Aranyaka, Āraṇyaka, Araṇyaka: 18 definitions
Aranyaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Araṇyaka (अरण्यक) or Araṇyakavarga is another name for Śālmalyādi: the eighth chapter of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Rāja-nighaṇṭu is a medical lexicon ascribed originally known as the Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi. It mentions the names of 1483 medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravya) excluding synonyms, grouped into twenty-two chapters [viz., Araṇyaka-varga].
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)
Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक) refers to the third section of Vedic literature.—The Brāhmaṇas and Āraṇyakas are ritual texts based upon the practical application and usage of the Saṃhita portion in rituals (yajñas).
Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक): Part of the Hindu Śruti that discuss philosophy, sacrifice and the New Year holiday.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक) refers to “the virtue of (living in a) wilderness” and represents one of the “twelve ascetic virtues” (dhūtaguṇa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 63). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., āraṇyaka). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
India history and geography
Āraṇyaka.—(LL), a Buddhist hermit. Note: āraṇyaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
āraṇyaka (आरण्यक).—a Belonging to the desert, wild.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
2) Name of a plant (Mar. bakāṇā niṃba).
Derivable forms: araṇyakam (अरण्यकम्).
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Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक).—a. [araṇye bhavaḥ vuñ] Relating to or produced in a forest, wild, forest-born (usually with the words adhyāya, manuṣya, nyāya, pathin, vihāra, and hastin P.IV.2.129 Vārt.)
-kaḥ A forester, an inhabitant of the woods; तपः षड्भागमक्षय्यं ददत्यारण्यका हि नः (tapaḥ ṣaḍbhāgamakṣayyaṃ dadatyāraṇyakā hi naḥ) Ś.2.14; द्वावप्यत्रारण्यकौ (dvāvapyatrāraṇyakau) Ś.5. आरण्यकोपात्तफलप्रसूतिः (āraṇyakopāttaphalaprasūtiḥ) R.5.15.
-kam An Āraṇyaka; it is one of a class of religious and philosophical writings (connected with the Brāhmaṇas) which are either composed in forests, or must be studied there; e. g. ऐतरेयारण्यकम् (aitareyāraṇyakam); बृहदारण्यकम् (bṛhadāraṇyakam) and तैत्तिरीया- रण्यकम् (taittirīyā- raṇyakam); अरण्येऽनूच्यमानत्वात् आरण्यकम् (araṇye'nūcyamānatvāt āraṇyakam), Bṛ. Ar. Up.; (araṇye'- dhyayanādeva āraṇyakamudāhṛtam); वेदवादानतिक्रम्य शास्त्राण्यारण्यकानि च (vedavādānatikramya śāstrāṇyāraṇyakāni ca) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.19.17.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Araṇyaka (अरण्यक).—m. (= Pali araññaka), = ār°, one of the dhūtaguṇa: Divyāvadāna 141.21.
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Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक).—m. (Sanskrit id., forest dweller, not in technical sense; = Pali āraññaka, also ara° in both [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] and Pali), dwelling in the forest, one of the dhūtaguṇa: Mahāvyutpatti 1134; Dharmasaṃgraha 63; Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 387.3; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.122.4.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Forest, wild, forest-born or produced. m.
(-kaḥ) A forester, an inhabitant of the woods. E. āraṇya and kan added.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Araṇyaka (अरण्यक).—[araṇya + ka], n. A forest, Yājñ, 3, 192.
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Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक).—[āraṇya + ka], I. adj. Referring to forests, Mahābhārata 15, 532; produced in forests, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 36, 6. Ii. m. An anchorite, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 46. Iii. n. The name of a book, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 123.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक).—[adjective] = [preceding] [adjective]; [masculine] forester, hermit; [neuter] a class of religious writings to be studied in the forest.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Aitareyaº, Kauṣītakiº, Taittirīyaº, Bṛhadāraṇyaka.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Araṇyaka (अरण्यक):—[from araṇya] n. a forest, [Yājñavalkya iii, 192], the plant Melia Sempervirens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक):—[from āraṇya] mfn. forest, wild, forest-born, produced in a forest, relating to a forest or a forest animal, (the āraṇyakam parva of the Mahā-bhārata is either the whole third book or only the first section of it)
3) [v.s. ...] m. a forester, an inhabitant of the woods, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a class of religious and philosophical writings closely connected with the Brāhmaṇas and called Āraṇyakas because either composed in forests or studied there, (the Upaniṣads are considered to be attached to them.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A forester. a. Wild, produced in the woods.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Araṇṇaya, Āraṇṇaga, Āraṇṇaya.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Āraṇyaka (ಆರಣ್ಯಕ):—[adjective] = ಆರಣ್ಯ [aranya]1.
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1) [noun] one who lives in a forest; a forest-dweller.
2) [noun] that part of the Vēdas relating to Brāhmaṇa dealing mainly with the cosmic significance of the Vedic rituals and also contain mythological, legendary materials.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Aranyakadali, Aranyakagana, Aranyakaka, Aranyakakanda, Aranyakana, Aranyakanda, Aranyakarpasi, Aranyakarppasi, Aranyakashiksha, Aranyakavarga, Aranyakopanishad.
Ends with: Aitareyaranyaka, Brihadaranyaka, Caturtharanyaka, Kaushitakaranyaka, Kaushitakyaranyaka, Sa-padra-aranyaka, Saranyaka, Sarvaranyaka, Shankhayanaranyaka, Shaunakaranyaka, Taittiriyaranyaka, Yajuraranyaka, Yajurvedaranyaka.
Full-text (+740): Badhva, Aruneyapada, Taittiriyaranyaka, Aitareyaranyaka, Sa-padra-aranyaka, Ugradeva, Saranyaka, Aitareya, Aranyakavarga, Aranyakagana, Brahmana, Brihadaranyakavyakhya, Svara, Brihadaranyakabhashyatika, Brihadaranyakabhashya, Brihadaranyakaviveka, Brihadaranyakabhashyavarttika, Brihadaranyakavarttikasara, Brihadaranyakavishayanirnaya, Ghanoda.
Search found 84 books and stories containing Aranyaka, Āraṇyaka, Araṇyaka; (plurals include: Aranyakas, Āraṇyakas, Araṇyakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rivers in Ancient India (study) (by Archana Sarma)
Introduction to Āraṇyaka and Upaniṣad Literature < [Chapter 4 - The Rivers in the Āraṇyaka and Upaniṣadic Literature]
1. The rivers in the Āraṇyakas < [Chapter 4 - The Rivers in the Āraṇyaka and Upaniṣadic Literature]
1. The Vedic Literature < [Chapter 1 - Introduction]
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 6 - The Āraṇyakas < [Chapter II - The Vedas, Brāhmaṇas And Their Philosophy]
Part 1 - The place of the Upaniṣads in Vedic literature < [Chapter III - The Earlier Upaniṣads (700 B.c.— 600 B.c.)]
Part 3 - Brāhmaṇas and the Early Upaniṣads < [Chapter III - The Earlier Upaniṣads (700 B.c.— 600 B.c.)]
Lord Hayagriva in Sanskrit Literature (by Anindita Adhikari)
Āraṇyaka Part < [Chapter 2]
Hayagrīva in the Hayagrīvopaniṣad < [Chapter 2]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Chandogya Upanishad (Shankara Bhashya) (by Ganganatha Jha)
Section 4.16 (sixteenth khaṇḍa) (five texts) < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Adhyāya]