Sarathi, Sārathi: 12 definitions

Introduction

Sarathi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sārathi (सारथि).—An expert in the science of elephants, horses and chariots; one possessing geographical knowledge of the country, able to calculate the strength or weakness of the army corps; loyal, etc.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 215. 20-21.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sārathi (सारथि) means the “leader of a caravan” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). There are five kinds of leaders (sārathi): (i) the law of one’s parents, brothers and sisters and the family, (ii) the law of the village head, (iii) the law of the mandarin. These three laws govern the present life. (iv) King Yen lo (Yama) governs the future life, (v) the Buddha ensures the well-being (hita) of beings by present happiness (ihatra-sukha), future happiness (paratra-sukha) and the happiness of Nirvāṇa (nirvāṇa-sukha).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sarathi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sārathi : (m.) a charioteer; a coachman; a driver. || sārathī (m.) a charioteer; a coachman; a driver.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sārathi, (fr. sa-ratha; Vedic sārathi) charioteer, coachman D. II, 178, 254; S. I, 33; V, 6; A. II, 112; IV, 190 sq.; Sn. 83; J. I, 59, 180; Pv IV. 33. assadammasārathi a coachman by whom horses are driven, a trainer of horses M. I, 124; S. IV, 176; purisadammasārathi a coachman of the driving animal called man, a man-trainer Vin. I, 35; D. I, 49; Sn. p. 103; It. 79.—In similes: Vism. 466; KhA 21. (Page 705)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sārathi (सारथि).—m S pop. sārathī m The driver of a ratha or car, a charioteer. 2 fig. One who directs or manages any undertaking; a conductor, leader, helmsman, pilot. Pr. tōṇḍāsārakhā sā0 javaḷa asa- lyāsa kāya kamī Having a mouth (to inquire, supplicate, declare, cry out &c.) what lack we? 3 fig. A patron, supporter, helper; one that carries through or over difficulties. Pr. aḍalyācā sā0 bhagavān. Ps. xlvi &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sārathi (सारथि) [-thī, -थी].—m A charioteer. A leader. Fig. A patron.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sārathi (सारथि).—[sṛ-athiṇ saha rathena sarathaḥ ghoṭakaḥ tatra niyuktaḥ iñ vā Tv.; cf. Uṇ.4.89]

1) A charioteer; स शापो न त्वया राजन् न च सारथिना श्रुतः (sa śāpo na tvayā rājan na ca sārathinā śrutaḥ) R.1.78; मातलिसारथिर्ययौ (mātalisārathiryayau) 3.67.

2) A companion, helper; R.3.37.

3) The ocean.

4) A leader, guide.

Derivable forms: sārathiḥ (सारथिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sārathi (सारथि).—n. of a former Buddha: LV 171.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārathi (सारथि).—m.

(-thiḥ) A charioteer. E. sṛ to go, (causal form,) athiṇ Unadi aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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