Dundubhi: 32 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dundubhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dundubhi in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—One of the seven sons of Dyutimān, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74.

2) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—One of the seven regions situated in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. It is also known by the name Anartha. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.

Priyavrata is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि): a Musical Instrument.—In the early Vedic times it was used both in war and peace. The Jātakas are silent about it, but in the epics we find it very commonly used on the battle-field. In Kauṭilya it is the same. The Vāyu-purāṇa also seems to hint that it was used in war, for the noise of th edrums of Suras is described as being as terrible as death.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—A terrible asura, son of Maya and brother of Māyāvī. Birth. Dānavas were the offsprings of Kaśyapa, grandson of Brahmā and son of Marīci by his wife Danu, daughter of Dakṣaprajāpati. Maya, chief among the Dānavas earned great reputation as a unique archi tect. Once Maya attended a dance programme in devaloka where he fell in love with Hemā dancing with the deva-women. When the dance was over Maya told Hemā about his love for her. Hemā too had fallen in love with Maya. And they left the place in secret and reached the southern slope of the Himālayas where they built a beautiful city called Hemapura and they lived there. Ere long they-had two sons, Dundubhi and Māyāvī, both of them equally distinguished in prowess. Uttararāmāyaṇa). (See full article at Story of Dundubhi from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—See under Mantharā.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) refers to a type of “battle-drum”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“on hearing these words of Dakṣa. the gods including Indra set off immediately in their readiness to fight. [...] Conchs were blown. Drums were beaten in that great war festival. Battle drums were sounded both big and small [viz., dundubhi]. Being encouraged by that sound, the devas in the company of the guardians of the quarters hit and thrashed the attendants of Śiva”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—The son of Andhaka and father of Daridyota (Aridyota, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 20.

1b) A son of Dyutimān; a Janapada in Krauñcadvīpa called after him; Dundubhideśa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 23, 26; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 21, 23. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 48.

1c) Mountain a hill of Krauñcadvīpa; also a region, a varṣa of the dvīpam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 26; 19. 69, 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 63, 68; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 51.

1d) Mountain one of the seven hills of Plakṣadvīpa where Dundubhi and the Asura Candramṛtyu were beaten by the Devas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 75; 19. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 72; 49. 9; 96. 145; Matsya-purāṇa 122. 13.

1e) One of the Danu's sons; a Dānava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 4.

1f) A son of Maya and Rambhā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 28.

1g) A musical instrument whose sound causes death; used in the Tārakāmaya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 177. 26.

1h) Mountain in Śākadvīpa; here the Devas once beat the drum, the sound of which caused death to Dundubhi and from thence took this name.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 13-14.

1i) A son of Sutāra, the Lord of the sacred Dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 121.

1j) (Sata Dundubhi?) a son of Jambha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 78.
Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (rāmāyaṇa)

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि), the brother of Mandodarī. He became too arrogant owing to the extraordinary boons that he received earlier from gods. That led him to challenge gods like Varuṇa and others. The latter sent him to the king of mountains, Himālaya. Himālaya told him that, as he is an abode for sages and others, he cannot fight. And he added also that the only person who would be equal to him in energy is Vālin, king of Kiṣkindhā. So Dundubhi went to Kiṣkindhā to provoke him.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “hornbill”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Dundubhi is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Kailāśa, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Kailāśa group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (eg. Dundubhi) that are to be globular shaped. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Dundubhi is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Kailāśa, featuring circular-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dundubhi(दुन्दुभि) is a Sanskrit word referring to a musical instrument (a kind of drum), to be sounded during the ceremony of “laying the foundation” of the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.35-37.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) refers to the fifty-sixth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—If there is the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘dundubhi’ at the time of birth, the native is always a recipient of honour from the King, is endowed with elephant, horse, lands and gold and is the lover of dance and songs.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year dundubhi (2042-2043 AD) will have a bodily frame distinguished by big thighs, belly, arms, and head, and will be happy.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) refers to one of the “eight lords of divisions” (vigraheśvara) associated with the so-called eight divisions (vigraha) according to the Mataṅgapārameśvara (1.8.83–5). These “eight lords of divisions” are also mentioned in a copper-plate inscription found in Malhar, Chhattisgarh, written around 650 CE. The eight divisions (vigraha) represent the uppermost part of the Lākulas’ impure universe.

All these manifestations of Śiva (eg., Dundubhi) appear at the borders of various divisions of the universe according to the Lākula system.

Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7 (shaivism)

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) refers to one of the twenty-four names of the Lāmās, according to the 8th-centry Jayadratha-yāmala.—While describing the special practices of the Lāmās mentions the special language to be used with them. This language is described as monosyllabic (ekākṣara-samullāpa) and may thus be considered to have belonged to the Sino-Tibetan family as the Lamas themselves belonged to the Tibetan group of mystics. The Lāmās [viz., Dundubhi], according to this language, had 24 different names.

Source: academia.edu: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) or Dundubhisvana refers to the “sounds of a kettle-drum” and represents one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to Jayaratha (author of the 13th century commentary Tantrālokaviveka on Abhinavagupta’s Tantrāloka). Jayaratha cites the Brahmayāmala passage giving this order of the ten sounds (eg., Dundubhi).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dundubhi in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) is the name of a Daitya, as mentionedin the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 107. Accordingly, as Prabhāvatī said to prince Naravāhanadatta: “... here [in the forest near the Pampā lake] the Daitya Dundubhi was slain in a cave by Bāli, which was the original cause of the enmity between Bāli and Sugrīva. For Sugrīva, wrongly supposing that the Daitya had slain Bāli, blocked up the entrance of the cave with mountains, and went away terrified”.

2) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) is the name of an ancient king of the Yakṣas, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Accordingly, as Mahendrāditya asked his messenger Anaṅgadeva: “...  I am Madanamañjarī, the daughter of Dundubhi, the King of the Yakṣas, and the wife of Maṇibhadra, the brother of Kuvera. I used always to roam about happily with my husband on the banks of rivers, on hills, and in charming groves...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dundubhi, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) is the fifty-sixth of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Dundubhi], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि), apparently an onomatopoetic word, means ‘drum’, as used in both war and peace. It is often mentioned from the Rigveda onwards. A special sort of drum was the ‘earth drum’, made by digging a hole in the ground and covering it with a hide. This was employed in the Mahāvrata, a rite performed at the winter solstice, for the purpose of driving away influences hostile to the return of the sun.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Dundubhi).

2) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) is also the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) refers to a set of five musical instruments.—The Heavenly Dundubhis consist of five musical instruments.

These are the Pañcamahāśabda: viz.

  1. Śṛṅga, the horn.
  2. Tammata, the drum.
  3. Śaṃkha, the conch-shell.
  4. Bherī, the trumpet.
  5. Jayaghāta, the cymbal.

(Cf. Prof. Bhandarkar’s “Jaina Iconography” Ind. Ant., 1911, June.)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Dundubhī (दुन्दुभी) refers to a particular (lucky) throw of dice, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,  “[...] then the wedding of Sāgaracandra with Priyadarśanā was celebrated by the parents at an auspicious conjunction of the stars on an auspicious day. Then the bride and groom rejoiced at the desired marriage just as at the fall of the thought-about dundubhī. [...]”.

2) Dundubhī (दुन्दुभी) refers to “heavenly-drums”, according to chapter 1.2.—Accordingly, “[...] Then some gods beat loudly drums that made the mountains of the gods reverberate with loud echoes from caves. Others, full of devotion, sounded heavenly-drums (dundubhi) whose sounds stole the beauty of the murmur of the great ocean stirred by the churning-stick. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dundubhi.—(ASLV), a musical instrument. Note: dundubhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dundubhi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dundubhi : (nt.) drum.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dundubhi, (m. & f.) (Sk. dundubhi, onomat.; cp. other forms under daddabha, dudrabhi) a kettle-drum, the noise of a drum, a heavy thud, thunder (usually as deva° in the latter meaning) Pv III, 34; J.VI, 465; PvA.40, 189 (v. l. dudrabhi).—Amata° the drum of Nibbāna M.I, 171=Vin.I, 8 (: dudrabhi); deva° thunder D.II, 156; A.IV, 311. (Page 327)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dundubhi (दुंदुभि).—m S A sort of kettle-drum.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dundubhi (दुंदुभि).—m A sort of kettle-drum.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—m. f.

1) A sort of large kettle-drum, drum; विजयदुन्दुभितां ययुरर्णवाः (vijayadundubhitāṃ yayurarṇavāḥ) R.9.11. -m.

1) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

2) Of Kṛṣṇa.

3) a kind of poison.

4) Name of a demon slain by Vāli. (When Sugrīva showed to Rāma the skeleton of this demon to show him how powerful Vāli was, Rāma kicked it with but a gentle force, and threw it many miles away).

5) Name of Varuṇa.

6) Name of the 56th year in the cycle of संवत्सर (saṃvatsara)s.

7) (f.) A pair of three spots on a die. दुन्दुभिर्दैत्यभेदे च वाद्ये वर्षे त्रिकद्वये (dundubhirdaityabhede ca vādye varṣe trikadvaye) Nm.

Derivable forms: dundubhiḥ (दुन्दुभिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—(1) f., name of a ‘gandharva maid’: Kāraṇḍavvūha 4.21; (2) m., name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—m.

(-bhiḥ) 1. A sort of large kettle drum. 2. A name of Varuna, regent of the ocean. 3. The name of a Daitya or demon. 4. A pair or couple. f. (-bhiḥ-bhī) 1. A die or dice. 2. Twice three spots on a dice, or a pair of dice, with three spots on each. E. dundu imitative sound, and bhā to utter, affix ki or dyau heave, ubh to fill, and deriv, irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—perhaps dundubh, a dialectical form of a frequentat. of tubh, + i, I. m. and f. bhī, A kettle-drum, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 25; Mahābhārata 3, 786. Ii. m. A name of Kriṣṇa, Mahābhārata 12, 1511.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—[masculine] [feminine] drum ([feminine] also ī); [masculine] also [Epithet] of Kṛṣṇa & [Name] of [several] men, [feminine] ī [Name] of a Rākṣasī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Duṇḍubhi (दुण्डुभि):—m. a kind of lizard, [Mahābhārata vii, 6905; Suśruta; Varāha-mihira] (= duṇḍubha; cf. also dundubha and bhika).

2) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि):—mf. a sort of large kettledrum, [Ṛg-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) a sort of poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Name of the 56th year in the Jupiter cycle of 60 years, [Varāha-mihira; Sūryasiddhānta]

5) of Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata xii, 1511]

6) of Varuṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) of Asuras, a Rakṣas, a Yakṣa etc., [Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) of a son of Andhaka and grandson of Anu etc., [Purāṇa]

9) f. a drum, [Atharva-veda vi, 38, 4] (also bhī, [Mahābhārata iii, 786])

10) Dundubhī (दुन्दुभी):—[from dundubhi] f. a [particular] throw of the dice in gambling, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a Gandharvī, [Mahābhārata]

12) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि):—n. Name of a [particular] Varṣa in Krauñca-dvīpa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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