Prabhanjana, Prabhañjana, Prabhañjanā, Prābhañjana, Prabhamjana, Prabhaṃjana: 24 definitions


Prabhanjana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prabhanjan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prabhanjana in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Prabhañjanā (प्रभञ्जना).—Name of a river (nadī) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—The first son of Citravāhana, king of Maṇipura. Citravāhana who was without a son for a long time did penance for obtaining a son. Śiva was pleased with his penance and he blessed him and assured him of a son soon. (Śloka 29, Chapter 214, Ādi Parva).

2) Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—A king. He performed Śiva-worship for ten thousand years and attained Dikpālakatva. The name of his son was Pūtātmā. (Skanda Purāṇa, 41, 13).

3) Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—A Kṣatriya king. Once this king killed a deer while it was breast-feeding its child and by a curse of the mother-deer Prabhañjana had to live as a tiger for a hundred years. When the period of the curse was coming to an end, the tiger heard the advice of a cow called Nandā and got himself transformed into his original form of the king. (Chapter 18, Sṛṣṭi Khaṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—God of the wind;1 narrator of the vāyu purāṇa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 25. 7.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 2.

1b) A monkey chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 233.

2) Prabhañjanā (प्रभञ्जना).—A river in the Ketumālā continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Prabhanjana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन) is the name of a deity who received the Sūkṣmāgama from Bhava who in turn, received it from Sūkṣma through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The sūkṣma-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Prabhañjana obtained the Sūkṣmāgama from Bhava who in turn obtained it from Sūkṣma who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Prabhañjana then, through divya-sambandha transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Sūkṣmāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन) refers to the “wind”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.28cd-33]—“Now, I shall explain the limbs of the mantra, with which, tied together, he achieves perfection. The hṛdayamantra, [which] confers all perfections, is the letter that terminates in the middle [j], followed by the fifth sovereign vowel [u], and summits with the conclusion of wind (prabhañjana-anta-śiras) []. The śiras is terminal soma [v] joined with that from anala [y] and yoked with oṃ. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन) refers to one of the hundred types of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—It is quite difficult to say about a definite number of varieties of Hindu temples but in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa hundred varieties of temples have been enumerated. For example, Prabhañjana. These temples are classified according to the particular shape, amount of storeys and other common elements, such as the number of pavilions, doors and roofs.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—Protector deity of the north-western cremation ground.—The northwest (vāyavī) is protected by Prabhañjana (Vāyu), hence listed also as the wind, Vāta (Śmaśānavidhi 18), but—problematically, suggesting the southwest—as Rākṣasendra/Rākṣasa in Saṃvarodayatantra 17.39. He is described in the Adbhutaśmaśānālaṃkāra and Śmaśānavidhi as blue/smoke-colored (respectively), mounted on an antelope (mṛga), holding a yellow banner (dhvaja) and skull bowl.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन) is the name of the protector (dikpati) associated with Kilakilārava: the north-western cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These protectors (e.g., Prabhañjana) are variously known as dikpati, dikpāla and lokāpala and can be traced to purāṇic legends where eight protectors are assigned to each direction by Brahmā. According to the Śmaśānavidhi verse 20, these protectors are in union with their wives and have four arms, two of which make the añjali gesture of obeisance, while the second pair usually holds a skull bowl and a tantric weapon. They are variously depicted upon their respective mounts, or sitting at the base of the tree.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Prabhanjana in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन) and Velamba are the two Indras of the Samīraṇakumāras who came to the peak of Meru for partaking in the birth-ceremonies of Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

2) Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन) is the presiding deity of Īśvara: one of the four Pātāla-vessels in the Lavaṇoda surrounding Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2.—Accordingly, “[...] In it (i.e., Lavaṇoda), in the directions, east, etc., there are 4 Pātāla-vessels, named Vaḍavāmukha, Keyūpa, Yūpaka, Īśvara, respectively, beginning with the east. They are 100,000 yojanas high; have walls of diamond 1,000 yojanas thick; are 10,000 yojanas wide at top and bottom; and have water in the third part supported by wind, resembling large clay water-jars. In them, the gods Kāla, Mahākāla, Velamba, and Prabhañjana, respectively, live in pleasure-houses”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Stanitakumāra (thundering youths) class of “residential celestial beings” (bhavanavāsin), itself a main division of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.3. The Stanitakumāras create sound. Sughoṣa and Prabhañjana are the two lords in the Fiendish-youths residential celestial beings.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabhanjana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prabhañjana (प्रभंजन).—m S (Common in poetry.) Air or wind. Ex. taṭasta jhālā pra0 || vēdhalā candrācā hariṇa ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prabhañjana (प्रभंजन).—m Air or wind.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabhanjana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—Breaking to pieces.

-naḥ Wind, especially stormy wind, hurricane; प्रभञ्जनाध्येयजवेन वाजिना (prabhañjanādhyeyajavena vājinā) N.1.67; तृणानि नोन्मूलयति प्रभञ्जनः (tṛṇāni nonmūlayati prabhañjanaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.22. -a. Destroying; ... पुत्रं देहि सुरोत्तम । बलवन्तं महाकायं सर्वदर्पप्रभञ्जनम् (putraṃ dehi surottama | balavantaṃ mahākāyaṃ sarvadarpaprabhañjanam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.123.13.

Derivable forms: prabhañjanam (प्रभञ्जनम्).

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Prābhañjana (प्राभञ्जन).—The lunar mansion Svāti.

Derivable forms: prābhañjanam (प्राभञ्जनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—name of two yakṣas: Mahā-Māyūrī 32.92.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Breaking, destroying. m.

(-naḥ) Air or wind. E. pra before, bhañj to break, aff. yuc .

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Prabhāñjana (प्रभाञ्जन).—m.

(-naḥ) A tree, (Hyperanthera morunga.) E. prabhā light, beauty, añj to go, aff. lyuṭ . “śobhāñjane” .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—[pra-bhañj + ana], I. adj. Breaking down. Ii. m. Air or wind, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 84.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन).—[adjective] = [preceding]; wind, storm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन):—[=pra-bhañjana] [from pra-bhañj] mfn. = bhaṅgin, [Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. wind or the god of wind, storm, tempest, hurricane, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a nervous disease, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Samādhi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] n. the act of breaking to pieces, [Adbhuta-brāhmaṇa]

7) Prabhāñjana (प्रभाञ्जन):—[from prabhā > pra-bhā] (bhāñj) m. Hyperanthera Moringa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Prābhañjana (प्राभञ्जन):—[=prā-bhañjana] [from prā] n. the Nakṣatra Svāti (presided over by Prabhañjana, the god of wind), [Varāha-mihira; Varāha-mihira]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन):—[pra-bhañjana] (naḥ) 1. m. Air. a. Breaking.

2) Prabhāñjana (प्रभाञ्जन):—[prabhā+ñjana] (naḥ) 1. m. A tree (Hyperanthera morunga).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prabhañjana (प्रभञ्जन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pabhaṃjaṇa, Pahaṃjaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prabhanjana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabhanjana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prabhaṃjana (प्रभंजन) [Also spelled prabhanjan]:—(nm) a hurricane.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabhanjana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prabhaṃjana (ಪ್ರಭಂಜನ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of breaking (something) into very small pieces; a breaking down or demolishing.

2) [noun] air in motion, esp. in forceful motion.

3) [noun] (myth.) Vāyu, the Wind-god.

4) [noun] one of the four vital airs related to the soul.

5) [noun] a violent storm; tempest.

6) [noun] he who destroys (something) completely; an annihilator.

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Prābhaṃjana (ಪ್ರಾಭಂಜನ):—

1) [noun] wind.

2) [noun] the Wind-God.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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