Vedanga, Veda-anga, Vedāṅga: 16 definitions

Introduction

Vedanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—One of the six limbs, or supporting disciplines, of the sacred Vedas. Note: Vedāṅga is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—See under Veda.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) are six: Phonetics (śikṣā), Grammar (vyākaraṇa), Prosody (chandas), Etymological science (nirukta), Astronomy (jyotiṣa), System of ceremonials (kalpa).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) refers to a category of Apaurūṣeya texts, or “disciplines dealing with knowledge not contingent on individuals” (a type of Śāstra or ‘learned discipline’), all part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person.

The word ‘vedāṅga’ literally means (the six) limbs of Vedas, sciences auxiliary to Vedas. They are:

  1. śīkṣa (phonetics),
  2. kalpa (social thought),
  3. vyākaraṇa (grammar),
  4. nirukta (exposition of words, etymology),
  5. chandas (metrics),
  6. jyotiṣa (astronomy),
  7. alaṃkāraśāstra (study of figures of speech).
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) refers to “six auxiliary portions of the Vedas: (a) Śikṣā, proper pronunciation and articulation of Vedic Sanskrit, (b) chanda, rhythmic metres for chanting ślokas, (c) vyākaraṇa, grammar, (d) nirukta, an explanation of difficult Vedic words, (e) jyotiṣa, astrology, (f) kalpa, the ceremonial process of Vedic ceremonies for sacrifice”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) as the name of a text subsidiary to the study of the Rigveda, is first found in the Nirukta and the Rigveda Prātiśākhya.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Vedanga (vedāṅga, "limbs of the Veda") are six auxiliary disciplines traditionally associated with the study and understanding of the Vedas.

  1. Shiksha (śikṣā): phonetics, phonology and morphophonology (sandhi)
  2. Kalpa (kalpa): ritual
  3. Vyakarana (vyākaraṇa): grammar
  4. Nirukta (nirukta): etymology
  5. Chandas (chandas): meter
  6. Jyotisha (jyotiṣa): astronomy

Traditionally, vyakarana and nirukta are common to all four vedas, whilst each veda has its own shiksha, chandas, kalpa and jyotisha texts.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—Six disciplines known as vedāṅgas developed to articulate and interpret texts (such as the Ṛgveda):

  1. śikṣā (phonetics),
  2. nirukta (etymology),
  3. vyakaraṇa (grammar),
  4. chanda (prosody),
  5. kalpa (ritualistic performances),
  6. jyotiṣa (astronomy).

Out of these six disciplines, the first four pertain to language, its sounds, words and forms, etymology and metre. These four are today part of modern linguistics.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēdāṅga (वेदांग).—n (S) A sacred science considered as subordinate to, and, in some sense, a part of, the Vedas. There are six such; viz. śikṣā, kalpa, vyākaraṇa, chanda, jyōtiṣa, nirukti.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēdāṅga (वेदांग).—n A sacred science considered as subordinate to, and a part of the Vedas.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—'a member of the Veda', Name of certain classes of works regarded as auxiliary to the Vedas and designed to aid in the correct pronunciation and interpretation of the text and the right employment of the Mantras in ceremonials; (the Ved- āṅgas are six in number :-śikṣā kalpo vyākaraṇaṃ niruktaṃ chandasāṃ cayaḥ | jyotiṣāmayanaṃ caiva vedāṅgāni ṣaḍeva tu ||; i. e. 1 śikṣā 'the science of proper articulation and pronunciation'; 2 chandas 'the science of prosody'; 3 vyākaraṇa 'grammar'; 4 nirukta 'etymological explanation of difficult Vedic words'; 5 jyotiṣa 'astronomy'; and 6 kalpa 'ritual or ceremonical'). A peculiar use of the word 'वेदाङ्ग (vedāṅga)' in masculine gender may here be noted; वेदांश्चैव तु वेदाङ्गान् वेदान्तानि तथा स्मृतीः । अधीत्य ब्राह्मणः पूर्वं शक्तितोऽन्यांश्च संपठेत् (vedāṃścaiva tu vedāṅgān vedāntāni tathā smṛtīḥ | adhītya brāhmaṇaḥ pūrvaṃ śaktito'nyāṃśca saṃpaṭhet) || Bṛhadyogiyājñavalkya-Smṛti 12.34.

Derivable forms: vedāṅgam (वेदाङ्गम्).

Vedāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms veda and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) A sacred science, considered as subordinate to, and in some sense, a part of the Vedas: six sciences come under this denomination; Siksha, or the science of pronunciation and articulation; Kalpa, the detail of religious ceremonies; Vyakarana, or grammar; Ch'Handas, prosody; Jyotish, or astronomy; and Ni- Rukti, or the explanation of the difficult or obscure words and phrases that occur in the Vedas. E. veda the Vedas, aṅga a member.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—i. e. veda-aṅga, m. A sacred science connected with the Vedas; six sciences come under this denomination, viz. pronunciation, grammar, prosody, explanation of obscure terms, description of religious rites, and astronomy, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 10; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 49, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—[neuter] a limb of the Veda, i.e. one of the 6 auxiliary works belonging to it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—six supplementary vaidic treatises, namely Śikṣā, Jyotiṣa, Chandas, Nighaṇṭu, Nirukta, Kalpa. They are given separately.
—Bodl. 17 (Śikṣā, Jyotiṣa, Chandas, Nighaṇṭu, Nirukta). P. 9. Bu7hler 539 (Śikṣā, Jyotiṣa, Chandas).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग):—[from veda] a See below.

2) [from veda] b n. ‘a limb (for preserving the body) of the Veda’, Name of certain works or classes of works regarded as auxiliary to and even in some sense as part of the Veda, (six are usually enumerated [and mostly written in the Sūtra or aphoristic style]; 1. śikṣā, ‘the science of proper articulation and pronunciation’, comprising the knowledge of letters, accents, quantity, the use of the organs of pronunciation, and phonetics generally, but especially the laws of euphony peculiar to the Veda [many short treatises and a chapter of the Taittirīya-āraṇyaka are regarded as the representatives of this subject; but other works on Vedic phonetics may be included under it See prātiśākhya] : 2. chandas, ‘metre’ [represented by a treatise ascribed to Piṅgala-nāga, which, however, treats of Prākṛt as well as Saṃskṛt metres, and includes only a few of the leading Vedic metres] : 3. vyākaraṇa, ‘linguistic analysis or grammar’ [represented by Pāṇini’s celebrated Sūtras] : 4. nirukta, ‘explanation of difficult Vedic words’ cf. yāska : 5. jyotiṣa, ‘astronomy’, or rather the Vedic calendar [represented by a small tract, the object of which is to fix the most auspicious days for sacrifices] : 6. kalpa, ‘ceremonial’, represented by a large number of Sūtra works cf. sūtra : the first and second of these Vedāṅgas are said to be intended to secure the correct reading or recitation of the Veda, the third and fourth the understanding of it, and the fifth and sixth its proper employment at sacrifices: the Vedāṅgas are alluded to by Manu, who calls them, in [iii, 184], Pravacanas, ‘expositions’, a term which is said to be also applied to the Brāhmaṇas), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 145 etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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