Vasanta, aka: Vasantā; 12 Definition(s)


Vasanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Vasanta (वसन्त) refers to the “spring season” in the traditional Indian calendar, and consists of the months Chaitra and Vaiśākha, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season, other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season (vasanta) are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Vasanta (वसन्त, “spring”):—One of the six season of the year, comprising the months Caitra and Vaiśākha.—This season takes place dusing visarga, when the sun is dominant, and draws out the nutrient essence of the living beings. In these months, Kapha-doṣa is aggrevated. A skilled physician should moniter these conditions during the treatment of a patient.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vasanta is the Hindu season corresponding to spring. Spring consists of two months called Madhu and Madhava (Chaitra and Vaishaka).

In spring, the phlegm thus accumulated in the body is liquefied and ushers in diseases due to a deranged state of that bodily humour.

Likewise the features, which specifically mark the different seasons of the year are observed to characterise the different parts of a complete day and night, [or in other words] traits peculiar to spring time exhibit themselves in the morning.

In spring, when the summits of the mount Malaya are besmeared red with the moist foot-prints of the brides of the Siddhas and the Vidyádharas, and are perfumed in contact with the sweet-scented sandal forests, the lively south-wind is roused up from his lair and winnows gladness to damsels burning with desires, and kindles up the flame of love and appeases the amorous anger of the beloved pairs by turning their fancies to themes of love. The quarters of the sky are cleared up and look joyful. The woods are decked with the full-blown flowers of the Kinshuka, lotus, Vakula, mango and Ashoka trees. The bee hums and the notes of the Cuckoo are heard to reverberate through the skies. The south wind fans this king of the seasons, and the forests are hung with the festoons of tender and sprouting leaves in his honour.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume II
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vasanta in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1a) Vasanta (वसन्त).—(personified) a friend of Manmatha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 30. 68; 32. 21-58.

1b) A mind-born son of Brahmā in the 16th kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 35.

1c) The spring season of Citra and Vaikāśi; the Saptakas who reside in the sun are Dhāta and Aryamā, Pulastya and Pulaha, Vāsuki and Samkīrṇāra snakes, Tumburu and Nārada Gandharvas, Kratastāli and Puñjikasthala Apsarasas, Rathakṛchra and Ūrja Grāmaṇis, Heti and Praheti Rākṣasas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 177 and 193; 52. 6; 53. 25.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vasanta (वसन्त).—The spring (vasanta) is to be indicated by the representation of acts of rejoicing, enjoyments and festivities and a display of various flowers of the season.

Source: Natya Shastra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Vasanta in Chandas glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Vasanta (वसन्त) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Vasanta corresponds to Nandīmukhī. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Vasantā (वसन्ता) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Meghāvalī .

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Vasanta (वसन्त) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vasanta] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vasanta in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vasanta : (pr.p. of vasati) living; abiding; dwelling; staying. (m.), the spring.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vasanta, (Vedic vasanta; Idg. *ǔēr, cp. Av. varehar spring, Gr. e)/ar, Lat. vēr, Oicel. vār spring, Lith. vasarā summer) spring J. I, 86; V, 206; KhA 192 (bāla°=Citra); DA. I, 132 (°vana); PvA. 135. (Page 604)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Vasanta in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vasanta (वसंत).—m (S) The season of spring; or the deified personification of it. The season consists of the two months caitra & vaiśākha. 2 A Rag or musical mode. 3 Abridged from mālinī vasanta.

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vāsanta (वासंत).—a S Relating to vasanta Spring, vernal.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vasanta (वसंत).—m The season of spring. vasanta ṛtūcā Vernal.

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vāsanta (वासंत).—a Relating to the spring, vernal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vasanta (वसन्त).—[vas-jhac Uṇ.3.128]

1) The spring, vernal season (comprising the two months caitra and vaiśākha); मधुमाधवौ वसन्तः (madhumādhavau vasantaḥ) Su&śr.; सर्वं प्रिये चारुतरं वसन्ते (sarvaṃ priye cārutaraṃ vasante) Ṛs.6.2; विहरति हरिरिह सरसवसन्ते (viharati haririha sarasavasante) Gīt.1.

2) Spring personified as a deity and regarded as a companion of Kāmadeva; सुहृदः पश्य वसन्त किं स्थितम् (suhṛdaḥ paśya vasanta kiṃ sthitam) Ku.4.27.

3) Dysentery.

4) Smallpox.

5) (In dramas) A nickname for the Vidūṣaka or buffoon.

Derivable forms: vasantaḥ (वसन्तः).

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Vāsanta (वासन्त).—a. (-ntī f.)

1) Vernal, suitable to or produced in spring.

2) In the spring or prime of life, youthful.

3) Diligent, attentive (in the performance of duties).

-ntaḥ 1 A camel.

2) A young elephant.

3) Any young animal.

4) A cuckoo.

5) The south wind, the breeze blowing from the Malaya mountain; cf. मलयसमीर (malayasamīra).

6) A kind of bean.

7) A dissolute man.

-ntī 1 A kind of jasmine (with fragrant flowers); वसन्ते वासन्तीकुसुम- सुकुमारैरवयवैः (vasante vāsantīkusuma- sukumārairavayavaiḥ) Gīt.1.

2) Long pepper.

3) The trumpetflower.

4) Name of a festival held in honour of Cupid; cf. वसन्तोत्सव (vasantotsava).

5) The spring creeper.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Vasantatilaka (वसन्ततिलक) is name of ancient Cedi king, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chap...
Vasantakāla (वसन्तकाल).—m. (-laḥ) The vernal season.
Vasanta-utsava.—(BL), spring festival. Note: vasanta-utsava is defined in the “Indian epigraphi...
Vasantakusuma (वसन्तकुसुम).—m. (-maḥ) A tree, (Cordia myxa and latifolia.) E. vasanta spring, k...
Vasantasakha (वसन्तसख).—m. (-khaḥ) Kamadeva or Cupid. E. vasanta spring, sakhi the friend.
Vasantadru (वसन्तद्रु).—m. (-druḥ) The mango tree, (Mangifera Indica.) E. vasanta spring, and d...
Suvasanta (सुवसन्त).—m. (-ntaḥ) The day of full-moon in the month of Chaitra, a festival in hon...
Vasantaja (वसन्तज).—mfn. (-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Produced in the spring. f. (-jā) 1. A festival in honour...
Vasantadūtī (वसन्तदूती).—1) the trumpet-flower. 2) the female cuckoo. 3) Bignonia Suaveolens (M...
Vasantapañcamī (वसन्तपञ्चमी).—the fifth day in the bright half of Māgha. Vasantapañcamī is a Sa...
Vasantadūta (वसन्तदूत).—1) the cuckoo. 2) the month called Chaitra. 3) the musical mode हिन्दोल...
Vasantaghoṣin (वसन्तघोषिन्).—m. a cuckoo. Vasantaghoṣin is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Vasantabandhu (वसन्तबन्धु).—epithets of the god of love.Derivable forms: vasantabandhuḥ (वसन्तब...
Vasantamālatī (वसन्तमालती) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of t...
Vasantayodha (वसन्तयोध).—epithets of the god of love.Derivable forms: vasantayodhaḥ (वसन्तयोधः)...

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