Bhoktri, Bhoktṛ: 14 definitions


Bhoktri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhoktṛ can be transliterated into English as Bhoktr or Bhoktri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ) refers to the “enjoyment” (in tantric rituals), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The symbolism and dynamic interaction of the polarities is similarly represented by the Śaiva Siddhānta in relation to the outer Liṅga. In that context also, the energies of the Liṅga are believed to emerge from it and, deployed around it, unite with it. These the Śaiva Siddhānta conceives to be the ‘limbs of enjoyment’ [i.e., bhogāṅga] of Sadāśiva. He is represented by the Liṅga in the centre of these limbs of which he is the ‘enjoyer’ (bhoktṛ). Here too the analogy is sexual. The Śaiva Siddhānta views the process of manifestation and ‘enjoyment’ from a strongly dominant male perspective.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (shaktism)

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ) refers to an “enjoyer” (i.e., one who enjoys), according to the 17th century Kaulagajamardana (“crushing the Kaula elephant”) authored by Kāśīnātha or Kṛṣṇānandācala.—Accordingly, [as Īśvara said to Pārvatī]: “[...] O great Goddess, hear about the Jain. He always carries a pitcher. He is simply a soul and never an enjoyer (bhoktṛ), doer and destroyer. He is called a Jain, and Buddhists and [the like] are considered [to be similar]. Some pluck out their hair and dress in white, my dear, and [some] wear red garments and [others wear] indigo and so on. Some are called, 'great guru', and others pursue nonviolence. These are the different varieties in brief; they are [all] called Pāṣaṇḍas [because] they have been excluded from the vedic path. [...]”

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ) or Bhoktṛtva refers to “(being) the agent of experience”, according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 4.5cd-6, while describing the purification process of the initiand]—“[...] Once he has performed the saṃskāra [called] separation, whose nature is the absence of being the agent of experience (bhoktṛtva-abhāvarūpa), once all bhogas have been completed]. Then, as proclaimed by tradition, [he should] cut the bonds with the astramantra. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ) refers to “one who who feeds”, according Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XLVI).—There are also Pretas who emit fire from their mouth (ulkāmukha): flying butterflies throw themselves into this fire, and the Pretas eat them. There are also Pretas who eat excrement (gūtha), spit (śleṣman), pus and blood (pūyaśoṇita), the water from laundry, who feed on oblations (śraddha-bhoktṛ) or who devour the afterbirth (garbhamalāhāra). There are all kinds of starving Pretas of this kind.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ) refers to the “experiencer”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having avoided [their results], those sins, on account of which action that results in hell, etc. is done by you, rightly still reach you [com.—not another (anyaṃ) experiencer (bhoktāram)]”.

Synonyms: Bhogin.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhoktṛ.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIII, p. 193), same as Bhogin, Bhogika; an Ināmdār or Jāgīrdar; cf. Sammāṇaka-bhoktā; also Bhoktāri (EI 11), a free-holder. (BL), a proprietor. Note: bhoktṛ is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ).—a. [bhuj tṛc]

1) One who enjoys or eats.

2) Possessing.

3) Enjoying or making use of.

4) Feeling, enduring, experiencing.

5) Protecting, ruling, governing. -m.

1) A possessor, enjoyer, user; पुरुषोऽस्ति भोक्तृ- भावात् कैवल्यार्थप्रवृत्तेश्च (puruṣo'sti bhoktṛ- bhāvāt kaivalyārthapravṛtteśca) Sāṃkhyakārikā 17.

2) A husband.

3) A king, ruler.

4) A lover.

5) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ).—mfn. (-ktā-ktī-ktṛ) 1. Enjoying, an enjoyer. 2. An eater. m.

(-ktā) 1. A husband. 2. A lover. 3. A possessor. 4. A king. E. bhuj to enjoy, &c., aff. tṛc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ).—i. e. 2. bhuj + tṛ, I. m., f. trī, and n. One who eats, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 53, M. M.; or enjoys, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 43; [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 211, 5. Ii. m. 1. An adverse possessor, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 148. 2. A husband.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ).—[masculine] ktrī [feminine] enjoyer, possessor; [abstract] ktṛtva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ):—[from bhuj] m. (f(trī) ) one who enjoys or eats, enjoyer, eater, experiencer, feeler, sufferer, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc. (also as [future] of √3. bhuj, [Rāmāyaṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] a possessor, ruler of a land, king, prince, [Inscriptions]

3) [v.s. ...] a husband, lover, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ):—(ktā) 4. m. A husband. a. Eating, enjoying, possessing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhoktṛ (भोक्तृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhuṃjira, Bhuttu, Bhottū.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhōktṛ (ಭೋಕ್ತೃ):—

1) [noun] an enjoyer of something.

2) [noun] a king; a ruler.

3) [noun] a man who is loved by a woman; a lover.

4) [noun] a man who is indulged in sensual pleasure.

5) [noun] (phil.) a being that is not yet enlightened about the absolute delightfulness.

6) [noun] (Dvaita phil.) Viṣṇu.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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