Adhishthana, aka: Adhiṣṭhāna; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Adhishthana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Adhiṣṭhāna can be transliterated into English as Adhisthana or Adhishthana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Adhishthana in Shilpashastra glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1) Adhiṣṭhāna (अधिष्ठान) refers to a “plinth”, “pedestal” or “molded base”.

2) Adhiṣṭhāna can also refer to an “object on which something stands”. According to the Mayamata, an adhiṣṭhāna may be optionally provided with an upapīṭha (sub-structure), but according to the Pādmasaṃhitā this is mandatory.

According to the Mayamata, Adhiṣṭhāna has the following synonyms: Masūraka, Vāstvādhāra, Kuttima, Tala; while the Kāmikāgama extends this lists with: Dharātala, Ādhāra, Dharaṇi, Bhuvana, Pṛthvī, Bhūmi and Ādyaṅga.

3) Adhiṣṭhāna (‘plinth’) represents a part of the trivarga structure, where it is also known as upāna.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Adhishthana in Vastushastra glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Adhiṣṭhāna (अधिष्ठान) refers to the “plinth” or “base” of a temple (prāsāda or vimāna). It is considered the first part in the ṣaḍvarga structure.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

The term adhiṣṭhāna is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘adhiṣṭha’ meaning ‘to stand upon’. As such, etymologically, adhiṣṭhāna denotes an object on which something stands.

The main mouldings of the adhiṣṭhāna are:

  1. upāna,
  2. jagati,
  3. kumuda,
  4. gala,
  5. kapota or paṭṭikā or both,
  6. prati.

Kāśyapaśilpa mentions only five major mouldings for the adhiṣṭāna. They are the upāna, jagati, kumuda, kampa (paṭṭi) and paṭṭikā. This is called as the pañcavarga. It is also mentioned that, those adhiṣṭānas which have the pañcavarga are the best adhiṣṭānas.

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

The Sanskrit term adhiṣṭhāna is the name for initiations or blessings in Vajrayāna Buddhism. In Tibetan Buddhism adhiṣṭhāna blessings are an important part of the pointing-out instruction received from the Guru and lineage. Receiving these blessings is dependent on the student having proper motivation, aspiration and intentionality (bodhicitta) and sufficient “devotion” (Sanskrit: bhakti).

The term adhiṣṭhāna is also used to describe the transformative power of the Buddha. According to D. T. Suzuki: “The Buddha is creative life itself, he creates himself in innumerable forms with all the means native to him. This is called his adhiṣṭhāna, as it were, emanating from his personality.”

Source: WikiPedia: Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Adhishthana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

adhiṣṭhāna (अधिष्ठान).—n (S) Abiding, residing, or staying in: inhering, lying, or being in. 2 The place, seat, subject &c. of indwelling. 3 fig. Sitting in restraint at a person's door;--in order to enforce compliance with some demand. 4 Ostentatious display (of piety or sanctity, of learning, opulence &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhiṣṭhāna (अधिष्ठान).—n Abiding, inhering.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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Svādhiṣṭhāna (स्वाधिष्ठान).—one of the six Chakras or mystical circles of the body. Derivable f...
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Adhiṣṭhānaśarīra (अधिष्ठानशरीर).—A body which forms the medium between the subtle and the gross...
Rajadhishthana
Rājādhiṣṭhāna (राजाधिष्ठान).—the capital of a king, metropolis. Derivable forms: rājādhiṣṭhānam...
Sukhadhishthana
Sukhādhiṣṭhāna (सुखाधिष्ठान).—a happy state. Derivable forms: sukhādhiṣṭhānam (सुखाधिष्ठानम्).S...
Shabdadhishthana
Śabdādhiṣṭhāna (शब्दाधिष्ठान).—the ear. Derivable forms: śabdādhiṣṭhānam (शब्दाधिष्ठानम्).Śabdā...
Tryadhishthana
Tryadhiṣṭhāna (त्र्यधिष्ठान).—the soul. (nam) spirit, life (caitanya). -a. having three station...
Pratyadhishthana
Pratyadhiṣṭhāna (प्रत्यधिष्ठान).—the principal place of residence; Bṛ. Up.2.2.1. 2) repository....
Niradhishthana
Niradhiṣṭhāna (निरधिष्ठान).—a. 1) supportless. 2) independent. Niradhiṣṭhāna is a Sanskrit comp...
Dharmadhishthana
Dharmādhiṣṭhāna (धर्माधिष्ठान).—a court of justice. Derivable forms: dharmādhiṣṭhānam (धर्माधिष...
Adhishthanasutra
Adhiṣṭhānasūtra (अधिष्ठानसूत्र) refers to one of the six contour lines, to be marked on the ...
Kapota
1) Kapota (कपोत).—A son of Garuḍa. (Chapter 101, Udyoga Parva).2) Kāpota (कापोत).—A sage. Citrā...
Tala
Tāla (ताल) refers to one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to the Matsyendrasaṃhitā ...
Bhumi
Bhūmi (भूमि) or Bhūmī refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dhar...
Prithvi
Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth...

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