Dundubhi; 14 Definition(s)
Dundubhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—One of the seven sons of Dyutimān, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74.
2) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—One of the seven regions situated in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. It is also known by the name Anartha. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.
Priyavrata is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.
The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि): a Musical Instrument.—In the early Vedic times it was used both in war and peace. The Jātakas are silent about it, but in the epics we find it very commonly used on the battle-field. In Kauṭilya it is the same. The Vāyu-purāṇa also seems to hint that it was used in war, for the noise of th edrums of Suras is described as being as terrible as death.(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
1a) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि).—The son of Andhaka and father of Daridyota (Aridyota, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 20.
1b) A son of Dyutimān; a Janapada in Krauñcadvīpa called after him; Dundubhideśa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 23, 26; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 21, 23. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 48.
1c) Mountain a hill of Krauñcadvīpa; also a region, a varṣa of the dvīpam.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 26; 19. 69, 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 63, 68; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 51.
1d) Mountain one of the seven hills of Plakṣadvīpa where Dundubhi and the Asura Candramṛtyu were beaten by the Devas.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 75; 19. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 72; 49. 9; 96. 145; Matsya-purāṇa 122. 13.
1e) One of the Danu's sons; a Dānava.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 4.
1f) A son of Maya and Rambhā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 28.
1g) A musical instrument whose sound causes death; used in the Tārakāmaya.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 177. 26.
1h) Mountain in Śākadvīpa; here the Devas once beat the drum, the sound of which caused death to Dundubhi and from thence took this name.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 13-14.
1i) A son of Sutāra, the Lord of the sacred Dvāpara.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 121.
1j) (Sata Dundubhi?) a son of Jambha.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 78.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Āyurveda (science of life)
Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “hornbill”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Dundubhi is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Kailāśa, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Kailāśa group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (eg. Dundubhi) that are to be globular shaped. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Dundubhi is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Kailāśa, featuring circular-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Dundubhi(दुन्दुभि) is a Sanskrit word referring to a musical instrument (a kind of drum), to be sounded during the ceremony of “laying the foundation” of the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.35-37.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
Itihāsa (narrative history)
Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि), the brother of Mandodarī. He became too arrogant owing to the extraordinary boons that he received earlier from gods. That led him to challenge gods like Varuṇa and others. The latter sent him to the king of mountains, Himālaya. Himālaya told him that, as he is an abode for sages and others, he cannot fight. And he added also that the only person who would be equal to him in energy is Vālin, king of Kiṣkindhā. So Dundubhi went to Kiṣkindhā to provoke him.(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (rāmāyaṇa)
Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Jyotiṣa (astronomy and astrology)
Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) refers to the fifty-sixth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—If there is the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘dundubhi’ at the time of birth, the native is always a recipient of honour from the King, is endowed with elephant, horse, lands and gold and is the lover of dance and songs.
According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year dundubhi (2042-2043 AD) will have a bodily frame distinguished by big thighs, belly, arms, and head, and will be happy.(Source): The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or ‘astrology’. It is one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) refers to one of the “eight lords of divisions” (vigraheśvara) associated with the so-called eight divisions (vigraha) according to the Mataṅgapārameśvara (1.8.83–5). These “eight lords of divisions” are also mentioned in a copper-plate inscription found in Malhar, Chhattisgarh, written around 650 CE. The eight divisions (vigraha) represent the uppermost part of the Lākulas’ impure universe.
All these manifestations of Śiva (eg., Dundubhi) appear at the borders of various divisions of the universe according to the Lākula system.(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि), apparently an onomatopoetic word, means ‘drum’, as used in both war and peace. It is often mentioned from the Rigveda onwards. A special sort of drum was the ‘earth drum’, made by digging a hole in the ground and covering it with a hide. This was employed in the Mahāvrata, a rite performed at the winter solstice, for the purpose of driving away influences hostile to the return of the sun.(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
dundubhi : (nt.) drum.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Dundubhi, (m. & f.) (Sk. dundubhi, onomat.; cp. other forms under daddabha, dudrabhi) a kettle-drum, the noise of a drum, a heavy thud, thunder (usually as deva° in the latter meaning) Pv III, 34; J.VI, 465; PvA.40, 189 (v. l. dudrabhi).—Amata° the drum of Nibbāna M.I, 171=Vin.I, 8 (: dudrabhi); deva° thunder D.II, 156; A.IV, 311. (Page 327)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Languages of India and abroad
dundubhi (दुंदुभि).—m S A sort of kettle-drum.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
dundubhi (दुंदुभि).—m A sort of kettle-drum.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 16 books and stories containing Dundubhi. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LXVI - Description of the specific marks of Salagrama < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XLVII - Essential features of a divine temple or of a palace < [Agastya Samhita]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XIV - Dynasty of Anamitra and Andhaka < [Book IV]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 9 - Śiva’s incarnations as Yogācāryas < [Section 7.2 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (2)]
Chapter 26 - The deception or dodging of Kāla < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 4 - The story of Ṛṣabha < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Marriage with Devakī < [Chapter V - Birth of Rāma, Kṛṣṇa, and Ariṣṭanemi]
Appendix 1.5: The 108 Qualities of the Pañcaparameṣṭhins < [Appendices]
Appendix 1.6: New and rare words < [Appendices]
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