Jagadguru, Jagat-guru: 14 definitions


Jagadguru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Preceptor Of The Universe"

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) refers to “universal guru”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Jagadguru in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) is the name of an undatable writer of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika system.—D.C. Bhaṭṭācārya mentions three writers Jagadguru, Ravīśvara and Nyāyabhāṣyakāra, who flourished before Gaṅgeśa. (cf. Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Vol. II, p.685)

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jagadguru in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) refers to the “preceptor of the universe”, and is used as an epithet of Brahmā, in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.17. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Dakṣa was worried with thoughts. But he became greatly delighted at my sight. He asked me the purpose of my visit. Dakṣa said:—[...] ‘O creator, preceptor of the universe [viz., Jagadguru], be kind and tell me the purpose of your visit to me?’”.

2) Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) refers to the “preceptor of the universe” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.6 (“Prayer to Śiva”).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “Obeisance to you, the soul of all, obeisance to Śiva the remover of distress, [...] What they call the great soul in the universe, O lord, are you yourself, O Śiva soul of all, ruler of the three worlds (trilokādhipati). Whatever is seen, heard or eulogised, whatever is being realised, O preceptor of the universe (jagadguru), are you alone. They call you minuter than the atom and greater than the greatest. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Jagadguru in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) refers to the “teacher of the universe”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(Kubjikā’s) iconic form is threefold (according to whether it is) in (the transmission) of the Child, Middle One or the Aged. [...] Such is Vakrikā’s characteristic form—brilliant like billions of lightning flashes and shining like a garland of flames—one should think that it is filling (all things). She is the subtle Transmental, (her) empowered (aspect) in the world. The Goddess of the gods, who is the teacher of the universe [i.e., jagadguru], has arisen in the Age of Strife. She resides in the sky, in the mortal world and in the lower world of Hāṭakeśvara. Present in the lineage (of teachers) she bestows the Command in Koṅkaṇa. O Śambhu, once know this, the goddess's form, one should commence the sacrifice”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jagadguru in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jagadguru (जगद्गुरु).—m (S) A title of the Supreme Being as the Teacher or Enlightener of his creatures. Applied also to any eminent gurū.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jagadguru in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु).—

1) the Supreme deity.

2) Śiva.

3) Nārada.

4) Brahmās

5) Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: jagadguruḥ (जगद्गुरुः).

Jagadguru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jagat and guru (गुरु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु).—m. a name of Brahman, Viṣṇu, Śiva, Rāma, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 6, 18.

Jagadguru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jagat and guru (गुरु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु).—[masculine] father of the world, [Epithet] of [several] gods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Vṛttakaumudī. Quoted in Vṛttaratnākarādarśa Io. 1555.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु):—[=jagad-guru] [from jagad > jaga] m. the father of the world, [Raghuvaṃśa x, 65]

2) [v.s. ...] Brahmā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ii, 5, 12]

3) [v.s. ...] Viṣṇu, [Harivaṃśa 15699; Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 8, 25]

4) [v.s. ...] Śiva, [Kumāra-sambhava vi, 15]

5) [v.s. ...] Rāma (as Viṣṇu’s incarnation), [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 6, 18.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Jagadguru in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jagadguru in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jagadguru (ಜಗದ್ಗುರು):—

1) [noun] a person revered by all the people or people at large.

2) [noun] the Supreme, as the preceptor of the world.

3) [noun] the head of a Hindu religious institution; a pontiff.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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