Girisha, Giriśā, Giriśa, Giri-isha: 15 definitions
Girisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Giriśā and Giriśa can be transliterated into English as Girisa or Girisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Giriśā (गिरिशा)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “hill partridge”, “girivartikā”. This animal is from the group called Pratuda (which peck). Pratuda itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
1) Girīśa (गिरीश) refers to the “lord of mountains” and is used as an epithet for Himavat, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.1.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] O sage Nārada, you listen to the story of the origin of Pārvatī’s mother and her marriage and other details both sanctifying and conducive to the growth of devotion. O excellent sage, there in the northern region is a mountain called Himavat who is the lord of mountains (i.e., Girīśa) and has great splendour and prosperity”.
2) Girīśa (गिरीश) refers to Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.38 (“Description of the dais or maṇḍapa”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] The highly intelligent Viśvakarman built everything very quickly for the propitiation of Śiva from whom he had secured great favours. Similarly he erected Śiva’s mansion of various shapes and of great brilliance. Having the symbol of Śiva (girīśa-cihna) it was designated as Śivaloka. It was admired by all the gods. [...]”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Giriśa (गिरिश).—The name of Śiva, the lord of Bhūtas and Piśācas, having the trident in his hand.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 3. 7. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 27. 63. Matsya-purāṇa 47. 190. Vāyu-purāṇa 69, 289; 70. 8.
Giriśa (गिरिश) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.16, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Giriśa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Giriśa (गिरिश).—[girau kailāsaparvate śete, śī bāhu° ḍa; P.III.2.15 Vārt; girirasyāstīti lomāditvāt śaḥ P.V.2.1.] An epithet of Śiva; प्रत्याहतास्त्रो गिरिशप्रभावात् (pratyāhatāstro giriśaprabhāvāt) R.2.41; गिरिशमुपचचार प्रत्यहं सा सुकेशी (giriśamupacacāra pratyahaṃ sā sukeśī) Kumārasambhava 1.6,37. (Also giriśayaḥ and giriśantaḥ).
Derivable forms: giriśaḥ (गिरिशः).
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1) an epithet of the Himālaya mountain.
2) an epithet of Śiva; सुतां गिरीशप्रतिसक्तमानसाम् (sutāṃ girīśapratisaktamānasām) Kumārasambhava 5.3.
Derivable forms: girīśaḥ (गिरीशः).
Girīśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and īśa (ईश).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-śaḥ) A name of Siva. E. giri a mountain, and śīñ to sleep, affix ḍa; inhabiting mount Kailasa, or frequenting the Himalaya range.
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(-śaḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. A name of Himalaya, the snowy mountains on the north of Hindustan, or the range personified 3. A name of Vrihaspati. E. giri a mountain, (or in the last meaning, gir speech,) and īśa lord.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Giriśa (गिरिश).—[giri-śa] (vb. śī), m. A name of Śiva, Mahābhārata 3, 1622.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Giriśa (गिरिश).—[adjective] dwelling on mountains, [masculine] [Epithet] of Rudra-Śiva.
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Girīśa (गिरीश).—[masculine] = giripati.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Girīśa (गिरीश):—[=gir-īśa] [from gir] 1. gir-īśa m. ‘lord of speech’, Name of Bṛhaspati (regent of the planet Jupiter), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) Giriśa (गिरिश):—[=giri-śa] [from giri > gir] a m. ([gana] lomādi) ‘inhabiting mountains’, Name of Rudra-Śiva, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xvi, 4] ([vocative case]), [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rudra, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]
4) Giriśā (गिरिशा):—[=giri-śā] [from giri-śa > giri > gir] f. = -śāyikā, [Suśruta i, 46, 2, 14]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa 9423] ([varia lectio] guhasya jananī).
6) Girīśa (गिरीश):—[from giri > gir] 2. girīśa m. (= rīndra) a high mountain
7) [v.s. ...] Name of the Himavat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] ‘mountain-lord’, Śiva, [Mahābhārata xiii, 6348; Kumāra-sambhava]
9) [v.s. ...] one of the 11 Rudras, [Yājñavalkya ii, 102/103, 34]
10) Girīśā (गिरीशा):—[from girīśa > giri > gir] f. Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa 9424] (cf. giri-śā).
11) Giriśa (गिरिश):—[=giri-śa] b etc. See sub voce 3. giri.
12) Girīśa (गिरीश):—[=gir-īśa] [from giri-śa] a 1 gir-īśa and 2 girīśa. See 1. gir and 3. giri.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Giriśa (गिरिश):—[giri-śa] (śaḥ) 1. m. A name of Shiva.
2) Girīśa (गिरीश):—[girī-śa] (śaḥ) 1. m. A name of Shiva, of Himālaya, of Vrihaspati.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Girisa (गिरिस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Giriśa.
2) Girīsa (गिरीस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Girīśa.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] Śiva, who lives in a mountain.
2) [noun] a man or animal living on mountain or in a mountain region.
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Girisa (ಗಿರಿಸ):—[noun] = ಗಿರಿಶ [girisha].
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1) [noun] the tallest or an excellent mountain.
2) [noun] (myth.) Himalaya, the king of mountains.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Girisha-muhurta, Girishacandra, Girishacihna, Girishad, Girishakaruna, Girishala, Girishalini, Girishanta, Girisharman, Girishashrutisuktimala, Girishasuktimala, Girishasundara, Girishasuta, Girishasvamimangalashasana, Girishaya, Girishayika.
Ends with: Gitagirisha.
Full-text (+103): Tungeshvara, Gishpati, Girindra, Giriraja, Sthandilasha, Giratha, Gitagirisha, Girishanta, Girishayika, Hastigirishamangalashasana, Girvanas, Ekadasharudra, Girisha-muhurta, Attahasya, Attahasa, Attahasita, Pratuda, Gir, Muhurta, Girishasundara.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Girisha, Giriśā, Giriśa, Girisa, Giri-isa, Giri-īśa, Giri-isha, Girīśa, Gir-isha, Gir-īśa, Gir-isa, Giri-sha, Giri-śa, Giri-sa, Giri-śā, Girīśā, Girī-śa, Girīsa; (plurals include: Girishas, Giriśās, Giriśas, Girisas, isas, īśas, ishas, Girīśas, shas, śas, sas, śās, Girīśās, Girīsas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 4 - On the Devas going to Mahā Deva < [Book 10]
Rudra-Shiva concept (Study) (by Maumita Bhattacharjee)
2.14. Rudra as Giriśanta, Giritra, Giriśa < [Chapter 6a - The Epithets of Rudra-Śiva]
1. Epithets and Attributes of Rudra-Śiva (Introduction) < [Chapter 6a - The Epithets of Rudra-Śiva]
4. Epithets of Rudra-Śiva tracked in the Upaniṣadic literature < [Chapter 6b - Epithets (References)]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 19 - Treatment for diarrhea (10): Girisha-sundara rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Treatment for fever (118): Girisha-karuna rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section VIII < [Ashvamedhika Parva]
Section 17 < [Sauptika Parva]
Section LXIII < [Anugita Parva]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)