Durjaya, Durjayā, Dur-jaya: 28 definitions


Durjaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Durjaya (दुर्जय) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 57. The temple is mentioned as one of the twenty temples being a favorite of Viṣṇu. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Durjaya (दुर्जय):—One of the persons joining Śiva during the preparations of the war between Śankhacūḍa and the Devas, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (9.20.22-53). All persons attending were remained seated on beautiful aerial cars, built of jewels and gems. The war was initiated by Puṣpadanta (messenger of Śiva) who was ordered to restore the rights of the Devas. .

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Durjaya (दुर्जय) refers to “that which is (very) difficult to conquer” and is used to describe the Goddesses of the eight powers of Kāmadeva, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I worship those compassionately-disposed goddesses of red-complexion, the eight powers of the bodiless [love-god Kāmadeva], who have arisen like shadows of the goddess [Nityā Sundarī] and are very difficult to conquer (su-durjaya). I venerate those fourteen goddesses, with Sarvasaṃkṣobhaṇī at the fore, to whom [all] fourteen worlds bow. They carry a bow and arrows made of sugarcane. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—An absolutely cruel King. Owing to the number of adharmas (evil actions he had committed) Kāla ordained him to be born and reborn twentyone times as various animals and as a Brahmarākṣasa he roamed about forests. One of those days he caught hold of a Śīvayogī called Mahādeva whose body was smeared with Vibhūti (the sacred ash), but as soon as the Vibhūti from the body of the Śivayogī got smeared on his body also, Durjaya got back his former form and he was lifted upto Svarga. (Śiva Purāṇa, Bhasma Māhātmya).

2) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A dānava born to Kaśyapa prajāpati by Danu, his wife. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 23).

3) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—(Duṣparājaya). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 116, Verse 9).

4) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A King. Drupada advised the Pāṇḍavas to invite this King to the great war. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 4, Verse, 16).

5) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—Son of King Suvīra of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 2, Verse 11).

6) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A synonym of Mahāviṣṇu. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 144, Verse 86).

7) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A powerful son of Supratīka. While he was living as the lord over the country, having conquered the various Kingdoms he was told that Gauramukha Muni had in his possession the famous gem called Cintāmaṇi. He fought to gain that gem and died. The place where he met with death came to be known as Naimiśāraṇya in after years. (Varāha Purāṇa, Chapter 17).

8) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—Short form of Durjaymaṇimatinagara referred to in laudatory terms in the Mahābhārata. Some scholars hold that Durjaya is the Ellora caves of modern India, seven miles off Daulatabad. (Vana Parva, Chapter 96, Verse 1).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Durjaya (दुर्जय) refers to “(being) invincible (in battle)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.7 (“Commencement of the War”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Duels were fought by the gods and the Asuras crushing each other, on seeing which heroes were delighted and cowards were terrified. [...] Thus the gods and the Asuras, fought duels using their full strength with resolution. O sage, desiring to gain the upper hand and vying with each other, the powerful gods and the Asuras were equally invincible (durjaya) in the battle. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Durjaya (दुर्जय).—A son of Dana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 31.

1b) A son of Ananta (Ānarta, Matsya-purāṇa); a soldier of great fortune.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 54; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 53.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Durjaya (दुर्जय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.22, I.65, I.61.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Durjaya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Durjaya in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Durjaya (दुर्जय) refers to “(those techniques) difficult to master”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] What is to be gained by [manipulating] the vital winds, [even when] practised for a long time? [What gained] by the hundreds of [ways] of holding the breath, which cause sickness and are arduous, and by the many Mudrās, which are painful and difficult to master (durjaya)? You [should] serve continually the one and only guru to obtain that [no-mind state] whose nature is innate, on the arising of which, the breath, mighty [though it is], instantly disappears by itself. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Durjaya (दुर्जय): A brother of Duryodhana who was sent to attack Bhima, to save Karna's life but lost his own.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Durjayā (दुर्जया) refers to the “invincible bhūmi” and represents one of the ten Bodhisattva grounds (bodhisattabhūmi), according to the Mahāvastu referring to a Daśabhūmikasūtra, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52.

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Durjaya (दुर्जय) [?] is the name of a Yakṣa appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Sthūna, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Yakṣa Durjaya in Sthūna], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

Durjaya (दुर्जय) is also the name of a Devaputra appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Khotan.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Durjayā (दुर्जया) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Durjayā is white and stands in the south of the first circle.

Source: WikiPedia: Tibetan Buddhism

Durjaya (दुर्जय) (in Tibetan: Gyälka) (927–1027 CE) refers to the eleventh of the twenty-five Kalki kings (of Shambhala) who represents the holders of the Kalachakra (“wheel of time”) teachings of Buddha Shakyamuni.—The king Durjaya is described as “who binds with unbreakable iron chains”.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Durjayā (दुर्जया) or Sudurjayā refers to “that which is hard to conquer”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly [while describing the wind-circle (vāyu-cakra)]: “[...] The color [of their bodies] is the same as [the color of] the circle of [their residential] place (variegated dark blue). [...] [Every Yoginī who] dwells in the chandoha (“milking together”) [holy sites], is excellent, should be known to be [of] the Hard-to-Conquer Level (sudurjayā), and are approved to live in the fourth continent. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Durjaya (दुर्जय) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Durjaya] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

durjaya (दुर्जय).—a S Invincible. 2 Insurmountable, impracticable, unachievable &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

durjaya (दुर्जय).—a Invincible. Insurmountable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Durjaya (दुर्जय).—a. invincible.

-yaḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

Durjaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dur and jaya (जय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Durjaya (दुर्जय).—(1) name of a former Buddha: Lalitavistara 172.12; (2) name of an ancient king: Mahāvastu i.115.15.

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Durjayā (दुर्जया).—(1) name of a goddess: Sādhanamālā 502.6; (2) name of the 7th bodhisattva-bhūmi: Mahāvastu i.76.16; of the 5th bhūmi (= Sudurjayā, the regular name in the standard list), Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xx.35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durjaya (दुर्जय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Invincible, difficult to be subdued or overcome, E. dur, and jaya victory. duḥkhena jīyate dur + ji karmaṇi khal .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durjaya (दुर्जय).—I. adj., f. , difficult to be conquered. [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 75, 51. Ii. m. 1. the name of a race of demons, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 95, 4. 2. a proper name, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 29, 30.

Durjaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dus and jaya (जय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durjaya (दुर्जय).—[adjective] difficult to be subdued or overcome, invincible; [masculine] [Name] of a Dānava, a Rakṣas, & [several] men.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Durjaya (दुर्जय):—[=dur-jaya] [from dur] mfn. d° to be conquered or won, invincible, irresistible, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Dānava, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of an assemblage of D°, [Śakuntalā vi, 28/29]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Rakṣas, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of sub voce heroes, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

6) Durjayā (दुर्जया):—[=dur-jayā] [from dur-jaya > dur] f. Name of a place, [Mahābhārata iii, 8540.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Durjaya (दुर्जय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dujjaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Durjaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Durjaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Durjaya (दुर्जय):—(a) difficult to overcome or subdue, indomitable, impregnable.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Durjaya (ದುರ್ಜಯ):—[adjective] difficult or impossible to be defeated, subdued or overcome; unconquerable.

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Durjaya (ದುರ್ಜಯ):—[noun] that which or he who cannot be defeated, subdued or overcome; an unconquerable man.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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