Sushena, aka: Suṣeṇā, Suṣeṇa; 11 Definition(s)


Sushena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Suṣeṇā and Suṣeṇa can be transliterated into English as Susena or Sushena, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sushena in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—A nāga born in the Dhṛtarāṣṭra dynasty. The nāga was burnt to death at the serpent yajña of Janamejaya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 16).

2) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was killed by Bhīma in the great war. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 64, Verse 34).

3) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—A king of the Pūru dynasty. He was the grandson of Avikṣit and son of Parīkṣit. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 52).

4) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—A son of Sage Jamadagni. The Sage asked Suṣeṇa to kill his mother, but he did not obey his father. Jamadagni, therefore, cursed him and Paraśurāma redeemed him from the curse. (Vana Parva, Chapter 116).

5) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—Father in-law of Bāli, the monkey king. Suṣeṇa, father of Tārā, deputed one thousand crore monkeys to search for Sītā. (Vana Parva, Chapter 283, Verse 2). Suṣeṇa, an expert in the science of medicine and the art of warfare, was the son of the monkey called Dharma. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

In the Rāma-Rāvaṇa war Suṣeṇa fought the Rākṣasa forces and killed Vidyunmālī. Lakṣmaṇa swooned on being hit by the arrows of Rāvaṇa who fought with redoubled vigour following the death of Indrajit. Many monkeys also swooned. Then Suṣeṇa, the medical expert, brought back to consciousness the swooned folk with the help of Viśalyakaraṇī, Sauvarṇyakaraṇī, Śañjīvanī and other herbs.

Suṣeṇa also attended the coronation ceremony of Śrī Rāma. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Chapters 101, 123, 154).

6) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—A son of Karṇa, He fought with Nakula in the great war. Uttamaujas killed him in battle. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 75, Verse 13).

7) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—Another son of Karṇa. Nakula killed him in the great war. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 49).

8) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—A king of the Bharata dynasty. He was the son of Dhṛṣa and father of Sunītha. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

9) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—A king, who married Rambhā. (See under Rambhā, Para 5).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—A son of Kṛṣṇa and Rukmiṇī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 28. 1.

1b) A chief of the Krodhāvaśa group of serpents.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 29.

1c) A son of Manu (Svārociṣa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 19.

1d) A son of Vṛṣṭimat, and father of Sunītha (Nṛcakṣu, ).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 41; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 81; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 12.

1e) A son of Vasudeva and Devakī; killed by Kaṃsa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 54; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 174; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 13. Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 172; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 26-27.

1f) The Gandharva presiding over the month of Tapas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 39.

1g) A grāmaṇi with the Śarat sun.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 14.

1h) A marut of the second gaṇa;1 a kinnara with a human face.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 93; Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 124.
  • 2) Ib. 69. 35.

1i) The father of Tāra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 219, 232.

1j) A son of Antarikṣa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 9.

1k) A son of Śucidratha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 272.

1l) An Yakṣa who resides in the Sun's chariot during the month of Āśvayuja.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Suṣeṇa (सुषेण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.6) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Suṣeṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Suṣeṇa (सुषेण) is another name (synonym) for Vetasa, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Salix caprea (goat willow). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.106), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Vetasa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Sushena in Katha glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण) is the name of an ancient king, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 28. Accordingly, “there was a young king named Suṣeṇa on the mountain of Citrakūṭa, who was created like another God of Love by the Creator to spite Śiva. He made at the foot of that great mountain a heavenly garden, which was calculated to make the gods averse to dwelling in the garden of Nandana. ”.

2) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण) is the name of a Vidyādhara, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly, after Sūryaprabha got up and went and paid compliments to his head wives: “... Suṣeṇa came, announced by the warder, and after doing homage said to that triumphant king: ‘Your Highness, I have been sent here by all the princes of the Vidyādharas, the lord of Trikūṭa and others’.”.

3) Suṣeṇa (सुषेण) is the son of king Karmasena from Ujjayinī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 103. Accordingly, as king Karmasena communicated to Mṛgāṅkadatta: “... I know that you will not come to Ujjayinī, so I will send to you my own son Suṣeṇa; he will bestow on you with due ceremonies his sister Śaśāṅkavatī: so you ought not, blameless one, to marry her in an irregular manner, if you value my friendship”.

4) Suṣeṇā (सुषेणा) is the wife of Śūrasena from Śrāvastī, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 111. Accordingly, as Gomukha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... in that town there dwelt a Rājput, who was in the service of the monarch, and lived on the proceeds of a village. His name was Śūrasena, and he had a wife named Suṣeṇā, who was a native of Mālava. She was in every respect well suited to him, and he loved her more than life”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Suṣeṇa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sushena (सुषेन): A monkey chief ; at siege of Lanka.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Sushena in Jainism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Suṣeṇā (सुषेणा) is the mother of Saṃbhava according to Digambara (according to Śvetāmbara she is named Senā), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Saṃbhava is the third of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Suṣeṇā is Jitari. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Suṣena (सुषेन) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Suṣena] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—

1) Name of a tree (karamarda).

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

3) A cane or ratan.

Derivable forms: suṣeṇaḥ (सुषेणः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—(1) n. of a Bodhisattva: Mmk 576.18; (2) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 64; ((3) n. of a mountain: Māy 254.4; occurs in Sanskrit, Kirfel 98, tho not in BR, pw.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Suṣeṇa (सुषेण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A fruit, (Carissa Carondas) “karamcā” 2. Vishnu. 3. The physycian of the monkey chief Sugriva. 4. A cane or reed, the ratan. f. (-ṇī) A plant, commonly Teori, (Convolvolus turpethum.) E. su excellent, senā a host or cluster.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Tārā (तारा) or Tārī is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Tāra forms...
Rambha (रम्भ).—m. (-mbhaḥ) 1. A bamboo. 2. The name of a monkey. f. (-mbhā) 1. A plantain. 2. O...
Śala (शल).—mn. (-laḥ-laṃ) The quill of a porcupine. m. (-laḥ) 1. A name of Bhringi, Siva'S atte...
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Śāmbhava (शाम्भव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. A sort of poison. 2. A worshipper of Siva. 3. The son of Sambhu...
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Sunītha (सुनीथ).—mfn. (-thaḥ-thā-thaṃ) Virtuous, moral, good, of proper disposition or conduct....
Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष).—n. (-kṣaṃ) The sky or atmosphere. E. antar within, and ṛkṣa a star; in w...
Śūrasena (शूरसेन) is the name of a country classified as both Hādi and Kādi (both types of Tant...
Śarala (शरल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Upright, honest. 2. Crooked, fraudulent. m. (-laḥ) A tree, ...
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