Vasanta, Vasantā: 21 definitions

Introduction

Vasanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Vasanta (वसन्त) refers to the “spring season” in the traditional Indian calendar, and consists of the months Chaitra and Vaiśākha, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season, other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season (vasanta) are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vasanta (वसन्त, “spring”):—One of the six season of the year, comprising the months Caitra and Vaiśākha.—This season takes place dusing visarga, when the sun is dominant, and draws out the nutrient essence of the living beings. In these months, Kapha-doṣa is aggrevated. A skilled physician should moniter these conditions during the treatment of a patient.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

Vasanta is the Hindu season corresponding to spring. Spring consists of two months called Madhu and Madhava (Chaitra and Vaishaka).

In spring, the phlegm thus accumulated in the body is liquefied and ushers in diseases due to a deranged state of that bodily humour.

Likewise the features, which specifically mark the different seasons of the year are observed to characterise the different parts of a complete day and night, [or in other words] traits peculiar to spring time exhibit themselves in the morning.

In spring, when the summits of the mount Malaya are besmeared red with the moist foot-prints of the brides of the Siddhas and the Vidyádharas, and are perfumed in contact with the sweet-scented sandal forests, the lively south-wind is roused up from his lair and winnows gladness to damsels burning with desires, and kindles up the flame of love and appeases the amorous anger of the beloved pairs by turning their fancies to themes of love. The quarters of the sky are cleared up and look joyful. The woods are decked with the full-blown flowers of the Kinshuka, lotus, Vakula, mango and Ashoka trees. The bee hums and the notes of the Cuckoo are heard to reverberate through the skies. The south wind fans this king of the seasons, and the forests are hung with the festoons of tender and sprouting leaves in his honour.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Vasanta (वसन्त) refers to the season consisting (partially) of February and March, whose kapha-provocative symptoms are dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., in Vasanta).

The 101st stanza is related with provocation of Doṣas in particular seasons. Seasons for provocation of Vāta are Hemanta (Jan-Feb), Varṣa (Rainy season) and Śiśira (Dec-Jan). Season for provocation of Pitta is Grīṣma (summer) and Śarad (Oct-Nov) while for provocation of Kapha is Vasanta (Feb-Mar).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vasanta (वसन्त) refers to “spring”, described as a constant friend of Kāma (love), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.8. Accordingly:—“[...] when spring (vasanta), the storehouse of flowers, endowed with these features was born, there blew a very fragrant wind. All the trees put forth blossoms. Hundreds of sweet-throated cuckoos cooed the note of pañcama sweetly. The clean and clear lakes abounded in full-blown lotuses. On seeing such an excellent Being born thus, I, Brahmā (Hiraṇyagarbha) spoke these sweet words to Kāma: ‘O God, thus a constant companion for you has come to exist. He too resembles you. He will render favourable service unto you. Just as the wind, the friend of fire, helps it everywhere, so also this spring will always help you. Since he is the final cause for a permanent abode (after marriage) let him be known as Vasanta. His duty is to follow you and to delight all people [...]’.”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vasanta (वसन्त).—(personified) a friend of Manmatha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 30. 68; 32. 21-58.

1b) A mind-born son of Brahmā in the 16th kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 35.

1c) The spring season of Citra and Vaikāśi; the Saptakas who reside in the sun are Dhāta and Aryamā, Pulastya and Pulaha, Vāsuki and Samkīrṇāra snakes, Tumburu and Nārada Gandharvas, Kratastāli and Puñjikasthala Apsarasas, Rathakṛchra and Ūrja Grāmaṇis, Heti and Praheti Rākṣasas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 177 and 193; 52. 6; 53. 25.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vasanta (वसन्त).—The spring (vasanta) is to be indicated by the representation of acts of rejoicing, enjoyments and festivities and a display of various flowers of the season.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Vasanta (वसन्त) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Vasanta corresponds to Nandīmukhī. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Vasantā (वसन्ता) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Meghāvalī .

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Vasanta (वसन्त) refers to the “spring” season and represents the months Phālguna to Vaiśākha (mid March to mid May) and is one of the six “seasons” (ṛtu).—According to the Vedic calendar, there are six different seasons, which correspond to the twelve months of the year.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Vasanta (वसन्त) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vasanta] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Vasanta is the name of a cave that existed within Citadel (royal enclosing) of Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa), Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—On ground adjoining the Royal Enclosure, Parakkamabāhu laid out the Nandana Park in which were many varieties of fruit and flowering trees and the following structures:—(i) A Bath House with shower-baths and a (?) fountain; (ii) a Pavilion with pillars of sandalwood, containing an octagonal maṇḍapa resembling an ear-ornament; (iii) a maṇḍapa which had “the charm of a wreath of serpentine wanderings”; (iv) the Silāpokkharaṇī, now called Kumārapokuṇa; (v) the Nandāpokkharaṇī; (vi) a Pond holding perfumed water; (vii) the Vasanta cave; (viii) the Maṅgalapokkharaṇī. Later, the Nandana Park was extended, re-named Lakkhuyyāna and made over to the Saṅgha: two ponds below hollow rocks were constructed for the monks to bathe in.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vasanta in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vasanta : (pr.p. of vasati) living; abiding; dwelling; staying. (m.), the spring.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vasanta, (Vedic vasanta; Idg. *ǔēr, cp. Av. varehar spring, Gr. e)/ar, Lat. vēr, Oicel. vār spring, Lith. vasarā summer) spring J. I, 86; V, 206; KhA 192 (bāla°=Citra); DA. I, 132 (°vana); PvA. 135. (Page 604)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vasanta (वसंत).—m (S) The season of spring; or the deified personification of it. The season consists of the two months caitra & vaiśākha. 2 A Rag or musical mode. 3 Abridged from mālinī vasanta.

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vāsanta (वासंत).—a S Relating to vasanta Spring, vernal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vasanta (वसंत).—m The season of spring. vasanta ṛtūcā Vernal.

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vāsanta (वासंत).—a Relating to the spring, vernal.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vasanta (वसन्त).—[vas-jhac Uṇ.3.128]

1) The spring, vernal season (comprising the two months caitra and vaiśākha); मधुमाधवौ वसन्तः (madhumādhavau vasantaḥ) Su&śr.; सर्वं प्रिये चारुतरं वसन्ते (sarvaṃ priye cārutaraṃ vasante) Ṛs.6.2; विहरति हरिरिह सरसवसन्ते (viharati haririha sarasavasante) Gīt.1.

2) Spring personified as a deity and regarded as a companion of Kāmadeva; सुहृदः पश्य वसन्त किं स्थितम् (suhṛdaḥ paśya vasanta kiṃ sthitam) Ku.4.27.

3) Dysentery.

4) Smallpox.

5) (In dramas) A nickname for the Vidūṣaka or buffoon.

Derivable forms: vasantaḥ (वसन्तः).

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Vāsanta (वासन्त).—a. (-ntī f.)

1) Vernal, suitable to or produced in spring.

2) In the spring or prime of life, youthful.

3) Diligent, attentive (in the performance of duties).

-ntaḥ 1 A camel.

2) A young elephant.

3) Any young animal.

4) A cuckoo.

5) The south wind, the breeze blowing from the Malaya mountain; cf. मलयसमीर (malayasamīra).

6) A kind of bean.

7) A dissolute man.

-ntī 1 A kind of jasmine (with fragrant flowers); वसन्ते वासन्तीकुसुम- सुकुमारैरवयवैः (vasante vāsantīkusuma- sukumārairavayavaiḥ) Gīt.1.

2) Long pepper.

3) The trumpetflower.

4) Name of a festival held in honour of Cupid; cf. वसन्तोत्सव (vasantotsava).

5) The spring creeper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vasanta (वसन्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. Vasanta, the season of spring, comprising the month of Chaitra and Vaisakha, or its deified personification, which is considered to be a companion of Kamadeva. 2. Dysentery, diarrhœa. 3. Small-pox. E. vas to dwell, Unadi aff. jhac, as applied to the season, when love is especially present on earth.

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Vāsanta (वासन्त).—mfn.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) 1. Placed, situated. 2. Vernal, relating to the season of spring, suitable to it, produced in it, &c. 3. Young, in the spring of life. 4. Diligent in the performance of religious ceremonies. m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. A camel. 2. The Indian cuckoo. 3. Any young animal, or a young elephant. 4. A catamite. 5. The southern wind, zephyr. 6. A sort of kidney-bean, (Phaseolus mungo.) 7. The black kind of Moong or bean. 8. A plant, (Vangueria spinosa.) f. (-ntī) 1. A large creeper, (Gærtnera racemosa.) 2. A species of jasmine, (Jasminum auriculatum.) 3. Long pepper. 4. Trumpetflower. 5. A festival in honour of Kamadeva, held in the month of Chaitra. 6. A species of the Sarkari metre. E. vas to dwell, aff. jhac, and the vowel made long; or vasanta spring, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vasanta (वसन्त).—m. 1. The season of spring, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 4; personified, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 51, 26. 2. Diarrhœa. 3. Small-pox.

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Vāsanta (वासन्त).—i. e. vasanta + a, I. adj. 1. Vernal, growing in the spring, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 11. 2. Young, in the spring of life. 3. Diligent in the performance of religious ceremonies. Ii. m. 1. The Indian cuckoo. 2. The southern wind. 3. Any young animal. 4. A camel. 5. A catamite. 6. The name of several plants. Iii. f. . 1. The name of a deity, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 37, 14; 46, 11. 2. A festival in honour of Kāma. 3. The name of several plants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vasanta (वसन्त).—[masculine] spring (the friend of the god of love).

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Vasantā (वसन्ता).—[adverb] in spring.

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Vasantā (वसन्ता).—[adverb] in spring.

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Vāsanta (वासन्त).—[feminine] ī vernal; [feminine] [Name] of [several] plants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Vasanta (वसन्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Vimalākara, father of Balabhadra (Bhāsvatīṭīkā 1544). L. 785.

2) Vasanta (वसन्त):—father of Maṇirāma (Vṛttaratnāvalī med. 1642).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vasanta (वसन्त):—[from vas] a m. (n. [gana] ardharcādi) ‘brilliant (season)’, spring (comprising [according to] to some, the months Caitra and Vaiśākha or from the middle of March to that of May See ṛtu; often personified and considered as a friend or attendant of Kāmadeva, the god of love), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a [particular] metre (4 times ˘ ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯ ˘), [Colebrooke]

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] time (in music), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] diarrhoea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) Vasantā (वसन्ता):—[from vas] (or ) ind. in spring, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. (cf. [Pāṇini 7-1, 39 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

7) Vasanta (वसन्त):—b etc. See p. 930, col. 1.

8) Vāsanta (वासन्त):—mf(ī)n. ([from] vasanta) relating to or produced in the spring season, vernal, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

9) being in the spring of life, young, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) = avahita, or vihita, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) m. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a camel

12) the Indian cuckoo

13) a young elephant, any young animal

14) the southern or western wind (= malayānila q.v.)

15) Phaseolus Mungo or a black species of this kind of bean

16) a purple species of Barleria Cristata

17) Vangueria Spinosa

18) a dissolute man

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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