Naya, Ñāya: 29 definitions


Naya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Naya (नय).—The son of Gaya, who was the son of Ananta, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Ananta was the son of Pṛthu, whose ancestral lineage can be traced to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Naya had a son named Virāṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Naya (नय).—Is politics; according to Prahlāda, it must be a means to realise Hari;1 persons versed in Naya praise bheda upāya.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 6. 26.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 223. 4 and 16.

1b) A son of Uttama Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 39.

1c) A son of Raucya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 104.

1d) A son of Kriyā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 35.

1e) A Sādhya god.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 16.

1f) One of Viśvāmitra's sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 96.

1g) One of the 20 Amitābha gaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Naya (नय) or Nayatantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Naya-tantra belonging to the Vāma class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Naya (नय) represents the number 2 (two) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 2—naya] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'right method', is often used as a name for the Noble Eightfold Path (s. magga), e.g. in the Satipatthāna Sutta (M. 10, D. 22).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Naya (नय) refers to a “principle”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “Śāriputra, the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, seating in the lion’s throne thus, explained the dharma-seal called Gaganapariśuddhi to these Bodhisattvas, which has thirty-two aspects of entrance. What is this Dharma-seal (dharmamudrā) called Gaganapariśuddhi which has thirty-two aspects of entrance? [...] 7) all dharmas are without duality because of their homogeneity (asaṃbheda); 8) all dharmas are without difference as they can be approached with one principle (eka-naya-praveśa); 9) all dharmas can be approached with one principle since they have no essential character of proper being (svabhāva-lakṣaṇa); [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

1) Naya (नय, “standpoint ”).—What is meant by standpoint /viewpoint (naya)? Cognition of one attribute or partially an entity is called standpoint. It is also defined as the intention of the listener or the speaker with which he /she wants to know / tell. How many types of standpoints are there? These are of two main types called substance viewpoint (dravyārthika-naya) and modal viewpoint (paryāyārthika-naya).

2) Naya (नय, “standpoint ”) are seven in number according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.33. To cognize an entity by looking at its attributes as primary and secondary depending on the intentions of the speaker or listener is called naya. Basically how many types of standpoints are there? There are two types of standpoints, namely: substance stand/viewpoint (dravyārthikanaya) and modal stand/viewpoint (paryāyārthikanaya).

There are seven specific types of viewpoints (naya) accepted in Jain texts. These are

  1. the figurative (naigama),
  2. the synthetic (saṃgraha),
  3. the analytic (vyavahāra),
  4. the straight (ṛjusūtra),
  5. the literal (śabda),
  6. the conventional (samabhirūdha),
  7. the specific activity (evambhūta).

They are sequenced in a manner so that each succeeding viewpoint takes a finer or more subtle view of the entity than by the previous viewpoint.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Naya (नय) refers to “exposition of different aspects viewed from different angles” and represents one of the “four doors” explained in the Anuyogadvārasūtra: a technical treatise on analytical methods, a kind of guide to applying knowledge.—Its title can be understood as meaning ‘the doors of exposition’. This stresses that the text focuses on the ways of approaching and understanding concepts. There are four doors [viz., naya].

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Naya (नय) refers to “systems”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That [meditation] which is performed by Yogīs taking the support of auspicious words is regarded as abiding-in-words by those who are fully conversant with various systems (vicitra-naya-pāraga)”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Naya.—(EI 3), argumentation. (Ep. Ind., Vol. XVII, pp. 318 ff, text lines 26-27), a territorial division like a Pargana. Note: naya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Naya in India is the name of a plant defined with Rauvolfia serpentina in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ophioxylon salutiferum Salisb. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Nucleus (1991)
· Species Plantarum
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Indian J. Med. Sci. (1957)
· Acta Pharmacol. Toxicol. (Copenh) (1986)
· Ethnobotany (1997)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Naya, for example side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ñāya : (m.) method; system; right manner.

-- or --

naya : (m.) method; plan; manner; inference; right conclusion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Naya, (adj. -n.) (from nayati, to lead, see neti) “leading”; usually m: way (fig.), method, plan, manner; inference; sense, meaning (in grammar); behaviour, conduct A. II, 193=Nd2 151 (°hetu through inference); Nett 2 (method), 4 (id.), 7, 113; Miln. 316 (nayena=nayahetu); KhA 74; VvA. 112 (sense, context, sentence); PvA. 1 (ways or conduct), 117 (meaning), 126 (id.), 136, 280.—nayaṃ neti to draw a conclusion, apply an inference, judge, behave S. II, 58=Vbh. 329; J. IV, 241 (anayaṃ nayati dummedho: draws a wrong conclusion); PvA. 227 (+anumināti).—With °ādi° N. has the function of continuing or completing the context= “and similarly, ” e.g. °ādinaya-pavatta dealing with this & the following VvA. 2; ... ti ādinā nayena thus & similarly, & so forth J. I, 81; PvA. 30.—Instr. nayena (-°) as adv. in the way of, as, according(ly): āgata° according to what has been shown or said in ... J. I, 59; VvA. 3; PvA. 280; purima° as before J. I, 59; IV, 140; vutta° as said (above) (cp. vutta-niyāmena) PvA. 13, 29, 36, 71, 92 etc.—sunaya a sound judgment J. IV, 241; dunnaya a wrong principle, method or judgment, or as adj. : wrongly inferred, hard to be understood, unintelligible A. III, 178=Nett 21; J. IV, 241. (Page 347)

— or —

Ñāya, (Sk. nyāya=ni+i) 1. method, truth, system, later =logic: °gantha book on logic Dāvs III, 41.—2. fitness, right manner, propriety, right conduct, often applied to the “right path” (ariyamagga=ariyañāya Vin. I, 10) D. III, 120; S. V, 19, 141, 167 sq. , 185; A. II, 95; IV, 426; V, 194; Dh. I, 249; ariya ñ. S. II, 68; V, 387; = the causal law S. V, 388; =kalyāṇa-kusala-dhammatā A. II, 36; used in apposition with dhamma and kusala D. II, 151; M. II, 181, 197; is replaced herein by sacca S. I, 240; =Nibbāna at Vism. 219, 524; ñ. -paṭipanna walking in the right path S. V, 343; A. II, 56; III, 212, 286; V, 183. (Page 288)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

naya (नय).—m S Ethics. 2 Guiding or leading. 3 Polity, government, direction (of a state or body).

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nāya (नाय).—f A plant, Sphæranthus Indicus. Pr. nāya niragūḍa mākā hyā tihīñcā ghēijē phāṅkā āṇi uḍavā- ijē paḍalaṅkā. 2 A particular creeping plant.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

naya (नय).—m Ethics. Leading. Direction (of a state or body).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Naya (नय).—a. [nī bhāve ac]

1) Leading, conducting.

2) A guide.

3) Suitable, right, proper.

-yaḥ 1 Guiding, leading, managing.

2) (a) Behaviour, course of conduct, conduct, way of life as in दुर्नय (durnaya). सितोन्नतेनैव नयेन हृत्वा कैलासशैलस्य यदग्रशोभाम् (sitonnatenaiva nayena hṛtvā kailāsaśailasya yadagraśobhām) Bu. Ch.1.3. (b) Prudent or righteous conduct, virtue. नयानयौ दण्डनीत्याम् (nayānayau daṇḍanītyām) Kau. A.1.2.

3) Prudence, foresight, circumspection; तत् तासामुपशान्तये सुमतिभिः कार्यो विशेषान्नयः (tat tāsāmupaśāntaye sumatibhiḥ kāryo viśeṣānnayaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.371;3.176.

4) Policy, political wisdom, statesmanship, civil administration, state-policy; नयप्रचारं व्यवहारदुष्टताम् (nayapracāraṃ vyavahāraduṣṭatām) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.7; नयगुणोप- चितामिव भूपतेः सदुपकारफलां श्रियमर्थिनः (nayaguṇopa- citāmiva bhūpateḥ sadupakāraphalāṃ śriyamarthinaḥ) R.9.27; नयशालिभिः (nayaśālibhiḥ) Mu.1.22.

5) Morality, justice, rectitude, equity; चलति नयान्न जिगीषतां हि चेतः (calati nayānna jigīṣatāṃ hi cetaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 1.29;2.3;6.38;16.42.

6) A plan, design, scheme; हितैः साधुसमाचारैः शास्त्रज्ञैर्मतिशालिभिः । कथंचिन्न विकल्पन्ते विद्वद्भिश्चिन्तिता नयाः (hitaiḥ sādhusamācāraiḥ śāstrajñairmatiśālibhiḥ | kathaṃcinna vikalpante vidvadbhiścintitā nayāḥ) || Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.339;377; Mu.6.11;7.9.

7) A maxim, principle.

8) Course, method, manner.

9) A system, doctrine, opinion.

1) A philosophical system; वैशेषिके नये (vaiśeṣike naye) Bhāṣā P.15.

11) Name of Viṣṇu.

12) A kind of game.

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Nāya (नाय).—[nī-kartari ṇa]

1) A leader, guide.

2) Guiding, directing.

3) Policy, prudence; यात यूयं यमश्रायं दिशं नायेन दक्षिणाम् (yāta yūyaṃ yamaśrāyaṃ diśaṃ nāyena dakṣiṇām) Bhaṭṭikāvya 7.36.

4) Means, expedient; नायः कोऽत्र स येन स्यां बताहं विगतज्वरः (nāyaḥ ko'tra sa yena syāṃ batāhaṃ vigatajvaraḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 6.82.

Derivable forms: nāyaḥ (नायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naya (नय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. Fit, right, proper. 2. Leading, conducting, (who or what does so.) m. (yaḥ) 1. Guiding, directing, (literally or figuratively, as in morals, &c.) 2. Polity, civil and military government. 3. The theological part of the Vedas. 4. A sort of dice or men for playing with. 5. A guide, a conductor. E. nay to go, affix ghañ, or ṇī to guide, &c. affix bhāve ac .

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Nāya (नाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Guiding, directing, (morally or physically.) 2. Policy. 3. Obtaining. 4. Means, expedient. E. ṇī to guide, &c. affix ṇa or ghañ; also with ac affix naya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naya (नय).—i. e. nī + a, m. 1. Leading, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 1, 21. 2. Conduct, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 7346; way of life, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 20, 191. 3. Prudent conduct, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 19. 4. Prudence, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 7, 9; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 198, 6 (read tvannaya evātra bhūyān, Thy prudence is here of greater weight). 5. Policy, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 159. 6. Design, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 358. 7. Philosophical system, Bhāṣāp. 16. 8. Prudent conduct personified as son of Dharma by Kriyā, Mārk. P. 50, 26. 9. A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 489.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naya (नय).—[masculine] leading (of an army), conduct, behaviour, way of life, policy, worldly or political wisdom.

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Nāya (नाय).—[masculine] leader, guide; (wise) conduct, policy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Naya (नय):—m. (√1. ) leading (of an army), [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) conduct, behaviour, ([especially]) prudent c° or b°, good management, polity, civil and military government, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) wisdom, prudence, reason (naya [in the beginning of a compound] or nayeṣu, in a prudent manner, [Mahābhārata]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) plan, design, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) leading thought, maxim, principle, system, method, doctrine, [Rāmāyaṇa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Bhāṣāpariccheda; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

6) a kind of game and a sort of dice or men for playing it, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of a son of Dharma and Kriyā, [Purāṇa]

8) of a son of 13th Manu, [Harivaṃśa]

9) guide, conductor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) mfn. fit, right, proper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Nāya (नाय):—m. (√) a leader, guide, [Ṛg-veda vi, 24, 10; 46, 11] (proper Name [Sāyaṇa]; cf. aśva-, go-)

12) guidance, direction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) policy, means, expedient, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṇaya (णय):—(ña) nayati, te 1. c. To go, to approach; to preserve; to defend.

2) Naya (नय):—(ṅa) nayate 1. d. To go, move.

3) (yaḥ) 1. m. A guiding; polity; the theological part of the Veda; a sort of dice; a guide. a. Fit, proper; leading.

4) Nāya (नाय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Guiding; policy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Naya (नय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Naya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Naya (नय) [Also spelled nay]:—(nm) policy; ~[śāstra] political science.

2) Nayā (नया):—(a) new, novel; fresh; unused; green; recent; modern; raw; inexperienced; young; ~[pana] newness, novelty; originality; unacquainted; not known; —[gula khilānā] (said derisively) to do something unusual and unseemly; to give a novel and peculiar turn to events; —[naukara tīraṃdāja] a new broom sweeps clean; —[nau dina purānā sau dina] while the new perishes, the old endures; —[mullā allā hī allā pukāratā hai, —mullā dina meṃ dasa bāra namāja paḍhatā hai] the newer the initiate, the more rigid his approach; —[śikāra phaṃsanā] to get at a game; [naī rāha nikālanā] to break fresh ground; [nae sire se] ab initio, afresh.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇaya (णय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Naga.

2) Ṇaya (णय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Naca.

3) Ṇaya (णय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nata.

4) Ṇaya (णय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Naya.

5) Ṇāya (णाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nāda.

6) Ṇāya (णाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nyāya.

7) Ṇāya (णाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nāda.

8) Ṇāya (णाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nyāyya.

9) Ṇāya (णाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nyāyya.

10) Ṇāya (णाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nāka.

11) Ṇāya (णाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jñāta.

12) Ṇāya (णाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jñāta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Naya (ನಯ):—

1) [noun] softness; smoothness; fineness.

2) [noun] mildness; gentleness; pleasantness.

3) [noun] the quality of being charmingly or exquisitely beautiful or the fact of having a beauty that appeals to the heart or mind as well as to the eye, as a person or a face; loveliness.

4) [noun] a profoundly tender, passionate affection for another person; a feeling of warm personal attachment or deep affection; love.

5) [noun] a slight or delicate variation in tone, colour, meaning, etc. which only a discerning connoisseur can recognise; nuance.

6) [noun] (rhet.) fine and sensitive style, considered as one of the merits in a literary work.

7) [noun] the quality of musical voice or sound characterised by fineness, subtlety (that can be achieved by a discerning musician).

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Naya (ನಯ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of conveying (something from one place to another).

2) [noun] the act or art of managing, handling, etc.; management.

3) [noun] behaviour; conduct.

4) [noun] the quality of being wise; power of judging rightly and following the soundest course of action, based on knowledge, experience, understanding, etc.; wisdom; sagacity.

5) [noun] goodness; kindness; virtue; excellence.

6) [noun] the feeling of devotion; piety.

7) [noun] the quality of being proper, fitting or suitable; fitness; propriety.

8) [noun] a right or proper manner or approach.

9) [noun] skill and vision in managing public affairs; the ability, character or methods of a statesman; statesmanship.

10) [noun] the political expedients used in effecting a desired result.

11) [noun] an accepted religious or philosophical doctrine.

12) [noun] the act or process of making better, improving, setting right something.

13) [noun] (dance.) a rhythmic movement.

14) [noun] ನಯವಿದ್ದಲ್ಲಿ ಭಯವಿಲ್ಲ [nayaviddalli bhayavilla] nayaviddalli bhayavilla (prov.) softness, humility ensures safe and respectful life; soft words break no bones.

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Nāya (ನಾಯ):—[noun] the quality of being right or correct; impartiality; fairness; rectitude; justice.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Naya (நய) [nayattal] 12 & 4 transitive verb cf. snih.

1. To desire greatly, long for; விரும்புதல். பிறன் வரையாள் பெண்மை நயவாமை நன்று [virumbuthal. piran varaiyal penmai nayavamai nanru] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 150).

2. To compliment, appreciate; சிலாகித்தல். நல் லறிவுடையோர் நயப்பது வேண்டியும் (பத்துப்பாட்டு, நச். உரைச்சிறப்.). [silagithal. nal larivudaiyor nayappathu vendiyum (pathuppattu, nas. uraichirap.).]

3. To respect, esteem; கௌர வித்தல். [kaura vithal.] (W.)

4. To please; பிரியப்படுத்துதல். [piriyappaduthuthal.]

5. To coax; தட்டிக்கொடுத்தல். [thattikkoduthal.]

6. To beseech, implore; கெஞ்சுதல். அவன் எவ்வளவோ நயந்து கேட்டான். [kenchuthal. avan evvalavo nayanthu kettan.]

7. To love, woo, show affection for; அன்பு செய்தல். (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) [anpu seythal. (sudamaninigandu)]

8. To act upon; to follow; பின் செல்லுதல். (யாழ்ப்பாணத்து மானிப்பாயகராதி) [pin selluthal. (yazhppanathu manippayagarathi)] — intransitive

1. To be glad; to rejoice; மகிழ்தல். வல்லமன்ற நீ நயந்தளித்த [magizhthal. vallamanra ni nayanthalitha] (புறநானூறு [purananuru] 59).

2. To be sweet, pleasing; இனிமையுறுதல். நஞ்சினுங் கொடிய நாட்ட மமுதினு நயந்து நோக்கி [inimaiyuruthal. nanchinung kodiya natta mamuthinu nayanthu nokki] (கம்பராமாயணம் பூக்கொய். [kambaramayanam pukkoy.] 7).

3. To be congenial; to be agreeable; இணங்கிப் போதல். யாரிடத்தும் அவன் நயந்து போவான். [inangip pothal. yaridathum avan nayanthu povan.]

4. To be advantageous, profitable, useful; பயன்படு தல். (யாழ்ப்பாணத்து மானிப்பாயகராதி) [payanpadu thal. (yazhppanathu manippayagarathi)]

5. To be cheap; மலிதல். இவ் வருஷத்தில் தான்யம் நயத்தது. [malithal. iv varushathil thanyam nayathathu.]

6. To excel, surpass, improve; மேம்படுதல். அதற்கிது நயத் திருக்கிறது. [membaduthal. atharkithu nayath thirukkirathu.] Colloq.

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Naya (நய) [nayattal] 11 intransitive verb See நமு²-. [namu²-.] முறுக்கு நயத்துவிட்டது. [murukku nayathuvittathu.] Tinnevelly usage

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Naya (नय):—n. 1. guiding; leading; managing; 2. policy; statesmanship; state policy; 3. morality; justice; equality; 4. politics; principle; 5. course or way of life;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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