Suragana, Suragaṇa, Śūragaṇa, Shuragana, Sura-gana: 8 definitions


Suragana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śūragaṇa can be transliterated into English as Suragana or Shuragana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Suragana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Suragaṇa (सुरगण) refers to the “attendants  of the Devas (Suras)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.18. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] in the bright half of the month of Caitra (March-April) on the thirteenth day when the star was Uttarā Phalguni on a Sunday, lord Śiva started. [...] The Devas and their attendants [viz., Suragaṇa] were honoured by Dakṣa. The sages were seated in their due order”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śūragaṇa (शूरगण) refers to “valient soldiers”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Jyeṣṭhā, the king’s chaplain, the king’s favorites, valient soldiers [i.e., śūragaṇa] and mixed crowds of men of different castes will suffer; if through Mūla, the people of Benares, of Kośala and of Pāñcāla, fruits, medicinal plants and soldiers will suffer. If his course should lie through the constellation of Pūrvāṣādha, the people of Aṅga, of Vaṅga, of Kośala, of Girivraja, of Magadha, of Puṇḍra, of Mithilā and of Tāmralipta will suffer miseries”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suragaṇa (सुरगण).—

1) Name of Śiva.

2) a host of gods.

Derivable forms: suragaṇaḥ (सुरगणः).

Suragaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sura and gaṇa (गण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suragaṇa (सुरगण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) A class or company of divinities. E. sura, gaṇa a number.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suragaṇa (सुरगण).—[masculine] sgl. & [plural] the host of gods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suragaṇa (सुरगण):—[=sura-gaṇa] [from sura > sur] m. sg. or [plural] a host of g°, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcarātra]

2) [v.s. ...] a class or company of divinities (See gaṇadevatā), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] of a village, [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suragaṇa (सुरगण):—[sura-gaṇa] (ṇaḥ) 1. m. A class of deities.

[Sanskrit to German]

Suragana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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