Dhana, Dhāna, Dhānā: 20 definitions
Dhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Dhana (धन, “wealth”) refers to the fourth of nine aṃśa (part), according to the Mānasāra. Aṃśa is the alternative sixth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular aṃśa (eg., dhana) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). Among the nine taskara, the ones named ṣaṇḍa and vipat are inauspicious, and should therefore be avoided.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Dhana (धन) refers to “wealth”, mentioned as one of the potential rewards of Śiva-worship, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12:—“[...] those who desire magnificent buildings, beautiful ornaments, beautiful women, wealth to satiety (dhana), sons and grandsons, health, splendid body, extraordinary status, heavenly happiness and final salvation or profound devotion to the great lord shall duly worship Śiva by virtue of their merit accumulated by them. Sure success will be his who regularly worships Śiva liṅga with great devotion. He will never be afflicted by sins”.Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Dhānā (धाना) refers to a “flattened rice”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Eating of Dhānā in the daytime is prohibited (verse 754). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.
According to verse 1.63, “A seat covered by tiger leather should be [recommended] for vaśya-, mokṣa-, and dhana- (treasure) sādhana”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Dhana (धन).—Wealth, acquired by industry and labour stays long; a windfall should be spent righteously.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 7. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 31. 22.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Dhāna (धान) refers to a food-preparation (frying barley, yava, with butter) according to the Aitareyabrāhmaṇa, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Dhāna and karambha, the Vedic offerings made of barley are referred to in Aitareyabrāhmaṇa. Dhāna is prepared by frying barley with butter. The powder of dhānā again fried with butter was called karambha. Powder of fried barley is known as saktu. Sometimes it is also used to prepare a sweet sticky dish namely yavāśir. [...] Barley preparations like yavāgū, dhāna, yāvaka and apūpa can be seen referred to in Mahābhārata.
Dhāna refers to a type of “fried grain” (bhṛṣṭa-dhānya) and is classified as a type of grain (dhānya) in the section on tṛṇadhānya (grassy grains) in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—Tṛṇadhānya-prakaraṇa discusses the varieties and properties of grassy grains [...]. The properties of viz., bhṛṣṭa-dhānya (fried grains) [such as dhāna, ...] are explained.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Dhana (धन, ‘prize’) is often found in the Rigveda, probably the prize in racing rather than the ‘booty’ in battle. It also denotes the ‘stake’ at dicing. In some passages it possibly means the ‘contest’ itself. More generally it denotes ‘wealth’ or ‘gift’. But it sometimes expresses ‘ booty’, probably from the notion of ‘wealth’ rather than of ‘prize’.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsTreasure(s). The seven qualities of conviction, virtue (see sila), conscience and concern, learning, generosity (see dana), and wisdom.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
'treasures', a term for the following 7 qualities:
wisdom. Cf. A. VII, 5, 6.
See 'Treasures of the Noble', by Soma Thera (BODHI LEAVES B. 27, BPS).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Dhana (धन) according to Śvetāmabara sources refers to “diverse commodities” while according to Digambara it refers to “livestock”. It represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Dhana is listed in Śvetāmbara sources such as Devagupta’s Nava-pada-prakaraṇa with Laghu-vṛtti (58), and in Digambara sources such Cāmuṇḍarāya’s Caritrasāra (p. 7).
The Śvetāmbaras, giving a very broad sense to dhana, class it into four categories:
- What can be counted (gaṇima): such as nutmegs (jāti-phala) and betel nuts (pūga-phala);
- What can be contained (dharima): such as saffron (kuṅkuma) and molasses (guḍa);
- What can be measured (meya): such as salt, ghee and oil;
- What can be divided up (pāricchedya): such as gems and cloth.
1) Dhana (धन) is the name of a wealthy merchant from Kṣitipratiṣṭhita and represents the first incarnation of Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
“[...] [in Kṣitipratiṣṭhita] also lived a merchant, named Dhana, with a wealth of fame, the sole depository of wealth as the ocean is that of rivers. Unequaled wealth belonged to this magnanimous man, which, like the moon’s rays, had benefit to others as its sole result. [...] In him were qualities, such as generosity, earnestness, strength of character, which are unfailing seeds for the growth of the tree of fame. In his house were heaps of jewels, as if they were grain, and piles of divine garments, as if they were sacks. His house, with its horses, mules, camels, and other draught-animals, looked like the ocean with its sea-monsters. [...] One day, he, like embodied energy, wished to go with much merchandise to the city Vasantapura [...]”.
2) Dhana (धन) is the father or Guṇākara, according to the same chapter. Accordingly,
“After he had enjoyed pleasures unceasingly, the soul of Vajrajaṅgha fell from the exhaustion of his life-span, just as a snow-ball melts in the sun. In Jambūdvīpa, in the Videhas, in the city Kṣitipratiṣṭhita, he was born as the son, named Jīvānanda, of the physician Suvidhi. [...] At the same time in this city four other boys were born, like pieces of dharma joined to bodies. [...] The fourth was borne by the wife, Śīlamatī, of the merchant Dhana; he was named Guṇākara and was like a heap of good conduct”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
dhana : (nt.) wealth, riches.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Dhāna, (adj.-n.) (Sk. dhāna, to dadhāti; cp. dhātu) (adj.) holding, containing (-°) M.I, 11 (ahi kaṇṭaka°; cp. ādhāna & kaṇṭaka).—(n.) nt. a receptacle Dh.58 (saṅkāra° dust-heap=ṭhāna DhA.I, 445). f. dhānī a seat (=ṭhāna), in rāja° “the king’s seat, ” a royal town. Often in comb with gāma & nigama (see gāma 3 a): Vin.III, 89; J.VI, 397; Pv.II, 1318. (Page 340)
— or —
Dhana, (nt.) (Ved. dhana; usually taken to dhā (see dadhāti) as “stake, prize at game, booty, ” cp. pradhāna & Gr. qέma; but more likely in orig. meaning “grain, posses sion of corn, crops etc., ” cp. Lith. dūna bread, Sk. dhānā pl. grains & dhañña=dhana-like, i.e. corn, grain) wealth, usually wealth of money, riches, treasures. 1. Lit. D.I, 73 (sa°); M.II, 180.; A.III, 222; IV, 4 sq.; Nd2 135 (+yasa, issariya etc.) Th.2, 464 (+issariya); J.I, 225 (paṭhavigataṃ karoti: hide in the ground), 262, 289; II, 112; IV, 2; Sn.60, 185, 302; Pv.II, 610; DhA.I, 238. Often in combination aḍḍha mahaddhana mahābhoga to indicate immense wealth (see aḍḍha) PvA.3, 214 etc. (see also below °dhañña).—2. fig. Used in the expression sattavidha-ariya-dhana “the 7 fold noble treasure” of the good qualities or virtues, viz. saddhā, cāga etc. (see enumerated under cāga) D.III, 163, 164, 251; VvA.113; ThA.240.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—nA slop or mess (as from water spilled). 2 A scar or a spot; a dark discoloration (on the skin, on frouits &c.) 3.CA certain esculent grass.
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ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—a P Damp or moist--cloth &c.
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ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—ad or ind An enchancing particle affixed to words signifying sour, corresponding with Sharp, piercing, biting;--used of fruits, buttermilk &c.
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dhaṇa (धण).—f (dhana S) A casual enrichment; a swell of good fortune: esp. an enrichment at the expense of another. Ex. tyānēṃ kapāḷakūṭa karūna paisā miḷavi- lā paṇa śēvaṭīṃ cōrāñcī dhaṇa jhālī; tō rāgānēṃ pāna ṭākūna uṭhalā āṇi māñjarācī dhaṇa jhālī. 2 Desire after, earnest longing. v pura. See dhaṇī. dhaṇa ghēṇēṃ To take one's fill. dhaṇa puraṇēṃ g. of s. To be filled or satisfied to heart's content. dhaṇa puraviṇēṃ g. of o. To satisfy. dhaṇa purēstura To heart's content.
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dhaṇā (धणा).—m (dhānā S) Coriander, Coriandrum sativum.
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dhana (धन).—n (S) Riches, substance, property. Pr. dhana asē pātāḷīṃ tara tēja disē kapāḷīṃ. 2 By meton. Learning, art, skill, any means of wealth. In this sense many compounds occur: as kīrttidhana Wealth consisting in reputation or renown; gṛha- dhana or putradhana Male offspring, a son; pāpadhana Stock or accumulated store of sin: also riches acquired sinfully; pelf or unjust gain; puṇyadhana Riches or treasure of moral merit; śauryadhana Wealth consisting in valor; gōdhana, paśudhana, kalapadhana, vitta- dhana, mānadhana, vidyādhana, tapōdhana, yaśōdhana, āyurdhana, and others, of which some appear in order. N.B. Such compounds are also used attributively; as kīrttidhana Rich in reputation &c. dhana as prefixed forms another class of compounds; as dhanagarvī a Purse-proud; dhanatṛṣṇā f or dhanalōbha m Covetousness or avarice; dhanadarpa m Pride of wealth; dhana- priya, dhanavyaya, dhanasañcaya, dhanasampatti or dhanasampādana, dha- nārjana, dhanārthī, dhanōpacaya. 3 (Or dhaṇa q. v.) A swell of good fortune &c. 4 In algebra. Affirmative quantity, plus. 5 In arithmetic. Addendum: opp. to ṛṇa Subtrahend. dhana lāvaṇēṃ or pāḍaṇēṃ Ironically. To do mighty things; to achieve wonders; to make one's fortune.
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dhana (धन).—m (dhanur S) A bow: also the sign Sagittarius.
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dhanā (धना).—m (dhānā S) Coriander, Coriandrum sativum.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—n A slop. A scar. A kind of grass.
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ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—a Damp or moist.
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ḍhāṇa (ढाण).—ind An enhancing particle affixed to words signifying sour.
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dhaṇa (धण).—f (dhana) A casual enrichment esp. an enrichment at the expense of another. Ex. tyānēṃ kapāḷakūṭa karūna paisā miḷa- vilā paṇa śēvaṭīṃ cōrāñcī dhaṇa jhālī. dhaṇa ghēṇēṃ To take one's fill. dhaṇa puraṇēṃ To be filled or satisfied.
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dhaṇā (धणा).—m Coriander.
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dhana (धन).—n Riches, substance, property. In algebra. Affirmative quantity, plus. The sign Sagittarius.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Property, wealth, riches, treasure, money (gold, chattels &c.); धनं तावदसुलभम् (dhanaṃ tāvadasulabham) H. 1; (fig. also) as in तपोधन, विद्याधन (tapodhana, vidyādhana), &c.
2) (a) Any valued possession, an object of affection or endearment, dearest treasure; कष्टं जनः कुलधनैरनुरञ्जनीयः (kaṣṭaṃ janaḥ kuladhanairanurañjanīyaḥ) U.1.14; गुरोरपीदं धनमाहिताग्नेः (gurorapīdaṃ dhanamāhitāgneḥ) R.2.44; मानधन, अभिमान° (mānadhana, abhimāna°) &c. (b) A valuable article; Ms.8.21,22.
3) Capital (opp. vṛddhi or interest).
4) A booty, prey, spoil.
5) The reward given to a victor in a combat, the prize won in a game.
6) A contest for prizes, a match.
7) The lunar mansion called धनिष्ठा (dhaniṣṭhā)
8) Surplus, residue.
9) (In math.) The affirmative quantity or plus (opp. ṛṇa).
1) A sound.
Derivable forms: dhanam (धनम्).
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Dhāna (धान).—[dhā bhāve-lyuṭ]
1) A receptacle, seat; as in मसीधानी, राजधानी, यमधानी (masīdhānī, rājadhānī, yamadhānī); रविं दधानेऽप्यरविन्दधाने (raviṃ dadhāne'pyaravindadhāne) Śi.4.12.
2) Nourishing, nourishment.
-nī 1 The site of a habitation.
Derivable forms: dhānam (धानम्).
See also (synonyms): dhānī.
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Dhānā (धाना).—f. (pl.)
1) Fried barley or rice; यथा धानासु वै धाना भवन्ति न भवन्ति च (yathā dhānāsu vai dhānā bhavanti na bhavanti ca) Bhāg.6.15.4.
2) Grain fried or powdered.
3) Corn, grain.
4) A bud, shoot; धानारुह इव वै वृक्षोऽञ्जसा प्रेत्य संभवः (dhānāruha iva vai vṛkṣo'ñjasā pretya saṃbhavaḥ) Bṛi. Up.3.9.28; अन्ने प्रलीयते मर्त्यमन्नं धानासु लीयते (anne pralīyate martyamannaṃ dhānāsu līyate) Bhāg.11.24.22.
Derivable forms: dhānāḥ (धानाः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Dhana (धन).—(1) nt., (spiritual) treasure (= Pali ariya-dhana, the same seven, see s.v. in Critical Pali Dictionary): Mahāvyutpatti 1565—72, seven such: śraddhā, śīla, hrī, apatrāpya, śruta, tyāga, prajñā; (2) name of a king (= Mahādhana): Divyāvadāna 437.19; 439.26; 441.20; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.123.20 ff.
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Dhāna (धान).—(-dhāna), nt., ifc. (see [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 2 dhāna, 1, which is fairly common in Vedic, hardly used in Classical Sanskrit except in some proper names of doubtful interpretation), place, or perhaps receptacle, in varca-dhāna, saṃkāra-dhāna.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) 1. property of any description, thing, substance, wealth. 2. Wealth in cattle, property in herds. 3. A term of endearment 4. (In Algebra,) The affirmative quantity or plus. E. dhana to produce, (a crop,) affix ac.
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Dhānā (धाना).—f. plu.
(-nāḥ) 1. Fried barley or rice. sin
(-naḥ) 1. Coriander, (Coriandrum sativum) 2. Grain fried, and reduced to powder. 3. A bud, a shoot. E. dhā to nourish, na Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhana (धन).—n. 1. Property of any description, chattels, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 201. 2. A gift, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 138. 3. Gold, money, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 6; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 5, 5. 4. Abundance in, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 155. 5. Cattle, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3886.
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Dhāna (धान).—i.e.dhā + ana, f. nī, latter part of comp. words implying especially the place of the preceding notion, e. g. jīva-dhānī, f. The seat of living creatures, epithet of the earth, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 13, 30. matsya-dhānī, f. A fish-basket. yama-dhānī, f. The residence of the god of death, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 51. yātu -dhāna, m. A Rākṣasa or demon. rājadhāna, n. and -dhānī, f. i. e. rājan-, A capital.
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Dhānā (धाना).—i. e. probably dhā + anā, f. pl. Grain, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 15, 4.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhana (धन).—[neuter] prize (of contest or game), booty, wealth, property, money; adj. —° possessed of, rich in.
— hita dhanam the proposed prize or the opened match. dhanaṃ [with] bhṛ [Middle] carry off the prize or booty; dhanaṃ ji win the prize or match.
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Dhāna (धान).—[adjective] holding, containing; [neuter] & [feminine] ī receptacle, seat.
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Dhānā (धाना).—[feminine] [plural] grains of corn; poss. vant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Dhana (धन):—[from dhan] n. the prize of a contest or the contest itself ([literally] a running match, race, or the thing raced for; hitaṃ dhānam, a proposed prize or contest; dhanaṃ-√ji, to win the p° or the fight), [Ṛg-veda]
2) [v.s. ...] booty, prey (dhanam-√bhṛ [Ātmanepada], to carry off the prize or booty), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]
3) [v.s. ...] any valued object, ([especially]) wealth, riches, (movable) property, money, treasure, gift, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
4) [v.s. ...] capital (opp. to vṛddhi interest), [Yājñavalkya ii, 58]
5) [v.s. ...] = go-dhana, [Harivaṃśa 3886]
6) [v.s. ...] ([arithmetic]) the affirmative quantity or plus (opp. to ṛṇa, kṣaya, vyaya, hāni)
7) [v.s. ...] Name of the 2nd mansion, [Varāha-mihira]
8) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a merchant, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan; Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]
9) Dhāna (धान):—[from dhā] mfn. containing, holding (cf. uda-)
10) [v.s. ...] n. receptacle, case, seat (cf. agni-, kṣura-, rajjuetc.; nam aktos [probably] = womb or bosom of the night, [Ṛg-veda iii, 7, 6])
11) Dhānā (धाना):—[from dhāna > dhā] a f. See sub voce
12) [from dhā] b f. corn, grain (originally the grains of seed from their being ‘laid’ into and ‘conceived’ by the earth cf. √1. dhā, but usually = fried barley or rice or any grain fried and reduced to powder), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
13) [v.s. ...] coriander, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] bud, shoot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+244): Dhana Vagga, Dhanabhaksha, Dhanabhara, Dhanabharjana, Dhanacala, Dhanacandra, Dhanacchu, Dhanachchhu, Dhanachhu, Dhanachu, Dhanachurna, Dhanacidi, Dhanacurna, Dhanacyuta, Dhanada, Dhanada kavi, Dhanadadeva, Dhanadakshi, Dhanadamantra, Dhanadana.
Ends with (+1396): Abandhana, Abhidhana, Abhimanadhana, Abhinidhana, Abhiradhana, Abhisambodhana, Abhisambuddhana, Abhisambudhana, Abhisamdhana, Abhisamradhana, Abhisandhana, Abhivaddhana, Abhivardhana, Abhyadhana, Abindhana, Abodhana, Abodhyabodhana, Acariyadhana, Acchadvidhana, Acukasandhana.
Full-text (+664): Dhanasa, Satyadhana, Vidyadhana, Nidhanata, Ekadhana, Dhanalobha, Dhanaishin, Dhanamada, Dhanya, Dhanapalaka, Dhanavat, Dhanastha, Rajadhana, Dhaneshvara, Dhanakama, Tapodhana, Dhanarthin, Dhanahina, Manadhana, Dhanagarvita.
Search found 42 books and stories containing Dhana, Dhāna, Ḍhāṇa, Dhaṇa, Dhaṇā, Dhanā, Dhānā; (plurals include: Dhanas, Dhānas, Ḍhāṇas, Dhaṇas, Dhaṇās, Dhanās, Dhānās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Biography (22): Kuṇḍa Dhāna Mahāthera < [Chapter 43 - Forty-one Arahat-Mahatheras and their Respective Etadagga titles]
Part 2 - Story of Ānanda the Wealthy Merchant < [Chapter 34c - The Buddha’s Nineteenth Vassa also at Cāliya Hill]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 4.250 < [Section XIX - Accepting of Gifts]
Verse 11.162 < [Section XVIII - Expiation for Theft (steya)]
Verse 2.31 < [Section X - The ‘Naming Ceremony’ (nāmadheya)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 4.5.13 < [Part 5 - Anger (raudra-rasa)]
Verse 1.2.259 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Verse 2.1.146 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: First incarnation as Dhana < [Chapter I - Previous incarnations of Ariṣṭanemi (Nemi)]
Part 5: Bharata’s previous births < [Chapter VIII - The abandonment of Sītā]
Khadira-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)