Sarathi, Sārathi: 19 definitions


Sarathi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sārathi (सारथि).—An expert in the science of elephants, horses and chariots; one possessing geographical knowledge of the country, able to calculate the strength or weakness of the army corps; loyal, etc.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 215. 20-21.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Sārathi (सारथि) refers to a “charioteer” (viz., driving this the universe), used to symbolically represent Brahmā, in to the Gargasaṃhitā chapter 6.3. Accordingly, “[...] by his mystic power he [viz., Raivata] traveled to Brahmaloka. His intention to ask for a proper husband for his daughter, he bowed before the demigod Brahmā. As the Apsarā Pūrvacitti was singing, he found his opportunity. Aware that now he had Brahmā’s attention, he spoke what was in his heart: ‘[...] This universe is like a small āmalaka fruit in your hand. You are like a charioteer (sārathi) driving this universe through the modes of nature (guṇa). You are like a spider and this universe is your web. In the future you will swallow up this entire universe’”.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sārathi (सारथि) refers to a “companion” (e.g., of the gods), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as Ṛṣi Vyāsa said: “I am a Brahmin and a Ṛṣi. I am Vyāsa, a companion of the gods [i.e., deva-sārathi]. I am a soul frightened by the fear of transmigratory existence. I am an insensitive fool. I was born in the Middle Country (madhyadeśa). (I am) distressed and (my) senses are disturbed. O goddess, I am Vyāsa. The goddess is Nature (and (I am) under the control of Nature. O Bhairavī, by prostrating fully (before you) (I take) your refuge. Impart all the teaching, the initiation and the transmission of the Command (ājñākrama) to me. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sārathi (सारथि) means the “leader of a caravan” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). There are five kinds of leaders (sārathi): (i) the law of one’s parents, brothers and sisters and the family, (ii) the law of the village head, (iii) the law of the mandarin. These three laws govern the present life. (iv) King Yen lo (Yama) governs the future life, (v) the Buddha ensures the well-being (hita) of beings by present happiness (ihatra-sukha), future happiness (paratra-sukha) and the happiness of Nirvāṇa (nirvāṇa-sukha).

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Sārathi (सारथि) refers to a “charioteer”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “The great vehicle (mahāyāna) is made with four wheels (cakra), namely with the means of attraction, the spokes (ara) are well fitted as the roots of good have been transformed with intention, [...] is unbreakable because it is firm as a diamond (vajradṛḍha), is unchangeable due to the promise (pratijñā) based on the firmness of the highest intention, is controlled and well-grasped by a charioteer (sārathi), is always led by the thought of awakening, runs smoothly as it is attuned to the fulfilling of the qualities of vows, obtains the light (ālokalabdha) of divine sight in the great view of ten directions, [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarathi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sārathi : (m.) a charioteer; a coachman; a driver. || sārathī (m.) a charioteer; a coachman; a driver.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sārathi, (fr. sa-ratha; Vedic sārathi) charioteer, coachman D. II, 178, 254; S. I, 33; V, 6; A. II, 112; IV, 190 sq.; Sn. 83; J. I, 59, 180; Pv IV. 33. assadammasārathi a coachman by whom horses are driven, a trainer of horses M. I, 124; S. IV, 176; purisadammasārathi a coachman of the driving animal called man, a man-trainer Vin. I, 35; D. I, 49; Sn. p. 103; It. 79.—In similes: Vism. 466; KhA 21. (Page 705)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sārathi (सारथि).—m S pop. sārathī m The driver of a ratha or car, a charioteer. 2 fig. One who directs or manages any undertaking; a conductor, leader, helmsman, pilot. Pr. tōṇḍāsārakhā sā0 javaḷa asa- lyāsa kāya kamī Having a mouth (to inquire, supplicate, declare, cry out &c.) what lack we? 3 fig. A patron, supporter, helper; one that carries through or over difficulties. Pr. aḍalyācā sā0 bhagavān. Ps. xlvi &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sārathi (सारथि) [-thī, -थी].—m A charioteer. A leader. Fig. A patron.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sārathi (सारथि).—[sṛ-athiṇ saha rathena sarathaḥ ghoṭakaḥ tatra niyuktaḥ iñ vā Tv.; cf. Uṇādi-sūtra 4.89]

1) A charioteer; स शापो न त्वया राजन् न च सारथिना श्रुतः (sa śāpo na tvayā rājan na ca sārathinā śrutaḥ) R.1.78; मातलिसारथिर्ययौ (mātalisārathiryayau) 3.67.

2) A companion, helper; R.3.37.

3) The ocean.

4) A leader, guide.

Derivable forms: sārathiḥ (सारथिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sārathi (सारथि).—name of a former Buddha: Lalitavistara 171.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārathi (सारथि).—m.

(-thiḥ) A charioteer. E. sṛ to go, (causal form,) athiṇ Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārathi (सारथि).—i. e. sa-ratha + i, m. A charioteer, Bhāṣāp. 49.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārathi (सारथि).—[masculine] charioteer; [abstract] tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sārathi (सारथि):—m. ([from] sa-ratha) a charioteer, driver of a car, coachman (forming a mixed caste, commonly called Sārthī, and supposed to have sprung from a Kṣatriya father and Brāhman mother), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) any leader or guide (See nau-, vākya-s)

3) a helper, assistant (See karma-s)

4) the son of a Saratha (q.v.), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) the ocean, [ib.]

6) Name of a town, [Lalita-vistara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārathi (सारथि):—(thiḥ) 2. m. A charioteer.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sārathi (सारथि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sārahi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarathi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sārathi (ಸಾರಥಿ):—

1) [noun] the driver of a chariot; a charioteer.

2) [noun] (fig.) one who controls or leads an organisation, government, etc.; a helmsman.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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