Janana, Jānana, Jānāna, Jaṉāṉa: 25 definitions


Janana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Janan.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Janana (जनन) refers to “giving birth” and represents one of the ten purifying rites of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these [sixty defects: ...], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes [i.e., janana—giving birth] for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...] Just as the weapons rubbed on the stone are sharp, so the Mantras subjected to these ten processes acquire power”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Janana (जनन) refers to the “thriving” (of crops), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The first year of the next yuga sacred to Indrāgni is known as Paridhāvi; the remaining years are—Pramādin, Ānanda, Rākṣasa and Anala. In the year Paridhāvi the Madhyadeśa will suffer and the ruling princes will perish, there will be slight rain and fear from fire; in the year Pramādi mankind will be disposed to be inactive; villagers will be at strife; red flowers and red seed will be destroyed. In the next year mankind will be happy. In the years Rākṣasa and Anala there will be deaths and decay in the land; in Rākṣasa again the summer crops will thrive [i.e., grīṣmadhānya-janana] and in Anala there will be fear from fire and much suffering in the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaiva philosophy

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Janana (जनन) refers to “triggering (activity)” (ending in a bodily action), according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.161.—Accordingly, “‘And this … is not enough’ [means the following]. [Something] that [only] consists of the manifestation in an external form, [i.e. in the form ‘this,’] of what remains [of the past experience in the shape of] an internal residual trace; [that is to say, something] that is merely separated [from the subject expressed as ‘I,’ but] that, although manifested (ābhāsitavicchedamātreṇābhāsitenāpi), [appears] without any specific place and time—[this is] not [enough] for inference to trigger any activity (pravṛtti-janana) ending in a bodily action. [...]”.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Janana (जनन) refers to “being born”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 4.5cd-6, while describing the purification process of the initiand]—“[One goes through the saṃskāras:] conceived, born (janana), by virtue of taking up one’s role, action and fruition. Then [the initatiand] atones and [proceeds through the remainder of the saṃskāras that] follow. All this should] be done with the mūlamantra”.

Commentary: “Conceived (garbhādhāna) means taking root in various bodies, janana is to be born out of that, adhikāra is the success of those who have grown to maturity and are suitable to experience bhoga. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mantrashastra

Janana (जनन, “creation”) refers to one of the mantra-defect elimination methods which consist in performing purification rites (saṃskāra), according to the Kulārṇava-tantra verse 15.71-2 and Śaradātilaka verse 2.114-22.—Creation (janana) is described as:—The practitioner extracts the syllables of the mantra one by one from the alphabet, usually with the help of a yantra in which the syllables of the alphabet are inscribed. This mātṛkāyantra may be in the shape of a triangle, consisting of forty-nine small triangles, each containing one syllable of the alphabet. The alphabet can be inscribed in a yantra of another shape: an eight-petalled lotus, a square, a rectangle. [unverified translation!]

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Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Janana (जनन) refers to “birth”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This cosmos must be thought of as filled with a multitude of objects exceedingly firmly embraced (āliṅgita) by the maintenance of life (sthiti), birth (janana) and death (vināśa) in the middle of the rings of wind, complete in this world of its own accord, accomplished without a beginning, ancient [and] free from creation and destruction. [Thus ends the reflection on] the cosmos”.

Synonyms: Utpāda.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

janana : (nt.) production; causing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Janana, (adj.) (to janati) producing, causing (-°) It. 84 (anattha° dosa); J. IV, 141; Dpvs. I, 2; DhsA. 258; Dhtp 428.—f. jananī PvA. 1 (saṃvega° desanā); = mother (cp. janettī) J. IV, 175; PvA. 79. Note. jananā DA. I, 310 is misprint for janatā. (Page 278)

— or —

Jānana, (nt.) (fr. jñā) knowledge, cognizance, recognition; intelligence, learning, skill J. I, 145 (attānaṃ —°kālato paṭṭhāya from the time of self-recognition), 200 (-°manta knowledge of a spell, a spell known by: tumhākaṃ) II. 221; SnA 330; DhA. II, 73 (°sabhāva= ñatta); DA. I, 86 (akkhara°); Vism. 391 (°atthāya in order to know), 436 (=pajānana). Cp. ājānana. ‹-› ajānana not knowing (°-) J. V, 199; VI, 177; not known J. I, 32 (°sippa). (Page 282)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

janana (जनन).—n (S) Birth, bearing, bringing forth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

janana (जनन).—n Bearing, birth, bringing forth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Janana (जनन).—a. [jan-bhāve lyuṭ] Producing, causing &c.; भुजगानां जननीं जजाप विद्याम् (bhujagānāṃ jananīṃ jajāpa vidyām) Śiśupālavadha 2.41.

-naḥ The Supreme Being.

-nam 1 Birth, being born; यावज्जननं तावन्मरणम् (yāvajjananaṃ tāvanmaraṇam) Moha M.13.

2) Causing, production, creation; शोभा- जननात् (śobhā- jananāt) Kumārasambhava 1.42.

3) Appearance, manifestation, rise.

4) Life, existence; यदैव पूर्वे जनने शरीरं सा दक्षरोषात्सुदती ससर्ज (yadaiva pūrve janane śarīraṃ sā dakṣaroṣātsudatī sasarja) Kumārasambhava 1.53; भावस्थिराणि जननान्तरसौहृदानि (bhāvasthirāṇi jananāntarasauhṛdāni) Ś.5.2.

5) Race, family, lineage.

6) Preparation for a religious ceremony (dīkṣā).

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Jānāna (जानान).—a. Knowing, understanding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jānana (जानन).—nt., birth, origination: Mahāvyutpatti 1848 = Tibetan [Page241-b+ 71] bskyed pa. Cf. Sanskrit janana, perhaps to be read here; but Mironov jā°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janana (जनन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Birth, production. 2. Family, race, lineage. f. (-nī) 1. A mother. 2. Tenderness, compassion. 3. A plant, commonly Chakwat; also janani and janī. 4. A bat. 5. Arabian jasmin. 6. Valerian. mf. (-naḥ-nī) A parent, a progenitor. E. jan to bear or be born, affix bhāve lyuṭ, and ṅīṣ.

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Jānana (जानन).—n.

(-naṃ) Knowing, understanding. E. jñā to know, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janana (जनन).—[jan + ana], I. adj., f. , 1. Bringing forth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 81. 2. Causing, Mahābhārata 1, 1183. Ii. f. , A mother, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 179, 20. Iii. n. 1. Child-birth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 61. 2. Producing, production, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 23, 17. 3. Existence, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 99.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janana (जनन).—[feminine] ī = janaka [adjective]; [masculine] progenitor, creator, [feminine] ī mother; [neuter] producing, causing; birth, life.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Janana (जनन):—[from jan] mf(ī)n. ifc. generating, begetting, producing, causing, [Manu-smṛti ix, 81; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a progenitor, creator, [Ṛg-veda ii, 40, 1]

3) [v.s. ...] n. birth, coming into existence, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xxi, 9; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] ‘birth’ id est. life (pūrvaj = nāntara), [Kumāra-sambhava i, 54]

5) [v.s. ...] production, causation, [Rāmāyaṇa] : [Kumāra-sambhava i, 43; Sāṃkhyakārikā; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

6) [v.s. ...] race, lineage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [from jan] cf. indra-, medhā-.

8) Jānāna (जानान):—[from jānat > jānaka] mfn. [present participle] [Ātmanepada] √jñā q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Janana (जनन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Birth; race. f. A mother; tenderness; a plant; a bat. m. A parent, a father.

2) Jānana (जानन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Knowing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Janana (जनन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jaṇaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Janana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Janana (जनन) [Also spelled janan]:—(nm) procreation, procreating; generation, generating; production, producing; -[kṣamatā] potency, generating/productive/procreative power.

2) Jananā (जनना) [Also spelled janna]:—(v) to (re) produce; to give birth (to), to bear.

3) Janānā (जनाना):—(a) female, feminine; impotent; (nm) female apartment; a eunuch; ~[pana] effeminacy; impotence; hence [janānī —rāja] petticoat rule/government.

4) Jānanā (जानना):—(v) to know, to become aware of; to perceive; [jānakara] knowingly, deliberately, wilfully; [anajāna bananā] to feign ignorance; [jānane vāle] acquaintance; [jānabūjhakara] knowingly, deliberately, wilfully; •[āga meṃ kūdanā/kueṃ meṃ paḍanā] to deliberately jump into fire to deliberately risk a hazard to life; •[makkhī nigalanā] to connive at; [jāne-anajāne] wittingly or unwittingly, knowingly or unknowingly.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Jaṇaṇa (जणण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Janana.

2) Jāṇaṇa (जाणण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jñāna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Janana (ಜನನ):—[adjective] generating; producing; giving forth.

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Janana (ಜನನ):—

1) [noun] the act or process of generating, producing or giving birth to.

2) [noun] the act or process of being generated, produced; a coming into existence.

3) [noun] one’s ancestral lineage.

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Janāna (ಜನಾನ):—[noun] = ಜನಾನಾ [janana].

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Janānā (ಜನಾನಾ):—[noun] the part of a palace or house reserved for the residence of women.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Janana (जनन):—n. 1. reproduction; birth; 2. genesis; origin; 3. father; progenitor; god; 4. family; children; progeny

2) Janānā (जनाना):—n. woman; female;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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