Dhana, aka: Dhāna, Dhānā; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Dhana (धन, “wealth”) refers to the fourth of nine aṃśa (part), according to the Mānasāra. Aṃśa is the alternative sixth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular aṃśa (eg., dhana) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). Among the nine taskara, the ones named ṣaṇḍa and vipat are inauspicious, and should therefore be avoided.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana

Dhānā (धाना) refers to a “flattened rice”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Eating of Dhānā in the daytime is prohibited (verse 754). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

According to verse 1.63, “A seat covered by tiger leather should be [recommended] for vaśya-, mokṣa-, and dhana- (treasure) sādhana”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Dhana (धन).—Wealth, acquired by industry and labour stays long; a windfall should be spent righteously.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 7. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 31. 22.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dhana (धन, ‘prize’) is often found in the Rigveda, probably the prize in racing rather than the ‘booty’ in battle. It also denotes the ‘stake’ at dicing. In some passages it possibly means the ‘contest’ itself. More generally it denotes ‘wealth’ or ‘gift’. But it sometimes expresses ‘ booty’, probably from the notion of ‘wealth’ rather than of ‘prize’.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Treasure(s). The seven qualities of conviction, virtue (see sila), conscience and concern, learning, generosity (see dana), and wisdom.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

'treasures', a term for the following 7 qualities:

  1. faith,

  2. morality,

  3. moral shame,

  4. moral dread,

  5. learning,

  6. liberality and

  7. wisdom. Cf. A. VII, 5, 6.

See 'Treasures of the Noble', by Soma Thera (BODHI LEAVES B. 27, BPS).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Dhana (धन) according to Śvetāmabara sources refers to “diverse commodities” while according to Digambara it refers to “livestock”. It represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Dhana is listed in Śvetāmbara sources such as Devagupta’s Nava-pada-prakaraṇa with Laghu-vṛtti (58), and in Digambara sources such Cāmuṇḍarāya’s Caritrasāra (p. 7).

The Śvetāmbaras, giving a very broad sense to dhana, class it into four categories:

  1. What can be counted (gaṇima): such as nutmegs (jāti-phala) and betel nuts (pūga-phala);
  2. What can be contained (dharima): such as saffron (kuṅkuma) and molasses (guḍa);
  3. What can be measured (meya): such as salt, ghee and oil;
  4. What can be divided up (pāricchedya): such as gems and cloth.
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dhana in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dhana : (nt.) wealth, riches.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dhāna, (adj.-n.) (Sk. dhāna, to dadhāti; cp. dhātu) (adj.) holding, containing (-°) M.I, 11 (ahi kaṇṭaka°; cp. ādhāna & kaṇṭaka).—(n.) nt. a receptacle Dh.58 (saṅkāra° dust-heap=ṭhāna DhA.I, 445). f. dhānī a seat (=ṭhāna), in rāja° “the king’s seat, ” a royal town. Often in comb with gāma & nigama (see gāma 3 a): Vin.III, 89; J.VI, 397; Pv.II, 1318. (Page 340)

— or —

Dhana, (nt.) (Ved. dhana; usually taken to dhā (see dadhāti) as “stake, prize at game, booty, ” cp. pradhāna & Gr. qέma; but more likely in orig. meaning “grain, posses sion of corn, crops etc., ” cp. Lith. dūna bread, Sk. dhānā pl. grains & dhañña=dhana-like, i.e. corn, grain) wealth, usually wealth of money, riches, treasures. 1. Lit. D.I, 73 (sa°); M.II, 180.; A.III, 222; IV, 4 sq.; Nd2 135 (+yasa, issariya etc.) Th.2, 464 (+issariya); J.I, 225 (paṭhavigataṃ karoti: hide in the ground), 262, 289; II, 112; IV, 2; Sn.60, 185, 302; Pv.II, 610; DhA.I, 238. Often in combn aḍḍha mahaddhana mahābhoga to indicate immense wealth (see aḍḍha) PvA.3, 214 etc. (see also below °dhañña).—2. fig. Used in the expression sattavidha-ariya-dhana “the 7 fold noble treasure” of the good qualities or virtues, viz. saddhā, cāga etc. (see enumd under cāga) D.III, 163, 164, 251; VvA.113; ThA.240.

—agga the best treasure (i.e. the ariya-dhana) D.III, 164; —atthika wishing for or desiring wealth Sn.987; —āsā craving for wealth; —kkīta bought for money DhA.II, 3, —thaddha proud of wealth, snobbish Sn.104; —dhañña, usually Dvandva-cpd. “money & money’s worth, ” but as adj. (always in phrase pahūta°) it may be taken as Tatpuruṣa “rich in treasures, ” otherwise “possessing money & money’s worth” cp. pahūtadhanadhaññavā J.I, 3. As n. Pv.I, 1111; III, 104; PvA.60; Miln.2, 280; as adj. freq. “pahūtadhana-dhañña” Vv 6313=Pv.II, 611: PvA.97. Thus in ster. formula of aḍḍha mahaddhana etc. D.III, 163 sq.; S.I, 71; A.II, 86; —parājaya loss of money, as adj. appl. to kali: the dice marking loss in game Sn.659; —lobha “greed of gold” J.IV, 1; —lola=lobha J.II, 212; —viriya wealth & power Sn.422; —hetu for the sake of wealth Sn.122. (Page 335)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—nA slop or mess (as from water spilled). 2 A scar or a spot; a dark discoloration (on the skin, on frouits &c.) 3.CA certain esculent grass.

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ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—a P Damp or moist--cloth &c.

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ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—ad or ind An enchancing particle affixed to words signifying sour, corresponding with Sharp, piercing, biting;--used of fruits, buttermilk &c.

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dhaṇa (धण).—f (dhana S) A casual enrichment; a swell of good fortune: esp. an enrichment at the expense of another. Ex. tyānēṃ kapāḷakūṭa karūna paisā miḷavi- lā paṇa śēvaṭīṃ cōrāñcī dhaṇa jhālī; tō rāgānēṃ pāna ṭākūna uṭhalā āṇi māñjarācī dhaṇa jhālī. 2 Desire after, earnest longing. v pura. See dhaṇī. dhaṇa ghēṇēṃ To take one's fill. dhaṇa puraṇēṃ g. of s. To be filled or satisfied to heart's content. dhaṇa puraviṇēṃ g. of o. To satisfy. dhaṇa purēstura To heart's content.

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dhaṇā (धणा).—m (dhānā S) Coriander, Coriandrum sativum.

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dhana (धन).—n (S) Riches, substance, property. Pr. dhana asē pātāḷīṃ tara tēja disē kapāḷīṃ. 2 By meton. Learning, art, skill, any means of wealth. In this sense many compounds occur: as kīrttidhana Wealth consisting in reputation or renown; gṛha- dhana or putradhana Male offspring, a son; pāpadhana Stock or accumulated store of sin: also riches acquired sinfully; pelf or unjust gain; puṇyadhana Riches or treasure of moral merit; śauryadhana Wealth consisting in valor; gōdhana, paśudhana, kalapadhana, vitta- dhana, mānadhana, vidyādhana, tapōdhana, yaśōdhana, āyurdhana, and others, of which some appear in order. N.B. Such compounds are also used attributively; as kīrttidhana Rich in reputation &c. dhana as prefixed forms another class of compounds; as dhanagarvī a Purse-proud; dhanatṛṣṇā f or dhanalōbha m Covetousness or avarice; dhanadarpa m Pride of wealth; dhana- priya, dhanavyaya, dhanasañcaya, dhanasampatti or dhanasampādana, dha- nārjana, dhanārthī, dhanōpacaya. 3 (Or dhaṇa q. v.) A swell of good fortune &c. 4 In algebra. Affirmative quantity, plus. 5 In arithmetic. Addendum: opp. to ṛṇa Subtrahend. dhana lāvaṇēṃ or pāḍaṇēṃ Ironically. To do mighty things; to achieve wonders; to make one's fortune.

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dhana (धन).—m (dhanur S) A bow: also the sign Sagittarius.

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dhanā (धना).—m (dhānā S) Coriander, Coriandrum sativum.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—n A slop. A scar. A kind of grass.

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ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—a Damp or moist.

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ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—ind An enhancing particle affixed to words signifying sour.

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dhaṇa (धण).—f (dhana) A casual enrichment esp. an enrichment at the expense of another. Ex. tyānēṃ kapāḷakūṭa karūna paisā miḷa- vilā paṇa śēvaṭīṃ cōrāñcī dhaṇa jhālī. dhaṇa ghēṇēṃ To take one's fill. dhaṇa puraṇēṃ To be filled or satisfied.

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dhaṇā (धणा).—m Coriander.

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dhana (धन).—n Riches, substance, property. In algebra. Affirmative quantity, plus. The sign Sagittarius.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhana (धन).—[dhan-ac]

1) Property, wealth, riches, treasure, money (gold, chattels &c.); धनं तावदसुलभम् (dhanaṃ tāvadasulabham) H. 1; (fig. also) as in तपोधन, विद्याधन (tapodhana, vidyādhana), &c.

2) (a) Any valued possession, an object of affection or endearment, dearest treasure; कष्टं जनः कुलधनैरनुरञ्जनीयः (kaṣṭaṃ janaḥ kuladhanairanurañjanīyaḥ) U.1.14; गुरोरपीदं धनमाहिताग्नेः (gurorapīdaṃ dhanamāhitāgneḥ) R.2.44; मानधन, अभिमान° (mānadhana, abhimāna°) &c. (b) A valuable article; Ms.8.21,22.

3) Capital (opp. vṛddhi or interest).

4) A booty, prey, spoil.

5) The reward given to a victor in a combat, the prize won in a game.

6) A contest for prizes, a match.

7) The lunar mansion called धनिष्ठा (dhaniṣṭhā)

8) Surplus, residue.

9) (In math.) The affirmative quantity or plus (opp. ṛṇa).

1) A sound.

Derivable forms: dhanam (धनम्).

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Dhāna (धान).—[dhā bhāve-lyuṭ]

1) A receptacle, seat; as in मसीधानी, राजधानी, यमधानी (masīdhānī, rājadhānī, yamadhānī); रविं दधानेऽप्यरविन्दधाने (raviṃ dadhāne'pyaravindadhāne) Śi.4.12.

2) Nourishing, nourishment.

-nī 1 The site of a habitation.

2) Coriander.

Derivable forms: dhānam (धानम्).

See also (synonyms): dhānī.

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Dhānā (धाना).—f. (pl.)

1) Fried barley or rice; यथा धानासु वै धाना भवन्ति न भवन्ति च (yathā dhānāsu vai dhānā bhavanti na bhavanti ca) Bhāg.6.15.4.

2) Grain fried or powdered.

3) Corn, grain.

4) A bud, shoot; धानारुह इव वै वृक्षोऽञ्जसा प्रेत्य संभवः (dhānāruha iva vai vṛkṣo'ñjasā pretya saṃbhavaḥ) Bṛi. Up.3.9.28; अन्ने प्रलीयते मर्त्यमन्नं धानासु लीयते (anne pralīyate martyamannaṃ dhānāsu līyate) Bhāg.11.24.22.

5) Coriander.

Derivable forms: dhānāḥ (धानाः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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