Nandishvara, Nandīśvara, Nandi-svara, Nandisvarā, Nandi-ishvara: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nandishvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nandīśvara can be transliterated into English as Nandisvara or Nandishvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nandishvara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर) or Bhṛṅgiriṭi is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Lokāntaka, Dīptātmā and the lord Daityāntaka, lord Bhṛṅgīriṭi and the glorious Devadevapriya, Aśani, Bhānuka and Sanātana each with sixty-four crores; Nandīśvara the supreme chief of Gaṇas, and Mahābala each with hundred crores. [...]”.

These [viz., Nandīśvara] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर).—See under Nandikeśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर).—The god attendant on Śiva;1 the vehicle of Rudra;2 Bhagavān with sūla;3 cursed Dakṣa for his hatred of Śiva;4 caught hold of Bhaga on the occasion of the destruction of Daksa's sacrifice;5 his permission to see Śiva; temple of, at Svargamārga Prasāda.6 Observed the vow Saubhāgyaśayanam; lord of a gaṇa, versed in Maheśvara dharma; advised Nārada to take to Prayāga; the standard of Śiva.7 Fought with Vidyunmāli in Tripuram;8 related to Sanatkumāra about the sthānutva of Śiva at Benares.9

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 63.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 63. 6.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 91, 315.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 2. 20-26.
  • 5) Ib. IV. 5. 17.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 32. 23; 13. 63-4; IV. 30. 75; 34. 89; 41. 26 and 30; 43. 30.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 60. 49; 95. 3; 112. 21; 132. 18; 133. 60-5.
  • 8) Ib. 135. 48 and 53; 136. 68; 138. 44. 140. 20-1.
  • 9) Ib. 181. 2; 183. 64; 245. 80. 266. 42. 278. 9.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर).—Śiva, Pārvatī and Nandīśvara are found as a sculpture at the temple of Lokeśvara, north porch, eastern face of the west side pillar.—It is adorned with a scene of Śiva and Pārvatī in the company of Nandīśvara. Both are standing under a tree and by the side of Śiva is shown a dwarf figure with horns and headdress, standing with one hand in dola pose and the other holding something like a flower. Because of the crown and horns on his head, he is identical with Nandīśvara and not Nandin, the vehicle of Śiva. Probably, the couple is on their honeymoon on the Gandhamādana hill, where Nandīśvara was in charge of guarding the site, not allowing anyone to trespass the limits.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Nandishvara in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर) refers to:—This name refers to a foremost devotee of Śrī Śiva; Śrī Śiva’s bull carrier; and a hill in Vraja. Devādhideva Mahādeva Śaṅkara pleased his worshipful Deity Śrī Kṛṣṇa and asked for the boon to have darśana of Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s childhood pastimes (bālya-līlā). Svayaṃ Bhagavān Śrī Kṛṣṇa ordered him to situate himself in Nandagaon in the form of a hill. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर) is another name for Nandikeśvara, who is commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—His colour is blue; his Symbol and Vehicle is the muraja; he has two arms. [...] Two statuettes of this deity occur in the Chinese collection under the title Nandīśvara (Nandīśvaradeva) which is the same as Nandikeśvara.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nandishvara in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर) is the shorter name of Nandīśvaradvīpa, one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) which is encircled by the ocean named Nandīśvarodasamudra (or simply Nandīśvaroda), according to Jain cosmology. The middle-world contains innumerable concentric dvīpas and, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.

Nandīśvara is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Nandisvarā (नन्दिस्वरा) is the name of a bell, according to chapter 2.2.—Accordingly: “[...] then the bells, [i.e., Nandisvarā], belonging respectively to the Nagas, etc., of the two divisions of the Bhavanapatis, rang, struck three times by generals named Bhadrasena belonging to Dharaṇa, etc., and by those named Dakṣa belonging to Bhūtānanda, etc. Then all the Nāgas, etc., of the two rows came instantly each to his own Indra, like horses to their own stables. At their command their respective Ābhiyogika-gods created at once cars variegated with jewels and gold, twenty-five thousand yojanas square, with indradhvajas of two hundred and fifty yojanas. [...]”.

2) Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर) is the name of a continent, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“On the other side of Mānuṣottara is the second half of Puṣkara. Surrounding Puṣkara is the Puṣkara Ocean twice as large. Then come the continent and ocean Vāruṇīvara; and beyond them the continent and ocean Kṣīravara. Then Ghṛtavara continent and ocean, and Ikṣuvara continent and ocean. Then comes the eighth continent, named Nandīśvara, which resembles heaven. The diameter of its circle is 1,638,400,000 yojanas. It is a land of delights of the gods, with gardens of manifold designs, beautiful with the visits of gods devoted to the worship of the Jinendras. In its central part, there are 4 Añjana Mountains, the color of antimony, in succession in the directions, east, etc”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Nandikuṇḍa, Nandiparvata and Nandīśvara are situated in Nandikṣetra at the foot of Haramukuṭa mountain.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nandishvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर).—m.

(-raḥ) A name of Siva, &c.: see the last. E. nandi Siva'S chamberlain, and īśvara master.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर).—or

Nandīśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandi and īśvara (ईश्वर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—on Kāmaśāstra. Quoted in Pañcasāyaka Bik. 533. Peters. 2, 110. Compare Nandin in Vātsyāyana’s Kāmasūtra Oxf. 215^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर):—[from nandi > nand] m. (ndi or ndin or ndī + īśv) Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the chief of Ś°’s attendants, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. nandin)

3) [v.s. ...] of one of Kubera’s attendants, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a place held sacred by the Jainas, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

5) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Catalogue(s)]

6) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर):—[nandī+śvara] (raḥ) 1. m. Shiva.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर):—(nandi oder nandin + īśvara) m.

1) Beiname Śiva’s (Herr der Freude) [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] [Mahābhārata 12, 10481. 13, 1189. 7103.] —

2) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge des Śiva, Nandin als Führer des Gefolges von Śiva, [Oxforder Handschriften 61,a, No. 105.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.4,2,20.] im Gefolge Kuvera's [Mahābhārata 2, 414.] nandīśvarotpatti [Oxforder Handschriften 44,b, Kapila 42.] purāṇa = nandipurāṇa ebend. [No. 137.] —

3) Nomen proprium einer heiligen Localität der Jaina [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 1, 344.] —

4) ein best. Tact, = nandīśa [Saṃgītadāmodara im Śabdakalpadruma]

--- OR ---

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर):—

2) [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 16, 9.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 5, 17.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Nandīśvara (नन्दीश्वर):—m.

1) Beiname Śiva's. —

2) Nomen proprium — a) eines Wesens im Gefolge — α) Śiva's. — β) Kubera's. — b) einer Oertlichkeit. —

3) ein best. Tact.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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