Atindriya, Atīndriya, Atimdriya: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Atindriya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Atindriya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय) refers to one who is “beyond the perception of the sense-organs”, and is used to describe Śiva, according the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] O lord of everything, we bow to Thee who art beyond the perception of the sense-organs (atīndriya); who hast no support; who art the support of all; who hast no cause; who art endless; the primordial and the subtle”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय) refers to one who is “beyond the senses” and is used to describe Hiraṇyagarbha, in to the Manusmṛti 1.7.—Accordingly, “[...] He,—who is apprehended (grāhya) beyond the senses (atīndriya), who is subtile, unmanifest and eternal, absorbed in all created things and inconceivable,—appeared by himself”.

Atīndriya means that which is beyond the senses, the compound being taken as an avyayībhāva; the compound ‘atīndriya-grāhyaḥ’ being included under the general rule of compounds formulated in Pāṇini’s Sūtra 2.1.4; the meaning being that he is apprehended beyond the senses, he never comes within range of the senses; it is an entirely different kind of cognition, the intuitive cognition of the Yogin, by which he is apprehended. Or, the compound ‘that which is beyond the senses’ may be taken as standing for the Mind, which, being imperceptible, is not perceived by the senses; [...].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Atindriya in Ayurveda glossary
Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy (ayurveda)

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय) refers to “transcending the senses” and is mentioned as an attribute of Manas according to Cakrapāṇi.—Cakrapāṇi, in explaining the atīndriya character of manas, says that it is called atīndriya because it is not a cause of the knowledge of external objects like the other senses. Manas is, indeed, the direct cause of pleasure and pain, but it is the superintendent of all the senses (adhiṣṭhāyaka). Manas is also called sattva and cetas.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय) refers to “transcendental senses”.—Bhagavad-gītā speaks of happiness that is transcendental (atīndriya) to the material conception of life. When our senses are purified of material contamination, they become atīndriya, transcendental senses, and when the transcendental senses are engaged in the service of the master of the senses, Hṛṣīkeśa, one can derive real transcendental pleasure. Whatever distress or happiness we manufacture by mental concoction through the subtle mind has no reality, but is simply a mental concoction. One should therefore not imagine so-called happiness through mental concoction. Rather, the best course is to engage the mind in the service of the Lord, Hṛṣīkeśa, and thus feel real blissful life.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Līlā is Beyond the Material Mind and Senses

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय) refers to that which is “beyond the reach of the material senses”, attributed to Līlā (blissful pastimes).—Karma and Līlā are as different as heaven and hell. Karma is performed with material senses (which are bahirmukha, or directed away from service to Kṛṣṇa), whereas Līlā is realized through transcendental senses, which are perfectly suited for serving Kṛṣṇa. [...] Līlā is beyond the reach of the material senses (atindriya) and even beyond anything the material mind can conceive (avicintya). It is never tainted by anything mundane, nor is it subordinate to anything mundane. This is the sole verdict of Gauḍīya-darśana (the philosophical revelations of the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavas, who are the followers of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Atindriya in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Cosmogony in Indian philosophy

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय) refers to “transcendental” and is mentioned as an attribute of atoms (paramāṇu).—According to the Nyāyasūtra, the atom is transcendental (atindriya) and not perceptible to sense (aindriyaka). On the atindriyatva of atom Gautama further comments that there is evidence of perception that production of the distinct comes from distinct. Here commentator Vātsāyana opines that from the clay enriched with the qualities of rūpa etc is produced the things which also possess the qualities of rūpa etc. From this, the existence of adṛṣṭa i.e. “atindriya paramāṇu” can be inferred.

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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Atindriya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय) refers to “beyond the reach of the sense organs”, according to Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.6.—Accordingly, “[...] Ordinary human practice [can even occur] with an object such as the sense organs, or heaven and liberation, although [these always remain] beyond the reach of the sense organs (atīndriya), [but] only inasmuch as they are [somehow] manifest in the concept [representing them]. And [since it is] so, being an object is nothing but having a form that is [presently] being manifest, and the goal [of human practice] only concerns what is merely such [and nothing beyond manifestation]”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Atindriya in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय) refers to “beyond the senses”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The three worlds, which are made foolish by the action of the poison of lust, are fast asleep in this gaping mouth of Yama’s serpent which is marked by fangs of destruction. While this one whose disposition is pitiless is devouring everyone, certainly there is no way out from this for you, noble fellow, by any means [even] with some difficulty without knowledge of what is beyond the senses [com.atīndriya-jñāna—‘knowledge of what is beyond the senses’]. [Thus ends the reflection on] helplessness”.

Synonyms: Atyakṣa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atindriya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atīndriya (अतींद्रिय).—a S (ati Beyond, indriya An organ of sense.) Imperceptible, inapprehensible by the senses, insensible.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

atīndriya (अतींद्रिय).—a Supersensuous. Inapprehensible by the senses.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atindriya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय).—a. [atikrānta indriyam] Beyond the cognizance (reach) of the senses; अतीन्द्रियेष्वप्युपपन्नदर्शनः (atīndriyeṣvapyupapannadarśanaḥ) R. 3.41; यत्तत्सूक्ष्ममतीन्द्रियं ज्ञानं यन्निर्विकल्पाख्यं तदतीन्द्रियमुच्यते (yattatsūkṣmamatīndriyaṃ jñānaṃ yannirvikalpākhyaṃ tadatīndriyamucyate); °ज्ञाननिधिः (jñānanidhiḥ) Śiśupālavadha 1.11

-yaḥ The soul or Puruṣa, (in Sāṅkhya Phil.); the Supreme Soul.

-yam 1 Pradhāna or Nature (in Sāṅkhya Phil.).

2) The mind (in Vedānta) योऽसावतीन्द्रियग्राह्यः सूक्ष्मोऽव्यक्तः सनातनः (yo'sāvatīndriyagrāhyaḥ sūkṣmo'vyaktaḥ sanātanaḥ) Manusmṛti 1.7 (Kull. indriyamatī vartate iti °yaṃ manaḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Imperceptible, unattainable by the senses. E. ati beyond, and indriya an organ of sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय).—i. e. ati-indriya. I. adj. Surpassing the senses, transcendental, Bhāṣāp. 57. Ii. n. Mind, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय).—[adjective] going beyond or unattainable by the senses; [neuter] mind, soul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय):—mfn. beyond the (cognizance of the) senses

2) m. (in Sāṅkhya [philosophy]) the soul

3) n. Name of Pradhāna

4) the mind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय):—[tatpurusha compound] I. m. f. n.

(-yaḥ-yā-yam) Going beyond the senses, unattainable by the senses, imperceptible. Ii. m.

(-yaḥ) (In the Sāṅkhya philosophy.) The same as Purusha or soul. Iii. n.

(-yam) 1) (In the Vedānta philosophy.) The same as Manas q. v.

2) (In the Sāṅkhya.) The same as Pradhāna or nature. E. ati (sc. krānta) and indriya (in the sense of the accusative).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय):—[atī-ndriya] (yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a. Imperceptible, unattainable by the senses.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Atīndriya (अतीन्द्रिय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aiṃdiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atindriya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atindriya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Atīṃdriya (अतींद्रिय) [Also spelled atindriy]:—(a) transcendental; trans-sensuous, super-sensuous; ~[] trans-sensuous/transcendental state; ~[vāda] transcendentalism; hence ~[vāditā] (nf) ~[vādī] (a, nm).

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atindriya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Atīṃdriya (ಅತೀಂದ್ರಿಯ):—

1) [adjective] beyond the cognizance of the senses; extra-sensory.

2) [adjective] supra-sensory; ethereal.

3) [adjective] subtle.

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Atīṃdriya (ಅತೀಂದ್ರಿಯ):—

1) [noun] the immaterial essence, animating principle or actuating cause of an individual life; the soul.

2) [noun] the external world in its entirety; the nature.

3) [noun] that which, in an individual, perceives, feels, thinks, wills and esp. reasons; the mind.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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