Vedanga, aka: Vedāṅga, Veda-anga; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vedanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Vedanga in Pancaratra glossaries]

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) are six: Phonetics (śikṣā), Grammar (vyākaraṇa), Prosody (chandas), Etymological science (nirukta), Astronomy (jyotiṣa), System of ceremonials (kalpa).

(Source): archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of vedanga in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Vedanga in Jyotisha glossaries]

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—One of the six limbs, or supporting disciplines, of the sacred Vedas. Note: Vedāṅga is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of vedanga in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Vedanga in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) refers to a category of Apaurūṣeya texts, or “disciplines dealing with knowledge not contingent on individuals” (a type of Śāstra or ‘learned discipline’), all part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person.

The word ‘vedāṅga’ literally means (the six) limbs of Vedas, sciences auxiliary to Vedas. They are:

  1. śīkṣa (phonetics),
  2. kalpa (social thought),
  3. vyākaraṇa (grammar),
  4. nirukta (exposition of words, etymology),
  5. chandas (metrics),
  6. jyotiṣa (astronomy),
  7. alaṃkāraśāstra (study of figures of speech).
(Source): Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of vedanga in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Vedanga in Hinduism glossaries]

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) as the name of a text subsidiary to the study of the Rigveda, is first found in the Nirukta and the Rigveda Prātiśākhya.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

The Vedanga (vedāṅga, "limbs of the Veda") are six auxiliary disciplines traditionally associated with the study and understanding of the Vedas.

  1. Shiksha (śikṣā): phonetics, phonology and morphophonology (sandhi)
  2. Kalpa (kalpa): ritual
  3. Vyakarana (vyākaraṇa): grammar
  4. Nirukta (nirukta): etymology
  5. Chandas (chandas): meter
  6. Jyotisha (jyotiṣa): astronomy

Traditionally, vyakarana and nirukta are common to all four vedas, whilst each veda has its own shiksha, chandas, kalpa and jyotisha texts.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—Six disciplines known as vedāṅgas developed to articulate and interpret texts (such as the Ṛgveda):

  1. śikṣā (phonetics),
  2. nirukta (etymology),
  3. vyakaraṇa (grammar),
  4. chanda (prosody),
  5. kalpa (ritualistic performances),
  6. jyotiṣa (astronomy).

Out of these six disciplines, the first four pertain to language, its sounds, words and forms, etymology and metre. These four are today part of modern linguistics.

(Source): Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Vedanga in Marathi glossaries]

vēdāṅga (वेदांग).—n (S) A sacred science considered as subordinate to, and, in some sense, a part of, the Vedas. There are six such; viz. śikṣā, kalpa, vyākaraṇa, chanda, jyōtiṣa, nirukti.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēdāṅga (वेदांग).—n A sacred science considered as subordinate to, and a part of the Vedas.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of vedanga in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Vedanga in Sanskrit glossaries]

Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग).—'a member of the Veda', Name of certain classes of works regarded as auxiliary to the Vedas and designed to aid in the correct pronunciation and interpretation of the text and the right employment of the Mantras in ceremonials; (the Ved- āṅgas are six in number :-śikṣā kalpo vyākaraṇaṃ niruktaṃ chandasāṃ cayaḥ | jyotiṣāmayanaṃ caiva vedāṅgāni ṣaḍeva tu ||; i. e. 1 śikṣā 'the science of proper articulation and pronunciation'; 2 chandas 'the science of prosody'; 3 vyākaraṇa 'grammar'; 4 nirukta 'etymological explanation of difficult Vedic words'; 5 jyotiṣa 'astronomy'; and 6 kalpa 'ritual or ceremonical'). A peculiar use of the word 'वेदाङ्ग (vedāṅga)' in masculine gender may here be noted; वेदांश्चैव तु वेदाङ्गान् वेदान्तानि तथा स्मृतीः । अधीत्य ब्राह्मणः पूर्वं शक्तितोऽन्यांश्च संपठेत् (vedāṃścaiva tu vedāṅgān vedāntāni tathā smṛtīḥ | adhītya brāhmaṇaḥ pūrvaṃ śaktito'nyāṃśca saṃpaṭhet) || Bṛhadyogiyājñavalkya-Smṛti 12.34.

Derivable forms: vedāṅgam (वेदाङ्गम्).

Vedāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms veda and aṅga (अङ्ग).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of vedanga in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 1453 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Anga
Aṅga (अङ्ग) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as ment...
Veda
Veda (वेद) refers to a category of Apaurūṣeya texts, or “disciplines dealing with knowledge not...
Ayurveda
Ayurveda (अयुर्वेद) refers to the “science of medicine” and represents one of the divisions of ...
Khatvanga
Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—General Information. A King of the Ikṣvāku dynasty, known by the name Dil...
Upanga
Upāṅga (उपाङ्ग).—A mark of sandal on the forehead.-gam 1 A subdivision, a sub-head. Mb.1.1.382)...
Rigveda
Ṛgveda (ऋग्वेद).—the oldest of the four Vedas, and the most ancient sacred book of the Hindus. ...
Vedavyasa
Vedavyāsa (वेदव्यास) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvar...
Pancanga
Pañcāṅga (पञ्चाङ्ग) refers to the “five dharma practices” for obtaining the first dhyāna accord...
Vedanta
Vedānta (वेदान्त).—See under Veda.
Yajurveda
Yajurveda (यजुर्वेद) is the name of a Sanskrit text partly dealing with the ancient Indian scie...
Caturanga
Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—A king of the Aṅga dynasty. He was the son of Hemapāda and father of Pṛthu...
Nirveda
Nirveda (निर्वेद) refers to the “disgust” which the Buddha experienced according to the 2nd cen...
Lohitanga
Lohitāṅga (लोहिताङ्ग).—1) the काम्पिल्ल (kāmpilla) tree. 2) the planet Mars; ब्रह्मराशिं समावृत...
Yajnanga
Yajñāṅgā (यज्ञाङ्गा) is another name for Somavallī, a medicinal plant identified with Sarcostem...
Varanga
Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग).—[vṝ-aṅgac ṇit Uṇ.1.114]1) The handle of a sword, knife &c.2) The narrow end t...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: