Bhadrapada, Bhādrapada: 24 definitions


Bhadrapada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhadrapad.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhadrapada in Purana glossary
Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद).—The harvest [in ancient Kashmir] was reaped probably at the end of Bhādrapada or in the beginning of Āśvayuj. The Rājataraṅgiṇī often speaks of fields covered with the autumnal rice crop ripe in the month of Bhādrapada.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद).—(Tṛtīya)—a Manvantarādi for śrāddha;1 a nakṣatra.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 17. 6.
  • 2) Ib. 54. 11; 55, 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 52.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bhādrapāda (भाद्रपाद) refers to the twenty-sixth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (e.g., bhādrapāda) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद), corresponding to “August-September”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, bhādrapada-māsi.

The presiding deity of Bhādrapada is Hṛṣīkeśa.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Bhadrapada in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद) refers to the lunar month corresponding to August-September (when the full moon is in the lunar mansion of Bhādrapada), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Bhādrapada, the people of Kaliṅga, of Vaṅga, of Magadha and of Saurāṣṭra, the Mlecchas, the Sauvīras, the Daradās and the Śakas will perish; pregnant women will miscarry but there will be prosperity over the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद) refers to the months “September/October” during which certain festivals and vows may be observed, as discussed in chapter 14 (Caryāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [pavitra-ādi-utsava-vidhi]: Brahmā wants to know about the festivals that are to be observed during the various months of the year. [...] The remainder of the chapter is largely given over to particular festive celebrations. First among these to be taken up are the pavitrotsava-festivities, which are to be done mainly in the cāturmāsya-period, śrāvaṇa, or alternately in bhādrapada or āśvayuja-months (September/October, October/November). [...] According to the chapter [vrata-anuṣṭhānakrama]: In the first month treated (but the tenth month of the year), bhādrapada (September/October), the vrata connected with Varāha is to be done (1-2).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Bhadrapadā (भद्रपदा) [both Bhadrapadās] refers to two of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bhadrapadā).

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद) (presided over by Gaṇeśa) is the eleventh of twelve months, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Accordingly, there are altogether twelve months [viz., Bhādrapada] having twelve deities as given in the kālacakra-maṇḍala.—“here they are all accompanied with their Śaktis, mostly four-armed and have their distinctive vehicles”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: Teachers, Saints and Sages

Bhadrapāda (भद्रपाद) is another name for Bhadrapā: one of the eighty-four Siddhas (Siddhācāryas) of the Sahajayāna school, according to sources such as the Varṇaratnākara of Jyotirīśvara (i.e., the Varna-Ratnakara by Jyotirishwar Thakur).—The Sahaja-Yana is a philosophical and esoteric movement of Tantric Buddhism which had enormous influence in the Indian subcontinent and the Himalayas.—Many of these Mahāsiddhas [e.g., Bhadrapāda] were historical figures whose lives and mystical powers were the subject of legends. They are often associated with teachings belonging to Hinduism, Buddhism, Ajivikism and Jainism such as the Nath Tradition.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhadrapada in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhādrapada (भाद्रपद).—m (S) The name of the sixth month, August-September.

--- OR ---

bhādrapadā (भाद्रपदा) [or दी, dī].—a Relating to the month bhādrapada.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhādrapada (भाद्रपद).—m The name of the 6th month.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhadrapada in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद).—[bhadrābhiryuktā paurṇamāsī bhādrī sā yasmin māse aṇ] Name of a lunar month (corresponding to AugustSeptember); भाद्रद्वये सागरे (bhādradvaye sāgare) Jyotiṣam.

-dāḥ (f. pl.) Name of the 25th and 26th lunar mansions (pūrvābhādrapadā and uttarābhādrapadā).

Derivable forms: bhādrapadaḥ (भाद्रपदः).

See also (synonyms): bhādra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhadrapada (भद्रपद).—name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhadrapadā (भद्रपदा).—f.

(-dā) A name given to the 26th and 27th lunar asterisms: see bhādrapadā .

--- OR ---

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद).—m.

(-daḥ) The month Bhadra. E. bhadrapadā the asterism and aṇ aff. f.

(-dā) A name common to the twenty-sixth and twenty-seventh lunar asterisms, distinguished by the epithets prior and subsequent or pūrva and uttaraḥ see pūrvabhādrapadā, &c. E. bhādra said to mean a cow, and pada foot, aṇ added optionally; whence it it is often read bhadrapadā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद).—1. m. the month Bhādra. 2. f. , a name common to the twentysixth and twenty-seventh lunar asterisms.

Bhādrapada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhādra and pada (पद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद).—[masculine] [Name] of a month.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhadrapada (भद्रपद):—[=bhadra-pada] [from bhadra > bhand] n. Name of a metre, [Colebrooke]

2) Bhadrapadā (भद्रपदा):—[=bhadra-padā] [from bhadra-pada > bhadra > bhand] f. Name of the 3rd and 4th lunar asterisms, [Varāha-mihira] etc. (also n.; dā-yoga m. Name of [chapter] of Bhaṭṭôtpala’s [commentator or commentary] on [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā])

3) Bhadrapāda (भद्रपाद):—[=bhadra-pāda] [from bhadra > bhand] mfn. born under the Nakṣatra Bhadra-padā, [Pāṇini 7-3, 18 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद):—[=bhādra-pada] [from bhādra] m. ([from] bhadra-padā) the month Bhādra (a rainy month corresponding to the period from about the middle of August to the middle of September), [Varāha-mihira; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Suśruta]

5) Bhādrapadā (भाद्रपदा):—[=bhādra-padā] [from bhādra-pada > bhādra] f. [dual number] and [plural] = bhadra-padā Name common to the 3rd and 4th Nakṣatras (q.v.), [Sūryasiddhānta; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhadrapadā (भद्रपदा):—[bhadra-padā] (dā) 1. f. Name of the 26th or 27th lunar asterism.

2) Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद):—[bhādra-pada] (daḥ) 1. m. Idem. f. (drā) The 26 or 27 lunar asterism.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhaddava, Bhaddavaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhadrapada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhadrapada in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhādrapada (भाद्रपद) [Also spelled bhadrapad]:—(nm) see [bhādoṃ].

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhadrapada in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhādrapada (ಭಾದ್ರಪದ):—[noun] the sixth month in Hindu lunar calendar.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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