience, self-consciousness D. I, 19; III, 31, 49, 213, 230, 270 sq.; A. I, 95; Dhs. 14; Nd1 7; Tikp 61; VbhA. 91; DhsA. 121; Miln. 37; upaṭṭhitā sati presence of mind D. III, 252, 282, 287; S. II, 231; A. II, 6, 218; III, 199; IV, 232; It. 120; parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhāpetuṃ to surround oneself with watchfulness of mind M. III, 89; Vin. I, 24, satiṃ paccupaṭṭhāpetuṃ to preserve self-possession J. I, 112; IV, 215; kāyagatā sati intentness of mind on the body, realization of the impermanency of all things M. III, 89; A. I, 43; S. I, 188; Miln. 248; 336; muṭṭhasati forgetful, careless D. III, 252, 282; maraṇasati mindfulness as to death A. IV, 317 sq.; J. IV, 216; SnA 54; PvA. 61, 66. asati not thinking of, forgetfulness DhsA. 241; Instr. asatiyā through forgetfulness, without thinking of it, not intentionally Vin. II, 2892. sati (sammā°) is one of the constituents of the 8—fold Ariyan Path (e g. A. III, 141 sq.; VbhA. 120): see magga 2.

—âdhipateyya (sat°) dominant mindfulness A. II, 243 sq.; It. 40. —indriya the sense, faculty, of mindfulness A. II, 149; Dhs. 14. —uppāda arising, production of recollection J. I, 98; A. II, 185; M. I, 124. —ullapakāyika, a class of devas S. I, 16 sq. —paṭṭhāna (BSk. smṛty’upasthāna Divy 126, 182, 208) intent contemplation and mindfulness, earnest thought, application of mindfulness; there are four satipaṭṭhānas, referring to the body, the sensations, the mind, and phenomena respectively, D. II, 83, 290 sq.; III, 101 sq. , 127, 221; M. I, 56, 339; II, 11 etc.; A. II, 218; III, 12; IV, 125 sq. , 457 sq.; V, 175; S. III, 96, 153; V, 9, 166; Dhs. 358; Kvu 155 (cp. Kvu. trsln 104 sq.); Nd1 14, 45, 325, 340; Vism. 3; VbhA. 57, 214 sq. , 417.—See on term e.g. Cpd. 179; and in greater detail Dial. II. 322 sq. —vinaya disciplinary proceeding under appeal to the accused monk’s own conscience Vin. I, 325; II, 79 etc.; M. II, 247; A. I, 99. —vepullappatta having attained a clear conscience Vin. II, 79. —saṃvara restraint in mindfulness Vism. 7; DhsA. 351; SnA 8. —sampajañña mindfulness and self-possession D. I, 70; A. II, 210; DA. I, 183 sq. —sambojjhaṅga (e.g. S. V, 90) see (sam)bojjhaṅga. —sammosa loss of mindfulness or memory, lack of concentration or attention D. I, 19; Vin. II, 114; DA. I, 113; Pug. 32; Vism. 63; Miln. 266. (Page 672)

— or —

Satī, (f.) (fr. sant, ppr. of as) 1. being J. III, 251.—2. a good or chaste woman Abhp 237; asatī an unchaste woman Miln. 122=J. III, 350; J. V, 418; VI, 310. (Page 672)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

sati : (f.) memory; mindfulness. || satī (f.) a chaste woman.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

attention, mindfulness; s. sati, satipatthāna.

-- or --

sati; s. satipatthāna. - Right m.: s. sacca, magga.

-- or --

'mindfulness', is

  • one of the 5 spiritual faculties and powers (s. bala),
  • one of the 7 factors of enlightenment (bojjhanga),
  • and the 7th link of the 8-fold Path (magga),
  • and is, in its widest sense, one of those mental factors inseparably associated with all karmically wholesome (kusala) and karma-produced lofty (sobhana) consciousness (Cf. Tab. II). -

For the 4 foundations of mindfulness s. satipatthāna.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines


1. Sati (awareness) is a cetasika arising because of its own conditions.

2. Mindfulness, sati, is one of the nineteen sobhana cetasikas which have to arise with each sobhana citta. Mindfulness is non-forgetful of what is kusala and it keeps us from akusala.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

Sati is the cetasika which is mindfulness.

Sati, mindfulness, is a cetasika which is non forgetful of what is wholesome.

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas

Sati makes citta watches thing actively and makes mindful. So citta remembers to do things in due course. In the presence of sati citta can work according to its will as sati reminds him to remember things to do. It serves as a reminder. Sati also helps other cetasikas to remember to do their jobs.

Part of the Sobhana Cetasikas.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Sati; He was a fishermans son and held the false view that, according to the Buddhas teaching, a mans consciousness runs on and continues without break of identity.

Satis colleagues did their best to change his way of thinking, but failing to do so, they reported the matter to the Buddha. He questioned Sati, who, however, sat silent and glum; then the Buddha preached to him and the assembled monks the Mahatanhasankhaya Sutta (M.i.256 ff).

Buddhaghosa explains (MA.i.477) that Sati was not a learned man. He knew only the Jatakas, and his views were due to the fact that in the Jatakas various characters were identified with the Buddha.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

(Attention). Mindfulness.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English GlossaryMindfulness, self collectedness, powers of reference and retention. In some contexts, the word sati when used alone covers alertness (sampajanna) as well.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

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