Sadhya, Sādhya, Sadhyā, Sādhyā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Sadhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Sādhya (साध्य) refers to “object, or goal, for which one undergoes a corresponding practice”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sādhyā (साध्या).—Mother of the Sādhyas. (See under Sādhyas).

2) Sādhya (साध्य).—General. A Gaṇadevatā. These Devatās often used to play an important role in Purāṇic movements and incidents. The Sādhyas were born from the seed Virāṭ Puruṣa. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 1, Verse 35). But according to Viṣṇu Purāṇa (Part 1, Chapter 35) the Sādhyas were the grand-children of Dakṣa-prajāpati. Of the sixty daughters of the Prajāpati by his wife Asiknī, ten were married by Dharmadeva; The Viśvadevas were the sons of Dharmadeva by his wife Viśvā and the Sādhyas were his sons by Sādhyā. Other information.

2) (i) The Sādhyas fought with Garuḍa, who went to Devaloka for Amṛta and got defeated. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 32, Verse 16).

2) (ii) The Sādhyas feared Viśvāmitra. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 71, Verse 39).

2) (iii) Sādhyagaṇas participated in the birthday celebrations of Arjuna. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 70).

2) (iv) Sādhyas took their place in planes above the palace of Drupada to witness Draupadī’s wedding. (Ādi Parva Chapter 186, Verse 6).

2) (v) They were present at the Devayajña conducted at Naimiṣa forest. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 195, Verse 3).

2) (vi) They were present with various Kinds of arrows at the battle between Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna on the occasion of the burning of the Khāṇḍava forest. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 226 Verse 38).

2) (vii) They live in Indra’s court. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 22).

2) (viii) They go to the court of Brahmā also and worship him. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 44).

2) (ix) In the battle between Subrahmaṇya and Tārakāsura they fought on the side of the former. (Vana Parva, Chapter 231, Verse 71).

2) (x) Once they made a prayer to Dattātreya muni. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 36, Verse 3).

2) (xi) On the occasion of the battle between Karṇa and Arjuna at Kurukṣetra the Sādhyas wished success for the flatter. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 44, Verse 29).

2) (xii) They served as store-keepers at the yajña performed by king Marutta. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 22).

2) (xiii) They remain on Mount Muñjavān worshipping Śiva. (Āśvamedhika Parva, Chapter 8, Verse 1).

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Sādhya (साध्य) refers to a group of deities that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Various groups of the deities like Ādityas, Vasus, Sādhyas, Viśvedevas and Maruts have their place in the pantheon of the Nīlamata but nothing significant is said about them.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sādhya (साध्य) refers to one of the various classifications of Gaṇas: a group of deities attached to Lord Śiva.—Gaṇas are troops who generally appear in classes. Nine such classes are mentioned in the Purāṇas: They are (1) Ādityas (2) Viśvas or Viśvedevas (3) Vasus (4) Tuṣitas (5) Ābhāsvaras (6) Anilas (7) Mahārājikas (8) Sādhyas (9) Rudras. These are attached to Lord Śiva and serve under the command of Gaṇeśa, dwelling on Gaṇaparvata identified with Kailāsa—a peak of the Himālaya mountain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Sadhyā (सध्या).—A wife of Dharma; sons known as Sādhyas, participators in yajña.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 2, 12.

2a) Sādhya (साध्य).—(Gaṇa)—born of Sādhyā and Dharma: their son was Arthasiddhi;1 created by Vāmadeva; of the Tāmasa epoch;2 one of the 7 gaṇas of the Vaivasvata epoch.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 27; 38. 3.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 4. 30; 5. 17; 9. 16.
  • 3) Ib. 9. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 71; 21. 22; 30. 99.

2b) Viṣṇu, Nārāyaṇa, lying in sleep in the vast mass of water.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 108.

2c) A son of Atri, the avatār of the 12th dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 157.

2d) The sons of Manu (Cākṣuṣa);1 worshipped for control of subjects;2 came with other gods to Dvārakā to ask Kṛṣṇa to go back to Vaikuṇṭha.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 15; 7. 3; 13. 17.
  • 2) Ib. II. 3. 5; III. 20. 42; V. 1. 8.
  • 3) Ib. XI. 6. 2.

2e) The twelve sons of Dharma and Sādhyā; superior to Gods; first created as Jayādevas from the face of Brahmā, again born in Svāyambhuva epoch as Jitas, in Tāmasa epoch as Harayas, in Raivata epoch as Vaikuṇṭhas, Svārociṣa epoch as Tuṣitas, in Uttama epoch as Satyas, in Cākṣuṣa epoch as Chāndajas, and in the Vaivasvata epoch as Sādhyas; Vasus are their brothers; Gods of Cākṣuṣa and Vaivasvata epochs; their names are Mana, Anumanta, Prāṇa, Nara, Apāna, Vīryavān, Vīti, Naya, Haya, Haṃsa, Nārāyaṇa, Vibhu, and Prabhu; live in Bhuvarloka; Nārāyaṇa, their overlord;1 worship gau, the mind-born daughter of the Mānasa manes;2 requested Soma to give up Jārā to Bṛhaspati;3 with Angirasa's sons spread themselves in the world of Marici Garbha.4 5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 4-20, 58, 67; 4. 33. 8 6; 10. 88; IV. 2. 28; 15. 24, 20. 46; 30. 8.; Matsya-purāṇa 36. 1; 132. 3; 171. 42; 203. 10-12; 246. 54; 247. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 4-12; 101. 30; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 64 and 70.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 15. 15.
  • 3) Ib. 23. 35.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 38.
  • 5) Ib. V. 1. 17.

3a) Sādhyā (साध्या).—A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the 10 wives of Dharma: mother of Sādhya gaṇa.1

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 4 and 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 3 and 8. Matsya-purāṇa 5. 16-17; 171. 42; 203. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105.

3b) One of the mind-born daughters of Brahmā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 32.

3c) The mother of Vaikuṇṭhas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 41.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sādhyā (साध्या) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.37) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sādhyā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Sādhyā is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.4, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

sādhya: Sanskrit for the probandum of inference. A term used in Advaita Vedānta.

Source: Vaniquotes: Sadhya means...

1) Sādhya means what for this human form of life we have got. That is called sādhya, the goal, the goal of life. 

2) Sādhya means the objective thing, and sādhana means the process. Sādhya-sādhana.

3) Sādhya means respect. Whatever highest respect you have got, that should be offered to the spiritual master. Sarva-sādhya-paṇena(?).

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sadhya (Malayalam: സദ്യ, Sanskrit: सग्धिः, Sagdhiḥ) is a variety of vegetarian dishes traditionally served on a banana leaf in Kerala, India. Sadhya means banquet in Malayalam. It is a feast prepared mainly by men, especially when needed in large quantities, for weddings and other special events.

During a traditional Sadhya celebration people are seated cross-legged on mats. Food is eaten with the right hand, without cutlery. The fingers are cupped to form a ladle. A normal Sadhya can have about 24-28 dishes served as a single course. In cases where it is a much larger one it can over 64 items in a in a Sadya like the Sadya for Aranmula Boatrace (Valla Sadhya).

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sādhya.—(IE 8-5; EI 15; SITI), a type of income; income from land that may be brought under cultivation in future; one of the eight kinds of enjoyment of property. See aṣṭa-bhoga, siddha. Note: sādhya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sadhyā (सध्या) [or सध्यां, sadhyāṃ].—ad (Preferably sadyā or dyāṃ) Now. Pr. sadhyāca sāḷī pikavī dukāḷīṃ Used, like utpanna- bhakṣī, where a person first earns then eats. (From a tale of gautamaṛṣi, who, during a famine, daily sowed and daily caused to ripen rice for his dinner.

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sādhya (साध्य).—a (S) That can be or that is to be accomplished or performed; achievable, practicable, feasible: also attainable, acquirable, manageable, ourable; that is within one's power (to get, overcome, subdue). 2 In logic. That is to be inferred or concluded. 3 In law &c. That is to be substantiated or proved. 4 The word is very generally, although incorrectly, used in the sense of Attained, achieved, accomplished, effected. 5 as s m The twenty-second of the astronomical Yogas. 6 An order of deities, or an individual of it. The order consists of twelve. Note. In the first sense many useful compounds are current, and others may be formed endlessly. Ex. kaṣṭasādhya, āyāsasādhya, anāyāsasādhya, kṛcchra- sādhya, śramasādhya, sukha-duḥkha-dravya-dhana-jñāna-śarīra-yatna -klēśa-abhyāsa-upāya-auṣadha-śakti-bala-parākrama-yōga-śāstra -mantra-sēvā-yukti-kṛti-bhakti-sva or ātma-anya or para-tapas -kāla-śīghra-japa-vicāra-vāda-yantra-pramāṇa-anumāna-hētu -khakṣya-krama-saṅga-manuṣya-īśvara-sādhya Accomplishable or attainable--with pains or toil--with ease &c. &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sadhyā (सध्या).—ad Now.

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sādhya (साध्य).—a Achievable; acquirable. That is to be inferred.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sādhya (साध्य).—a. [sādh-ṇic yat]

1) To be effected or accomplished, to be brought about; साध्ये सिद्धिर्विधीयताम् (sādhye siddhirvidhīyatām) H.2. 15.

2) Feasible, practicable, attainable.

3) To be proved or demonstrated; आप्तवागनुमानाभ्यां साध्यं त्वां प्रति का कथा (āptavāganumānābhyāṃ sādhyaṃ tvāṃ prati kā kathā) R.1.28.

4) To be established or made good.

5) To be inferred or concluded; अनुमानं तदुक्तं यत् साध्य- साधनयोर्वचः (anumānaṃ taduktaṃ yat sādhya- sādhanayorvacaḥ) K. P.1.

6) To be conquered or subdued, conquerable; स च त्वदेकेषुनिपातसाध्यः (sa ca tvadekeṣunipātasādhyaḥ) Ku.3.15; चतुर्योपाय- साध्ये तु रिपौ सान्त्वमपक्रिया (caturyopāya- sādhye tu ripau sāntvamapakriyā) Pt.3.27.

7) Curable.

8) To be killed or destroyed.

-dhyaḥ 1 A particular class of celestial beings; साध्यानां च गणं सूक्ष्मम् (sādhyānāṃ ca gaṇaṃ sūkṣmam) Ms.1.22; विराट्- सुताः सोमसदः साध्यानां पितरः स्मृताः (virāṭ- sutāḥ somasadaḥ sādhyānāṃ pitaraḥ smṛtāḥ) Ms.3.195; Mb.1.1. 35.

2) A deity in general.

3) Name of a Mantra.

-dhyam 1 Accomplishment, perfection.

2) The thing to be proved or established, the matter at issue.

3) (In logic) The predicate of a proposition, the major term in a syllogism; साध्ये निश्चितमन्वयेन घाटेतं (sādhye niścitamanvayena ghāṭetaṃ) ... &c.; यत् साध्यं स्वयमेव तुल्यमुभयोः पक्षे विरुद्धं च यत् (yat sādhyaṃ svayameva tulyamubhayoḥ pakṣe viruddhaṃ ca yat) Mu.5.1.

4) Silver.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sādhya (साध्य).—mfn.

(-dhyaḥ-dhyā-dhyaṃ) 1. To be perfected or accomplished. 2. Accomplishable, attainable. 3. To be inferred or concluded, (in logic.) 4. To be proved or demonstrated. 5. To be cured, curable, (in medicine.) 6. To be substantiated or made good. 7. To be subdued or mastered. 8. To be destroyed. m.

(-dhyaḥ) 1. An inferior deity or demigod, one of a class of twelve. 2. A deity in general. 3. The twenty-second astronomical Yoga. 4. Name of a particular mantra. n.

(-dhyaṃ) 1. Accomplishment, perfection. 2. (In law,) The matter in debate, the thing to be proved. 3. (In logic,) The subject of the proposition, the major term in a syllogism. E. sādh to accomplish, ṇyat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sādhya (साध्य).—[adjective] to be subdued, mastered, or won; to be (being) contrived or managed; to be accomplished or fulfilled, proved or demonstrated; conquerable, practicable. feasible, curable, attainable. [masculine] [plural] a class of deities. — Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

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Sādhyā (साध्या).—[adverb] = sādhuyā.

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Sadhyā (सध्या).—reflect, ponder.

Sadhyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and dhyā (ध्या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sādhya (साध्य):—[from sādh] a mfn. to be subdued or mastered or won or managed, conquerable, amenable, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] to be summoned or conjured up, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] to be set to rights, to be treated or healed or cured, [Suśruta; Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] to be formed (grammatically), [Vopadeva]

5) [v.s. ...] to be cultivated or perfected, [Kāvya literature]

6) [v.s. ...] to be accomplished or fulfilled or brought about or effected or attained, practicable, feasible, attainable, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] being effected or brought about, taking place, [Kāśikā-vṛtti]

8) [v.s. ...] to be prepared or cooked, [Caraka]

9) [v.s. ...] to be inferred or concluded, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Bhāṣāpariccheda; Kāvyaprakāśa]

10) [v.s. ...] to be proved or demonstrated, [Raghuvaṃśa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] to be found out by calculation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Gaṇitādhyāya]

12) [v.s. ...] to be killed or destroyed, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

13) [v.s. ...] relating to the Sādhyas (See below), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] m. ([plural]) ‘they that are to be propitiated’, Name of a class of celestial beings (belonging to the gaṇa-devatā q.v., sometimes mentioned in the Veda see, [Ṛg-veda x, 90, 16]; in the [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] their world is said to be above the sphere of the gods; according to Yāska [Nirukta, by Yāska xii, 41] their locality is the Bhuvarloka or middle region between the earth and sun; in [Manu-smṛti i, 22], the Sādhyas are described as created after the gods with natures exquisitely refined, and in [iii, 195], as children of the Soma-sads, sons of Virāj; in the Purāṇas they are sons of Sādhyā, and their number is variously twelve or seventeen; in the later mythology they seem to be superseded by the Siddhas See siddha; and their names are Manas, Mantṛ, Prāṇa, Nara, Pāna, Vinirbhaya, Naya, Daṃśa, Nārāyaṇa, Vṛṣa, Prabhu), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

15) [v.s. ...] the god of love, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] Name of a Vedic Ṛṣi, [Indische Studien by A. Weber]

17) [v.s. ...] of the 21st astronomical Yoga, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Sādhyā (साध्या):—[from sādhya > sādh] a f. Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Dharma or Manu (regarded as the mother of the Sādhyas), [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

19) Sādhya (साध्य):—[from sādh] n. accomplishment, perfection, [Horace H. Wilson]

20) [v.s. ...] an object to be accomplished, thing to be proved or established, matter in debate, [ib.]

21) [v.s. ...] (in logic) the major term in a syllogism, [ib.]

22) [v.s. ...] silver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

24) Sādhyā (साध्या):—[from sādh] 2. sādhyā ind. (for 1. See under sādhya) = sādhuyā, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

25) Sādhya (साध्य):—b etc. See [column]1.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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