Hartri, Hartṛ: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Hartri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hartṛ can be transliterated into English as Hartr or Hartri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hartṛ (हर्तृ) refers to the “destroyer”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] Śiva is the creator (kartṛ) of everything, the sustainer (bhartṛ) and destroyer (hartṛ). He is greater than the great. He is the supreme Brahman, the greatest lord, the attributeless, the eternal”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Hartṛ (हर्तृ) refers to “one who removes”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(The true teacher is dedicated to) truthfulness, ritual purity and cleanliness, compassion, and forbearance; he unites with his wife when it is her season, not out of passion, but for a son for the benefit of (his) clan and lineage. He practices the six magical rites, bathes (regularly) and worships at the three times of day. He avoids the Śūdra and the low caste as well as (accepting food from others), whether cooked or raw. One who is endowed with such qualities is a Brahmin (vipra), not by caste or by virtue of (his) sacred thread (and the like). These are the qualities of a (true) Brahmin. He who possesses them is a (true) teacher. Moreover, he removes error [i.e., bhrānti-hartṛ], and he reveals the meaning of the Kula scripture. Previously consecrated, (such a one) should always be made (one’s) teacher”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hartṛ (हर्तृ).—a. (-rtrī f.) One who takes away, seizes, robs, accepts &c. -m.

1) A thief, robber; हर्तुर्याति न गोचरम् (harturyāti na gocaram) Bhartṛhari 2.16.

2) The sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hartṛ (हर्तृ).—i. e. hṛ + tṛ, m., f. trī, and n. 1. One who takes, seizes, a robber, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 342. 2. One who brings, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 150, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hartṛ (हर्तृ).—[masculine] bringer, taker, receiver, seizer, remover, destroyer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hartṛ (हर्तृ):—[from hara] m. one who brings or conveys, a bearer, bringer, [Āpastamba; Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] one who seizes or takes away, a robber, thief, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] one who severs or cuts off (only as [future], ‘he will cut off’), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] one who imposes taxes (a king), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] a remover, dispeller, destroyer, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] the sun, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hartṛ (हर्तृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hattu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hartṛ (ಹರ್ತೃ):—

1) [noun] = ಹರ್ತ [harta].

2) [noun] a man who brings.

3) [noun] one who receives, accepts.

4) [noun] one who seizes and takes away; a robber or thief.

5) [noun] the sun.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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