Hartri, Hartṛ, Harttri, Harttṛ: 13 definitions


Hartri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Hartṛ and Harttṛ can be transliterated into English as Hartr or Hartri or Harttr or Harttri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hartṛ (हर्तृ) refers to the “destroyer”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] Śiva is the creator (kartṛ) of everything, the sustainer (bhartṛ) and destroyer (hartṛ). He is greater than the great. He is the supreme Brahman, the greatest lord, the attributeless, the eternal”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of hartri or hartr in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Hartṛ (हर्तृ) refers to “one who removes” (error), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(The true teacher is dedicated to) truthfulness, ritual purity and cleanliness, compassion, and forbearance; he unites with his wife when it is her season, not out of passion, but for a son for the benefit of (his) clan and lineage. [...] These are the qualities of a (true) Brahmin. He who possesses them is a (true) teacher. Moreover, he removes error [i.e., bhrānti-hartṛ], and he reveals the meaning of the Kula scripture. Previously consecrated, (such a one) should always be made (one’s) teacher”.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (shaktism)

Hartṛ (हर्तृ) refers to a “destroyer” (i.e., one who destroyes), according to the 17th century Kaulagajamardana (“crushing the Kaula elephant”) authored by Kāśīnātha or Kṛṣṇānandācala.—Accordingly, [as Īśvara said to Pārvatī]: “[...] O great Goddess, hear about the Jain. He always carries a pitcher. He is simply a soul and never an enjoyer, doer and destroyer (hartṛ). He is called a Jain, and Buddhists and [the like] are considered [to be similar]. Some pluck out their hair and dress in white, my dear, and [some] wear red garments and [others wear] indigo and so on. Some are called, 'great guru', and others pursue nonviolence. These are the different varieties in brief; they are [all] called Pāṣaṇḍas [because] they have been excluded from the vedic path. [...]”

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of hartri or hartr in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Hartṛ (हर्तृ) or Saṃhartṛ refers to the “destroyer”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.22cd-28ab]—“[...] That is supreme strength, that is supreme amṛt. The highest of splendors is highest light of light. The divine Lord is the supreme cause of all the world. The creator, supporter, and destroyer (saṃhartṛsaṃhartā) are not as strong as this. This receptacle of mantras is the word of all perfections and characteristics [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of hartri or hartr in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Hartṛ (हर्तृ) refers to the “destroyer” (of the universe), according to the Śivayogadīpikā, an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with Yoga possibly corresponding to the Śivayoga quoted in Śivānanda’s Yogacintāmaṇi.—Accordingly, [while describing a sequence of Haṭhayoga practices]: “Thus, by means of this Haṭhayoga which has eight auxiliaries, those [students who are] life-long celibates obtain the Siddhis of the [best of Sages] because of their untiring practice. [...] In the twelfth year, he is an equal to Śiva and he himself is the creator (kartṛ) and destroyer (hartṛ) [of the universe]. Thus, within twelve years, he easily becomes a perfected one of steady mind because of his devotion at the feet of the true lord of gurus. This is well attested. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of hartri or hartr in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hartṛ (हर्तृ).—a. (-rtrī f.) One who takes away, seizes, robs, accepts &c. -m.

1) A thief, robber; हर्तुर्याति न गोचरम् (harturyāti na gocaram) Bhartṛhari 2.16.

2) The sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harttṛ (हर्त्तृ).—mfn. (-rttā-rttrī-rttṛ) Taking, seizing, conveying, who takes or receives. m.

(-rttā) 1. A thief. 2. The sun. E. hṛ to take or convey, aff. tṛc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hartṛ (हर्तृ).—i. e. hṛ + tṛ, m., f. trī, and n. 1. One who takes, seizes, a robber, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 342. 2. One who brings, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 150, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hartṛ (हर्तृ).—[masculine] bringer, taker, receiver, seizer, remover, destroyer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hartṛ (हर्तृ):—[from hara] m. one who brings or conveys, a bearer, bringer, [Āpastamba; Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] one who seizes or takes away, a robber, thief, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] one who severs or cuts off (only as [future], ‘he will cut off’), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] one who imposes taxes (a king), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] a remover, dispeller, destroyer, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] the sun, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harttṛ (हर्त्तृ):—[(rttā-rttrī-rttṛ) a.] Taking, seizing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hartṛ (हर्तृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hattu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of hartri or hartr in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hartṛ (ಹರ್ತೃ):—

1) [noun] = ಹರ್ತ [harta].

2) [noun] a man who brings.

3) [noun] one who receives, accepts.

4) [noun] one who seizes and takes away; a robber or thief.

5) [noun] the sun.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of hartri or hartr in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: