Paravara, Paravāra, Parāvara, Para-avara, Paravarā: 17 definitions


Paravara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Parvar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Paravara in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Paravarā (परवरा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.22). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Paravarā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Pārāvāra (पारावार) is another name for Saritāpati, or a “hundred trillion” (100,000,000,000,000), according to According to Nārāyaṇa (1356), as defined according to Śrīdhara in the Triśatikā, as defined according to the principles of gaṇita (“science of calculation”) and Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—We can definitely say that from the very earliest known times, ten has formed the basis of numeration in India. While the Greeks had no terminology for denominations above the myriad (104), and the Romans above the milk (103), the ancient Hindus dealt freely with no less than eighteen denominations [e.g., pārāvāra]. Cf. Yajurveda-saṃhitā (Vājasanyī) XVII.2;  Taittirīya-saṃhitā IV.40.11, VII.2.20.1; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā II.8.14; Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā XVII.10, XXXIX.6; Anuyogadvāra-sūtra 142; Āryabhaṭīya II.2; Triśatikā R.2-3; Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha I.63-68.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Paravara (or, Paravāra) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to various sources. The associated place of origin is known as Para-nagara (or, Pārā-nagara). The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Paravara), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Paravara) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (e.g., Paravara) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places (e.g., Para-nagara), and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paravara (परवर).—m The floor or ground of a house. 2 fig. Floor-corn,--corn remaining upon the thrashing floor after the removal of the rāsa or heap. This is a perquisite of the Mahar. The terrace (of stone or earth) made or the level tract around a well or tank. Hence (kāṃhīṃ ēka gōṣṭa) paravarāsa āṇaṇēṃ or yēṇēṃ To bring, or to come, into notoriety. 4 The superficies or face of a stratum under ground,--the commencement of a new layer.

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paravara (परवर).—f ( H) Snake-gourd; and n The fruitborne on it; Trichosanthes Diœca or Anguina.

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pārāvāra (पारावार).—m (S pāra & avāra) sometimes pārā- vārā m The near and farther banks of a stream. 2 fig. Bounds or limits; the bottom, reach, or utmost extent. v lāga, and esp. neg. con. Ex. hyā bhāṣēnta śabdāñcā pārāvāra lāgaṇāra nāhīṃ. 3 Used as ad On the hither and farther sides.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paravara (परवर).—m The floor of a house. Floor-corn -corn remaining upon the thrash- ing floor after the removal of the rāsa or heap. This is a perquisite of the Maha'r kāṃhī ēka gōṣṭa paravarāsa āṇaṇēṃ or yēṇēṃ To bring, or to come into notoriety.

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paravara (परवर).—n A kind of vegetable.

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pārāvāra (पारावार) [-rā, -रा].—m Bounds or limits; the bot- tom or reach.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārāvāra (पारावार).—The sea, ocean; रत्नोद्भवोऽपि वाणिज्यनिपुणतया पारावारतरणमकरोत् (ratnodbhavo'pi vāṇijyanipuṇatayā pārāvārataraṇamakarot) Daśakumāracarita 1.1; Bv.4.11.

-ram The two banks.

Derivable forms: pārāvāraḥ (पारावारः).

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Parāvara (परावर).—a.

1) far and near; परावराणां स्रष्टारं पुराणं परमव्ययम् (parāvarāṇāṃ sraṣṭāraṃ purāṇaṃ paramavyayam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.1.23.

2) earlier and later.

3) prior and posterior or subsequent.

4) higher and lower.

5) traditional; पुनाति पङ्क्तिं वंश्यांश्च सप्त सप्त परावरान् (punāti paṅktiṃ vaṃśyāṃśca sapta sapta parāvarān) Manusmṛti 1. 15.

6) all-including; परावरज्ञोऽसि परावरस्त्वम् (parāvarajño'si parāvarastvam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.232. 18.

- descendants. (-ram) 1 cause and effect.

Parāvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and avara (अवर).

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Pārāvāra (पारावार).—both banks, the nearer and further bank.

-raḥ the sea, ocean; शोकपारावारमुत्तर्तुमशक्नुवती (śokapārāvāramuttartumaśaknuvatī) Daśakumāracarita 4; Bv.4.11.

Derivable forms: pārāvāram (पारावारम्).

Pārāvāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pāra and avāra (अवार). See also (synonyms): pārāpāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parāvara (परावर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Before and after, prior and subsequent, far and near, earlier and later, higher and lower. 2. All including. E. para, and avara after.

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Pārāvāra (पारावार) or Pārāpāra.—m.

(-raḥ) The ocean. n.

(-raṃ) The two banks of a river. E. pāra the further bank, and apāra near bank.

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Pārāvāra (पारावार).—m.

(-raḥ) The ocean. n.

(-raṃ) The near and opposite banks of a stream. E. pāra the further bank, vṛ to surround, with āṅ prefix, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parāvara (परावर).—i. e. para-avara, I. adj. 1. Far and near, Mahābhārata 12, 8336. 2. Ancestors and descendants, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 105. 3. All-comprising, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 218, 15. 4. Every succeeding one, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 5, 36. Ii. n. That which is far and near, i. e. 1. The universe, Mahābhārata 1, 23. 2. Totality, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 6, 34.

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Pārāvāra (पारावार).—i. e. pāra-avāra (from ava, being on this side, Gramm. ved.) 1. The opposite bank or shore, and that on this side, Mahābhārata 5, 1017. 2. m. The sea.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parāvara (परावर).—[neuter] = parāpara; also adj. more distant and nearer, higher and lower, all-including; [masculine] [plural] ancestors and descendants.

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Pārāvāra (पारावार).—[substantive] the nearer and further shore; [masculine] the sea.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parāvara (परावर):—[from para] a mf(ā)n. distant and near, earlier and later, prior and subsequent, highest and lowest, all-including (-tva n.), [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] handed down from earlier to later times, traditional, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad]

3) [v.s. ...] each successive, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] ancestors and descendants, [Manu-smṛti i, 105; iii, 38]

5) [v.s. ...] n. the distant and near etc.

6) [v.s. ...] cause and effect, motive and consequence, the whole extent of an idea, totality, the universe, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Vedāntasāra]

7) b etc. See p. 587, col. 3.

8) Pārāvāra (पारावार):—[from pāra] a n. the further and nearer shore, the two banks (rasya nauḥ, a boat which plies from one side to the other, [Mahābhārata]; re [ib.] or ra-taṭe [Catalogue(s)], on both banks; ra-taraṇārtham ind. for bringing over from one shore to the other, [Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti])

9) [v.s. ...] m. the sea, ocean, [Prasannarāghava] (cf. pārāpāra)

10) b See under 1. pāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parāvara (परावर):—[parā+vara] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. First-and last.

2) Pārāvāra (पारावार):—[pārā+vāra] (raḥ) 1. m. The ocean; opposite banks of a river.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pārāvāra (पारावार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pārāvāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paravara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paravara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Paravara (परवर) [Also spelled parvar]:——a Persian suffix meaning one who fosters/nurtures as [baṃdāparavara, garībaparavara].

2) Pārāvāra (पारावार) [Also spelled paravar]:—(nm) an ocean, a sea; limit; (both) shores; —[na honā] knowing no end, to be limitless (as [khuśī kā]—).

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Pārāvāra (पारावार) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pārāvāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pārāvāra (ಪಾರಾವಾರ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) the banks of a river; the shore of the ocean.

2) [noun] the ocean.

3) [noun] a limit; a boundary.

4) [noun] (jain.) a mythological era of a period of time that is astronomically huge.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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