Mukunda, Mukundā: 16 definitions



Mukunda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mukunda (मुकुन्द) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of “awned grain” (śūkadhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant Mukunda is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Mukunda is similar to Śyāmāka in properties, which it is said to be astringent-sweet and light in character. It also aggravates vāta and alleviates kapha and pitta. It is cold, constipating and absorbent.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mukunda (मुकुन्द).—A name of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 5. 19; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 33. 14. IV. 9. 45. 40. 7.

1b) Mountain in Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 10.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Mukunda (मुकुन्द) refers to:—A name for Śrī Kṛṣṇa; the giver of liberation. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Mukundā (मुकुन्दा) refers to the “kettle-drum” and the deification thereof, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Her Colour is white; her Symbol is the mukunda instrument; she has two arms.

Mukundā is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (vajraḍāka-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Mukundā is white in colour. She plays on the instrument called the mukunda with her two hands”.

[All these deities are collectively described as nude, violent in appearance, wearing garlands of skulls and severed heads and dancing in pratyālīḍha. They display the different instruments as their special symbols.]

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Mukundā (मुकुन्दा) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Mukunda forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Ākāśacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the ākāśacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Mukundā] and Vīras are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife. Alternatively, the Ḍākinīs have their own marks and motions according to the taste instead of a small drum and a skull staff.

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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Mukunda (मुकुन्द) was the grand-father of  Rūpa Gosvāmin (C. 1470-1583 C.E.): author of Aṣṭādaśachandas and erudite scholar of Indian Diaspora who has enriched the Sanskrit literature by his various compositions with the nectar of Vaiṣṇava philosophy. Rūpagosvāmin was the son of Kumāra, grandson of Mukunda, great grandson of Padmanābha and great great grandson of Rūpeśvara, who is the son of Jagadguru Niruddha. He had two brothers namely Vallabha and Sanātana. He was also the uncle of Jīvagosvāmin, son of his younger brother Vallabha. He was a resident of Rāmakeli, a village in Bengal.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mukunda (मुकुन्द).—[mukum dāti dā-ka pṛṣo° mum]

1) Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa.

2) Quicksilver.

3) A kind of precious stone.

4) Name of one of the nine treasures of Kubera.

5) A kind of drum.

6) A kind of grain.

7) (In music) A kind of measure.

8) The resin of the गुग्गुल (guggula) or कुरुन्द (kurunda) tree (Boswellia Thurifera); also मुकुन्दुः (mukunduḥ).

Derivable forms: mukundaḥ (मुकुन्दः).

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Mukundā (मुकुन्दा).—f. A kind of drum; वीणामुकुन्दामुरजादिभिश्च (vīṇāmukundāmurajādibhiśca) Bu. Ch.1.45.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mukuṇḍa (मुकुण्ड).—m. (= makunda, mukunda), a kind of drum: tuṇapaṇavamṛdaṅgāṃ vīṇaveṇūmukuṇḍāṃ (all mss. ṇḍ) Lalitavistara 80.5 (verse); Tibetan seems to render by rṅa, see s.v. mukunda, qualified by same epithet.

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Mukunda (मुकुन्द).—m. (= mak°, mukuṇḍa), a kind of drum: °daḥ Mahāvyutpatti 5020 = Tibetan rṅa (drum) mu kun da, or rṅa zlum (round); probably read this word for the corrupt muk- kanda of Samādhirājasūtra p. 34 line 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mukunda (मुकुन्द).—m.

(-ndaḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu. 2. Gum olibanum. 3. A precious gem. 4. Quicksilver. 5. One of the nine treasures of Kuve- Ra. 6. A kind of drum. E. muku liberation, (from passion, &c.) in the second case mukuṃ and to give, aff. ka; or muc to liberate, or muku as before, unda to wet, to sprinkle, aff. ac, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mukunda (मुकुन्द).—m. 1. A precious gem. 2. Quicksilver. 3. One of Kuvera’s treasures. 4. A name of Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 9, 36. 5. Gum olibanum.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mukunda (मुकुन्द).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Mukunda (मुकुन्द) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Puruṣottama, father of Śambhu, grandfather of Rāmadeva and Viśvanāthadeva (Kuṇḍamaṇḍapakaumudī).

2) Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—Kāśīmāhātmyasaṃgraha.

3) Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—Kenopaniṣaṭṭippaṇa. Garuḍopaniṣaṭṭippaṇa. Cūlikopaniṣaddīpikā. Brahmasūtravyākhyā.

4) Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—Puraścaraṇakaumudi. Śivapūjā.

5) Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—Praśnamanoramāṭīkā.

6) Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—Mīranāmnikā Śaṅkaramandārasaurabhaṭīkā.

7) Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—Rāgānugā vivṛti.

8) Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—Padyāvalī.

9) Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—son of Mādhavācāryavajra: Puraścaraṇakaumudī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—m. (cf. muku) Name of Viṣṇu (sometimes transferred to Śiva), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) of a celebrated saint, [Religious Thought and Life in India 318]

3) of a [particular] treasure, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

4) a kind of precious stone, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a kind of grain, [Caraka]

6) the resin of Boswellia Thurifera, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

7) a kind of drum or kettle-drum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) (in music) a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

9) Name of various scholars and authors (also with miśra, paṇḍita, dīkṣita, śarman, kavi, parivrājaka; cf. [compound]), [Catalogue(s)]

10) of a mountain, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—(ndaḥ) 1. m. Vishnu; gum olibanum; a gem; quicksilver; one of Kuvera's treasures.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—mit kṛta u. s. w. componirt gaṇa śreṇyādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 59.] m.

1) Beiname Viṣṇu’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 215.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha.3,338.] [Medinīkoṣa d. 38.] [Halāyudha.1,21.] [Oxforder Handschriften 183,b,37.] [Mahābhārata 13,7004.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.1,5,19.4,9,36.8,8,23.9,4,19. 25.] [PAÑCAR.1,3,64.3,2,6.4,3,35.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 880] ([Oxforder Handschriften 334,a,11]). [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 24,5. 26,130.] auf Śiva übertragen [Śivanāmasahasra] —

2) Bez. eines best. Schatzes [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.1,1,79.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 193.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Oxforder Handschriften 184,a,41.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 68,5. 24.] —

3) ein best. Edelstein [Medinīkoṣa] —

4) Quecksilber [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] —

5) das Harz der Boswellia thurifera Roxb. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 4, 9.] [Medinīkoṣa] —

6) eine Art Trommel oder Pauke [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 120.] —

7) Nomen proprium verschiedener Gelehrten, = govinda [Weber’s Verzeichniss 14.] vārāhatājikamukunda [No. 880] [?(Oxforder Handschriften 334,a,3).] paṇḍita [?666 (Oxforder Handschriften 244,b, No. 608). HALL 26. 47. 53.] —

8) Nomen proprium eines Berges [Viṣṇupurāṇa 169.] — Vgl. maukunda .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mukunda (मुकुन्द):—m.

1) Beiname Viṣṇu's. wird auch auf Śiva übertragen. —

2) ein best. Schatz.

3) *ein best. Edelstein.

4) *Quecksilber.

5) eine best. Körnerfrucht , = mukundaka [Carakasaṃhitā 1,27.] —

6) *das Harz der Boswellia thurifera [Bhāvaprakāśa 1,187.] —

7) *eine Art Trommel oder Pauke.

8) ein best. Tact. [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 214.] —

9) Nomen proprium — a) verschiedener Gelehrter. Auch paṇiḍata. — b) eines Gebirges [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa 2,117.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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