Durjaya, aka: Dur-jaya; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Durjaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[Durjaya in Vastushastra glossaries]

Durjaya (दुर्जय) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 57. The temple is mentioned as one of the twenty temples being a favorite of Viṣṇu. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Durjaya in Shaktism glossaries]

Durjaya (दुर्जय):—One of the persons joining Śiva during the preparations of the war between Śankhacūḍa and the Devas, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (9.20.22-53). All persons attending were remained seated on beautiful aerial cars, built of jewels and gems. The war was initiated by Puṣpadanta (messenger of Śiva) who was ordered to restore the rights of the Devas. .

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana

[Durjaya in Purana glossaries]

1) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—An absolutely cruel King. Owing to the number of adharmas (evil actions he had committed) Kāla ordained him to be born and reborn twentyone times as various animals and as a Brahmarākṣasa he roamed about forests. One of those days he caught hold of a Śīvayogī called Mahādeva whose body was smeared with Vibhūti (the sacred ash), but as soon as the Vibhūti from the body of the Śivayogī got smeared on his body also, Durjaya got back his former form and he was lifted upto Svarga. (Śiva Purāṇa, Bhasma Māhātmya).

2) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A dānava born to Kaśyapa prajāpati by Danu, his wife. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 23).

3) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—(Duṣparājaya). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 116, Verse 9).

4) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A King. Drupada advised the Pāṇḍavas to invite this King to the great war. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 4, Verse, 16).

5) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—Son of King Suvīra of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 2, Verse 11).

6) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A synonym of Mahāviṣṇu. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 144, Verse 86).

7) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A powerful son of Supratīka. While he was living as the lord over the country, having conquered the various Kingdoms he was told that Gauramukha Muni had in his possession the famous gem called Cintāmaṇi. He fought to gain that gem and died. The place where he met with death came to be known as Naimiśāraṇya in after years. (Varāha Purāṇa, Chapter 17).

8) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—Short form of Durjaymaṇimatinagara referred to in laudatory terms in the Mahābhārata. Some scholars hold that Durjaya is the Ellora caves of modern India, seven miles off Daulatabad. (Vana Parva, Chapter 96, Verse 1).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A son of Dana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 31.

1b) A son of Ananta (Ānarta, Matsya-purāṇa); a soldier of great fortune.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 54; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 53.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Durjaya in Itihasa glossaries]

Durjaya (दुर्जय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.22, I.65, I.61.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Durjaya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Durjaya in Hinduism glossaries]

Durjaya (दुर्जय): A brother of Duryodhana who was sent to attack Bhima, to save Karna's life but lost his own.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Durjaya in Jainism glossaries]

Durjaya (दुर्जय) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Durjaya] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

(Source): archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Durjaya in Marathi glossaries]

durjaya (दुर्जय).—a S Invincible. 2 Insurmountable, impracticable, unachievable &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

durjaya (दुर्जय).—a Invincible. Insurmountable.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Durjaya in Sanskrit glossaries]

Durjaya (दुर्जय).—a. invincible.

-yaḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

Durjaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dur and jaya (जय).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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