Girisha, Giriśā, Giriśa, Giri-isha: 8 definitions


Girisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Giriśā and Giriśa can be transliterated into English as Girisa or Girisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Giriśā (गिरिशा)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “hill partridge”, “girivartikā”. This animal is from the group called Pratuda (which peck). Pratuda itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Giriśa (गिरिश).—The name of Śiva, the lord of Bhūtas and Piśācas, having the trident in his hand.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 3. 7. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 27. 63. Matsya-purāṇa 47. 190. Vāyu-purāṇa 69, 289; 70. 8.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Giriśa (गिरिश) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.16, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Giriśa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Giriśa (गिरिश).—[girau kailāsaparvate śete, śī bāhu° ḍa; P.III.2.15 Vārt; girirasyāstīti lomāditvāt śaḥ P.V.2.1.] An epithet of Śiva; प्रत्याहतास्त्रो गिरिशप्रभावात् (pratyāhatāstro giriśaprabhāvāt) R.2.41; गिरिशमुपचचार प्रत्यहं सा सुकेशी (giriśamupacacāra pratyahaṃ sā sukeśī) Ku.1.6,37. (Also giriśayaḥ and giriśantaḥ).

Derivable forms: giriśaḥ (गिरिशः).

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Girīśa (गिरीश).—

1) an epithet of the Himālaya mountain.

2) an epithet of Śiva; सुतां गिरीशप्रतिसक्तमानसाम् (sutāṃ girīśapratisaktamānasām) Ku.5.3.

Derivable forms: girīśaḥ (गिरीशः).

Girīśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and īśa (ईश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Giriśa (गिरिश).—m.

(-śaḥ) A name of Siva. E. giri a mountain, and śīñ to sleep, affix ḍa; inhabiting mount Kailasa, or frequenting the Himalaya range.

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Girīśa (गिरीश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. A name of Himalaya, the snowy mountains on the north of Hindustan, or the range personified 3. A name of Vrihaspati. E. giri a mountain, (or in the last meaning, gir speech,) and īśa lord.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Giriśa (गिरिश).—[giri-śa] (vb. śī), m. A name of Śiva, Mahābhārata 3, 1622.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Giriśa (गिरिश).—[adjective] dwelling on mountains, [masculine] [Epithet] of Rudra-Śiva.

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Girīśa (गिरीश).—[masculine] = giripati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Girīśa (गिरीश):—[=gir-īśa] [from gir] 1. gir-īśa m. ‘lord of speech’, Name of Bṛhaspati (regent of the planet Jupiter), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Giriśa (गिरिश):—[=giri-śa] [from giri > gir] a m. ([gana] lomādi) ‘inhabiting mountains’, Name of Rudra-Śiva, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xvi, 4] ([vocative case]), [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rudra, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

4) Giriśā (गिरिशा):—[=giri-śā] [from giri-śa > giri > gir] f. = -śāyikā, [Suśruta i, 46, 2, 14]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa 9423] ([varia lectio] guhasya jananī).

6) Girīśa (गिरीश):—[from giri > gir] 2. girīśa m. (= rīndra) a high mountain

7) [v.s. ...] Name of the Himavat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] ‘mountain-lord’, Śiva, [Mahābhārata xiii, 6348; Kumāra-sambhava]

9) [v.s. ...] one of the 11 Rudras, [Yājñavalkya ii, 102/103, 34]

10) Girīśā (गिरीशा):—[from girīśa > giri > gir] f. Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa 9424] (cf. giri-śā).

11) Giriśa (गिरिश):—[=giri-śa] b etc. See sub voce 3. giri.

12) Girīśa (गिरीश):—[=gir-īśa] [from giri-śa] a 1 gir-īśa and 2 girīśa. See 1. gir and 3. giri.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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