Pingala, aka: Piṅgalā, Piṅgala, Piṅgāla; 28 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pingala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Piṅgalā (पिङ्गला):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Kanda, the fifth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Piṅgalā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is the name of a rākṣasa chief, presiding over Pātāla, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Pātāla refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) refers to one of the eighteen teachers of Āgama digests (paddhati) according to a theory where the sacred knowledge emanated from Śiva is said to have taught by Nandin to Sanaka, Sanātana, Sanandana and Sanatkumāra. Out of the four mutts established by them on the slopes of Himalayas, other eighteen mutts are established by Āgamic seers (eg., Piṅgala), who authored the manuals named after their respective founders. The śaivāgama digests are termed as paddhati: manuals compiled by the teachers who have condensed the subject matter from the śloka-based Mūlāgamasand and presented them in the form of prayoga.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Piṅgala) various roles suitable to them.

2) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is the name of a cloud whose sound corresponds to the Āliṅgya note made by drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “after seeing that the Mṛdaṅgas, Paṇavas and Dardaras have been made, the great sage Svāti brought about a similarity of their notes with those of clouds... The cloud named Piṅgala gave note to Āliṅgya... Those who want Success of performances should make to these clouds, offerings which are dear to spirits (bhūta)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

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Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Piṅgalā (पिङ्गला) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Piṅgalā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—A deva who is an attendant of the Sungod. Sūrya (Sun-god) rides in a one-wheeled chariot drawn by seven horses and he bears in his hands two lotuses. On his right side stands the attendant Daṇḍī with an ink-pot and a writing stick and on his left side stands the attendant Piṅgala with a stick. Both these are demi god attendants of Sūrya. (Chapter 51, Agni Purāṇa).

2) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—A prominent serpent born to the sage Kaśyapa of his wife Kadrū. (Śloka 9, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).

3) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—A sage. He was a Yajvā (priest) in the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 6, Chapter 53, Ādi Parva).

4) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—A King of the Yakṣas. He is a friend of Śiva. He acts as body-guard to Śiva who spends his time in cremation grounds. This Yakṣa gives happiness to all in the world. (Śloka 51, Chapter 23, Vana Parva).

5) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—A lion, who is a character in the book Pañcatantra. (See under Pañcatantra).

6) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—A brahmin of very bad manners. This brahmin was killed by his own wife who was a prostitute. In their next birth Piṅgala became a vulture and the prostitute, a parrot. Both had memories of their previous birth and the vulture (Piṅgala) with vengeance killed the parrot. After that Piṅgala was eaten one day by a tiger A brahmin residing on the shores of Gaṅgā read to their souls the fifth chapter of Gītā and they got salvation and entered Pitṛloka (world of the Manes). (Chapter 40, Sṛṣṭi Khaṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa).

7) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—A rākṣasa (demon). Once when this demon was going through a forest he met a forester. The latter got afraid and climbed up a Śamī tree. Then a branch broke and it fell on the head of Gaṇeśa sitting beneath that tree. It was an act of worship and because of that both the forester and the demon were elevated. (Gaṇeśa Purāṇa).

8) Piṅgalā (पिङ्गला).—A prostitute. (See under Ṛṣabha II).

9) Piṅgalā (पिङ्गला).—A prostitute of the country of Avantī. Piṅgalā was born as the daughter of King Candrāṅgada in her next birth because of the virtuous act she did in doing service to the sage Ṛṣabha. The King named the girl Kīrtimālinī and Bhadrāyu married her. (See under Bhadrāyu).

10) Piṅgalā (पिङ्गला).—A woman of the city of Ayodhyā. Once this woman approached Śrī Rāma with amorous intentions and Śrī Rāma who was strictly observing a vow of one-wife refused to satisfy her desire and said:—"During the incarnation of Kṛṣṇa you will be born as a servant maid of Kaṃsa and then I will in my form as Kṛṣṇa accept you." Sītā on hearing this cursed Piṇgalā. She said "Oh beautiful woman who has approached my husband with amorous intentions, you will have three bends in your body when you are born next as the servant maid of Kaṃsa." Piṅgalā weeping bitterly craved for pardon and then Sītā said that Kṛṣṇa would make her perfect. (Vilāsa Kāṇḍa, Ānanda Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—One of the eleven Rudras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 153. 19; 171. 39.

1b) A door-keeper of the Sun God.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 261. 5.

1c) A mountain west of the Śitoda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 27.

2a) Piṅgalā (पिङ्गला).—An aged prostitute of the Videha city; her story as narrated by Avadhūta to Yadu is as follows; she spent her life as a public woman living by earning money every day from one paramour or other; one night she did not get a paramour though she waited to the middle of the night; she then grew disgusted with her life and turned her thought on Hari which resulted in her restful sleep;1 her view of life cited by the Gopis to Uddhava.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 8. 22-44.
  • 2) Ib. X. 47. 47.

2b) An elephant (nāga).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 346.

2c) A śakti of Śri Mārutesvara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 33. 70.

2d) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 23.

2e) Gave birth to Mahāpadma and Ūrmimāli; husband, candra or moon; these families were fond of elephant fighting; some of them were used in the war between the Devas and Asuras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 229 and 231.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.35.9, I.48.6, I.53) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Piṅgala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is part of a sculpture of Sūrya (sun god) found at the temple of Lokeśvara, eastern porch ceiling.—In the upper portion of the tableau, by the side of the Sun are two makara, aquatic animals from the mouth of which are jutting out two human beings. Below these personages are seated two devotees, one on each side. They are Daṇḍin and Piṅgala. The former with a palm leaf book and a style is writing. On the snouts of aquatic reptiles are seated Śaṅkhanidhi and Padmanidhi. On the right hand side of the tableau, Mandeha, a group of demons who tried to attack the sun god, are taking to their heels. It is believed that they were taken aback when seven ascetics began to offer morning arghya, offering water respectfully to Sūrya. So these ascetics are shown on the right side of the god and on the left side are seen celestial beings offering flowers to him.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—Dhīreśvarācārya, author of Vṛttamañjarī, who hailed from Assam puts an imaginary iconographical picture of Piṅgala, which is also peculiar in its nature. While offering his benediction to Piṅgala in the second chapter, he says “Piṅgala holds akṣasūtra in one of his hands, and kamaṇḍalu in another; wears a skin of black deer (ajina) with muñja girdle; possesses a sacred thread (upavīta) on his body”. He also says that “Piṅgala is adorned with brown clotted hair, which looks like burning fire”.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (iconography)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) refers to the fifty-first saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ named ‘pingala’ has yellowish eyes, is the doer of reprehensible or blameworthy deeds, is of fierce or extreme nature, restless, has grandeur or majesty, is bountiful or beneficent, stupid and harsh speaking (that is, speaks bitter words), remains happy, gets fame in the battle, is handsome, the minister of the King, is honoured by many and is capable or competent (powerful).

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year pingala (2037-2038 AD) will be a saint with his mind under control and will engage in the practice of penances.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

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Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The first ācārya of Chanda Śāstra (Metrics) and probably a younger brother of Pānīni.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

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Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is one of the authors of Sanskrit prosody that have enriched the Sanskrit literature through their various interpretations.—He is the founder of the school of Sanskrit Prosody similar to the Aṣṭādhyāyī of the great grammarian Pāṇini. He includes both the Vedic and Classical metres. Introducing six pratyayas, he gives an exhaustive interpretation to multiply the metres into numerous numbers. The work Chandaśśāstra is composed in sūtra form and divided into eight chapters. He expresses his views precisely in sūtra and presents all aspects of metres in his work.

Piṅgala is acclaimed as the son of Dākṣī, which endorses him to be the brother of Pāṇini (who is also known as Dākṣīputra). The famous tantric writer Bhāskararāya mentions Piṅgala as the son of Dākṣī in his Bhāṣyarāja, a metrical composition.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Piṅgalā (पिङ्गला) refers to the “right principle channel” and is explained in terms of kuṇḍalinīyoga by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka.—The body is described, starting from the “bulb” (kanda), the place in which the subtle channels (nāḍī) originate, located between anus and penis (28–9). The three principal channels are iḍā (left), piṅgalā (right) and suṣumṇā (in the centre of the spine and the head). Inside the suṣumṇā is citrā, a channel connecting to the place on the top of the skull called the brahmarandhra (30–4).

Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Katha (narrative stories)

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Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is the name of a king whose strength is considered as equaling a half-power warrior (ardharatha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Piṅgala, and others], are considered half-power warriors”.

The story of Piṅgala was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Piṅgala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

One of the three principal channels or nāḍī of yogic and Tantric physiologies, associated with the sun and the river Yamunā. It runs up the body to the left of the central channel (suṣumṇā) to the left nostril.

Source: Oxford Index: Hinduism

“Saffron” (piṅgala) is not pinkish, it is a brownish yellow/orange.

Source: Vic DiCara's Astrology: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Pingala. See Maha Pingala.

2. Pingala. A cow killing huntsman, a former birth of Alata. J.vi.227.

3. Pingala. King of Surattha, contemporary of Dhammasoka, whose adviser he was. One day, as Pingala was returning from Dhammasokas court, the peta Nandaka, father of Uttara, revealed himself and instructed him to follow the Buddhas teaching. Pv.iv.3; PvA.244ff.

4. Pingala. A race of elephants (MA.i.262; VibhA.397; UdA.403; AA.ii.822), each having the strength of one hundred thousand men. BuA.37.

-- or --

. A slave who, having made an assignation with her lover, as soon as her work was finished, waited outside her masters house, expecting his arrival. At the end of the middle watch, she gave up waiting and slept peacefully. This is one of the incidents mentioned in the Silavimamsa Jataka. J.iii.101.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Piṅgalā (पिङ्गला) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrīheruka-utpatti’ chapter of the 9th-century Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahātantra: one of the main and earliest Buddhist Yoginītantras. Chapter 8 contains the description of how to visualise Śrīheruka [...] The great Vajra-holder should summon the Glorious form of Heruka, who is devouring the Devas together with Indra, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Śiva. Then the text lists the eight Wisdoms (vidyā) [viz., Piṅgalā], [...], expounds the words that the practitioner has to mutter when he is pushed by these wisdoms [...].

Source: De Gruyter: A Fragment of the Vajrāmṛtamahātantra
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Piṅgala (पिङ्गल) is an example of a name based on color heritge mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Piṅgala) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Pingala in Pali glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

piṅgala : (adj.) brown; tawny.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Piṅgala, (adj.) (see piṃsati1, cp. Vedic pingala) 1. reddishyellow, brown, tawny S. I, 170; J. VI, 199 (=pingiya). ‹-› 2. red-eyed, as sign of ugliness J. IV, 245 (as Np.; combd with nikkhanta-dāṭha); V, 42 (tamba-dāṭhika nibbiddha-pingala); Pv. II, 41 (=°locana PvA. 90; +kaḷāra-danta).—kipillaka the red ant DhA. III, 206.—cakkhutā redeyedness PvA. 250.—makkhikā the gadfly J. III, 263 (=ḍaṃsa) Nd2 268=SnA 101 (id.); SnA 33 (where a distinction is made between kāṇa-makkhikā and pingala°), 572 (=ḍaṃsa). (Page 457)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

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piṅgalā (पिंगला).—f S pop. or in poetry piṅgaḷā f A certain tubular vessel of the body. See under iḍā.

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piṅgaḷa (पिंगळ).—m piṅgaḷā m piṅgūḷa m A stinking kind of beetle. 2 Applied to a fellow who is always uttering something obscene or disgusting. And piṅgūḷa pādaṇēṃ To utter obscenity.

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piṅgaḷā (पिंगळा).—m (piṅgala S) Little spotted owl, Noctua Indica. 2 also piṅgaḷājōśī m A term for a description of fortuneteller who always predicts good.

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piṅgaḷā (पिंगळा) [or पिंगा, piṅgā].—a (piṅga S) Tawny, auburn, grayish;--used of the body, countenance, hair, eyes.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

piṅgaḷa (पिंगळ).—m piṅgaḷā m piṅgūḷa m A stinking kind of beetle. Little spotted owl.

--- OR ---

piṅgaḷā (पिंगळा) [or piṅgā, or पिंगा].—a Tawny, grayish.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—a. [piṅga-sidhmā° lac, piṅgaṃ lāti, lā-ka vā Tv.] Reddish-brown, yellowish, brown, tawny; तोनोत्तीर्य पथा लङ्कां रोधयामास पिङ्गलैः (tonottīrya pathā laṅkāṃ rodhayāmāsa piṅgalaiḥ) (vānaraiḥ) R.12.71; Ms.3.8; पिङ्गो दीपशिखाभः स्यात् पिङ्गलः पद्मधूलिवत् (piṅgo dīpaśikhābhaḥ syāt piṅgalaḥ padmadhūlivat).

-laḥ 1 The tawny colour.

2) Fire.

3) A monkey.

4) An ichneumon.

5) A small owl.

6) A kind of snake.

7) Name of an attendant on the sun.

8) Name of one of Kubera's treasures.

9) Name of a संवत्सर (saṃvatsara) (the 51st or 25th in the 6 years cycle).

1) Name of a reputed sage, the father of Sanskrit prosody, his work being known as पिङ्गलच्छन्दःशास्त्रः (piṅgalacchandaḥśāstraḥ); छन्दोज्ञाननिधिं जघान मकरो वेलातटे पिङ्गलम् (chandojñānanidhiṃ jaghāna makaro velātaṭe piṅgalam) Pt.2.33.

-lam 1 Brass.

2) Yellow orpiment.

-lā 1 A kind of owl.

2) The Śiśu tree (śiṃśapā).

3) A kind of metal.

4) A particular vessel of the body; Ch. Up.8.6.1.

5) The female elephant of the south.

6) Name of a courtezan who became remarkable for her piety and virtuous life. (The Bhāgvata mentions how she and Ajāmīla were delivered from the trammels of the world.)

--- OR ---

Piṅgāla (पिङ्गाल).—Carrot (Mar. gājara); Gīrvāṇa; also पिङ्गिमन् (piṅgiman).

Derivable forms: piṅgālam (पिङ्गालम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Piṅgala (पिङ्गल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Of tawny colour, brown, yellowish. m.

(-laḥ) 1. Tawny, (the colour,) a dull brown, or yellow. 2. An attendant upon the sun. 3. The sun. 4. A fabulous being in the form of a Naga or serpent of lower regions, to whom a treatise on prosody is ascribed; he hence considered as a Muni, or inspired and divine personage. 5. A name of Siva. 6. One of Kuvera'S divine treassures. 7. A monkey. 8. Fire. 9. An ichneumon. 10. A sort of poison. 11. A small owl. 12. The 51st year of the Hindu cycle. n.

(-laṃ) 1. Brass. 2. Yellow orpiment. f.

(-lā) 1. The female elephant of the south quarter. 2. A pious whore, commemorated in the Bhagavata. 3. A particular vessel of the body, the right of three canals which run from the os-coccygis; to the head, and which are the chief passages of breath and air, according to the anatomy of the Yoga school of philosophy. 4. An astrological house or period. 5. The Sisu tree, (Dalbergia Sisu.) 6. Heartpea. 7. A kind of owl. 8. A kind of metal. E. piji to colour, Unadi aff. alac; or piṅgala of a tawny hue, fem. aff. ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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