Kaushika, Kauśika, Kauśikā: 26 definitions


Kaushika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kauśika and Kauśikā can be transliterated into English as Kausika or Kaushika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kaushika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kauśika (कौशिक).—(Viśvāmitra). See under Viśvāmitra. (See full article at Story of Kauśika from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Kauśika (कौशिक).—A hermit who lived in the palace of Yudhiṣṭhira. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 83, that while going to Hastināpura, Śrī Kṛṣṇa met this hermit on the way.

3) Kauśika (कौशिक).—A minister of Jarāsandha. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Stanza 22, that he had another name Haṃsa also.

4) Kauśika (कौशिक).—While the Pāṇḍavas were leading forest life, the hermit Mārkaṇḍeya told the story of a noble Brahmin named Kauśika, to Dharmaputra. Once this Brahmin sat under a tree and performed penance. A small crane which sat on a branch of the tree passed excreta on the head of the Brahmin. He became angry and looked at the bird. Instantly the bird was reduced to ashes. The Brahmin sincerely repented and went to the countryside to live on alms. Once he reached the house of a Brahmin. The wife of the Brahmin came to the door and requested him to wait a bit. Immediately her husband arrived, and she, being engaged in looking after the needs of her husband forgot the Brahmin Kauśika, who became angry and spoke cruel words to her. She argued that the noblest deed was looking after one’s husband and that it was not meet and right for Brahmins to get angry. She advised Kauśika to go to Mithilāpurī and to receive advice from the famous Dharmavyādha. Kauśika repented his rash nature, went to Dharmavyādha and received advice from him. He returned home and lived peacefully with his parents. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, ten chapters from 206).

Though a man of veracity, he finally had to go to hell, for the following reason. While he was engaged in penance in the forest some thieves came by that way with some stolen goods. The owners of the goods were chasing the thieves. Kauśika told them the way by which the thieves had gone. So at the end Kauśika was thrown into hell. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 69).

5) Kauśika (कौशिक).—A King of the Puru dynasty. Kapila was his father and Gṛtsapati was his brother. The four castes Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra originated from Gṛtsapati. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278).

6) Kauśika (कौशिक).—A hermit. This ancient hermit lived in Kurukṣetra. His sons Svasṛpa, Krodhana, Hiṃsra, Piśuna, Kavi, Vāgduṣṭa, and Pitṛvarttī lived with hermit Garga for learning under him. Their names indicated their character. Their father died. The sons were in poverty. At this time rain ceased altogether. Garga asked his disciples to take his milch cow to the forest for grazing. Owing to hunger the brothers decided to kill and eat the cow. But the youngest said: "If you are bent on killing the cow, we had better make use of it as an offering to the Manes, and no sin will visit us."

All agreed to this and Pitṛvarttī killed the cow and began the sacrifice. Two elder brothers were employed in worshipping the gods and three were detailed to give offerings to the manes. One was asked to be the guest. Pitṛvarttī was the sacrificer. Remembering the ancestors with reverence he began the sacrifice in accordance with the rites. Thus the seven hermits ate the cow and told Garga that the cow was caught by a tiger.

7) Kauśika (कौशिक).—A King. This king became a cock at night. His wife Viśālā was filled with grief at this transfiguration of her husband in the night. She told her grief to the hermit Gālava who told the queen about the previous birth of her husband as follows:—"In the previous birth he used to eat cocks to get strength. Knowing this Tāmracūḍa the king of fowls cursed him. "You shall become a cock during nights." That is why your husband has become a cock." According to the advice of the hermit the King began to worship Lord Śiva and he was liberated from the curse. (Skanda Purāṇa).

8) Kauśikā (कौशिका).—(GOMATĪ). A river. The hermitage of Viśvāmitra stood on the bank of this river. The modern name of river Kauśikā is Kosī. The river Kosī flows through Bihar. Those who bathe in this river will obtain remission of sins. See under Gomatī. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 84).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kauśika (कौशिक).—A sage who called on dying Bhīṣma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 9. 7.

1b) Practised varma nārāyaṇātmaka and gave up his body. When Citraratha, the Gandharva crossed on his bones, he fell down to the earth, and on Vālakhilyas’ suggestion, he gathered them and throwing into the Sarasvatī, went away to his home.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 8. 38-40.

1c) A name of Indra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 64.

1d) A name of Viśvāmitra (Gādhi, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) helped the banished Satyavrata to get a place among the planets out of gratitude for his having helped Gālava during the 12 year famine.

1e) A nāga residing in Tatvalam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 19.

1f) A pupil of Kṛta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 53.

1g) A son of Vasudeva and Saivyā (Vaiśāli, vāyu-purāṇa.) adopted by his brother Vṛka,1 born of a Vaiśya wife.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 174-5; 193; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 182; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 25.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 46. 20.

1h) A sage by tapas of the epoch of Sāvarṇi;1 a sage of Kurukṣetra who had seven sons who, during famine, had their guru's cow killed and after offering it for śrāddha, made a meal themselves; but after five rebirths they attained final beatitude. These five rebirths detailed.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 9. 32; 145. 93.
  • 2) Ib. 19. 12; Ch. 20.

1i) A son of Vidarbha and father of Cidī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 36, 38.

1j) A son of Vaiśākhi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 172.

1k) Adopted son of Vastāvana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 189.

1l) The kingdom of.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 121. 50.

2) Kauśikā (कौशिका).—The wife of Suhotra and mother of Janhu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 54.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kauśika (कौशिक) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.20, II.48.17, VI.10.40). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kauśika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kauśika (कौशिक) refers to a variety of prāsāda (upper storey of any building), according to the Mayamata (18.13). In the Śilparatna (32.6), the Kamikāgama (57.8) and the Īśānaśiva (32-70), this variety is known as Kāśika.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kaushika in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Kauśika (कौशिक) refers to (1) another name for Indra; (2) an “owl”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 5.64.

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Kauśika (कौशिक) (also Kauśikārya?) is the name of an ancient teacher mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “Master Kauśika has two pupils, Aṅgaṛṣi and Rudraka, who are in charge of the wood loads. One day, the first, disciplined, returns with a load of wood. The second, a rascal, frolic during the day and suddenly realizes that Aṅgaṛṣi has left with the load of wood. [...]”.

Cf. Āvasyakaniryukti v. 1293; Āvaśyakacūrṇi II 193.2-9; Āvasyakaniryukti (Haribhadra commentary) b.4-a.5; Trad: Balbir in Granoff 1990 p. 51-52.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kauṣika (कौषिक) refers to a “(the Liṅga with) six sheaths”, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, as Bhairava says to the Goddes: “[...] In the beginning, when all that existed was one fearful ocean and the Triple Universe was darkness (tamas), following the behest of the supreme will, I (Bhairava) bore the form of a Liṅga. I had six faces and, my nature Time, I was in the form of a Liṅga. Always encompassed by six forces, I sport in the centre of the universe. I possess (the Liṅga with) six sheaths (kauṣika). I am the body of the radiance of passion (anaṅgavarcas). O beloved, then emanation, my will, was started again. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

1) Kauśika (कौशिक) (lit. “one which resides in Kuśa [grass] or in Kośa [holes]”) is a synonym (another name) for the Owl (Ulūka), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

2) Kauśika (कौशिक) also refers to the Collared scops owl (Otus bakkamoena).

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (p)

Kauśika (कौशिक) refers to one of the five preceptors mentioned in the Īśvarasaṃhitā of the Pāñcarātra division of the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas.—The Īśvarasaṃhitā is said to be a derivative of the Sāttvatasaṃhitā which is the very essence of the Bhāgavata Purāṇa. [...] The Īśvarasaṃhitā (I.21) states that Śāṇḍilya, Aupagāyana, Mauṃjāyana, Kauśika and Bharadvāja were the important preceptors who preached the Pāñcaratra doctrine to the people individually for five days and nights.

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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Kauśika (कौशिक) is another name for Śakra (i.e., Devendra—‘lord of the gods’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said [to Śakra]: “Excellent, excellent, Kauśika, since you have obtained the power of gods, you, having entered into the power of the dharma, will roar the lion’s road in order to uphold all the Buddha’s true dharma. Why is that? Kauśika, if you uphold the true dharma of one Tathāgata, then you are also upholding the true dharma of the Awakened Lords in the past, present and future”.

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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kauśikā (कौशिका) is the daughter of Vidyādhara-king Vyomabindu from Kautakamaṅgala,  according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Mānavasundarī said to Ratnaśravas:—“In Kautakamaṅgala, the home of many curiosities, there is a famous king of Vidyādharas, Vyomabindu. His elder daughter, Kauśikā, my sister, is married to King Viśravas, lord of Yakṣapura. She has a son, skilled in polity, named Vaiśramaṇa, who now rules in Laṅkā by order of Śakra. But I, Kaikasī, Kauśikā’s younger sister, have come here, given to you by my father in accordance with an astrologer’s prediction”.

Kauśikā is the mother of Vaiśramaṇa:—“[...] When Mālin was killed, the Rākṣasas and Vānaras were terrified and, commanded by Sumālin, went to the Laṅkā that is in Pātāla. Indra (son of Vidyādharī-queen Citrasundarī) at once granted Laṅkā to Vaiśramaṇa, the son of Viśravas, sprung from Kauśikā’s womb, and went to his own city. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Kauśika (कौशिक) or Kośika is the name of a river found in India.—Mr. K. M. Gupta identifies it with modem Kusiyara, a river tothe east of Pañcakhaṇḍa In the Sylhet district. The river Kauśika became so much denudded of its current that it gets the qualifying term śuṣka (dried) prefixed to it.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kaushika [ಕೌಶಿಕ್ಲಾ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari from the Burseraceae (Torchwood) family having the following synonyms: Balsamea mukul , Balsamodendron mukul, Commiphora mukul. For the possible medicinal usage of kaushika, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kausika in India is the name of a plant defined with Jasminum sambac in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Nyctanthes undulata L. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1991)
· Investigatio et Studium Naturae (1992)
· Hortus Kewensis (1789)
· A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (1837)
· Flora of the British India (1882)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kausika, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kauśika (कौशिक).—a. (- f.) also -कौषिक (kauṣika) () [कुश-ठञ्, कुशिकअण् वा (kuśa-ṭhañ, kuśikaaṇ vā)]

1) Incased, sheathed; विक्रम्य कौशिकं खङ्गं मोक्षयित्वा ग्रहं रिपोः (vikramya kauśikaṃ khaṅgaṃ mokṣayitvā grahaṃ ripoḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.157.11.

2) Coming from an owl.

3) Born of the family of Kuśika; कौशिकाश्च कथं वंशात्क्षत्राद्वै ब्राह्मणो भवेत् (kauśikāśca kathaṃ vaṃśātkṣatrādvai brāhmaṇo bhavet) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.52.4.

4) Silken; या त्वाहं कौशिकैर्वस्त्रैः शुभ्रैराच्छादितं पुरा (yā tvāhaṃ kauśikairvastraiḥ śubhrairācchāditaṃ purā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.27.14.


1) An epithet of विश्वा- मित्र (viśvā- mitra) q. v.

2) An owl; Uttararāmacarita 2.29.

3) A lexicographer.

4) Marrow.

5) Bdellium.

6) An ichneumon.

7) A snake-catcher.

8) The sentiment of love (śṛṅgāra).

9) One who knows hidden treasures.

10) An epithet of Indra; Bhāgavata 1.38.17; N.5.64.

11) An epithet of Śiva.

12) Name of a priest in charge of Sāmaveda.

13) A dealer in Kuśa grass.

14) Gum, resin; 'कौशिको मुनिभेदे च नकुले शक्रघूकयोः । उद्गातरि कुशाजीवे कोशवत्यहितुण्डिके ॥ गुग्गुलावपि (kauśiko munibhede ca nakule śakraghūkayoḥ | udgātari kuśājīve kośavatyahituṇḍike || guggulāvapi) ...'

-kā A cup, drinking vessel.


1) Silk, silken garment; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.111.14; Bhāgavata 1.83.28.

2) A way of flying (sarvatobhadra); Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.48.35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kauśika (कौशिक).—(1) (presumably = Sanskrit id. as gotra-name), name of a brahmanical gotra: Mahāvastu ii.48.16 ff., and of an ascetic belonging to it, ii.49.3 ff.; in ii.63.18 he is called Nārada by personal name, which is due to a confusion in the story, the true form of which is told in Pali, Jātaka (Pali) 535, where the ascetic is called (Macchari-)Kosiya (Kosika), and Nārada (= Sanskrit id.) appears as a quite different character; many verses of the Jātaka (Pali) are paralleled in Mahāvastu, including one giving (in Mahāvastu, not in the Jātaka (Pali)) the name Nārada, apparently, to the ascetic (Mahāvastu ii.55.3 = Jātaka (Pali) v.395.12); (2) name of a disciple of Śākyamuni, to be read in Lalitavistara 1.16 instead of Kasphila, q.v., as proved by Tibetan ḥug pa = owl; he may be the same as Pali 3 Kosiya in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names); (3) name of a locality: Mahā-Māyūrī 81; see Lévi, p. 101, [Page196-b+ 71] identifying this with Sanskrit Kuśika; compare also Kirfel, Kosmo graphie 90, Kauśika, name of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśika (कौशिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Silk, silken. 2. Of the family of Kusika, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A name of Indra. 2. A fragrant substance, (Bdellium) 3. An owl. 4. A snake-catcher. 5. An ichneumon. (Viverra ichneumon.) 6. A title of Viswamitra. 7. One skilled in dictionaries. 8. A dictionary compiler. 9. Love, the passion. 10. The marrow. f. (-kī) 1. A river in Bahar, the Kosi or Koosa. 2. A name of the goddess Durga, n.

(-kaṃ) Silk. E. kośa a sheathe, &c. ṭhak affix, and ṅīp for the femine; also kauṣika, and kauśikī.

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Kauśikā (कौशिका).—f.

(-kā) A drinking vessel, a cup or goblet. E. kuś to surround or containe, affixes ṇvul and ṭāp.

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Kauṣika (कौषिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A name of Indra, &c.: see above, kauśika. f. (-kī) Durga, &c. see kauśikī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśika (कौशिक).—i. e. kuśika + a, I. adj. and patronym. Descending from Kuśika, Mahābhārata 13, 2719; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 35, 20. Ii. m. An owl, [Pañcatantra] 157, 21. Iii. f. , 1. The name of a river, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 40, 19. 2. A proper name, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 12, 4.

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Kauśika (कौशिक).—i. e. kośā + ika, I. adj. 1. Sheathed, Mahābhārata 3, 11461. 2. Silken, Mahābhārata 3, 1002. Ii. n. Silken cloth, Mahābhārata 13, 5602.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśika (कौशिक).—1. [adjective] pertaining to Kuśika; [masculine] patron. of [several] men. [Epithet] of Indra, [feminine] kauśikī E of Durgā; [Name] of [several] women & rivers.

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Kauśika (कौशिक).—2. [neuter] a silk cloth.

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Kauśika (कौशिक).—3. [masculine] owl.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kauśika (कौशिक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—grammarian. Quoted by Kṣīrasvāmin in Kṣīrataraṅgiṇī, in Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti, by Viṭṭhala Oxf. 161^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kauśika (कौशिक):—[from kauśa] 1. kauśika mfn. ([from] kuśā or kuśī), ‘having paws’, an owl, [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] an ichneumon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] coming from an owl, [Suśruta]

4) [from kauśa] 2. kauśika mfn. forming a receptacle (as a wound; See kośa-vat), [Bhāvaprakāśa vi, 35] ([varia lectio] kauṣṭhika)

5) [v.s. ...] sheathed (a sword), [Mahābhārata iii, 11461]

6) [v.s. ...] silken, [Mahābhārata iii]

7) [v.s. ...] m. one who is versed in dictionaries, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a lexicographer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] one who catches snakes, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] the fragrant substance bdellium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] marrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a kind of seed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Kauśikā (कौशिका):—[from kauśika > kauśa] f. a drinking-vessel ([varia lectio] kośikā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Kauśika (कौशिक):—[from kauśa] n. silk, silk cloth, [Yājñavalkya i, 186; Mahābhārata xiii, 5502]

15) [v.s. ...] a silk garment, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 83, 28.]

16) 3. kauśika mfn. relating to Kuśika (or to Kauśika), [Mahābhārata xiii, 2719]

17) m. ([gana] bidādi) [patronymic] of Viśvā-mitra (who was the son or grandson of Kuśika), interpolation after, [Ṛg-veda x, 85; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

18) of Gādhi, [Harivaṃśa 1457]

19) of Bhadra-śarman, [Vaṃśa-brāhmaṇa]

20) Name of a teacher (author of the Kauśikasūtra, brother of Paippalādi), [Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad; Kauśika-sūtra; Pāṇini 4-3, 103; Harivaṃśa 11074]

21) Name of a grammarian, [Harivaṃśa 5501]

22) of one of Jarāsandhas’s generals, [Mahābhārata ii, 885]

23) Name of Indra (as originally perhaps belonging to the Kuśikas or friendly to them), [Ṛg-veda i, 10, 11; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii, 3, 4, 19; ṢaḍvBr.; Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

24) of Sūrya, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i, 5, 10, 2 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

25) of a son of Vasu-deva, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

26) of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) of an Asura, [Harivaṃśa 2288]

28) Vatika robusta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) (in music) Name of a Rāga

30) (for kaiśika) love, passion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) m. [plural] the descendants of Kuśika, [Harivaṃśa 1770 ff.]

32) m. (of Kuśa), [Rāmāyaṇa i, 35, 20]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kauśika (कौशिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Indra; bdellium; an owl; a snake-catcher; an ichneumon; a lexicographer; love; marrow. f. () A river in Behar, Durgā. n. Silk. a. Silken.

2) Kauśikā (कौशिका):—(kā) 1. f. A drinking vessel.

3) Kauṣika (कौषिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Indra. f. Durgā.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kauśika (कौशिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kosiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kaushika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kaushika or kausika in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kauśika (ಕೌಶಿಕ):—

1) [noun] Viśvāmitra, a famous vedic sage, the seer of the most sacred Gāyatri hymn.

2) [noun] any of a worldwide order (Strigiformes) of predatory night birds distinguished by a large, flat face, eyes surrounded by stiff-feathered disks, a short, hooked beak, feathered legs with sharp talons, and soft plumage which permits noiseless flight; an owl.

3) [noun] Indra, the god of heaven.

4) [noun] the tree Commiphora mukul ( = Balsamodendron mukul) of Burseraceae family.

5) [noun] a myrrhlike gum resin yielded by this tree.

6) [noun] an entertainer who seems to hypnotise snakes by means of movements or music; a snake-charmer.

7) [noun] a person, thing or event that causes astonishment and admiration; a wonder; a marvel.

8) [noun] the mouth of a snake.

9) [noun] a silk cloth.

10) [noun] the moon.

11) [noun] a person who writes or compiles a dictionary; a lexicographer.

12) [noun] the soft, vascular, fatty tissue that fills the cavities of most bones.

13) [noun] the sentiment of love (as expressed in a literary work or dance).

14) [noun] a man who identifies hidden treasure (by a magical method).

15) [noun] Śiva.

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Kausika (ಕೌಸಿಕ):—

1) [noun] any of the varieties of jasmine plants.

2) [noun] its flower.

3) [noun] the tree Commiphora mukul ( = Balsamodendron mukul) of Burseraceae family.

4) [noun] a myrrhlike gum resin yielded by this tree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of kaushika or kausika in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

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