Manasa, Manasā, Mānasā, Mānasa, Manasha: 20 definitions

Introduction

Manasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Mānasa (मानस) is the name of a lake situated near Gandhamādana, which is the name of a mountain on the southern side of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, who is a son of Priyavrata.

Around lake Mānasa are situated eighteen mountains:

  1. Triśikhara,
  2. Śiśira,
  3. Kapi,
  4. Śatamakṣa,
  5. Turaga,
  6. Tāmrābha,
  7. Viṣa,
  8. Śvetodana,
  9. Samūla,
  10. Sarala,
  11. Ratnaketu,
  12. Ekamūla,
  13. Mahāśṛṅga,
  14. Gajamūla,
  15. Śāvaka,
  16. Pañcaśaila,
  17. Kailāsa,
  18. Himavān.

2) Mānasa (मानस).—One of the seven major mountains in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. All of these mountains are tall and filled with gems. It is also known by the name Raivata. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.

3) Mānasa (मानस) is the name of the mountain in Puṣkaradvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 90. Puṣkaradvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Savana, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.

Priyavrata is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Mānasa (मानस).—A serpent born of the family of Vāsuki. This serpent was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 5, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

2) Mānasa (मानस).—A serpent born of the family of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. This serpent was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 16, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

3) Mānasa (मानस).—(MĀNASASARAS). A lake on the peak of the Himālayas. Arjuna visited this lake once. (Śloka 4, Chapter 8, Sabhā Parva). In the precincts of this lake many devotees conduct Śiva-worship. They believe they would merge with Śiva at the end of the yuga. Those who bathe in that pond would acquire mokṣa. Mānasasaras is called Ujjānaka also. Vasiṣṭha and Arundhatī became realised souls at this place. (Śloka 14, Chapter 130, Vana Parva). A sage who lived in Mānasasaras in the form of a swan visited Bhīṣma while he was lying on his bed of arrows. (Śloka 98, Chapter 119, Bhīṣma Parva). Once a Devī named Upaśruti pointed out Indra who was hiding amongst the lotus stems in Mānasasaras. It was Brahmā who made this lotus lake and the river Sarayū starts from here. (Bālakāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Manasa (मनस).—The lake of the south.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 16.

2a) Mānasa (मानस).—A mountain of Puṣkaradvīpa; the limit of Pṛthu's dominion; west of the city of Vasavī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 112-14, 117; Matsya-purāṇa 123. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 108; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 7-8.

2b) A son of Vapuṣmān and the founder of the Mānasa kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 32, 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 28, 30; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4, 23, 29.

2c) A vaṃśavartin god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 29.

2d) A Yakṣa; a son of Devajanī and Maṇivara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 130.

2e) One of the four lakes in Meru; surrounds all the sides of the Meru over which is established the capital of the Lokapālas; at the foot of the Vaidyūta hill from which the R. Sarayu rises;1 north of the Ganges;2 a tīrtha sacred to Kumuda and the Pitṛs;3 fit for śrāddha; contains a shrine on its banks;4 in Ilāvṛta.5 Kardama went there with his wife;6 a reference to two haṃsas of the lake; one of them who took to household life was Purañjana; hearing from the other haṃsa he remembered his old place and became calm;7 Indra spent 1,000 years in the lotus stalks of the lake;8 here was the third rebirth of Kauśika's seven sons as Cakravāka birds and their final salvation after becoming Siddhas.9 Ūrvaśī sported with Purūravas in.10

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 113. 46; 121. 16; 163. 86; 183. 2; 194. 8; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 15; 21. 29-33; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 14; 50. 87-90; 111. 4.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 76; Matsya-purāṇa 70. 20; 107. 2; Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 16; 42. 27; 77. 110-11.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 27; 22. 23.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13, 58, 115-6; IV. 2. 25-6.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 26.
  • 6) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 5. 10; III. 23. 40.
  • 7) Ib. V. 28. 54 and 63.
  • 8) Ib. VI. 13. 14-5.
  • 9) Matsya-purāṇa 20. 17; 21. 35.
  • 10) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 48.

2f) Father of Riṣyanta, belonging to the commencement of the Dvāpara in the 11th Manvantara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 30.

2g) The Pitṛs as sons of Vasiṣṭha, with forms, live in jyoti worlds; their mind-born daughter is Gau, wife of Śukra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 15. 12-15.

2h) The Vaiśya caste of Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 69.

2i) The region of Śālmalidvīpa adjoining the Mahiṣa hill.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 45; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 40.

3) Mānasā (मानसा).—The world above Brahmāṇḍa where live the Somapa Pitṛs;1 the country of Pitṛs—Sukālas.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 15. 25.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 97; Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 47.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mānasa (मानस) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.5, I.57, II.25.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mānasa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Mānasa (मानस) refers to a classification of sins, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Mānasa (मानस) is the name of a beautiful lake on the north side of the Hemakūṭa mountain, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly, “when they heard Sumeru say this, and he himself led the way, they all, Sūryaprabha and the others, went to the mountain Hemakūṭa. And on the north side of it they reached a beautiful lake named Mānasa, which seemed to have been the first assay of the Creator’s skill when making the sea, which eclipsed with its full-blown golden lotuses, shaken by the wind, the faces of the heavenly nymphs sporting in the water”.

Mānasa (मानस) as the name of a lake (sara or saras) situated at the Himālayas is also mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, as Saṅgamadatta said to Bandhumatī: “... as I was wandering round all the holy places I came to the Mānasa lake on the Himālayas, and in it I saw, as in a mirror, a house composed of jewels, and from that building there came out suddenly a man with a sword in his hand, and he ascended the bank of the lake, accompanied by a troop of celestial females (divyanārī)”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mānasa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā

Mānasa (मानस) is the name of a water-reservoir in Jambūdvīpa mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth). The soldiers were asked to seek Udayasundarī around these reservoirs of water.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Manasā (मनसा) is the Goddess of snake also known as Padmāvatī.—In Bengal, Padmāvatī with the snake-symbols is worshipped as Manasā, the Goddess of snake and the wife of Jaratkāru. Certain vernecular manuscripts called Padma-purāṇa, Behulā-carita (Vipulā-carita also), give the stories of Behulā, Chand Merchant and Padmāvatī. It is most likely that the connection between the Jaina Padmāvatī and the Brahmanic Manasā originates from the Jaina legends. Jaratkāru, an ascetic, stands for Kaṭha in the Jaina legend and it is he who latterly became one with Śeṣa, the King of Pātāla.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Mānasa (मानस) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Mānasa is the modern Mānasbal under the shelter of the hill Ahatyung.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mānasa : (nt.) mind; intention. (adj.), (in cpds.) having the intention of.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Manasa, (adj.) (the —° form of mano, an enlarged form, for which usually either °mana or °mānasa) having a mind, with such & such a mind Sn. 942 (nibbāna° “a nibbāna mind, ” one who is intent upon N. , cp. explanation at SnA 567); Pv. I, 66 (paduṭṭha-manasā f. , maybe °mānasā; but PvA. 34 explanations “paduṭṭha-cittā paduṭṭhena vā manasā). See also adhimanasa under adhimana. (Page 519)

— or —

Mānasa, (nt.) (a secondary formation fr. manas=mano, already Vedic lit. “belonging to mind”) intention, purpose, mind (as active force), mental action. Almost equivalent to mano Dhs. § 6. In later language mānasa is quite synonymous with hadaya. The word, used absolutely, is more a t. t. in philosophy than a living part of the language. It is more frequent as —° in adj. use, where its connection with mano is still more felt. Its absolute use probably originated from the latter use.—DhsA. 140 (=mano); Vbh. 144 sq. (in definition of viññāṇa as cittaṃ, mano, mānasaṃ, hadayaṃ etc. : see mano II. 3); DhA. II, 12 (paradāre mānasaṃ na bandhissāmi “shall have no intention towards another’s wife, ” i.e. shall not desire another’s wife); Mhvs 4, 6 (sabbesaṃ hita-mānasā with the intention of common welfare); 32, 56 (rañño hāsesi mānasaṃ gladdened the heart of the king).—As adj. (-°): being of such & such a mind, having a ... mind, with a ... heart; like: ādīna° with his mind in danger S. V, 74 (+apatiṭṭhitacitta); uggata° lofty-minded VvA. 217; pasanna° with settled (peaceful) mind Sn. 402 and frequently; mūḷha° infatuated Mhvs 5, 239; rata° PvA. 19; sañcodita° urged (in her heart) PvA. 68; soka-santatta° with a heart burning with grief PvA. 38. (Page 529)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manaśā (मनशा).—f (manīṣā S) Wish, desire, mind.

--- OR ---

manasā (मनसा).—f (manīṣā S) Wish, desire, mind.

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mānasa (मानस).—n m (S) The mind, the intelligent power, the seat or the faculty of reason. 2 The heart, the seat of the passions and affections. Ex. mā0 mājhēṃ mōhilēṃ yā dēvēṃ ||. 3 Desire or inclination: also intention or purpose. Ex. puṇyāsa jāvēṃ asēṃ mājhēṃ mā0 jhālēṃ āhēṃ. 4 In law. Tacit or implied consent. 5 The name of a celebrated lake (mānasa sarōvara) in the Himalaya mountains.

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mānasa (मानस).—a S Relating to the mind, mental.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

manaśā (मनशा) [-sā, -सा].—f Wish, desire, mind.

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mānasa (मानस).—n m The mind. The heart. Desire. a Mental.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manasā (मनसा).—Name of a daughter of Kaśyapa, sister of the serpent king, Ananta, wife of the sage जरत्कारु (jaratkāru) and mother of the sage अस्तिक (astika); so मनसादेवी (manasādevī).

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Mānasa (मानस).—a. (- f.) [मन एव, मनस इदं वा अण् (mana eva, manasa idaṃ vā aṇ)]

1) Pertaining to the mind, mental, spiritual (opp. śārīra).

2) Produced from the mind, sprung at will; ब्रह्मणो मानसपुत्राः (brahmaṇo mānasaputrāḥ); किं मानसी सृष्टिः (kiṃ mānasī sṛṣṭiḥ) Ś.4; Ku.1.18; मद्भावा मानसा जाता (madbhāvā mānasā jātā) Bg.1. 6.

3) Only to be conceived in the mind, conceivable; अहिंसा सत्यमस्तेयं ब्रह्मचर्यमलुब्धता । एतानि मानसानि स्युर्व्रतानि (ahiṃsā satyamasteyaṃ brahmacaryamalubdhatā | etāni mānasāni syurvratāni) ......

4) Tacit, implied.

5) Dwelling on the lake Mānasa; न रमते मरालस्य मानसं मानसं विना (na ramate marālasya mānasaṃ mānasaṃ vinā) Udb.

-saḥ A form of Viṣṇu.

-sam 1 The mind, heart, soul; सपदि मदनानलो दहति मम मानसम् (sapadi madanānalo dahati mama mānasam) Gīt.1; अपि च मानसमम्बुनिधिः (api ca mānasamambunidhiḥ) Bv.1.113; मानसं विषयैर्विना (mānasaṃ viṣayairvinā) (bhāti) 116.

2) Name of a sacred lake on the mountain Kailāsa; कैलासशिखरे राम मनसा निर्मितं सरः । ब्रह्मणा प्रागिदं यस्मात्तदभून्मानसं सरः (kailāsaśikhare rāma manasā nirmitaṃ saraḥ | brahmaṇā prāgidaṃ yasmāttadabhūnmānasaṃ saraḥ) || Rām.; (it is said to be the native place of swans, who are described as migrating to its shores every year at the commencement of the breeding season or the monsoons; meghaśyāmā diśo dṛṣṭvā mānasotsukacetasām | kūjitaṃ rājahaṃsānāṃ nedaṃ nūpuraśiñjitam V.4.14,15; yasyāstoye kṛtavasatayo mānasaṃ saṃnikṛṣṭaṃ nādhyāsyanti vyapagataśucastvāmapi prekṣya haṃsāḥ Me.78; (see Me.11; Ghaṭ. 9 also); R.6.26; Me.64. Bv.1.3.

3) (In law) Tacit or implied consent.

4) A kind of salt.

5) The mental powers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Manasā (मनसा).—n. of a kiṃnara-maid: Kv 5.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manasā (मनसा).—f.

(-sā) The goddess of the serpent race, and the particular protectress against their venom. E. manas the mind, aff. ṭāp; the object of love, and devotion.

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Mānasa (मानस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Mental. n.

(-saṃ) 1. The mind, the seat or faculty of reason and feeling. 2. The lake Manus, or Manasarovara in the Himalaya mountains. 3. (In law,) Tacit or implied consent. f. (-sī) 1. Mental, born from the mind. 2. A kind of salt. 3. A goddess peculiar to the Jainas. E. manas the mind, aff. aṇ; or manas Brahma, the supreme mind, aṇ aff. of derivation, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manasā (मनसा):—[from manas > man] a ind., in the mind; in thought or imagination; with all the heart, willingly

2) Manasa (मनस):—[from man] m. Name of a Ṛṣi, [Ṛg-veda v, 44, 10] ([Sāyaṇa])

3) Manasā (मनसा):—[from manasa > man] b f. See 1. manasā

4) Manasa (मनस):—[from man] n. (ifc., with f(ā). ) = manas, mind, heart, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata etc.]

5) Manasā (मनसा):—[from man] 1. manasā f. Name of a [particular] goddess (described as consisting of a particle of Prakṛti and as daughter of Kaśyapa. sister of the serpent-king Ananta, wife of the Muni Jarat-kāru, mother of the Muni Āstīka and protectress of men from the venom of serpents; cf. viṣa-harī), [Pañcarātra]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Kiṃ-narī, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

7) [from man] 2. manasā [instrumental case] of manas, in [compound]

8) Mānāsa (मानास):—[from māna] mfn. driving away pride or arrogance, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

9) Mānasa (मानस):—mf(ī, once ā)n. ([from] manas) belonging to the mind or spirit, mental, spiritual (opp. to śārirā, corporeal), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

10) expressed only in the mind, performed in thought id est. silent, tacit (as a hymn or prayer), [???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]

11) conceived or present in the mind, conceivable, imaginable, [Rāmāyaṇa]

12) relating to or dwelling on the lake Mānasa (See n. below), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

13) m. a form of Viṣṇu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

14) Name of a serpent-demon, [Mahābhārata]

15) of a son of Vapuṣ-mat, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

16) m. [plural] a [particular] class of deceased ancestors (regarded as sons of Vasiṣṭha), [Catalogue(s)]

17) a class of ascetics, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

18) Name of the Vaiśyas in Śākadvīpa, [Mahābhārata]

19) of the worlds of the Soma-pa, [Harivaṃśa]

20) n. (ifc. f(ā). ) the mental powers, mind, spirit, heart, soul (= manas [gana] prajñādi), [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

21) n. (in law) tacit or implied consent, [Horace H. Wilson]

22) a kind of salt, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

23) the 25th mansion from that under which one is born, [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

24) (with or [scilicet] saras, or tīrtha) Name of a sacred lake and place of pilgrimage on mount Kailāsa (the native place of the wild geese, which migrate to it every year at the breeding season), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

25) Name of [work] on Śilpa or art.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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