Somapa, Soma-pa, Somapā: 15 definitions


Somapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Somapa (सोमप).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 70).

2) Somapa (सोमप).—An eternal god of offerings to the manes. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 91, Verse 34).

3) Somapā (सोमपा).—(somala) One of the seven Pitṛs. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 49, that this god dwells in the palace of Brahmā.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Somapā (सोमपा) refers to a classification of manes (Pitṛ/Pitṛgaṇa) that came into existence from Kratu’s sweat, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.3. Accordingly:—“[...] Excepting Kratu, Vasiṣṭha, Pulastya and Aṅgiras, the six viz. Marīci and others successfully curbed their senses and their activities. O excellent sage, the semen virile of the four—Kratu and others—fell on the ground from which other types of manes were born. They were Somapās, Ājyapās, Kālins and Haviṣmantas. They are all termed Kavyavāhas also. They are their sons. The Somapās are the sons of Kratu, Kālins of Vasiṣṭha, Ājyapās of Pulastya and Haviṣmantas of Aṅgiras”.

2) Somapa (सोमप) is the name of a Gaṇeśvara (attendant of Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.9 (“Śiva’s campaign”).—Accordingly, as Śiva with the Gods attacked Tripura: “[...] O great Brahmins, all the Gaṇeśvaras went to the three cities. Who can enumerate them fully? I shall mention a few. These were the important ones who were there—[e.g., Somapa] [...]. These and other innumerable lords of Gaṇas who cannot be characterised and classified surrounded Śiva and went ahead. [...] They were capable of burning the entire world including the mobile and immobile beings, within a trice by their very thought. Surrounding Śiva, the great lord, they went ahead. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Somapa (सोमप).—A sage of the Raivata epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 19.

1b) A son of Sahadeva and father of Śrutaśravas.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 84.

1c) Sacrificers of Soma enjoy the world of Moon.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 32. 3.

1d) Pitṛ (Barhiṣads) who live in mānasa worlds; their mind-born daughter is Narmadā; they came out of svadhā and are all yogins.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 53, 66; Matsya-purāṇa 15. 26; 141. 20, 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 100. 56. 16; 62. 15; 110. 10.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Somapa (सोमप) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Somapa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Somapa (सोमप) or Somayajī refers to an ancient kingdom or tribe of people, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Mārgaśīrṣa, the people of Kāśmīra, of Audha and of Puṇdra will suffer miseries; quadrupeds will perish, men of the western countries and Somayajīs [i.e., somapa] will suffer calamities; there will be good rain and prosperity and plenty throughout the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Somapa (सोमप) refers to the “Soma-drinking sacrificer”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “Thought, intellect and ego are the officiants; mind is the Soma-drinking sacrificer (somapa), and it sacrifices the senses and ten vital breaths into the orb of light. [This] orb of light shines from the root [of the palate] to the aperture [at the top of the head]. It is to be meditated on constantly by yogins [because] it bestows the eight supernatural powers such as minimisation”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Somapa (सोमप) or Somapā (सोमपा).—m.

1) one who drinks the Soma; त्रैविद्या मां सोमपाः पूतपापा यज्ञैरिष्ट्वा स्वर्गतिं प्रार्थयन्ते (traividyā māṃ somapāḥ pūtapāpā yajñairiṣṭvā svargatiṃ prārthayante) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 9.2; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.284.8.

2) a Soma-sacrificer.

3) a particular class of Pitṛs; सोमपा नाम विप्राणां (somapā nāma viprāṇāṃ) (pitaraḥ) Manusmṛti 3.197.

Somapa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms soma and pa (प).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Somapa (सोमप).—m.

(-paḥ) The performer of a sacrifice, or a sacrificer, who drinks the juice of the acid Sarcostema. E. soma the plant, pa who drinks.

--- OR ---

Somapā (सोमपा).—m.

(-pāḥ) 1. A drinker of the juice of the acid Sarcostema. 2. A Pitri or progenitor of a certain class, or those who are especially the Pitris of the Brahmans. E. soma the acid Sarcostema, and to drink, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Somapa (सोमप).—[soma-pā], m. 1. One that drinks the juice of the moonplant; the performer of a sacrifice. 2. The Manes of the Brāhmaṇas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 197.

Somapa can also be spelled as Somapā (सोमपा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Somapa (सोमप).—[adjective] Soma-drinking.

--- OR ---

Somapā (सोमपा).—[adjective] = somapa; [superlative] tama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Somapa (सोमप) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Āpastambāgnihotraprāyaścittadīpikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Somapa (सोमप):—[=soma-pa] [from soma] mf(ā)n. drinking or entitled to drink Soma-juice, [Atharva-veda; Kāṭhaka; Brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a Soma sacrificer, any sacrificer, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a being reckoned among the Viśve Devāḥ, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] of one of Skanda’s attendants, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] of an Asura, [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a family of Ṛṣis, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] of a class of Pitṛs, [ib.; Manu-smṛti; Harivaṃśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) Somapā (सोमपा):—[=soma-pā] [from soma] mfn. (cf. -pa above [accusative] [plural] m. -pas ; [dative case] sg. -pe) drinking or entitled to drink Soma-juice, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] a S° sacrificer or performer of any sacrifice, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] a Pitṛ of a [particular] class (said to be [especially] the progenitors of the Brāhmans), [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] a Brāhman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Somāpa (सोमाप):—[=somā-pa] [from soma] mfn. or m., [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] (cf. saumāpa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Somapa (सोमप):—[soma-pa] (paḥ) 1. m. The performer of a sacrifice, or one that drinks the juice of the moon-plant.

2) Somapā (सोमपा):—[soma-pā] (pāḥ) 1. m. See somapa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Somapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sōmapa (ಸೋಮಪ):—[noun] a brāhmaṇa, who drinks the juice extracted from the sōma plant (Sarcostemma acidum) in a religious sacrifice.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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