Samraj, Samrāj: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Samraj means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Samrāj (सम्राज्).—Son of Citraratha by Ūrṇā. He married Utkalā and the couple had a son called Marīci, who became very famous in after years. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 5).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Saṃrāj (संराज्) refers to a “sovereign (King)”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “Such a Court Officiant who is [himself] like a Guru to Kings is difficult to find. Such a one is verily capable of warding off the flood of misdeeds [and their consequences] for Kings. Therefore, he alone is able to perform the rituals of protection of Kings. He who has such a Guru [by his side] shall become a sovereign King (saṃrājsaṃrāṇ nṛpatir bhavet), one with a long life, one free of enemies and diseases and a slayer of hostile heroes”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samrāj (सम्राज्).—m.

1) A paramount sovereign, universal lord; especially one who rules over other princes and has performed the Rājasūya sacrifice; येनेष्टं राजसूयेन मण्डलस्ये- श्वरश्च यः । शास्ति यश्चाज्ञया राज्ञः स सम्राट् (yeneṣṭaṃ rājasūyena maṇḍalasye- śvaraśca yaḥ | śāsti yaścājñayā rājñaḥ sa samrāṭ) Ak.; R.2.5.

2) A ruler having a revenue to the extent of one to ten crores of Karṣa; ततस्तु कोटिपर्यन्तः स्वराट् सम्राट् ततः परम् । दशकोटिमितो यावद् विराट् तु तदनन्तरम् (tatastu koṭiparyantaḥ svarāṭ samrāṭ tataḥ param | daśakoṭimito yāvad virāṭ tu tadanantaram) Śukra.1.185.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samrāj (सम्राज्).—[sam-rāj], m. A paramount sovereign, one who rules over other princes, and has performed the Rājasūya sacrifice; a sovereign, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 135.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samrāj (सम्राज्).—[masculine] lord of the universe, sovereign ruler ([feminine] samrājñī); [Epithet] of Varuṇa, Indra, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃrāj (संराज्):—[=saṃ-√rāj] [Parasmaipada] -rājati ([infinitive mood] -rājitum, [Pāṇini 8-3, 25 [Scholiast or Commentator]]), to reign universally, reign over ([genitive case]), [Ṛg-veda] (cf. sam-rāj).

2) [=sam-rāj] m. ([from] saṃ- √rāj, [Pāṇini 8-3, 25]; [nominative case] samrāṭ) a universal or supreme ruler (a Name of Varuṇa, the Ādityas, Indra, Manu etc.), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a sovereign lord, paramount sovereign (of men)

4) [v.s. ...] one who rules over other princes and has performed the Rājasūya sacrifice, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a son or grandson of Kāmyā, [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Citra-ratha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of various authors, [Catalogue(s)]

8) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

9) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Ekāha, [Vaitāna-sūtra]

10) [v.s. ...] f. Name of a daughter of Priya-vrata, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samrāj (सम्राज्):—(d) 5. m. A paramount sovereign.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samraj in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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