Caracara, Cara-acara, Carācara: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Caracara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charachara.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Carācara (चराचर) refers to the “mobile and immobile” (universe), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess Kumārī said to Ṛṣi Vyāsa said: “Vyāsa’s state is nothing (real). O Śaṃkara, (there is nothing) of mine (I can give) you. [...] Māyā pervades this world and the entire mobile and immobile universe [i.e., carācara]. Māyā is the supreme Nirvāṇa. Māyā is the supreme delusion. Māyā, the whore, is the source (yoni) (of the universe). Māyā is the sacrifice (yāga) without consciousness. Māyā is maṇḍala and mantra. Māyā is the ocean of the principles (of existence). Māyā is Śakti. Śiva is Māyā. Due to Māyā, Śaṃkara (appears as) a sage. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Caracara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Carācara (चराचर) refers to the “movable and the immovable beings”, whose energy (su-śakti) represents Goddess Durgā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.11. Accordingly as Brahmā said to Nārada:—“[...] O sage, seeing her [Durgā] who was Śiva’s Energy herself, directly in front of me, my lofty shoulders bent down with devotion and I eulogised her after due obeisance. [...] Obeisance, obeisence, to Thee, who art in the form of Pravṛtti (action) and Nivṛtti (abstinence); who art in the form of creation and sustenance of the universe. Thou art the eternal Energy of the movable and the immovable beings (carācara) capable of enchanting everyone”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Carācara (चराचर) (‘running about’), a term found classed with Sarīsṛpa in the Yajurveda-saṃhitās, must apparently denote some kind of animal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caracara (चरचर) [or रां, rāṃ].—ad Imit. of the sound of rending, slitting, tearing; of flapping, fluttering, rustling; of spitting, sputtering, hissing, crackling, brustling; of cutting or slashing coarse grass &c. Hence mājhēṃ kāḷīja ca0 kāmpatēṃ. Also expressive of the manner of smart or brisk speaking, writing, sewing, and some other actions.

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caracara (चरचर).—a & ad Sharp or keen--an edge. v kara, lāva.

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caracara (चरचर).—f (Commonly caracura) Smart; sharp, stinging, tingling pain. v lāga. 2 fig. Regret. v lāga. 3 Sharpness (as of a weapon or tool): also fig. pertness or saucy briskness (of speech).

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carācara (चराचर).—a (S cara Movable, acara Immovable.) Every created thing, animate or inanimate.

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carācara (चराचर).—f n S Traditional or transmitted practice.

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carācara (चराचर) [or रां, rāṃ].—ad (Intens. of caracara) Imit. of the sound of a violent rending or tearing; of a loud and rapid crackling or brustling; or of a sharp spitting and sputtering: also expressive of recklessness, vehemence, or rapidity of manner; as ca0 -khātō-bōlatō-vācatō-lihitō &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caracara (चरचर) [or rāṃ, or रां].—ad Imit. of the sound of rending, slitting, tearing.

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caracara (चरचर).—a & ad Sharp or keen-an edge.

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carācara (चराचर).—a Every created thing, animate or inanimate.

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carācara (चराचर) [or rāṃ, or रां].—ad (Intens. of caracara) Imit. of the sound of a violent rending or tearing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Carācara (चराचर).—a.

1) movable and immovable; चरा- चराणां भूतानां कुक्षिराधारतां गतः (carā- carāṇāṃ bhūtānāṃ kukṣirādhāratāṃ gataḥ) Ku.6.67;2.5; Bg.11.43.

2) wished, desired.

3) shaking, trembling.

Carācara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms cara and acara (अचर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carācara (चराचर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-rī-raṃ) 1. Moveable, locomotive. 2. Shaking, trembling, unsteady. 3. Wished, desired. 4. Moveable and immoveable. n.

(-raṃ) 1. The world. 2. Sky, atmosphere. 3. Heaven, paradise. 4. The aggregate of all things, whether inanimate or animate. E. car to go, affix ac and the derivative reiterated, āṅ inserted; or cara what goes and acara what does not go.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carācara (चराचर).—i. e. caraacara, adj. Moveable and immoveable, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 15, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carācara (चराचर).—1. [adjective] movable, stirring.

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Carācara (चराचर).—2. [adjective] movable and immovable, [substantive] animals and plants, the whole world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Carācara (चराचर):—[from cara > car] 1. carācara mfn. movable and immovable, locomotive and stationary, moving and fixed (as animals and plants), [Manu-smṛti i, iii; Bhagavad-gītā xf.; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the aggregate of all created things whether animate or inanimate, world, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Bhagavad-gītā; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [from car] 2. carācara mfn. (√car [reduplicated] [Pāṇini 6-1, 12], [vArttika] 6; vii, 4, 58, [Patañjali]) moving, locomotive, running, [Ṛg-veda x, 85, 11; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxii; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] n. Cypraea moneta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a and carāc See √car.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carācara (चराचर):—[carā-cara] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Moveable, unsteady; wished for. n. The world; sky; heaven; all things.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Caracarā (चरचरा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Caracarā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Caracara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caracara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Carācara (चराचर) [Also spelled charachar]:—(a) movable and immovable, animate and inanimate; (nm) the entire creation.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Caracarā (चरचरा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Caracarā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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