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Dhana, aka: Dhāna; 7 Definition(s)


Dhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Dhana (धन, “wealth”) refers to the fourth of nine aṃśa (part), according to the Mānasāra. Aṃśa is the alternative sixth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular aṃśa (eg., dhana) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). Among the nine taskara, the ones named ṣaṇḍa and vipat are inauspicious, and should therefore be avoided.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstraVāstuśāstra book cover
context information

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.


Dhana (धन).—Wealth, acquired by industry and labour stays long; a windfall should be spent righteously.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 7. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 31. 22.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Dhana (धन, ‘prize’) is often found in the Rigveda, probably the prize in racing rather than the ‘booty’ in battle. It also denotes the ‘stake’ at dicing. In some passages it possibly means the ‘contest’ itself. More generally it denotes ‘wealth’ or ‘gift’. But it sometimes expresses ‘ booty’, probably from the notion of ‘wealth’ rather than of ‘prize’.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Treasure(s). The seven qualities of conviction, virtue (see sila), conscience and concern, learning, generosity (see dana), and wisdom.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

'treasures', a term for the following 7 qualities:

  1. faith,

  2. morality,

  3. moral shame,

  4. moral dread,

  5. learning,

  6. liberality and

  7. wisdom. Cf. A. VII, 5, 6.

See 'Treasures of the Noble', by Soma Thera (BODHI LEAVES B. 27, BPS).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


dhana : (nt.) wealth, riches.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dhāna, (adj.-n.) (Sk. dhāna, to dadhāti; cp. dhātu) (adj.) holding, containing (-°) M.I, 11 (ahi kaṇṭaka°; cp. ādhāna & kaṇṭaka).—(n.) nt. a receptacle Dh.58 (saṅkāra° dust-heap=ṭhāna DhA.I, 445). f. dhānī a seat (=ṭhāna), in rāja° “the king’s seat, ” a royal town. Often in comb with gāma & nigama (see gāma 3 a): Vin.III, 89; J.VI, 397; Pv.II, 1318. (Page 340)

— or —

Dhana, (nt.) (Ved. dhana; usually taken to dhā (see dadhāti) as “stake, prize at game, booty, ” cp. pradhāna & Gr. qέma; but more likely in orig. meaning “grain, posses sion of corn, crops etc., ” cp. Lith. dūna bread, Sk. dhānā pl. grains & dhañña=dhana-like, i.e. corn, grain) wealth, usually wealth of money, riches, treasures. 1. Lit. D.I, 73 (sa°); M.II, 180.; A.III, 222; IV, 4 sq.; Nd2 135 (+yasa, issariya etc.) Th.2, 464 (+issariya); J.I, 225 (paṭhavigataṃ karoti: hide in the ground), 262, 289; II, 112; IV, 2; Sn.60, 185, 302; Pv.II, 610; DhA.I, 238. Often in combn aḍḍha mahaddhana mahābhoga to indicate immense wealth (see aḍḍha) PvA.3, 214 etc. (see also below °dhañña).—2. fig. Used in the expression sattavidha-ariya-dhana “the 7 fold noble treasure” of the good qualities or virtues, viz. saddhā, cāga etc. (see enumd under cāga) D.III, 163, 164, 251; VvA.113; ThA.240.

—agga the best treasure (i.e. the ariya-dhana) D.III, 164; —atthika wishing for or desiring wealth Sn.987; —āsā craving for wealth; —kkīta bought for money DhA.II, 3, —thaddha proud of wealth, snobbish Sn.104; —dhañña, usually Dvandva-cpd. “money & money’s worth, ” but as adj. (always in phrase pahūta°) it may be taken as Tatpuruṣa “rich in treasures, ” otherwise “possessing money & money’s worth” cp. pahūtadhanadhaññavā J.I, 3. As n. Pv.I, 1111; III, 104; PvA.60; Miln.2, 280; as adj. freq. “pahūtadhana-dhañña” Vv 6313=Pv.II, 611: PvA.97. Thus in ster. formula of aḍḍha mahaddhana etc. D.III, 163 sq.; S.I, 71; A.II, 86; —parājaya loss of money, as adj. appl. to kali: the dice marking loss in game Sn.659; —lobha “greed of gold” J.IV, 1; —lola=lobha J.II, 212; —viriya wealth & power Sn.422; —hetu for the sake of wealth Sn.122. (Page 335)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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