Jagadguru, Jagat-guru: 9 definitions

Introduction

Jagadguru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jagadguru in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) refers to the “preceptor of the universe”, and is used as an epithet of Brahmā, in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.17. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Dakṣa was worried with thoughts. But he became greatly delighted at my sight. He asked me the purpose of my visit. Dakṣa said:—[...] ‘O creator, preceptor of the universe [viz., Jagadguru], be kind and tell me the purpose of your visit to me?’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jagadguru in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) is the name of an undatable writer of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika system.—D.C. Bhaṭṭācārya mentions three writers Jagadguru, Ravīśvara and Nyāyabhāṣyakāra, who flourished before Gaṅgeśa. (cf. Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Vol. II, p.685)

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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) refers to “universal guru”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jagadguru in Hinduism glossary
Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Preceptor Of The Universe"

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (J) next»] — Jagadguru in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jagadguru (जगद्गुरु).—m (S) A title of the Supreme Being as the Teacher or Enlightener of his creatures. Applied also to any eminent gurū.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (J) next»] — Jagadguru in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु).—

1) the Supreme deity.

2) Śiva.

3) Nārada.

4) Brahmās

5) Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: jagadguruḥ (जगद्गुरुः).

Jagadguru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jagat and guru (गुरु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु).—m. a name of Brahman, Viṣṇu, Śiva, Rāma, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 6, 18.

Jagadguru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jagat and guru (गुरु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Jagadguru (जगद्गुरु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Vṛttakaumudī. Quoted in Vṛttaratnākarādarśa Io. 1555.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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