Adhishthana, aka: Adhiṣṭhāna; 7 Definition(s)
Adhishthana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Adhiṣṭhāna can be transliterated into English as Adhisthana or Adhishthana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
1) Adhiṣṭhāna (अधिष्ठान) refers to a “plinth”, “pedestal” or “molded base”.
2) Adhiṣṭhāna can also refer to an “object on which something stands”. According to the Mayamata, an adhiṣṭhāna may be optionally provided with an upapīṭha (sub-structure), but according to the Pādmasaṃhitā this is mandatory.
According to the Mayamata, Adhiṣṭhāna has the following synonyms: Masūraka, Vāstvādhāra, Kuttima, Tala; while the Kāmikāgama extends this lists with: Dharātala, Ādhāra, Dharaṇi, Bhuvana, Pṛthvī, Bhūmi and Ādyaṅga.
3) Adhiṣṭhāna (‘plinth’) represents a part of the trivarga structure, where it is also known as upāna.Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Adhiṣṭhāna (अधिष्ठान) refers to the “plinth” or “base” of a temple (prāsāda or vimāna). It is considered the first part in the ṣaḍvarga structure.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
The term adhiṣṭhāna is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘adhiṣṭha’ meaning ‘to stand upon’. As such, etymologically, adhiṣṭhāna denotes an object on which something stands.
The main mouldings of the adhiṣṭhāna are:
- kapota or paṭṭikā or both,
Kāśyapaśilpa mentions only five major mouldings for the adhiṣṭāna. They are the upāna, jagati, kumuda, kampa (paṭṭi) and paṭṭikā. This is called as the pañcavarga. It is also mentioned that, those adhiṣṭānas which have the pañcavarga are the best adhiṣṭānas.Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
The Sanskrit term adhiṣṭhāna is the name for initiations or blessings in Vajrayāna Buddhism. In Tibetan Buddhism adhiṣṭhāna blessings are an important part of the pointing-out instruction received from the Guru and lineage. Receiving these blessings is dependent on the student having proper motivation, aspiration and intentionality (bodhicitta) and sufficient “devotion” (Sanskrit: bhakti).
The term adhiṣṭhāna is also used to describe the transformative power of the Buddha. According to D. T. Suzuki: “The Buddha is creative life itself, he creates himself in innumerable forms with all the means native to him. This is called his adhiṣṭhāna, as it were, emanating from his personality.”Source: WikiPedia: Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
adhiṣṭhāna (अधिष्ठान).—n (S) Abiding, residing, or staying in: inhering, lying, or being in. 2 The place, seat, subject &c. of indwelling. 3 fig. Sitting in restraint at a person's door;--in order to enforce compliance with some demand. 4 Ostentatious display (of piety or sanctity, of learning, opulence &c.)Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
adhiṣṭhāna (अधिष्ठान).—n Abiding, inhering.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Adhiṣṭhānaśarīra (अधिष्ठानशरीर).—A body which forms the medium between the subtle and the gross...
Rājādhiṣṭhāna (राजाधिष्ठान).—the capital of a king, metropolis. Derivable forms: rājādhiṣṭhānam...
Sukhādhiṣṭhāna (सुखाधिष्ठान).—a happy state. Derivable forms: sukhādhiṣṭhānam (सुखाधिष्ठानम्).S...
Śabdādhiṣṭhāna (शब्दाधिष्ठान).—the ear. Derivable forms: śabdādhiṣṭhānam (शब्दाधिष्ठानम्).Śabdā...
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Search found 22 books and stories containing Adhishthana or Adhiṣṭhāna. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Introduction < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Temples in Tiruvaduturai (3rd to 25th year) < [Chapter X - Historical Survey]
Temples in Govindaputtur (Govandaputtur) < [Chapter VIII - Temples of Uttama Chola’s Time]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 8 - The nature of the world-appearance, phenomena < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 2 - The Brahman and the World according to Vijñānāmṛta-bhāṣya < [Chapter XXII - The Philosophy of Vijñāna Bhikṣu]
Part 7 - Māyā and Pradhāna < [Chapter XXII - The Philosophy of Vijñāna Bhikṣu]
Part 9 - Īśvara-gītā, its Philosophy as expounded by Vijñāna Bhikṣu < [Chapter XXII - The Philosophy of Vijñāna Bhikṣu]
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
The Ardhamandapa and the Side Gateways < [Tanjavur/Thanjavur (Rajarajesvaram temple)]
Tenneri < [Uttama Chola]
Temples in Tiruppainjili < [Aditya I]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)