Aranyaka, Āraṇyaka, Araṇyaka: 13 definitions

Introduction

Aranyaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Araṇyaka (अरण्यक) or Araṇyakavarga is another name for Śālmalyādi: the eighth chapter of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Rāja-nighaṇṭu is a medical lexicon ascribed originally known as the Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi. It mentions the names of 1483 medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravya) excluding synonyms, grouped into twenty-two chapters [viz., Araṇyaka-varga].

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक) refers to the third section of Vedic literature.—The Brāhmaṇas and Āraṇyakas are ritual texts based upon the practical application and usage of the Saṃhita portion in rituals (yajñas).

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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक): Part of the Hindu Śruti that discuss philosophy, sacrifice and the New Year holiday.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक) refers to “the virtue of (living in a) wilderness” and represents one of the “twelve ascetic virtues” (dhūtaguṇa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 63). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., āraṇyaka). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āraṇyaka.—(LL), a Buddhist hermit. Note: āraṇyaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āraṇyaka (आरण्यक).—a Belonging to the desert, wild.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Araṇyaka (अरण्यक).—

1) Forest-court.

2) Name of a plant (Mar. bakāṇā niṃba).

Derivable forms: araṇyakam (अरण्यकम्).

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Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक).—a. [araṇye bhavaḥ vuñ] Relating to or produced in a forest, wild, forest-born (usually with the words adhyāya, manuṣya, nyāya, pathin, vihāra, and hastin P.IV.2.129 Vārt.)

-kaḥ A forester, an inhabitant of the woods; तपः षड्भागमक्षय्यं ददत्यारण्यका हि नः (tapaḥ ṣaḍbhāgamakṣayyaṃ dadatyāraṇyakā hi naḥ) Ś.2.14; द्वावप्यत्रारण्यकौ (dvāvapyatrāraṇyakau) Ś.5. आरण्यकोपात्तफलप्रसूतिः (āraṇyakopāttaphalaprasūtiḥ) R.5.15.

-kam An Āraṇyaka; it is one of a class of religious and philosophical writings (connected with the Brāhmaṇas) which are either composed in forests, or must be studied there; e. g. ऐतरेयारण्यकम् (aitareyāraṇyakam); बृहदारण्यकम् (bṛhadāraṇyakam) and तैत्तिरीया- रण्यकम् (taittirīyā- raṇyakam); अरण्येऽनूच्यमानत्वात् आरण्यकम् (araṇye'nūcyamānatvāt āraṇyakam), Bṛ. Ar. Up.; (araṇye'- dhyayanādeva āraṇyakamudāhṛtam); वेदवादानतिक्रम्य शास्त्राण्यारण्यकानि च (vedavādānatikramya śāstrāṇyāraṇyakāni ca) Mb.12.19.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Araṇyaka (अरण्यक).—m. (= Pali araññaka), = ār°, one of the dhūtaguṇa: Divy 141.21.

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Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक).—m. (Sanskrit id., forest dweller, not in technical sense; = Pali āraññaka, also ara° in both BHS and Pali), dwelling in the forest, one of the dhūtaguṇa: Mvy 1134; Dharmas 63; AsP 387.3; MSV iii.122.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āraṇyaka (आरण्यक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Forest, wild, forest-born or produced. m.

(-kaḥ) A forester, an inhabitant of the woods. E. āraṇya and kan added.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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